Lucius Robinson

Lucius Robinson (November 4, 1810 – March 23, 1891) was an American lawyer and politician. He was the 26th Governor of New York from 1877 to 1879.

Lucius Robinson
Lucius Robinson (portrait by George Waters)
Gubernatorial portrait of New York Governor Lucius Robinson.
26th Governor of New York
In office
January 1, 1877 – December 31, 1879
LieutenantWilliam Dorsheimer
Preceded bySamuel J. Tilden
Succeeded byAlonzo B. Cornell
21st New York State Comptroller
In office
January 1, 1862 – December 31, 1865
Preceded byRobert Denniston
Succeeded byThomas Hillhouse
In office
January 1, 1876 – December 31, 1876
Preceded byNelson K. Hopkins
Succeeded byFrederic P. Olcott
Member of the New York State Assembly
from the Chemung County district
In office
January 1, 1860 – December 31, 1861
Preceded byPeter Wintermute
Succeeded byTracy Beadle
Personal details
BornNovember 4, 1810
Windham, New York, U.S.
DiedMarch 23, 1891 (aged 80)
Elmira, New York, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic

Life

He graduated from Delaware Academy in Delhi, New York. Afterwards he studied law in the offices of Erastus Root and Amasa J. Parker, was admitted to the bar in 1832, and commenced practice in Catskill, New York He was district attorney of Greene County from 1837 to 1840. Then he removed to New York City and became a member of Tammany Hall. He joined the Republican Party when it was founded, and was a member of the New York State Assembly (Chemung Co.) in 1860 and 1861.

He was New York State Comptroller from 1862 to 1865. In 1861, he was elected on the Union ticket nominated by Republicans and War Democrats. In 1863 he was defeated for re-nomination at the Union state convention, but the nominated candidate refused to run, and the Republican State Committee put Robinson back on the ticket, and he was re-elected. After the war he joined the Democratic Party again, and was re-nominated for comptroller on the Democratic ticket, but this time was defeated by the Republican candidate Thomas Hillhouse. After his defeat he resumed the practice of law. In 1871–72 he was a member of the New York State Constitutional Commission.

He was a director of the Erie Railroad, and was acting president of the company while the president, Peter H. Watson, was travelling about Europe. In 1875, he was again elected state comptroller, defeating the Republican candidate, former United States Treasurer Francis E. Spinner. While serving as comptroller, he was elected governor, and was in office from 1877 to 1879, the first governor to serve a three-year term after the amendment to the state constitution in 1874. As governor, he opposed Tammany Hall vigorously, which led the Tammany leader John Kelly to have himself nominated for governor by Tammany Hall at the next election in 1879, with the intention to split the Democratic vote, and so defeat Robinson. This happened, and the Republican candidate Alonzo B. Cornell was elected governor with fewer votes than Robinson and Kelly together. Robinson was a delegate to the 1876 Democratic National Convention and supported Samuel J. Tilden for president.

Death

He died from pneumonia, and was buried at the Woodlawn Cemetery, Elmira.

References

  • "Lucius Robinson's Death" (PDF). New York Times. March 24, 1891.
  • Hough, Franklin Benjamin, compiler (1858). The New York Civil List. Weed, Parsons and Co. p. 374.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  • Kestenbaum, Lawrence. "Index to Politicians: Robinson, K to N". Political Graveyard. Note: this website lists the incorrect death year

External links

New York State Senate
Preceded by
Peter Wintermute
New York State Senate
Chemung County

1860–1861
Succeeded by
Tracy Beadle
Political offices
Preceded by
Robert Denniston
New York State Comptroller
1862–1865
Succeeded by
Thomas Hillhouse
Preceded by
Nelson K. Hopkins
New York State Comptroller
1876
Succeeded by
Frederic P. Olcott
Preceded by
Samuel J. Tilden
Governor of New York
1877–1879
Succeeded by
Alonzo B. Cornell
1861 New York state election

The 1861 New York state election was held on November 5, 1861, to elect the Secretary of State, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General, the State Treasurer, the State Engineer, a Judge of the New York Court of Appeals, two Canal Commissioners and an Inspector of State Prisons, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate.

