Louis Niedermeyer

Abraham Louis Niedermeyer (27 April 1802 – 14 March 1861) was a composer chiefly of church music but also of a few operas, and a teacher who took over the École Choron, duly renamed École Niedermeyer, a school for the study and practice of church music, where several eminent French musicians studied including Gabriel Fauré and André Messager.

Louis Niedermeyer
Louis Niedermeyer, ca. 1850, Bibliothèque nationale de France.

Life and career

Louis Niedermeyer La Fronde
Scene from the 4th act of La Fronde, an opera by Louis Niedermeyer.

Born in Nyon, Switzerland, Niedermeyer studied piano in Vienna with Ignaz Moscheles and composition with Emanuel Aloys Förster. He studied further in Rome with Vincenzo Fioravanti (1819) and in Naples with Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli. While in Rome, he had the luck to meet Gioachino Rossini, who befriended him and urged the production of some of Niedermeyer's operas. His first opera, Il reo per amore ("Guilty for love"), was put on in Naples in 1820 with some success.

Like Rossini, Niedermeyer settled in Paris (at the age of 21, in 1823); and there, in later years, four more of his operas were staged, though with little success: La casa nel bosco ("The House in the woods"' 28 May 1828), Stradella (3 March 1837), Marie Stuart (6 December 1844) and La Fronde ("The Fronde"' 2 May 1853).

Niedermeyer also collaborated with his friend Rossini on the assembly of Robert Bruce (1846), Rossini's third and last pastiche; Niedermeyer "provided the all-important French texts with their characteristic tone color and harmonies".[1] After these attempts at an operatic career Niedermeyer devoted himself primarily to sacred and secular vocal music. In October 1853, he reorganized and re-opened the school then known as the Ecole Choron (after Alexandre-Étienne Choron,[2] who had died in 1834). It was renamed the École Niedermeyer. Although it has had further name changes, the school is still open.

His church music remained in use in France and elsewhere into the 20th century. Although he studied in Austria and Italy, he is generally described today as a French composer because of his chosen country of residence. He died in Paris.

References

  1. ^ Records international note on Robert Bruce on Records International.com; accessed 21 July 2012.
  2. ^ Smith, Rollin (1992). Saint-Saëns and the Organ. Pendragon Press. p. 63. ISBN 0-945193-14-9.

Sources

  • The Oxford Companion to Music, 10th Ed. (Scholes)

External links

Alexandre-Étienne Choron

Alexandre-Étienne Choron (21 October 1771 – 29 June 1834) was a French musicologist. For a short time he directed the Paris Opera. He made a distinction between sacred and secular music and was one of the originators of French interest in musicology.

Auguste Alfred Rubé

Auguste Alfred Rubé (20 June 1817 – 13 April 1899) was a French painter.

Chanson

A chanson (French pronunciation: ​[ʃɑ̃sɔ̃], "song", from Latin cantio, gen. cantionis) is in general any lyric-driven French song, usually polyphonic and secular. A singer specializing in chansons is known as a "chanteur" (male) or "chanteuse" (female); a collection of chansons, especially from the late Middle Ages and Renaissance, is also known as a chansonnier.

Gustave Lefèvre

Victor Gustave Lefèvre (2 June 1831 in Provins – 17 March 1910 in his home in Boulogne-Billancourt) was a French composer and music educator.

List of operas by Gioachino Rossini

This is a list of the operas of the Italian composer Gioachino Rossini (1792–1868). See List of compositions by Gioachino Rossini for his other works.

Marie Stuart (opera)

Marie Stuart is a grand opera in five acts composed by Louis Niedermeyer to a libretto by Théodor Anne loosely based on events in the life of Mary, Queen of Scots. It premiered at the Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris on 6 December 1844 with Rosine Stoltz in the title role.

Molinier (baritone)

Molinier was the stage name of François Gély (1807–1859), a French operatic baritone who mostly performed minor roles at the Paris Opéra.He made his professional debut without much success on 15 February 1826 with the Opéra-Comique at the Salle Feydeau as Alibour in Méhul's Euphrosine et Coradin.He first appeared at the Paris Opéra on 2 October 1837 as an emergency replacement in a leading bass role, Pietro in Daniel Auber's La muette de Portici. He sang with great emotion, but was thought to have overextended his resources. However, having rescued the performance (and the receipts), he was rewarded by engagement as a company regular, and continued to sing there until 1854. During this period he created a number of minor roles, as noted in the list below. He also performed other minor roles, such as a herald-in-arms in Meyerbeer's Robert le diable, the Comte de Nevers in Meyerbeer's Les Huguenots, Rodolphe and Melcthal in Rossini's Guillaume Tell, and Pharaon in Rossini's Moïse.

