Ludovico Scarfiotti

Ludovico Scarfiotti (18 October 1933 – 8 June 1968) was a Formula One and sports car driver from Italy. Just prior to entering Formula One, he won the 1963 24 Hours of Le Mans for Ferrari. He later participated in 12 World Championship Formula One grands prix, and many non-championship races. He won one World Championship race, and scored a total of 17 championship points. A motor sports competitor for a decade, Scarfiotti won the 1962 and 1965 European Hillclimb Championship. He was proclaimed Italy's best driver in both 1962 and 1965.[1]

Ludovico Scarfiotti
Ludivico Scarfiotti 1966 Nürburgring
Born18 October 1933
Died8 June 1968 (aged 34)
Formula One World Championship career
NationalityItaly Italian
Active years19631968
TeamsFerrari, Cooper, Anglo American Racers
Entries12 (10 starts)
Wins1
Podiums1
Career points17
Pole positions0
Fastest laps1
First entry1963 Dutch Grand Prix
First win1966 Italian Grand Prix
Last win1966 Italian Grand Prix
Last entry1968 Monaco Grand Prix

Early life

Scarfiotti was born in Turin. Scarfiotti was associated with cars from his youth. His grandfather was the first president and one of the nine founders of the Fiat automobile company.[1]

Sports car competition

Scarfiotti competed in the 1,000 Kilometres de Paris sports car race in October 1962. He finished third with teammate Colin Davis. The event was won by Pedro Rodríguez and Ricardo Rodríguez driving a Ferrari.[2] Partnered with Lorenzo Bandini, Scarfiotti was victorious in the 24 Hours of Le Mans in June 1963. Their factory Ferrari achieved an average speed of 117.99 miles per hour over a distance of 2,832 miles (4,558 km). The victory was worth almost $20,000 in various prize money along with prestige, and gave Ferrari its fourth consecutive Le Mans victory.[3]

1964-05-31 Scarfiotti, Ludovico - Ferrari
Ludovico Scarfiotti at the Nürburgring 1964

In 1965, John Surtees and Scarfiotti shared a Ferrari 330 P2 Spyder which gave the marque a fourth consecutive victory at the 1000km Nürburgring race. They led throughout the 44 laps, posting a winning time of 6 hours, 53 minutes, and 5 seconds, for an average speed of 90.46 mph (145.58 km/h).[4] Scarfiotti and Bandini drove a 2-litre Ferrari to second place in the 1966 running of the 1,000 kilometre Nürburgring in which first place went to Phil Hill and Joakim Bonnier driving a 5.4-litre Chevrolet-powered Chaparral. The Ferrari was 90 seconds behind the Chaparral that debuted the automatic transmission in European competition.[5]

Surtees severed relations with the Ferrari racing team following their decision to replace him with Scarfiotti at the 1966 24 Hours of Le Mans. Scarfiotti would go on to finish 31st, retiring after 123 laps. Scarfiotti joined Mike Parkes in a Ferrari P4 for the 1000 km Spa in May 1967. They finished a lap behind Jacky Ickx and Richard Thompson, who drove a Ford Mirage (race car). The winning team averaged 120.5 mph (193.9 km/h) and posted a time of 5 hours, 9 minutes, 46.5 seconds.[6]

Teamed with Mike Parkes, Scarfiotti took the new Ferrari P4 coupe to second place behind the sister car (a P4 spyder) driven by Lorenzo Bandini and Chris Amon at the 24 Hours of Daytona, with Ferrari taking the first three positions. The same result took place at the Monza 1,000 km in April. Scarfiotti, again teamed with Parkes finished second at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, this time behind the Ford Mark IV driven by A.J. Foyt and Dan Gurney. Scarfiotti raced a Ferrari factory car in the September 1967 200-mile Canadian-American Challenge Cup race held on a 2.85-mile (4.59 km) course near Bridgehampton, New York. His sponsor was the North American Racing Team of Luigi Chinetti.[7]

Scarfiotti entered the 1968 Targa Florio, but wrecked his Porsche 907 (#230) on the first day of qualifying and was forced to race with Porsche's T-car[8] which did not last the 720-kilometre-long (450 mi) road race.