1863 New York state election

The 1863 New York state election was held on November 3, 1863, to elect the Secretary of State, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General, the State Treasurer, the State Engineer, a Judge of the New York Court of Appeals, a Canal Commissioner and an Inspector of State Prisons, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate.

1875 New York state election

The 1875 New York state election was held on November 2, 1875, to elect the Secretary of State, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General, the State Treasurer, the State Engineer, a Canal Commissioner and an Inspector of State Prisons, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate.

1876 New York state election

The 1876 New York state election was held on November 7, 1876, to elect the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, a judge of the New York Court of Appeals, a Canal Commissioner and an Inspector of State Prisons, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and two members of the New York State Senate. Besides, two constitutional amendments were proposed - to abolish the elected Canal Commissioners and appoint a Superintendent of Public Works instead; and to abolish the elected New York State Prison Inspectors and appoint a Superintendent of State Prisons instead - and both were accepted by the electorate.

1879 New York state election

The 1879 New York state election was held on November 4, 1879, to elect the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Secretary of State, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General, the State Treasurer and the State Engineer, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate.

Alonzo B. Cornell

Alonzo Barton Cornell (January 22, 1832 – October 15, 1904) was a New York politician and businessman who served as 27th Governor of New York from 1880 to 1882.

Benjamin S. W. Clark

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Charles H. Saunders

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Charles S. Fairchild

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Daniel Magone

Daniel Magone (January 12, 1827 – September 4, 1904) was an American lawyer who was Collector of the Port of New York during the first administration of United States President Grover Cleveland.

Frank Augustus Allen

Frank Augustus Allen (January 29, 1835 – May 22, 1916) was a Massachusetts politician who served as the Mayor of Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Frederic P. Olcott

Frederic Pepoon Olcott (February 23, 1841 in Albany, Albany County, New York – April 15, 1909 in Bernardsville, Somerset County, New Jersey) was an American banker and politician.

Hamlin R. Harding

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Nelson K. Hopkins

Nelson Kerr Hopkins (March 2, 1816 in Williamsville, Erie County – March 2, 1904) was an American lawyer and politician.

New York State Comptroller

The New York State Comptroller is a state cabinet officer of the U.S. state of New York and head of the New York state government's Department of Audit and Control. The duties of the comptroller include auditing government operations and operating the state's retirement system, the New York State Common Retirement Fund.

New York State Prison Inspector

The Inspector of State Prisons was a statewide elective office created by the New York State Constitution of 1846. At the New York state election, 1847, three Inspectors were elected and then, upon taking office, so classified that henceforth every year one Inspector would be elected to a three-year term. The Prison Inspectors appointed wardens and keepers, and supervised the prison administration in general. They were required to visit jointly four times a year each one of the state prisons. Besides, each one of the Inspectors was allotted the special care to one of the then existing three state prisons (Auburn State Prison, Sing Sing State Prison and Clinton State Prison) where he had to attend to business for at least one week per month.

In 1876, a constitutional amendment abolished the office of State Prison Inspector, pending the appointment of a New York Superintendent of State Prisons who would take over the duties of the Prison Inspectors. The first Superintendent was Louis D. Pilsbury, appointed by Governor Lucius Robinson on February 17, 1877.

Robert Denniston

Robert Denniston (October 15, 1800 in Blooming Grove, Orange County, New York – December 2, 1867 in Salisbury Mills, Orange County, New York) was an American lawyer and politician.

Thomas Hillhouse (American politician)

Thomas Hillhouse (March 10, 1817 – July 31, 1897) was an American farmer, banker and politician.

Vernon Robinson

Vernon Lucius Robinson (born 1955) is a former US Air Force Captain, conservative political activist, former candidate for U.S. Congress, and a former City Council member of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. During the 2016 Republican presidential nomination process, Robinson was the campaign director of the National Draft Ben Carson for President Committee.

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