Lou Gorman

James Gerald "Lou" Gorman (February 18, 1929 – April 1, 2011)[1][2] was an American baseball executive, and the former general manager of the Seattle Mariners and Boston Red Sox of Major League Baseball. He spent more than three decades in baseball operations, as a general manager, assistant GM, farm system director or scouting director, and at the time of his death he was the Red Sox' executive consultant for public affairs with an emphasis on community projects. He also was the coordinator of the Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame, to which he was inducted in 2002.

Lou Gorman
Lou Gorman
General Manager
Born: February 18, 1929
Providence, Rhode Island
Died: April 1, 2011 (aged 82)
Boston, Massachusetts
Career highlights and awards

Early years

A native of South Providence, Rhode Island, Gorman grew up a Red Sox fan. At the high school level, at La Salle Academy, Providence, he was an excellent athlete—he was nicknamed after Lou Gehrig[1]—but was cut from the minors. His Baseball Reference player page records that Gorman played in 16 games for the 1948 Providence Grays of the Class B New England League, compiling a batting average of .036 (1-for-28).

After his professional playing career stalled, Gorman enrolled in Stonehill College for his bachelor's degree. He then served in the United States Navy, including more than eight years of active duty and two tours in Korea. Gorman's naval career, including his tenure with the United States Navy Reserve, lasted for 34 years. He retired with the rank of captain.[3] After his active service, he entered Bridgewater State College for his master's in education, which he received in 1961.

Baseball front office career

Gorman resumed his baseball career in 1962 as an executive in the minor leagues when he became general manager with the Class D Lakeland Giants in the San Francisco Giants' system, then, in 1963 with the Single-A Kinston Eagles in the Pittsburgh Pirates' chain.[4]

Gorman joined the Baltimore Orioles' Major League front office in 1964 as assistant farm system director, working under Harry Dalton. He was promoted to director of player development in 1966, when the Orioles won their first World Series championship. In 1968, Gorman became the first farm system director in the history of the Kansas City Royals, where he eventually also assumed control of the team's scouting department. For his efforts, he was promoted to vice president in 1973 and assistant general manager in 1976.

But he soon departed for a new expansion team when he was appointed the first-ever general manager of the Seattle Mariners when they entered the American League in 1977. Although the under-capitalized Mariners struggled during Gorman's four seasons in Seattle—they posted a 246–400 (.381) record from 1977–1980 with two last-place finishes in the AL West—he obtained early Mariner standout Ruppert Jones in the 1976 Major League Baseball expansion draft (from his old Royals' organization) and drafted centerfielder Dave Henderson with his first-ever No. 1 choice in the June 1977 Major League Baseball draft.[5]

After building the Seattle organization from scratch, he returned to the East Coast as vice president, player personnel, of the New York Mets in 1980. Working under Mets' GM Frank Cashen, with whom Gorman served with the Orioles, he helped lay the foundation for the Mets' 1986 World Series championship—achieved at the expense of his next team, the Red Sox.

Red Sox general manager

In the months preceding the 1984 season, the Red Sox were embroiled in a legal dispute involving two ownership factions seeking control of the team. Gorman was named a vice president of baseball operations in the Boston front office in January 1984; then, five months later, when the legal case was settled, he was officially appointed vice president and general manager, succeeding co-owner Haywood Sullivan, who moved up to chief executive officer.[6] When Gorman took on the general manager job, the Red Sox already had players like Roger Clemens, Wade Boggs, Dwight Evans and Bob Stanley, stars that would form the nucleus of the talented Red Sox teams of the late 1980s. However, it was Gorman's acquisitions (from the Mariners) of Dave Henderson and Spike Owen and closer Calvin Schiraldi (from the Mets) that helped lead the Red Sox to the 1986 World Series. In the spring of 1987, unhappy about his contract, Roger Clemens left spring training, which prompted Gorman to quip, "The sun will rise, the sun will set, and I'll have lunch."[7]

