Lou Brock

Louis Clark Brock (born June 18, 1939) is an American former professional baseball player. He began his 19-year Major League Baseball (MLB) career playing in 1961 for the Chicago Cubs, and spent the majority of his career playing as a left fielder for the St. Louis Cardinals. He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1985 [1] and the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame in 2014. He is currently a special instructor coach for the St. Louis Cardinals.

Brock was best known for breaking Ty Cobb's all-time major league stolen base record in 1977.[2] He was an All-Star for six seasons and a National League (NL) stolen base leader for eight seasons. He led the NL in doubles and triples in 1968. He also led the NL in singles in 1972, and was the runner-up for the NL Most Valuable Player Award in 1974.

Lou Brock
Left fielder
Born: June 18, 1939 (age 80)
El Dorado, Arkansas
Batted: Left Threw: Left
MLB debut
September 10, 1961, for the Chicago Cubs
Last MLB appearance
September 30, 1979, for the St. Louis Cardinals
MLB statistics
Batting average.293
Home runs149
Runs batted in900
Stolen bases938
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Vote79.75% (first ballot)

Early life

Brock was born in El Dorado, Arkansas, to a family of sharecroppers.[3] His family moved to Collinston, Louisiana, when he was two years old.[2] While his family didn't have much money, he said that he never felt poor because, "If you don't have something, you don't miss it."[3] Brock grew up as a fan of the Brooklyn Dodgers, the team that included Jackie Robinson, Don Newcombe and Roy Campanella.[3] Although he didn't play in organized baseball until he reached the 11th grade, he learned much about the sport from listening to Cardinals radio broadcaster Harry Caray describe the way major league hitters stood at the plate.[3] After attending high school in Mer Rouge, Louisiana, he received academic assistance to attend Southern University in Baton Rouge, but when a low grade in his first semester meant the possibility of losing his scholarship, he decided to try out for the school's baseball team in order to secure an athletic scholarship.[2]

Baseball career

College and the minor leagues

Brock hit for a .189 batting average in his first year of college baseball, but improved the following year to hit for a .500 average.[2] Southern University won the NAIA baseball championship during his junior year, and Brock was selected for the United States baseball team in the 1959 Pan American Games.[2] When Brock decided to try for a professional baseball career, he traveled to St. Louis to try out for the Cardinals, but the scout who had recommended him was in Seattle to sign Ray Washburn.[3] He then decided to try out for the Chicago Cubs, who signed him as an amateur free agent in 1960. Assigned to play for the St. Cloud Rox, Brock won the 1961 Northern League batting championship with a .361 batting average.[4] It would be his only season in minor league baseball as the Cubs decided to promote him to the major leagues.[5]

Chicago Cubs

Lou Brock 1964
Brock in 1964 as a member of the Chicago Cubs.

Brock made his major league debut with the Cubs on September 10, 1961, at the age of 22.[6] In his rookie season of 1962, Brock became one of four players to hit a home run into the center-field bleachers at the old Polo Grounds in New York since its 1923 reconstruction. His blast came against Al Jackson in the first game of a June 17 doubleheader against the New York Mets and was one of two that would clear the wall in consecutive days,[2] with Hank Aaron's coming the very next day. Joe Adcock was the first to hit a ball over that wall, in 1953. Babe Ruth reached the old bleachers (a comparable distance) before the reconstruction. Brock was not known as a power hitter, but he did display significant power from time to time.

Brock had great speed and baserunning instincts, but the young right fielder failed to impress the Cubs management, hitting for only a combined .260 average over his first two seasons. In 1964 after losing patience with his development, the Cubs gave up on Brock and made him part of a trade with the St. Louis Cardinals. The June 15 deadline deal for pitcher Ernie Broglio saw Brock, Jack Spring, and Paul Toth head to St. Louis for Broglio, Bobby Shantz, and Doug Clemens. Cardinals general manager Bing Devine specifically sought Brock at the insistence of Cardinals' manager Johnny Keane to increase team speed and solidify the Cardinals' lineup, which was struggling after the retirement of left fielder Stan Musial in 1963. At the time, many thought the deal was a heist for the Cubs. Broglio had led the National League in wins four years earlier, and had won 18 games the season before the trade.

St. Louis Cardinals

After Brock was traded to the Cardinals, his career turned around significantly. He moved to left field and batted .348 and stole 38 bases for the remainder of the 1964 season.[6] At the time of the trade, the Cardinals were 28–31, in eighth place in the National League, trailing even the Cubs, who were 27–27 and in sixth place. Brock helped the Cardinals storm from behind to capture the National League pennant on the last day of the season.[2] Four months to the day after Brock's trade, the Cardinals would win the 1964 World Series in seven games over the favored New York Yankees, who were appearing in their fourteenth World Series in sixteen years (and their last until a dozen years later). Brock's contributions to the Cardinals' championship season were recognized when he finished in tenth place in voting for the 1964 National League Most Valuable Player Award.[7] Meanwhile, Broglio won only seven games for the Chicago Cubs before retiring from baseball after the 1966 season. To this day, the trade of Brock for Broglio is considered one of the most lopsided deals in baseball history.[8]

Lou Brock 2005
Lou Brock was part of the Cardinals' coaching staff during the team's 2005 spring training.