Formula One

Enzo Ferrari signed Scarfiotti to the Ferrari Formula One team of drivers for 1963 along with Surtees, Willy Mairesse, Bandini, and Nino Vaccarella.[9] Scarfiotti placed sixth in the second Ferrari in the 1963 Dutch Grand Prix at Zandvoort. He was a lap behind victor Jim Clark in a Lotus. John Surtees piloted the first Ferrari to third place behind Dan Gurney in a Brabham. Scarfiotti finished fifth in the 1965 Syracuse Grand Prix.[10]

Scarfiotti became the first Italian in fifteen years to win the Italian Grand Prix when he drove his Ferrari to a track record speed of 136.7 mph (220.0 km/h) at the 1966 event. As of the end of the 2018 Formula One season, Scarfiotti is also the last Italian to win it. He completed the 68 laps around the 3.6-mile (5.8 km) Autodromo Nazionale Monza in an event in which Jack Brabham clinched his third Formula One World Championship, despite exiting on the seventh lap.[11]

Following the death of Bandini from burns sustained during the 1967 Monaco Grand Prix, Ferrari decided to enter two cars for Scarfiotti and Parkes in the 1967 Syracuse Grand Prix. Scarfiotti drove a 1966 3-litre Ferrari 312 whereas Parkes drove a 1967 with the 1966 nose to accommodate his long frame.[12] They shared the victory when they crossed the finish line in an unusual dead heat. They were clocked at 113.65 mph (182.90 km/h), recording an official time of 1 hour 40 minutes 58 seconds for the 191.2-mile (307.7 km) race.[13]

Brian Redman and Scarfiotti came in third and fourth respectively at the 1968 Spanish Grand Prix in Jarama. Both drove for Cooper, with Redman competing in only his second Formula One Grand Prix. The race marked the first win for Graham Hill since 1965.[14]

Driving a Cooper, Scarfiotti placed fourth in the 1968 Monaco Grand Prix, an event marked by mechanical breakdowns that eliminated 11 of 16 starters before the race was completed.[15]

Death

Ludovico Scarfiotti died in 1968 at a hillclimbing event on the Roßfeldhöhenringstraße near Berchtesgaden, Germany, in the German Alps. He became the third Grand Prix driver to die in 1968, following Jim Clark and Mike Spence. Scarfiotti wrecked his Porsche 910 during trials when the car veered abruptly off the Rossfeldstrasse track and catapulted ten yards down a tree-covered slope. The Porsche hung in the trees and Scarfiotti was thrown from the cockpit. He was discovered, badly injured, fifty yards away. He died in an ambulance of numerous fractures. Huschke von Hanstein, the team manager of Porsche, stated that he had never been associated with a fatal accident during the eighteen years he had been in charge of the team. 60 yards (55 m) of burned rubber braking indicated that Scarfiotti had slammed on his brakes at the final moment.

Scarfiotti was married to Ida Benignetti and had two children from a previous relationship.[1]

Racing record

Complete Formula One World Championship results

(key) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Team Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 WDC Points
1963 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 156 Ferrari 178 1.5 V6 MON BEL
WD
NED
6
FRA
DNS
GBR GER ITA USA MEX RSA 16th 1
1964 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 156 Ferrari 178 1.5 V6 MON NED BEL FRA GBR GER AUT ITA
9
USA MEX NC 0
1965 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 1512 Ferrari 207 1.5 V12 RSA MON BEL FRA GBR NED GER ITA USA MEX
DNS
NC 0
1966 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 246 Ferrari 228 2.4 V6 MON BEL FRA GBR NED GER
Ret
10th 9
Ferrari 312/66 Ferrari 218 3.0 V12 ITA
1
USA MEX
1967 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 312/67 Ferrari 242 3.0 V12 RSA MON NED
6
BEL
NC
FRA GBR GER CAN 21st 1
Anglo American Racers Eagle T1G Weslake 58 3.0 V12 ITA
Ret
USA MEX
1968 Cooper Car Company Cooper T86 Maserati 10/F1 3.0 V12 RSA
Ret
16th 6
Cooper T86B BRM P142 3.0 V12 ESP
4
MON
4
BEL NED FRA GBR GER ITA CAN USA MEX

Non-championship Formula One results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6
1965 Scuderia Centro Sud BRM P578 BRM P56 1.5 V8 ROC
NC
SYR
5
SMT INT MED RAN
1967 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 312 Ferrari 242 3.0 V12 ROC
5
SPC INT SYR
1
OUL ESP