Though the team made it back to the playoffs in 1988 and 1990, it never got any closer to a championship than it had in 1986. Gorman made several key trades, such as picking up Nick Esasky and Rob Murphy from Cincinnati and getting closer Lee Smith for World Series goat Schiraldi and pitcher Al Nipper, but he made mistakes as well. It was Gorman who traded away future All-Stars Jeff Bagwell, Curt Schilling, and Brady Anderson in pennant-stretch deals. The Boston farm system, which had produced players such as Mike Greenwell, Ellis Burks, Jody Reed and Todd Benzinger early in Gorman's tenure, developed everyday players such as Mo Vaughn, John Valentin, Aaron Sele, Tim Naehring, Carlos Quintana and Scott Hatteberg in the early 1990s, but the flow of talent was not enough to keep the club at the forefront of its division. The Red Sox were unable to retain free agents Bruce Hurst, Esasky and Mike Boddicker (a front-line starting pitcher acquired in the Schilling trade), and when the team returned to the free agent marketplace after the 1989 season, catcher Tony Peña and pitchers Jeff Reardon and Danny Darwin approached expectations, while high-profile signings Jack Clark, Frank Viola and Matt Young were major disappointments.

The Red Sox won another AL East title in 1990, but it was the trade involving Bagwell, at the time a third base prospect in the minor leagues, that would ultimately come back to haunt the team the most. Looking to strengthen the bullpen, Gorman traded him to the Houston Astros for relief pitcher Larry Andersen. Andersen pitched just 15 games for the Red Sox before being declared a free agent as a result of the second collusion settlement, while Bagwell would spend his entire 15-year career with the Astros, evolving into one of most productive and consistent power hitters in major league history. Thus, the trade is now reckoned as one of the most lopsided deals in baseball history, especially as Bagwell was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.[8] Some analysts are less critical of Gorman making a deal to acquire Anderson, and more critical of Gorman selecting Bagwell as the third base prospect to send to Houston rather than Scott Cooper.[9]

After 1990, the Red Sox faded from contention. They finished a distant second in 1991, and in 1992 collapsed all the way to last place for the first time in 60 years. After another losing campaign in 1993, wholesale changes were made in the Red Sox front office. Gorman was relieved of his general manager responsibilities after the season, becoming senior vice president of baseball operations. A few weeks later, John Harrington, who as executive director of the JRY Trust was the team's managing general partner, bought out minority general partner Sullivan to assume full control. Harrington then hired Montreal Expos general manager Dan Duquette (another native New Englander) as Gorman's permanent successor.

In his nine full seasons as general manager, 1985 through 1993, the Red Sox compiled a 751–706 (.515) win-loss record, with three division titles and one American League pennant.

Late career

Gorman was a senior vice president, then executive vice president, in the Red Sox' baseball operations department through 1996.[10] He also served as a member of the advisory board of the Baseball Assistance Team, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization dedicated to helping former Major League, Minor League, and Negro League players through financial and medical difficulties. In his later years, Gorman was the chairman of the Board of the Newport Gulls of the New England Collegiate Baseball League, and was instrumental to the team.

After a period of declining health, Gorman died at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, at age 82 on the Opening Day of the Red Sox' 2011 season.[3] Mayor Thomas Menino declared April 8, 2011, the day of the home opener at Fenway Park, as Lou Gorman Day in Boston. The Red Sox also paid tribute to Gorman during the game that afternoon.


Gorman was inducted to the Kinston Professional Baseball Hall of Fame in 1985, the Stonehill College Athletic Hall of Fame in 1989,[11] the Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame in 2002,[12] and the Newport Gulls Hall of Fame in 2010.[13]

In September 2011, the Red Sox established an annual Lou Gorman Award, given to a minor league player in the Red Sox organization "who has demonstrated dedication and perseverance in overcoming obstacles while working his way to the Major League team."[14]

Lou Gorman Award recipients
Year Player Pos. Ref.
2011 Tommy Hottovy P [14]
2012 Daniel Nava OF [15]
2013 Steven Wright P [16]
2014 Dan Butler C [17]
2015 Jonathan Aro P [18]
2016 Robby Scott P [19]
2017 Brian Johnson P [20]
2018 Ryan Brasier P [21]


  • Gorman, Lou (2005). One Pitch from Glory: A Decade of Running the Red Sox. foreword by Doris Kearns Goodwin. Champaign, Illinois: Sports Publishing, LLC. ISBN 1-59670-067-X.
  • Gorman, Lou (2007). High and Inside: My Life in the Front Offices of Baseball. McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0786431632.


