Lucentum (Greek: Λούκεντον, Loúkenton), called Lucentia by Pomponius Mela, is the Roman predecessor of the city of Alicante, Spain. Particularly, it refers to the archaeological site in which the remains of this ancient settlement lie, at a place known as El Tossal de Manises, in the neighborhood of Albufereta.
The archaeological site is surrounded by the buildings of modern Alicante.
Shown within Spain
|Location||Alicante, Province of Alicante, Valencian Community, Spain|
|Founded||End of the 3rd century BC|
|Abandoned||Between the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD|
Diodorus ascribes Lucentum's foundation to the Carthaginian leader Hamilcar Barcas. As a Mediterranean and Iberian commercial center, it had trading contacts with Greece, Phoenicia, and the southern Iberian city of Tartessos, absorbing some of their influences. This unique mixture gave rise to a culture called Contestani by Pliny the Elder and Strabo. Its ruins include various distinctly Carthaginian features.
The Punic town was known to the Greeks as the "White Cliff" or "White Fort", variously given as Ákra Leuká (Greek: Ἄκρα Λευκά), Ákra Leukḗ (Ἄκρα Λευκή), and Leukḕ Ákra (Λευκὴ Ἄκρα). Livy translated the second sense of the Greek name into Latin, calling the settlement Castrum Album. The Greek probably translated the site's Punic name, although some prefer to imagine it transcribes an Iberian placename involving the words lug ("water") and cant ("cliff").
The city enjoyed its peak between the 1st century BC and the 1st century AD, and the majority of the city's remains bear a Roman stamp. The town was refounded as Lucentum (from Latin lucere, "Place of Light" or "Bright Place") after P. Cornelius Scipio conquered the area in the course of the Second Punic War. Over the years it gained a thoroughly Roman character, complete with baths, forums, temples, sewers, etc. It was one of the major cities of the Roman province of Hispania Tarraconensis.
It entered into a decline in the 2nd century and was effectively abandoned by the end of the 3rd century. The chief cause of this decline was competition from the neighboring city of Ilici (today's Elche), which had better water and land communications and began to usurp Lucentum's trade. Eventually, the settlement was completely depopulated, the site used only for a Muslim cemetery during the 10th and 11th centuries.
The first modern evidence concerning the location of the ancient city came in 1780, when the Count of Lumiares, Antonio Valcárcel Pío de Saboya, suggested that the ruins of Tossal de Manises - which he personally had excavated for a number of years — were in fact Lucentum. This contradicted the common wisdom at the time, which held that the Roman city was well outside the town of Alicante. Later, the ruins were excavated by Lafuente and Figueras, who found the more ancient Carthaginian city. In the 1930s they were again excavated by a Professor Belda, around which time a necropolis was discovered during road construction.
The site contains evidence of both the Iberian and the Roman epochs, although in terms of material recovered and ruins remaining the Roman influences (especially from the 1st century AD and afterwards) predominate. The Roman city was constructed over the Iberian one, of which practically nothing remains except for the walls. The lower level is contemporary with a necropolis excavated in the 1930s to make way for a road, and whose materials are now housed in the Archaeological Museum of Alicante. Among these, a number of cauldrons stand out as well as Iberian ceramics decorated with geometric shapes, birds, and fish, sculptures, jewelry, amulets of Egyptian origin, terracotta ware, and weapons. Of the jewelry recovered, a type of pendant, possibly for masculine use, is quite notable as it suggests that there was a local workshop whose production made its way into other local burial sites. Finally, the "Kore de Alicante", currently housed in the Archaeological Museum of Catalonia could have come from this site.
In the post-war period, the site (located in a privileged place, with an excellent view of the ancient lagoon and bay) was in danger of disappearing, a victim of real estate speculation. However, efforts by those in favor of its preservation, most notably the Swedish archaeologist Solveig Nordström, succeeded in defending the site. This effort culminated in the 1961 designation as an "Artistic and Historic Monument", which afforded some legal protection. Unfortunately, the preservation movement could not stop much development around the site, with the result that the ruins are surrounded by tall buildings and is in no way "visually pure".
Despite the legal protections which had been won for the ruins, they suffered from neglect and exposure for a number of years, until efforts were finally made in the 1990s to conserve them. This resulted in recent construction, directed by the architect Rafael Pérez Jiménez and the archaeologist Manuel Olcina Doménech, which aims at the definitive and irreversible conservation of what remains of the ruins. Such a recuperation represents a cultural milestone for Alicante.
Currently, one can visit the archaeological site, which covers an area of some 30,000 m2 (7.4 acres). The most noticeable features are the remains of the fortifying wall (including the foundations of the pre-Roman defensive towers), the baths, the forum, part of the Muslim necropolis, and a multitude of houses. In addition, a part of the Tossal de Manisses is currently being excavated, which it is hoped will increase the size and importance of the site.
The influence of Lucentum is also present in the culture of the area, with many businesses, associations, and sports clubs in the Alicante area bearing the name of the ancient city.