References

  1. ^ a b c Scarfiotti, 34, Killed In Car-Racing Crash, New York Times, June 9, 1968, Page S1.
  2. ^ Pedro and Ricardo Rodriguez First in France With a Ferrari, New York Times, October 22, 1962, Page 52.
  3. ^ Italian Ferrari Sets 2 Marks in Winning Le Mans Race, New York Times, June 17, 1963, Page 45.
  4. ^ Driver Is Killed In German Race, New York Times, May 24, 1965, Page 43.
  5. ^ Italians Are Next In 2-Liter Ferrari, New York Times, June 6, 1966, Page 57.
  6. ^ Ickx, Thompson Win Belgian Race, New York Times, May 2, 1967, Page 59.
  7. ^ Hulme Paces Bridgehampton Trials, New York Times, September 17, 1967, Page S9.
  8. ^ Vaccarella Will Carry Hopes Of Sicilian Auto Fans Today, New York Times, May 5, 1968, Page S7.
  9. ^ Ferrari Team Named, New York Times, December 2, 1962, p. 253.
  10. ^ Clark Sets Mark With Lotus-Climax In Sicily Auto Race, New York Times, April 5, 1965, p. 40.
  11. ^ Italian Wins at Monza; Ginther Hurt in Crash, Los Angeles Times, September 5, 1966, p. B5.
  12. ^ Two Ferraris Are Entered In Italian Formula One Race, New York Times, May 21, 1967, p. 23.
  13. ^ Surtees, Driving a Lola, Takes 2-Heat Grand Prix of Limburg (Belgium), New York Times, May 22, 1967, p. 61.
  14. ^ Graham Hill of Britain Drives Lotus Ford to Victory in Spanish Grand Prix, New York Times, May 13, 1968, p. 60
  15. ^ Graham Hill Takes Monaco Grand Prix, New York Times, May 27, 1968, Page 66.

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Olivier Gendebien
Phil Hill
Winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans
1963 with:
Lorenzo Bandini
Succeeded by
Jean Guichet
Nino Vaccarella
1933 in motorsport

The following is an overview of the events of 1933 in motorsport including the major racing events, motorsport venues that were opened and closed during a year, championships and non-championship events that were established and disestablished in a year, births and deaths of racing drivers and other motorsport people.

1963 24 Hours of Le Mans

The 1963 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 31st Grand Prix of Endurance in the 24 Hours of Le Mans series and took place on 15 and 16 June 1963. It was also the tenth round of the 1963 World Sportscar Championship season.

Despite good weather throughout the race, attrition was high leaving only twelve classified finishers. There were a number of major accidents, the most serious of which caused the death of Brazilian driver Christian Heins and bad injuries to Roy Salvadori and Jean-Pierre Manzon. This was the first win for a mid- or rear-engined car, and the first all-Italian victory – with F1 drivers Ludovico Scarfiotti and Lorenzo Bandini winning in their Ferrari 250 P. In fact Ferrari dominated the results list filling the first six places, and the winners’ margin of over 200 km (16 laps) was the biggest since 1927.

1964 Italian Grand Prix

The 1964 Italian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza on September 6, 1964. It was race 8 of 10 in both the 1964 World Championship of Drivers and the 1964 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers. The 78-lap race was won by Ferrari driver John Surtees after he started from pole position. Bruce McLaren finished second for the Cooper team and Ferrari driver Lorenzo Bandini came in third.

1965 World Sportscar Championship

The 1965 World Sportscar Championship season was the 13th season of FIA World Sportscar Championship racing. It featured the 1965 International Championship for GT Manufacturers and the 1965 International Trophy for GT Prototypes. The season ran from 28 February 1965 to 19 September 1965 and comprised 20 races.

The International Championship for GT Manufacturers was contested by Grand Touring Cars in three engine capacity divisions. The Over 2000cc division was won by Shelby ahead of Ferrari, while Porsche prevailed in the 2000cc division and Abarth-Simca took the 1300cc division. The International Trophy for GT Prototypes was won by Ferrari, ahead of Porsche and Ford.

1966 Formula One season

The 1966 Formula One season was the 20th season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 1966 World Championship of Drivers and the 1966 International Cup for F1 Manufacturers which were contested concurrently over a nine-race series that commenced on 22 May and ended on 23 October. The season also included a number of non-championship races for Formula One cars.

Jack Brabham won the World Championship of Drivers and Brabham-Repco was awarded the International Cup for F1 Manufacturers.

1966 Italian Grand Prix

The 1966 Italian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Monza on September 4, 1966. It was race 7 of 9 in both the 1966 World Championship of Drivers and the 1966 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers. The race was the 36th Italian Grand Prix and the 32nd to be held at Monza. The race was held over 68 laps of the five kilometre circuit for a race distance of 391 kilometres.

The race was won by Italian driver Ludovico Scarfiotti driving a Ferrari 312 in his only Grand Prix victory. Scarfiotti led home his British team mate Mike Parkes by five seconds. Parkes only just defeated New Zealand racer Denny Hulme in his Brabham BT20, the pair separated by less than half a second.

