Louis Janmot

Anne-François-Louis Janmot (21 May 1814 – 1 June 1892) was a French painter and poet.

Anne-François-Louis Janmot
self-portrait of Janmot holding a brush in his left hand and a palette in his right
Louis Janmot (self-portrait, 1832)
Born21 May 1814
Lyon, France
Died1 June 1892 (aged 78)
Lyon, France
NationalityFrench
EducationRoyal College of Lyon
École des Beaux-Arts de Lyon
Spouse(s)Leonie Saint-Paulet (1855-1870)
Antoinette Currat (1885-1892)

Early years

Janmot was born in Lyon, France of Catholic parents who were deeply religious. He was extremely moved by the death of his brother in 1823 and his sisters in 1829. He became a student at the Royal College of Lyon where he met Frederic Ozanam and other followers of his philosophy professor, Abbe Noirot. In 1831 he was admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts de Lyon and a year later, he won the highest honor, the Golden Laurel. In 1833, he came to Paris to take painting lessons from Victor Orsel and Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres. With other Lyon painters, he entered the Society of St. Vincent de Paul. In 1835, he went to Rome with Claudius Lavergne, Jean-Baptiste Frenet and other students and met Hippolyte Flandrin.

After his return to Lyon in 1836, Janmot would attract the attention of critics of the Salon de Paris in conducting large-scale paintings with religious inspiration such as The Resurrection of the son of the widow of Nain (1839) or Christ in Gethsemane (1840). After 1845, he attracted the interest of Charles Baudelaire with his painting Flower of the Fields that allowed him to access to the Salon of 1846. Theophile Gautier was impressed by his Portrait of Lacordaire (1846). But the failure of his Poem of the Soul at the Universal Exhibition of 1855 disappointed him. In December of that year he married Leonie Saint-Paulet, from a noble family in Carpentras.

In 1856, Janmot obtained a commission to paint a fresco (since destroyed) representing the Last Supper for the church of St. Polycarp. Other orders followed, including the decoration of the dome of the Church of St. Francis de Sales and for the town hall that had been renovated by his friend the architect T. Desjardins. He was then appointed professor at the École des Beaux-Arts.

In Paris and Toulon

Surprisingly, Janmot moved to Paris in 1861 after having been promised a commission for the Church of St. Augustine, but this project was abandoned three years later. In experiencing significant family and financial problems, Janmot accepted a professorship at the Dominican School of Arcueil. At that time, in his home in Bagneux, he made many portraits of the members of his family (only photographs are currently available).

After the birth of her seventh child in August 1870, his wife died in Bagneux. While the Prussian troops approached and occupied his home, he fled to Algiers with his stepfather and made landscape paintings. He returned in June of the following year in Paris and led a solitary life. His house in Bagneux had been looted. In 1878, he produced a fresco in the chapel of the Franciscans in the Holy Land, but this work was not followed by any further order.

Faced with family and increasing financial problems, Janmot came to Toulon, and despite some orders (new Portrait of Lacordaire (1878, Museum of Versailles), Rosaire (Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 1880), Martyrdom of St. Christine (Solliès-Pont, 1882), he lived a retired life. He finished the second part of the Poem of the Soul that the patron and former industrial Félix Thiollier was willing to publish.

In 1885, Janmot married a former student, Antoinette Currat, and returned to Lyon. He made charcoal drawings on the theme of the underworld, which can be regarded as a kind of continuation of the Poem of the Soul, including Purgatory (1885) and The End of Time (1888). In 1887 was published in Lyon and Paris an over 500-page book entitled Opinion of an artist on art and includes articles previously written by Janmot. He died five years later at the age of 78.

Art style

Louis Janmot - L'assomption de la Vierge
L'Assomption de la Vierge

Janmot has been seen as a transitional figure between Romanticism and Symbolism, prefiguring the French part of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood; his work was admired by Puvis de Chavannes, Odilon Redon, and Maurice Denis.[1]

Like Jean-Hippolyte Flandrin, another painter from Lyon and student of Ingres, Janmot carried out many commissions for church decorations. In his paintings the immaculate finish of Ingres was combined with a mysticism that has parallels in the work of his contemporaries the Nazarenes and the Pre-Raphaelites.[1]

Works

Poem of the Soul

His most significant work, a cycle of 18 paintings and 16 drawings, with verse, called The Poem of the Soul, occupied him for 40 years.