In 1966, Brock ended Maury Wills' six-year reign as the National League's stolen base champion with 74 steals.[9] In David Halberstam's book, October 1964, the author states that manager Johnny Keane asked Brock to forgo hitting home runs in favor of the stealing bases.[10] Brock went on to lead the National League in stolen bases eight times within a nine-year span between 1966 and 1974 (former teammate Bobby Tolan led the league in steals in 1970).[2]

Brock began the 1967 season by hitting 5 home runs in the first four games of the season, becoming the first player to do so (Barry Bonds would tie this record in 2002).[11] He was hitting for a .328 average by mid-June to earn the role as the starting left fielder for the National League in the 1967 All-Star Game.[12][13] After suffering through a mid-season slump, he recovered to finish the season with a career-high 206 hits and a .299 batting average while leading the league in stolen bases and runs scored as the Cardinals won the National League pennant by ten and a half games. Brock became the first player to steal 50 bases and hit 20 home runs in the same season.[2] In the 1967 World Series, Brock hit for a .414 average, scored 8 runs and set a World Series record with seven stolen bases as the Cardinals defeated the Boston Red Sox in seven games.[14]

The Cardinals won the National League pennant for a second consecutive year in 1968 as Brock once again led the league in stolen bases as well as in doubles and triples.[6] In the 1968 World Series against the Detroit Tigers, Brock had three stolen bases in Game 3 and contributed a double, triple, home run and four runs batted in during Game 4 to help the Cardinals build a three-game to one advantage over the Tigers.[15] The Cardinals appeared to be on the verge of winning a second consecutive World Series, going into the fifth inning of Game 5 with a 3–2 lead.[15] Although Brock's base running abilities had proven to be a factor in the previous four games, his carelessness may have cost the Cardinals a run.[15] After Brock had hit a double, he tried to score standing up on Julián Javier's single to left, but Willie Horton threw him out with a strong throw to home plate.[15] Detroit rallied for three runs in the seventh inning as Mickey Lolich shut out the Cardinals for the final eight innings to win the game for the Tigers.[15] In Game 7, Brock had another crucial miscue when he was picked off base by Lolich, extinguishing a possible Cardinals rally.[16] The Tigers rallied from being down three games to one behind the excellent pitching of Mickey Lolich to win the series.[15] Brock once again stole seven bases and was the leading hitter in the series, posting a .464 batting average with 6 runs and 5 runs batted in.[17]

Lou Brock stealing at Busch Stadium vs the Atlanta Braves, 1975.

At the end of the 1960s, Brock's career was entering its prime. Beginning in 1969, he produced six consecutive seasons with 190 hits or better. He was named NL Player of the Month for the first of three times in his career in May 1971 with a .405 batting average and 8 stolen bases. In August 1973, he broke a record set by Ty Cobb when he stole his 50th base of the season, marking the ninth time he had stolen 50 or more bases in a season.[18] Brock won his second NL Player of the Month Award in August 1974, with 29 stolen bases in 30 games, despite batting only .326; also, he was the first batter to be named Player of the Month without hitting a home run in the month of his award.

In 1972, Brock improved on Wills' method by, instead of trying to maximize lead off distance, focusing on starting with a little momentum. "Brock pioneered the rolling start," states a later Sports Illustrated article, which also maintains that base stealing tends to be over-rated as a factor in team success.[19]

Stolen base records

On September 10, 1974, Brock tied Maury Wills' single-season mark of 104 with a first inning steal of second base, and then captured sole possession of the record with another swipe of second in the seventh inning.[20] He ended the season with a new major league single-season record of 118 stolen bases.[2] Brock finished second to Steve Garvey in the balloting for the 1974 National League Most Valuable Player Award.[21]

In a game against the San Diego Padres on August 29, 1977 at Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego, Brock became the all-time major league stolen base leader when he broke Ty Cobb's career record of 892 stolen bases.[22] The record had been one of the most durable in baseball history and like Babe Ruth's record of 714 career home runs, had been considered unbreakable by some observers.[10]

Brock remained best known for base-stealing and starting Cardinals rallies. He was said to have disdained Maury Wills' method of base-stealing, instead shortening his leads and going hard. He was also an early student of game films. He used an 8 mm movie camera from the dugout to film opposing pitchers and study their windups and pickoff moves to detect weaknesses he could exploit.