  1. ^ a b Weber, Bruce (April 2, 2011). "Lou Gorman, Whose Red Sox Lost to Mets, Dies at 82". The New York Times. p. B8.
  2. ^ Goode, Jon (June 21, 2005). "Before Theo and the Duke, there was Lou". Boston.com.
  3. ^ a b Hurley, Michael (April 1, 2011). "Lou Gorman, Former Red Sox General Manager, Dies at Age 82". New England Sports Network. New England Sports Network.
  4. ^ Gorman, Lou, High and Inside: My Life in the Front Offices of Baseball. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., 2008, p. 1
  5. ^ Stone, Larry (April 2, 2011). "Gorman was positive force in the early days for Mariners". The Seattle Times.
  6. ^ "Red Sox Reorganize Their Front Office". Gainesville Sun. Associated Press. June 6, 1984. p. 4C.
  7. ^ Finn, Chad (April 1, 2011). "Former Red Sox GM Lou Gorman dies". Boston.com.
  8. ^ Torres, Luis (August 1, 2017). "Trade Retrospective Special: Red Sox send Jeff Bagwell to the Astros for Larry Andersen". beyondtheboxscore.com. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
  9. ^ Fleming, Dave (January 29, 2017). "Bagwell-for-Andersen". Bill James Online. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
  10. ^ "Lou Gorman". Baseball America Executive Database.
  11. ^ "Tribute to Lou Gorman, '53". stonehillskyhawks.com. April 1, 2011. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
  12. ^ "Red Sox Hall of Fame". MLB.com. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
  13. ^ "Lou Gorman 2010 Newport Gulls Hall of Fame" – via YouTube.
  14. ^ a b "Red Sox announce winner of first annual Lou Gorman Award". MLB.com (Press release). September 17, 2011. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  15. ^ "Red Sox Announce Winners of 2012 Minor League Awards". milb.com. September 22, 2012. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  16. ^ Brasseur, Kyle (September 22, 2013). "Minor league award winners honored". ESPN. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  17. ^ "Three ex-CCBL players earn Sox minor league awards". capecodbaseball.org. September 30, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  18. ^ "Red Sox Announce Winners of 2015 Minor League Awards". milb.com. September 26, 2015. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  19. ^ "Red Sox Announce 2016 Minor League Awards". mlblogs.com (Press release). September 18, 2016. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  20. ^ Smith, Christopher (September 29, 2017). "Michael Chavis wins Boston Red Sox minor league Offensive Player of Year; Jalen Beeks named Pitcher of Year". masslive.com. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  21. ^ "Minor Notes: Instructs set to begin, award season wraps up". SoxProspects.com. September 17, 2018. Retrieved September 27, 2018.

Further reading

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Franchise established
Seattle Mariners general manager
Succeeded by
Dan O'Brien Sr.
Preceded by
Haywood Sullivan
Boston Red Sox general manager
Succeeded by
Dan Duquette
1985 Boston Red Sox season

The 1985 Boston Red Sox season was the 85th season in the franchise's Major League Baseball history. The Red Sox finished fifth in the American League East with a record of 81 wins and 81 losses, 18½ games behind the Toronto Blue Jays.

1987 Boston Red Sox season

The 1987 Boston Red Sox season was the 87th season in the franchise's Major League Baseball history. The Red Sox finished fifth in the American League East with a record of 78 wins and 84 losses, 20 games behind the Detroit Tigers.

1991 Boston Red Sox season

The 1991 Boston Red Sox season was the 91st season in the franchise's Major League Baseball history. The Red Sox finished tied for second in the American League East with a record of 84 wins and 78 losses, seven games behind the Toronto Blue Jays.

1993 Boston Red Sox season

The 1993 Boston Red Sox season was the 93rd season in the franchise's Major League Baseball history. The Red Sox finished fifth in the American League East with a record of 80 wins and 82 losses, 15 games behind the Toronto Blue Jays.

Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame

The Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame was instituted in 1995 to recognize the careers of former Boston Red Sox baseball players. A 15-member selection committee of Red Sox broadcasters and executives, past and present media personnel, and representatives from The Sports Museum of New England and the BoSox Club are responsible for nominating candidates.

Cedric Tallis

Cedric Tallis (July 29, 1914 – May 8, 1991) was an American executive in Major League Baseball who served as the first general manager of the expansion Kansas City Royals and later played an important role in the New York Yankees' dynasty of the late 1970s.