Niedermeier

Niedermeier is a German surname. The name was initially used as a distinguishing name for a farmer (Meier) who had a farm lower (nieder) than the neighboring one(s). Variants are Niedermaier, Niedermair, Niedermayer, Niedermayr, Niedermeier, Niedermeir, Niedermeyer and Niedermeyr. These names are common to Austria and Bavaria.

Notable people with the surname Niedermaier include:

Judith E. Niedermaier (1939-2011), American designer and businesswoman.Notable people with the surname Niedermeier include:

Georg Niedermeier, German football/soccer player Notable people with the surname Niedermayer include:

Inge Niedermayer, Austrian rower

Kurt Niedermayer, German football/soccer player

Oskar von Niedermayer, German general, professor and adventurer

Rob Niedermayer, Canadian ice hockey player (brother of Scott)

Scott Niedermayer, Canadian ice hockey player (brother of Rob)

Thomas Niedermayer, German industrialist, kidnapped and killed by the Provisional IRA Notable people with the surname Niedermeyer include:

Helmut Niedermeyer (1926–2014), Austrian businessman

Helmut Niedermayr (1915–1985), Formula One driver

Gerhard Niedermayr, see Niedermayrite mineral

Louis Niedermeyer (1802–1861), Swiss-born French composer

Rob Niedermayer (born 1974), Canadian ice hockey player

Scott Niedermayer (born 1973), Canadian ice hockey player

Oskar von Niedermayer (1885–1948) German general, professor and adventurer Notable people with the surname Niedermair include:

John Niedermair (1893–1982, Naval architect

Roland Niedermair, luge athlete

Omer Letorey

Omer Letorey (4 May 1873 – 21 March 1938) was a French composer.

Born in Chalon-sur-Saône, from 1887 Letorey attended the music school of Louis Niedermeyer. From 1891 he studied at the Conservatoire de Paris with Émile Pessard; at the same time he became organist at the Ste-Elisabeth church. In 1895 he won the first Premier Grand Prix de Rome with the lyrical scene Clarisse Harlowe.

After his studies Letorey was musical director at the Comédie-Française until 1922. Furthermore, he was from 1900 successor of Edmond Missa, organist at the Église Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin, from 1903 cantor and organist at the St-Pierre-de-Chaillot church and from 1923 to 1925 cantor at the St-Honoré-d'Eylau church.

In addition to church music, Letorey composed several drama music and operas. His incidental music for Macbeth, which was premiered in 1914 at the Comédie Française, and the opera Le Sicilien (after Molière), which was premiered in 1930 at the Opéra-Comique with the mezzo-soprano Germaine Cernay, had great success.

Letorey died in Issy-les-Moulineaux in 1938.

Paul Barroilhet

Paul-Bernard Barroilhet (22 September 1810 – April 1871) was a French operatic baritone.

Robert Bruce (opera)

Robert Bruce is an 1846 pastiche opera in three acts, with music by Gioachino Rossini and Louis Niedermeyer to a French-language libretto by Alphonse Royer and Gustave Vaëz, after Walter Scott's History of Scotland. The music was stitched together by Niedermeyer, with the composer's permission, with pieces from La donna del lago, Zelmira, and other Rossini operas. The work was premiered on 30 December 1846, by the Paris Opera at the Salle Le Peletier. The audience may not have noticed, but the orchestra included for the first time a recently invented instrument, which later came to be known as the saxophone.

Salle Le Peletier

The Salle Le Peletier or Lepeletier (sometimes referred to as the Salle de la rue Le Peletier or the Opéra Le Peletier) was the home of the Paris Opera from 1821 until the building was destroyed by fire in 1873. The theatre was designed and constructed by the architect François Debret on the site of the garden of the Hôtel de Choiseul on the rue Lepeletier. Due to the many changes in government and management during the theatre's existence, it had a number of different official names, the most important of which were: Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique (1821–1848), Opéra-Théâtre de la Nation (1848–1850), Théâtre de l'Académie Nationale de Musique (1850–1852), Théâtre de l'Académie Impériale de Musique (1852–1854), Théâtre Impérial de l'Opéra (1854–1870), and Théâtre National de l'Opéra (1870–1873).

Stradella (Franck)

Stradella, CFF 229, Op.033 is an 1841 opera by César Franck to a libretto by Émile Deschamps and Émilien Pacini. It is the first of Franck's four operas. Written when he was only 19, it was never orchestrated. Its first performance took place in the late 20th century.

Stradella (Niedermeyer)

Stradella is a Grand Opera in five acts by Louis Niedermeyer to a libretto by Emile Deschamps and Émilien Pacini. Based on a highly romanticized version of the life of the composer Alessandro Stradella (1639–1682), it was premiered at the Paris Opéra on 3 March 1837.

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