The 2011–12 ACB season is the 29th season of the Liga ACB, called also Liga Endesa due to sponsorship reasons.The regular season started on 8 October 2011 and ended on 6 May 2012. Playoffs started on 17 May 2011 and ended on 16 June. FC Barcelona Regal won their 17th title, the second in a row.2012–13 LEB Oro season
The 2012–13 LEB Oro season was the 17th season of the Liga Española de Baloncesto, a Spanish basketball league. It was named Adecco Oro as its sponsored identity. The champion of the regular season would be promoted to Liga ACB. The teams between second and ninth position will play a best of five games play off, where the winner would be promoted too to the higher division.2013 LEB Oro Playoffs
The 2013 LEB Oro promotion Playoffs is the final stage of the 2012–13 LEB Oro season. They will start on 26 April 2013, and they will finish on May 31 or June 2 or 4.All the series will be played in a best-of-5 games format. The best seeded team plays at home the games 1, 2 and 5 if necessary. The winner of the playoffs will promote to 2013–14 ACB season with Ford Burgos, the champion of the regular season.Alain Digbeu
Alain Digbeu (born November 13, 1975) is a French former professional basketball player. He was drafted by the NBA pro club the Atlanta Hawks with the 49th pick in the 1997 NBA Draft. He is 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m) in height and 220 lb (100 kg) in weight. He can play at both the shooting guard and small forward positions.CB Lucentum Alicante
Club Baloncesto Lucentum Alicante is a professional basketball team based in Alicante, Valencian Community. Lucentum Alicante played in Liga ACB for the last time in 2012, after selling its place in the league to CB Canarias.In August 2015, due to its financial problems, it gave its place in LEB Plata to the Fundación Lucentum Baloncesto, created two months before to save the basketball of the city.Copa Princesa de Asturias
The Copa Princesa de Asturias de Baloncesto (English: Princess of Asturias' Cup of Basketball) is an annual 2nd-tier level national cup competition for Spanish professional basketball teams, that is organized by Spain's 2nd-tier level professional league, the Liga Española de Baloncesto (LEB). It was first played in 1987.
Since 2009, at the end of the first half of the season, the top two teams from the LEB Oro qualify. The Final is at champions venue.
In 2015, the cup changed its name from Copa Príncipe de Asturias to Copa Princesa de Asturias, as Leonor de Borbón became Princess of Asturias.Darryl Middleton
Darryl Bryan Middleton (born July 21, 1966) is an American former professional basketball player and current assistant coach for CSKA Moscow of the VTB United League. Standing at 6'8" (2.03 m), he played at the power forward position. He holds the record for being the oldest player to ever play a game in the history of the Spanish ACB League. He also holds a Spanish passport.Fundación Lucentum Baloncesto
Fundación Lucentum Baloncesto Alicante, also known as HLA Alicante for sponsorship reasons, is a professional basketball team based in Alicante, Valencian Community.Henk Norel
Henk Norel (born September 17, 1987) is a Dutch professional basketball player for Cafés Candelas Breogán of the Liga ACB. He was drafted with the 47th overall pick in the 2009 NBA draft by the Minnesota Timberwolves.Lou Roe
Louis Marquel "Lou" Roe (born July 14, 1972) is an American former professional basketball player.Martynas Andriuškevičius
Martynas Andriuškevičius (Lithuanian pronunciation: [mɐrʲˈtʲiːnɐs ɐnʲdʲrʲʊʃˈkʲæːvʲɪtɕʊs]; born March 12, 1986) is a Lithuanian professional basketball player for S.C. Lusitânia of the LPB. He is a 2.18 m (7 ft 2 in) tall and 113 kg (250 lb) center. Andriuškevičius has noted perimeter skill for a player of his size, and has trained with former NBA center Arvydas Sabonis.Moustapha Sonko
Moustapha Sonko (born 14 June 1972 in Paris, France) is a former professional basketball player from FrancePape Sow
Pape Sow (pronounced Pop So) (born November 22, 1981) is a Senegalese former professional basketball player who has played for the Toronto Raptors of the NBA and for several European and Asian teams.Quincy Lewis
Quincy Lavell Lewis (born June 26, 1977) is an American former professional basketball player who last played with the pro club Iurbentia Bilbao Basket in Spain. He currently works as an analyst for Fox Sports North, covering the Minnesota Timberwolves, one of Lewis's former NBA teams.Regional basketball competitions in Spain
The Regional basketball competitions in Spain are competitions usually played in summer with the best teams in each Autonomous Communities.Rowan Barrett
Rowan Barrett (born November 24, 1972) is a retired Canadian professional basketball player. At a height of 1.98 m (6'6") tall, he played at the shooting guard and small forward positions.Terquin Mott
Terquin T. Mott (born January 30, 1974) is a former basketball player who played in the Continental Basketball Association, in Europe, Asia and South America. He played college basketball at La Salle University and Coppin State University and was the 1996 Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference Player of the Year.Thomas Heurtel
Thomas Heurtel (born 10 April 1989) is a French professional basketball player for FC Barcelona Lassa of the Liga ACB and the EuroLeague. Standing at 1.89 m (6 ft 2 1⁄2 in), he plays at the point guard position.Velimir Perasović
Velimir Perasović (born February 9, 1965) is a Croatian professional basketball coach and former player who is currently coaching Kirolbet Baskonia.