Dan O'Brien Sr.

Daniel F. O'Brien Sr. (March 26, 1929 – January 16, 2017) was an American front office executive in Major League (MLB) and minor league baseball who served as the general manager of three American League West Division teams. He was the father of Dan O'Brien Jr., a former MLB general manager and scouting director.

Harry Dalton

Harry I. Dalton (August 23, 1928 – October 23, 2005) was an American front-office executive in Major League Baseball. He served as general manager of three American League teams, the Baltimore Orioles (1966–71), California Angels (1972–77) and Milwaukee Brewers (1978–91), and was a principal architect of the Orioles' dynasty of 1966–74 as well as the only AL championship the Brewers ever won (1982).

Born in West Springfield, Massachusetts—also the hometown of Baseball Hall of Fame manager Leo Durocher—Dalton graduated from Amherst College and served in the United States Air Force during the Korean War, earning a Bronze Star. After a brief stint as a sportswriter in Springfield, he joined the front office of the Orioles, newly reborn as the relocated St. Louis Browns, in 1954. For the next 11 years, Dalton worked his way up the organizational ladder, rising to the position of director of the Orioles' successful farm system in 1961.In the autumn of 1965, Baltimore general manager Lee MacPhail departed to become top aide to the new Commissioner of Baseball, William Eckert. Dalton was named Director of Player Personnel—in effect, MacPhail's successor. His first order of business was to complete a trade that brought Cincinnati Reds outfielder Frank Robinson to Baltimore for pitchers Milt Pappas and Jack Baldschun and a minor league outfielder. Robinson, 1961 National League Most Valuable Player, was one of the greatest stars in the game, but he had developed a strained relationship with the Cincinnati front office. In Baltimore, he would team with third baseman Brooks Robinson to lead the O's to the 1966 and 1970 World Series championships, and pennants in 1969 and 1971. Dalton was the man who hired Earl Weaver as manager, brought to the Majors young stars such as Bobby Grich and Don Baylor, and acquired key players such as Mike Cuellar, Pat Dobson and Don Buford. (Weaver, Frank Robinson and Brooks Robinson, along with pitching great Jim Palmer, a product of Dalton's farm system, are all in the Hall in Fame.)

After the Orioles lost the 1971 World Series to the Pittsburgh Pirates, Dalton was hired to turn around a stumbling Angels franchise. He acquired the great pitcher Nolan Ryan in a December 1971 trade with the New York Mets, but during Dalton's six seasons in Anaheim the team never posted a winning record. After the 1977 season, the Angels hired veteran executive Buzzie Bavasi as Dalton's boss, then released Dalton from his contract so that he could become the general manager of the Brewers.

Milwaukee had a group of talented young players, such as Robin Yount, Cecil Cooper and rookie Paul Molitor, but the nine-year-old franchise had never had a winning season. In 1978, Dalton hired George Bamberger, Weaver's pitching coach for many years, as the Brewers' new manager, and the team gelled into contenders in the American League East Division. By 1981, they made the playoffs and in 1982, Milwaukee won its first and only American League pennant (the Brewers moved to the National League Central Division in 1998). In the 1982 World Series, the "Harvey's Wallbangers" Brewers of manager Harvey Kuenn lost to the St. Louis Cardinals in seven games.

The Brewers contended in 1983, but then began to struggle on the field. The team rebounded in 1987 and 1988, but when it returned to its losing ways, Dalton's position was weakened. After a poor 1991 season, he was replaced as general manager by Sal Bando. Dalton, who remained a consultant in the Milwaukee front office through his 1994 retirement, nevertheless was one of the most respected men in baseball, who had trained other successful general managers such as John Schuerholz, Lou Gorman and Dan Duquette, a fellow Amherst alumnus.On July 24, 2003, Dalton was inducted into the Milwaukee Brewers Walk of Fame outside Miller Park.

Harry Dalton died at age 77 in Scottsdale, Arizona, of complications from Lewy body disease, misdiagnosed as Parkinson’s disease.