First part : the paintings Second part : the drawings
1. Génération divine 19. Solitude
2. Le Passage des âmes 20. L’Infini
3. L’Ange et la mère 21. Rêve de feu
4. Le Printemps 22. Amour
5. Souvenir du ciel 23. Adieu
6. Le Toit paternel 24. Le Doute
7. Le Mauvais Sentier 25. L’Esprit du Mal
8. Cauchemar 26. L’Orgie
9. Le Grain de blé 27. Sans Dieu
10. Première Communion 28. Le Fantôme
11. Virginitas 29. Chute fatale
12. L’Échelle d’or 30. Le Supplice de Mézence
13. Rayons de soleil 31. Les Générations du Mal
14. Sur la Montagne 32. Intercession maternelle
15. Un Soir 33. La Délivrance, ou vision de l’avenir
16. Le Vol de l’âme 34. Sursum Corda
17. L’Idéal
18. Réalité
Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 1 - Génération divine

1. Génération divine

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 2 - Le Passage des âmes

2. Le Passage des âmes

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 3 - L’Ange et la mère

3. L’Ange et la mère

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 4 - Le Printemps

4. Le Printemps

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 5 - Souvenir du ciel

5. Souvenir du ciel

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 6 - Le Toit paternel

6. Le Toit paternel

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 7 - Le Mauvaus Sentier

7. Le Mauvais Sentier

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 8 - Cauchemar

8. Cauchemar

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 9 - Le Grain de blé

9. Le Grain de blé

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 10 - Première Communion

10. Première Communion

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 11 - Virginitas

11. Virginitas

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 12 - L’Échelle d’or

12. L’Échelle d’or

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 13 - Rayons de soleil

13. Rayons de soleil

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 14 - Sur la Montagne

14. Sur la Montagne

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 15 - Un Soir

15. Un Soir

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 16 - Le Vol de l’âme

16. Le Vol de l’âme

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 17 - L’Idéal

17. L’Idéal

Louis Janmot - Poème de l'âme 18 - Réalité

18. Réalité

Other works

Bibliography

  • Élisabeth Hardouin-Fugier, Le Poème de l'âme par Louis Janmot, La Taillanderie, Châtillon-sur-Chalaronne, 2007, (ISBN 978-2-87629-358-8)
  • Wolfgang Drost, Élisabeth Hardouin-Fugier, Louis Janmot, précurseur du symbolisme, C. Winter, Heidelberg 1994, (ISBN 3-8253-0209-1)
  • Élisabeth Hardouin-Fugier, Louis Janmot, 1814–1892, Presses universitaires de Lyon, Lyon 1981, (ISBN 2-7297-0106-0)
  • Louis Janmot, Opinion d’un artiste sur l’art, Vitte & Perrussel, Lyon 1887
  • Jane Turner, From Monet to Cézanne: late 19th-century French artists? Grove Art, New York, St Martin's Press, (2000) (ISBN 0-312-22971-2)
  • Sylvie Ramond, Gérard Bruyère et Léna Widerkher, Le Temps de la peinture, Lyon 1800-1914, Fage editions, Lyon (2007) 335 p. (ISBN 978-2-84975-101-5)

Notes

  1. ^ a b Turner, 2000, p. 258.

References

  • Turner, J. (2000). From Monet to Cézanne: late 19th-century French artists. Grove Art. New York: St Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-22971-2

External links

1814 in France

Events from the year 1814 in France.

1814 in art

Events in the year 1814 in Art.

1814 in poetry

Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).

1892 in France

Events from the year 1892 in France.

1892 in art

The year 1892 in art involved some significant events.

Elisa Koch

Élisa Koch or Elisa Kock (1833–1914) was an Italian painter and pastellist.

Koch was born in Livorno and studied under Louis Janmot and Charles Comte. She exhibited in Lyons from 1854 to 1855 and in Paris from 1863 showing most notably Dangerous Encounter at the Paris Salon of 1868, You'll Have None of It at the Paris Salon of 1874, Misfortune at the Paris Salon of 1881, and Portrait of Mademoiselle Juliette Dodu. Her work The Little Sister was included in the book Women Painters of the World.

Flower of the Fields

Flower of the Fields is an 1845 painting on wood by Lyon artist Louis Janmot. It was acquired in 1893 by the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon where it has been conserved.The painting shows a young woman who is sitting in the nature, surrounded with flowers and butterflies. She has two flower bouquets in her hands: one laid down on her knees, composed of buttercups, daisies and cornflowers, the other one held vertically is composed of poppies. In the background, the landscape shows a verdant plains and the mountains of the Bugey region. The sky is blue, with some white clouds near the mountains, and indicates that the scene probably takes place in the late afternoon. Each flower, as well as the woman's face, are painted with an extremely accuracy, the colors used are sweet and some melancholy emanates from the scene. The look of the young woman seems to contain a hint of seriousness.