While series points leader Jack Brabham stopped with an oil leak in his Brabham BT19 on lap seven, he secured his third world championship, and the unique achievement of becoming world champion in a car of his own make, when his only remaining points rival John Surtees stopped with a fuel leak in his Cooper T81 24 laps later.

1967 Formula One season

The 1967 Formula One season was the 21st season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 1967 World Championship of Drivers and the 1967 International Cup for F1 Manufacturers, contested concurrently over an eleven race series which commenced on 2 January 1967, and ended on 22 October. The season also included a number of non-championship races for Formula One cars.

1967 Race of Champions

The 2nd Race of Champions was a non-Championship motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 12 March 1967 at Brands Hatch circuit in Kent, England. The race was run over two heats of 10 laps of the circuit, then a final of 40 laps, and was won overall by Dan Gurney in an Eagle Mk1.

The grid positions for the first heat were decided by a qualifying session, and the grid for the second heat was determined by the finishing order of the first heat. Similarly, the finishing order for the second heat decided the grid order for the final, although some positions were apparently changed.

Gurney won both heats and the final, taking fastest lap in both heats. The fastest lap of the final was driven by Jack Brabham, although it was slower than Gurney's laps in the heats.

1967 Syracuse Grand Prix

The 16th Syracuse Grand Prix was a motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 21 May 1967 at Syracuse Circuit, Sicily. The race was run over 56 laps of the circuit, and finished in an extremely unusual dead heat between British driver Mike Parkes and his team-mate Ludovico Scarfiotti in their Ferrari 312s.

The event attracted a very small entry, and this was the last Syracuse Grand Prix to be held as a Formula One event.

1968 Monaco Grand Prix

The 1968 Monaco Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at the Monte Carlo Circuit on 26 May 1968. It was race 3 of 12 in both the 1968 World Championship of Drivers and the 1968 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers. The race was won by Lotus driver Graham Hill, who started from pole position. Richard Attwood, driving for BRM, gained second place and fastest lap, while Lucien Bianchi finished in third position in a Cooper, in what was to be these two drivers' only podium finishes.

1968 Spanish Grand Prix

The 1968 Spanish Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Jarama Circuit on 12 May 1968. It was race 2 of 12 in both the 1968 World Championship of Drivers and the 1968 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers. It was the first race after the death of former double World Champion Jim Clark, who had died in a non-championship Formula Two event in Hockenheim, Germany the previous month. Clark had led the drivers' championship before this race, on 9 points, after he won in the first race in South Africa.

1968 in motorsport

The following is an overview of the events of 1968 in motorsport including the major racing events, motorsport venues that were opened and closed during a year, championships and non-championship events that were established and disestablished in a year, births and deaths of racing drivers and other motorsport people.

1984 Belgian Grand Prix

The 1984 Belgian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on 29 April 1984. It was race 3 of 16 in the 1984 FIA Formula One World Championship. It was the 42nd Belgian Grand Prix, and the tenth and last to be held at Circuit Zolder. The race was held over 70 laps of the 4.26-kilometre (2.65 mi) circuit for a race distance of 298.3 kilometres (185.4 mi).

The race was won by Italian driver Michele Alboreto driving a Ferrari 126C4. It was Alboreto's third Grand Prix victory and his first since joining Scuderia Ferrari for the 1984 season and became the first Italian to win for the Prancing Horse since Ludovico Scarfiotti won the 1966 Italian Grand Prix. Alboreto took a 42-second victory over British driver Derek Warwick driving a Renault RE50. It was Warwick's best ever Grand Prix result, improving on the third place he had achieved at the previous race in South Africa. Alboreto's French teammate René Arnoux was third.

With Alain Prost failing to finish, his lead in the world championship tightened to five points with Warwick moving into second place ahead of Niki Lauda.

Cooper T86

The Cooper T86 was a Formula One racing car built by Cooper and first raced in 1967. B and C specification cars were also built to accommodate different engines, but the car could not revive Cooper's fortunes and this type represents the last Formula One chassis built and raced by the former champion team.

Ferrari 156 F1

The Ferrari 156 was a racing car made by Ferrari in 1961 to comply with then-new Formula One regulations that reduced engine displacement from 2.5- to 1.5-litres, similar to the pre-1961 Formula Two class for which Ferrari had developed a mid-engined car also called 156 F2.

Phil Hill won the 1961 World Championship of Drivers and Ferrari secured the 1961 International Cup for F1 Manufacturers, both victories achieved with the 156.