James Gorman

James Gorman may refer to:

James Gorman (VC) (1834–1882), English recipient of the Victoria Cross

James S. Gorman (1850–1923), U.S. Representative from Michigan

James Gorman (sport shooter) (1859–1929), American sport shooter

James Gorman (politician) (1874-1950), English politician and trade unionist

James Gorman (footballer, born in Dudley) (1882–?), English footballer (Stoke)

James Gorman (footballer, born in Middlesbrough) (1882–1957), English footballer (Liverpool)

James E. Gorman, President of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, 1917–1933

Jimmy Gorman (1910–1991), English footballer

Lou Gorman (James Gerald Gorman, (1929–2011), American baseball executive

James P. Gorman (born 1958), Chairman and CEO, Morgan Stanley

Jean R. Yawkey

Jean Remington Yawkey (January 24, 1909 – February 26, 1992) was the wife of Tom Yawkey and owner of the Boston Red Sox from 1976 to her death in 1992.

She was born Jean Hollander in Brooklyn, New York. She grew up in Freeport, Long Island, and was a New York City fashion model for ten years before marrying Yawkey in 1944, in Georgetown, South Carolina.

John Schuerholz

John Boland Schuerholz Jr. (; born October 1, 1940) is an American baseball front office executive. He was the general manager of Major League Baseball's Atlanta Braves from 1990 to 2007, and then served as the Braves President for a decade from 2007 until 2016. Before joining Atlanta, he spent twenty-two years with the Kansas City Royals organization, including nine (1982 to 1990) as the club's general manager. Among the teams he built are the 1985 Royals and 1995 Braves, both World Series champions. His teams have also won their division 16 times, including 14 consecutive times in Atlanta. During his time with the Braves, they won five National League pennants. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2017.

Kinston Professional Baseball Hall of Fame

The Kinston Professional Baseball Hall of Fame was established to honor those who have made a significant contribution to professional baseball in Kinston, North Carolina. Inductions usually occur during a "hot stove" banquet in late January or early February. There were four inductees in the initial class of 1983. There were no inductees in 1986 or 1987. Grady Little was elected in 2000 but could not be inducted until 2001 due to a snow storm.

Following each person's name is the year of induction in the Hall of Fame:

Jesse Barfield (1990)

Steve Blass (1997)

Bobby Bragan (1998)

Sean Casey (2009)

Pat Crawford (1983)

Cecil Fielder (1994)

Lou Gorman (1985)

Johnny Goryl (2002)

Mike Hargrove (1992)

Charlie Keller (1983)

Clyde King (1999)

Ray Kuhlman (1989)

Grady Little (2001)

Carl Long (2003)

Gordon Mackenzie (2005)

Leo Mazzone (1993)

John McLaren (1991)

Charles Nagy (2004)

Sam Narron (1988)

Chad Ogea (2008)

Pete Peterson (1984)

Jim Price (1995)

Jay Schroeder (1996)

Stan Spence (1983)

George Suggs (1983)

Eric Wedge (2007)

Rocket Wheeler (2006)

List of Boston Red Sox spring training venues

The Boston Red Sox have been a member of the American League (AL) of Major League Baseball (MLB) since 1901, and have held spring training prior to each season.

The franchise's first spring training was held in Charlottesville, Virginia, in 1901, when the team was known as the Boston Americans. Since 1993, the city of Fort Myers, Florida, has hosted Boston's spring training, first at City of Palms Park, and since 2012 at jetBlue Park at Fenway South.

List of Seattle Mariners owners and executives

This is a list of owners and executives of the Seattle Mariners Major League Baseball club since its inception as an expansion team in 1977.

Stonehill Skyhawks

The Stonehill Skyhawks are the intercollegiate athletic teams that represent Stonehill College, located in Easton, Massachusetts, in NCAA sporting competitions. All Skyhawk athletic teams compete at the Division II level and are members of the Northeast-10 Conference. Stonehill has been a member of the NE-10 since 1980.

USS Constitution Museum

The USS Constitution Museum is located in the Charlestown Navy Yard, which is part of the Boston National Historical Park in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. The museum is situated near the ship USS Constitution at the end of Boston's Freedom Trail. The museum is housed in a restored shipyard building at the foot of Pier 2.

The museum, through its collections and interactive exhibits, tells the story of Constitution ("Old Ironsides") and the people who designed, built, and sailed her. The museum is also home to the Samuel Eliot Morison Memorial Library and includes a comprehensive archival repository of records related to the ship's history. The USS Constitution Museum is a private, non-profit organization that is managed separately from the naval ship.


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