The painting was notably exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1845 and at the Exposition Universelle (1855), also in Paris, among other exhibitions. It was restored in 1974.Larousse Encyclopedia describes this work as "well-balanced". However, it is unclear if the painting is the portrait of a woman known by Janmot, but the clothes she wears do not comply with her time, but recall the portraits of the Italian Renaissance. This may be a painting of flowers, as this type of art was very popular in Lyon in the 19th century. Another theory is that the young woman is the goddess Flora and is in thought about the transience of time.

Jean-Baptiste Frénet

Jean-Baptiste Frénet (1814-1889) was a French painter, sculptor, photographer and politician based in Lyon.

List of Catholic artists

This list of Catholic artists concerns artists known, at least in part, for their works of religious Roman Catholic art. It may also include artists whose position as a Roman Catholic priest or missionary was vital to their artistic works or development. Because of the title, it is preferred that at least some of their artwork be in or commissioned for Catholic churches, which includes Eastern Catholic Churches in communion with the Pope.

Note that this is not a list of all artists who have ever been members of the Roman Catholic Church. Please do not add entries here without providing support for those artists having specifically Roman Catholic religious art among their works, or having Roman Catholicism as a major aspect in their careers as artists. Further, seeing as many to most Western European artists from the 5th century to the Protestant Reformation did at least some Catholic religious art, this list will supplement by linking to lists of artists of those eras rather than focusing on names of those eras.

List of painters by name beginning with "J"

Please add names of notable painters in alphabetical order.

A. B. Jackson (d. 1981), African American painter who broke an art-related color barrier in 1966

Robert Jacobsen (1912–1993), Danish sculptor and painter

Lambert Jacobsz (1598–1636), Dutch Golden Age painter and preacher

Yvonne Jacquette (born 1934), American painter and printmaker especially of aerial landscapes

Jan Jahn (1739–1802), Czech painter and art historian

Božidar Jakac (1899–1989), Slovene Expressionist, Realist and Symbolist painter, graphic artist, art teacher, photographer and filmmaker

Rihard Jakopič (1869–1943), Slovene painter

Matija Jama (1872–1947), Slovene Impressionist

Terrell James (born 1955), American painter

Jang Seung-eop (1843–1897), Korean painter

Louis Janmot (1814–1892), French painter and poet

Ruud Janssen (born 1959), Dutch Fluxus and mail artist

James Jarvaise (born 1924), American painter

Eero Järnefelt (1863–1937), Finnish realist painter

Karl Jauslin (1842–1904), Swiss history painter

Alexej von Jawlensky (1864–1941), Russian expressionist painter

William Jennys (1774–1859), American primitive portrait painter

Alfred Jensen (1903–1981), Guatemalan abstract painter

Jeong Seon (1676–1759), Korean landscape painter

Walther Jervolino (1944–2012), Italian Surrealist painter

Ji Sheng, Chinese painter of the Ming Dynasty

Jiang Tingxi (1669–1732), Chinese painter, and an editor

Jiao Bingzhen (1689–1726), Chinese painter and astronomer

Jin Nong (1687–c.1763-64), Chinese painter and calligrapher

Jin Tingbiao, Qing Dynasty painter

Ferenc Joachim (1882–1964), Hungarian painter of portraits and landscapes in oil, watercolors and pastels

Chantal Joffe (born 1969)

Jóhannes Geir Jónsson (1927–2003)

Jóhannes Sveinsson Kjarval (1885–1972)

Augustus John (1878–1961), Welsh painter, draughtsman, and etcher.

Gwen John (1876–1939), Welsh painter of small-scale portraits and still lifes

Jasper Johns (born 1930), American contemporary painter and printmaker

Mitchell Johnson (born 1964), contemporary painter

Sargent Johnson (1888–1967), Californian African-American painter, potter, ceramist, printmaker, graphic artist, sculptor, and carver

Allen Jones (born 1937), British pop artist, sculptor, and graphic artist

Lois Mailou Jones (1905–1998), African American Harlem Renaissance painter

Ludolf Leendertsz de Jongh (1616–1679)

Johan Jongkind (1819–1891), Dutch painter and printmaker

Jacob Jordaens (1593–1678), Flemish Baroque painter of the Antwerp school

Asger Jorn (1914–1973), founding member of the Situationist International, artist, and essayist

José Rodrigues (1828–1887), Portuguese painter

Lily Delissa Joseph (1863–1940), English painter

Josetsu (fl. 1405–1423), Japanese suiboku artist

Jean Jouvenet (1644–1717), French painter

Ju Chao (1811–1865)

