Luhya language

Luhya (/ˈluːjə/; also Luyia, Luhia or Luhiya) is a Bantu language of western Kenya.

Luhya
Luyia
Oluluhya
Native toKenya
EthnicityLuhya people
Native speakers
1.2 million, incl. West Nyala (2009 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3luyinclusive code (includes all languages spoken by ethnic Luhya, not just the following)[2]
Individual codes:
lrm – Marama
lwg – Wanga (Hanga)
lks – Kisa
lto – Tsotso
lkb – Kabras
nle – (East) Nyala
Glottologcent2288  Central Luyia (incl. some Nyore)[3]
kabr1240  Kabras[4]
JE.32[5]

Dialects

The various Luhya tribes speak several related languages and dialects, though some of them are no closer to each other than they are to neighboring non-Luhya languages. For example, the Bukusu people are ethnically Luhya, but the Bukusu dialect is a variety of Masaba. (See Luhya people for details.) However, there is a core of mutually intelligible dialects that comprise Luhya proper:[6]

  • Hanga (OluWanga)
  • Tsotso (OluTsotso)
  • Marama (OluMarama)
  • Kisa (OluShisa)
  • Kabras (LuKabarasi)
  • East Nyala (LuNyala)

Comparison

A comparison between two dialects of Luhya proper, and to two other Bantu languages spoken by the Luhya:

English Kisa Logoli Nyole Wanga
I (me) eshie nzi/ inze ise esie
words amakhuwa makuva amang'ana, amakhuwa amakhuwa
chair eshifumbi indeve/ endeve indebe eshisala
head omurwe mutwi omurwe om'rwe
money amapesa mang'ondo amang'ondo, am'mondo, etsilupia amapesa, irupia

Comparison to Bantu

English Luhya Kikuyu Kinyarwanda Lingala Luganda Shona Swahili Zulu
children abana, baana, otwana, orwana, vaana twana abana bana baana, abaana vana wana abantwana
dog imbwa ngui (pron. gui) imbwa mbwa mbwa, embwa mbwa, imbwa mbwa inja
fire omuliro mwaki umuriro moto omuliro moto moto umlilo

External links

References

  1. ^ Luhya at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Marama at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Wanga (Hanga) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Kisa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Tsotso at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Kabras at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    (East) Nyala at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ "639 Identifier Documentation: luy". SIL International.
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Central Luyia". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kabras". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  5. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  6. ^ Maho (2009)
Bukusu dialect

Bukusu is a dialect of the Masaba language spoken by the Bukusu tribe of the Luhya people of western Kenya. It is one of several ethnically Luhya dialects; however, it is more closely related to the Gisu dialect of Masaaba in eastern Uganda (and to the other Luhya dialect of Tachoni) than it is to other languages spoken by the Luhya.

Bunyore

Bunyore is a locality in the Vihiga County in the western province of Kenya. It is largely inhabited by Luhya, who speak the OLunyole dialect of the Luhya language. In the local language, the place is known as Ebunyore and its people as the Abanyore (the descendants of Nyore). It is divided into eight locations namely Central Bunyore, West Bunyore, South Bunyore, South-West Bunyore, East Bunyore, North Bunyore, North East Bunyore, and Wekhomo. Prior to 1990, Bunyore was a location under Kakamega District, divided into East and West Bunyore sublocations. As new divisions were created, the former West Bunyore was split into Central, West, South and South West locations while the former East Bunyore was split into North, North East, Wekhomo and East Bunyore locations.

Bunyore is home to the national headquarters of the Church of God in Kenya, Bunyore Girls’ High School and Kima School of Theology all of which are located at Kima. A significant town in Bunyore is Luanda, Kenya located on the Kisumu-Busia Highway. Maseno University, in the neighboring Maseno town is less than 6 miles from Kima.

Khayo language

Khayo (Xaayo) is a Bantu language spoken by the Luhya people of Kenya.

Luhya

Luhya may refer to:

the Luhya people

the Luhya language

Marachi language

Marachi is a Bantu language spoken by the Luhya people of Kenya.