Ferrari 246 F1-66

The Ferrari 246 F1-66 (also known as 158/246) was a racing car used by Scuderia Ferrari and Reg Parnell Racing during the 1966 Formula One season. It was used in a total of 4 races by 3 drivers, achieving a second and a third place. It was used during the season alongside the Ferrari 312. The design and dimensions of the car were almost identical to the Ferrari 158, except for the bigger 2.4-litre engine; the chassis type used on both models was also the same (Type 579).

Ferrari 268 SP

The Ferrari 268 SP is a racing car produced by Ferrari in 1962.

Ferrari 312

Ferrari 312 is the name of several different Ferrari race cars which have 3 litre 12-cylinder engines. This article is about the Formula One car raced in 1966–1969. Other cars with the same model number include the 312B, 312T F1 cars and the 312P and 312PB sportscars.The Ferrari 312 was the designation of the 3 litre V-12 (hence 312) Formula One cars raced by the Italian team from 1966 to 1969. Designed under the leadership of Mauro Forghieri, there were two distinct variations using this designation, the 1966 version and the completely different 1967-69 version. The '66 cars carried on the chassis numbering sequence from the previous year's 1.5 litre cars, while the '67 cars began a new sequence at "0001". To avoid confusion, the cars are commonly referred to as 312/66, 312/67 etc.

For the 1966 Formula One season, there was a change in the technical regulations, now allowing 3 litre engines. The F1 teams, even though asking for "the return to power", were more or less surprised and not well prepared.

Ferrari's first 1966 car consisted of a 3.3-litre V12 engine that was taken from the Ferrari 275P2 sportscar prototypes, modified to 3000cc, and mounted in the back of an F1 chassis. The designation 312, which would be used for a number of later cars, indicated a 3-litre, 12-cylinder engine. The engine was rather heavy, and due to the reduced capacity, lower on power and especially torque. John Surtees drove this contraption unsuccessfully in Monaco while Lorenzo Bandini drove a Ferrari Dino 2.4-litre V6. Surtees won the second race, the 1966 Belgian Grand Prix, a track that favoured power with its long straights, but the 1964 champion departed after a row with manager Eugenio Dragoni. The issue was about priorities in racing, as Ferrari was under pressure from Ford in sports car racing, and the F1 effort was somewhat neglected. Mike Parkes replaced Surtees, who went to Cooper which used Maserati engines, to finish second in the driver championship with a further win. For Ferrari, Ludovico Scarfiotti also won a race, the 1966 Italian Grand Prix at Monza which helped Ferrari finish second in the Constructors' Championship.

In 1967, the team fired Dragoni and replaced him with Franco Lini. Chris Amon partnered Bandini to drive a somewhat improved version of the 1966 V12 car. At the 1967 Monaco Grand Prix, Bandini crashed and suffered heavy injuries when he was trapped under his burning car; several days later he succumbed to his injuries. Ferrari re-hired Mike Parkes, but Parkes suffered career-ending injuries weeks later at the 1967 Belgian Grand Prix. A fatal crash, another bad crash, no race win, and only 5th in the Constructors' Championship marked a bad year for the Italians. In addition, the new Ford Cosworth DFV engine that had its debut in the Lotus 49 would dominate F1 in the 15 years to come.

The 1968 season was little better. Young talent Jacky Ickx won the wet 1968 French Grand Prix with his driving skills, but had few other successes. Things became more complicated during the season by the introduction of aerodynamic aids into F1, and their quick development. At the end of the season, the Scuderia Ferrari was only 4th in the Constructors' Championship, and there was also no success in sportscar racing as Ferrari did not take part at all in 1968. Manager Franco Lini quit, and so did Ickx, moving to Brabham. To provide for the future, during the summer of 1968, Ferrari worked out a deal to sell his road car business to Fiat for $11 million; the transaction took place in early 1969, leaving 50% of the business still under control of Ferrari himself.

During 1969 Enzo Ferrari set about wisely spending his new-found wealth to revive his struggling team; though Ferrari did compete in Formula One in 1969, it was something of a throwaway season while the team was restructured. Amon continued to drive an older model and Pedro Rodríguez took Jacky Ickx's place; at the end of the year Amon left the team which once again had no race wins and was only ranked 5th in the Constructors' Championship.

The car was succeeded by the 312B which was introduced for the 1970 Formula One season.

Nino Vaccarella

Nino Vaccarella (born 4 March 1933 in Palermo, Sicily) is an Italian former sports car racing and Formula One driver.

His principal achievements include winning the 1964 24 Hours of Le Mans, and the Targa Florio in 1965, 1971 and 1975, when it no longer was a World Sportscar Championship event.

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