Ju Lian (1828–1904)

Donald Judd (1928–1994), American minimalist artist

Jens Juel (1745–1802), Danish portrait painter

Júlíana Sveinsdóttir (1889–1966)

Gabrijel Jurkić (1886–1974), Bosnian artist

Lyon School

The Lyon School (French: École de Lyon) is a term for a group of French artists which gathered around Paul Chenavard. It was founded by Pierre Revoil, one of the representatives of the Troubadour style. It included Victor Orsel, Louis Janmot and Hippolyte Flandrin, and was nicknamed "the prison of painting" by Charles Baudelaire. It was principally inspired by philosophical-moral and religious themes, and as a current was closely related to the British Pre-Raphaelite painters and poets.Recognized at the Salon of 1819, the school was consecrated 16 February 1851 by the creation of the gallery of painters from Lyon (galerie des Artistes lyonnais) at the Museum of Fine Arts of Lyon.Between 1890 and 1909 a younger generation of artists of divers inspirations would become associated with L'École de Lyon (or École lyonnaise) exhibiting at the Le Salon in Lyon (Salon de la Société Lyonnaise des Beaux-Arts): artists such as Joanny Arlin, Philippe Audras, Jean Bardon, Alexandre Baudin, André Baudin, Camille Bouvagne, Marguerite Brun, Jean-Louis Chorel, Anna Dugoin, Marie Saubiez-Euler, Pierre Euler, Étienne Victor Exbrayat, Horace Antoine Fonville, Marie Giron, Georges Glaise, Gustave Karcher, Marthe Koch, Théodore Lévigne, Jules Medard, Hugues Méray, Alphonse Muscat, Henry Oberkampff, Edouard Paupin, Victor-Philippe Flipsen (Philipsen), Louis Piot, Henri Ray, Henri Raynaud, Ernest Roman, Jean Seignemartin, Glaudius Seignol, Gabriel Trévoux, and Louis Vollen.

Romanticism

Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850. Romanticism was characterized by its emphasis on emotion and individualism as well as glorification of all the past and nature, preferring the medieval rather than the classical. It was partly a reaction to the Industrial Revolution, the aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment, and the scientific rationalization of nature—all components of modernity. It was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature, but had a major impact on historiography, education, the social sciences, and the natural sciences. It had a significant and complex effect on politics, with romantic thinkers influencing liberalism, radicalism, conservatism and nationalism.The movement emphasized intense emotion as an authentic source of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as apprehension, horror and terror, and awe—especially that experienced in confronting the new aesthetic categories of the sublimity and beauty of nature. It elevated folk art and ancient custom to something noble, but also spontaneity as a desirable characteristic (as in the musical impromptu). In contrast to the Rationalism and Classicism of the Enlightenment, Romanticism revived medievalism and elements of art and narrative perceived as authentically medieval in an attempt to escape population growth, early urban sprawl, and industrialism.

Although the movement was rooted in the German Sturm und Drang movement, which preferred intuition and emotion to the rationalism of the Enlightenment, the events and ideologies of the French Revolution were also proximate factors. Romanticism assigned a high value to the achievements of "heroic" individualists and artists, whose examples, it maintained, would raise the quality of society. It also promoted the individual imagination as a critical authority allowed of freedom from classical notions of form in art. There was a strong recourse to historical and natural inevitability, a Zeitgeist, in the representation of its ideas. In the second half of the 19th century, Realism was offered as a polar opposite to Romanticism. The decline of Romanticism during this time was associated with multiple processes, including social and political changes and the spread of nationalism.

The Poem of the Soul

The Poem of the Soul is a series of oil on canvas paintings by Louis Janmot, produced between 1835 and 1881 and totalling eighteen paintings and sixteen charcoal drawings, all inspired by a 2800 verse poem by Janmot himself. The first works in the series were exhibited at the 1855 Exposition Universelle. The series tells of a soul's life on earth, incarnated in a young man, accompanied by his female double. His companion then disappears and he spends the rest of his life alone, as did the artist. The series is now in the Museum of Fine Arts of Lyon.

Thierry Bisch

Thierry Bisch (born 1953 in Strasbourg, France) is a French artist.

Église Saint-Polycarpe

The Église Saint-Polycarpe (Church of St. Polycarp) is a Roman Catholic church located in the 1st arrondissement of Lyon, on the slopes of La Croix-Rousse, between rue René Leynaud, rue Burdeau and passages Mermet and Thiaffait. It is the oldest church of the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri.

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