Maragoli tribe (Luhya)

The Maragoli, or Logoli (Ava-Logooli), are now the second-largest ethnic group of the 6 million-strong Luhya nation in Kenya, numbering around 2.1 million, or 15% of the Luhya people according to the last Kenyan census. Their language is called "Logoli", "Lulogooli", "Ululogooli", or "Maragoli". The name "Maragoli" probably emerged later on after interaction of the people with missionaries of the Quaker Church.

Maragoli also refers to the area that the descendants of a man called Mulogooli (also known as Maragoli) settled and occupied in the thirteenth century AD. Maragoli clans include the Va-Gonda, Va-Mavi, Va-Sachi, Va-Saniaga, Va-Vulughi, Va-Ndega, Va-sari, Va-ng'ang'a, Va-Yonga. (The prefix Va- refers to the people or descendants, and is sometimes written as Ba-, Ava-, or Aba-.)

Nyala (disambiguation)

The nyala and the mountain nyala are African antelopes. The term Nyala may also refer to:

Kuni-Muktar Mountain Nyala Sanctuary, a protected area and wildlife sanctuary in Ethiopia

the Nyala tree, Xanthocercis zambesiaca, an African tree

Nyala Stadium, a multi-use stadium in Addis Abeba, Ethiopia

Nyala SC, an Ethiopian football club

Nyala, Nevada, an unincorporated community in Nye County, Nevada, United States

Nyala, Sudan

Nyala Airport

Nyala University

RG-31 Nyala, an armoured vehicle

Nyala, tribe, tribe of the Luhya people

Nyala language (Luhya) (ISO 639-3: nle) – a Luhya language from Bantu group spoken in Kenya

Nyala language (Sudan) (ISO 639-3: daj) – a Nilo-Saharan language spoken in Sudan

Nyala (typeface), a font for Latin alphabet and Ge'ez script on Windows 7

Nyole language (Kenya)

Nyole (also Olunyole, Lunyole, Lunyore, Nyoole, Nyore, Olunyore) is a Bantu language spoken by the Luhya people in Vihiga District, Kenya. There is 61% lexical similarity with a related but different Nyole dialect in Uganda.

The Nyore people border the Luo, Maragoli and Kisa Luhya tribes.

Nyole language (Uganda)

Nyole (also LoNyole, Lunyole, Nyuli) is a Bantu language spoken by the Luhya people in Tororo District, Uganda near Lake Kyoga. There is 61% lexical similarity with a related but different Nyole language in Kenya.

Samia language

Samia (Saamia) is a Bantu language spoken by the Luhya people of Uganda and Kenya. Ethnologue includes Songa as a dialect, but it may be a separate language.

Tachoni tribe (Luhya)

The Tachoni (meaning "We shall be back") are Kalenjins who were assimilated by the Luhya people of Western Kenya, sharing the land with the Bukusu tribe. They live mainly in Webuye, Chetambe Hills, Ndivisi (of Bungoma County) and the former Lugari District in Kakamega County. Most Tachoni clans living in Bungoma speak the Lubukusu' dialect of the Luhya language, and they are subsequently often mistaken as Bukusus. They spread to Trans-Nzoia County especially around Kitale, and to Uasin Gishu County near Turbo, Eldoret. Among the Tachoni clans are Abakobolo, Abamuongo, Abamarakalu, Abangachi, Abasang'alo, Abasamo, Abayumbu (mostly around Webuye), Abamuchembi, Abachambai, Abacharia, Abakabini, Abamakhuli, Abasioya, Abaabichu, Abamachina, Abamutama, Abakafusi, Abasonge, Abasaniaka, Abaabiya, Abakubwayi, Abachimuluku. Note that the morpheme 'aba' means 'people'.

The Abakhusia/abasamo of Kabras are also Tachonis who speak Kikabras.

Vihiga

Vihiga is a town in Kenya located on the eastern side of the Kakamega Forest.

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