3,000 hit club

Brock fell into a hitting slump early in the 1978 season and lost the left fielder's job. However, he fought back during spring training in 1979 with a .345 batting average to regain his starting job.[23][24] Brock was named Player of the Month for the month of May 1979, during which he produced a .433 batting average.[25]

On August 13, 1979, Brock became the fourteenth player in Major League Baseball history to reach the 3,000 hits plateau against the team that traded him, the Chicago Cubs.[26] Approximately one month later, Carl Yastrzemski reached the same plateau and was promptly invited to the White House by Massachusetts native and Speaker of the House Tip O'Neill. Brock was reported to have felt slighted that he hadn't received a similar invitation.[27] Brock originally stated that he wouldn't go to the White House even if he was invited. However, after consideration he decided that forgiveness was the best course and accepted a belated invitation to meet with the President.[28] Brock retired at the end of the season, having posted a .304 batting average in his last season at the age of 40.[6] At the end of the season, he was named the National League Comeback Player of the Year—the first player to be so named in his final Major League season.

Career statistics

In a nineteen-year major league career, Brock played in 2,616 games, accumulating 3,023 hits in 10,332 at bats for a .293 career batting average along with 149 home runs, 900 runs batted in, 1,610 runs scored, and a .343 on-base percentage.[6] A six-time All-Star, Brock hit over .300 eight times during his career.[6] He ended his career with a .959 career fielding percentage.[6]

Brock held the single-season stolen base record with 118 until it was broken by Rickey Henderson in 1982. He also held the major league record for career stolen bases with 938 until it was also broken by Henderson in 1991.[2] He led the National League in stolen bases for a record eight times and also had a record twelve consecutive seasons with 50 or more stolen bases.[6] Brock is still the National League's leader in career stolen bases.[29]

Brock's .391 World Series batting average is the highest for anyone who played over 20 series games.[2][6] His 14 stolen bases in World Series play are also a series record.[30] Brock's 13 hits in the 1968 World Series tied a single-series record previously made by Bobby Richardson in 1964 against his Cardinals' team, and later tied in 1986 by Marty Barrett.[31]

In a unique (if incidental) accomplishment, Brock was the first player ever to bat in a major league regular season game in Canada. Leading off against Montreal Expo pitcher Larry Jaster (a Cardinal teammate of Brock's just the year before, who had been acquired by the Expos in that offseason's expansion draft) in the Cardinals' April 14, 1969 game at Jarry Park, he lined out to second baseman Gary Sutherland.

Awards, honors and life after baseball

Lou Brock's number 20 was retired by the St. Louis Cardinals in 1979.

Brock received numerous awards during his playing career. In January 1968 he was named the recipient of the Babe Ruth Award as the outstanding player in the 1967 World Series.[32] Brock was honored with The Sporting News Player of the Year Award in 1974.[33] In the wake of his record setting 118 stolen bases during the 1974 season, Brock was named the winner of the Roberto Clemente Award in March 1975, for best exemplifying the game of baseball both on and off the field.[34] In 1977 he was awarded the Lou Gehrig Memorial Award as the player who best exemplified Lou Gehrig's ability and character.[35] In 1978, the National League announced that its annual stolen base leader would receive the Lou Brock Award, making Brock the first active player to have an award named after him.[29]

In October 1979, Brock was named the National League's Comeback Player of the Year.[36] In December 1979, he was named as the recipient of the Hutch Award, given to the player who best exemplifies the fighting spirit and competitive desire of Fred Hutchinson.[37] Also in 1979, the St. Louis Cardinals retired Brock's jersey number 20, an honor that had previously been bestowed upon only three other Cardinals players; Stan Musial, Dizzy Dean and Bob Gibson.[29] In 1983 he was inducted into the Louisiana Sports Hall of Fame.[38] In 2014, the Cardinals announced Brock among 22 former players and personnel to be inducted into the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum for the inaugural class of 2014.[39]

Brock was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1985, his first year of eligibility.[1] He was inducted into the Missouri Sports Hall of Fame in 1992.[40] Brock was inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame in May 1994 and, in 1995 he was inducted into the Arkansas Sports Hall of Fame.[41][42][43] In 1999, he was ranked Number 58 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players,[44] and was nominated as a finalist for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team.[45][46]

After retiring from baseball, Brock prospered as a businessman, especially as a florist in the St. Louis, Missouri area.[47] He briefly worked as a color analyst for Monday Night Baseball on ABC in 1980, and for Chicago White Sox telecasts the following year. Brock still regularly appears at Cardinals games. When he steps onto the field he is always greeted by a loud, low-pitched cheer of "Loooouuuuuuuuuuuu". He also lent his name to a unique rainhat, shaped like a miniature umbrella and to be worn at games during showers in lieu of retreating to the concourse. The product was called the "Brockabrella."[48]

Brock and his wife are both ordained ministers serving at Abundant Life Fellowship Church in St. Louis, and he is a director on the board of YTB International.[49] Brock's speed was referenced in the song Check the Rhime by the pioneering "jazz rap" hip-hop ensemble A Tribe Called Quest. On December 5, 2006 he was recognized for his accomplishments on and off of the field when he received the Bobby Bragan Youth Foundation Lifetime Achievement Award. Brock is the father of former University of Southern California Trojan and National Football League player Lou Brock Jr.[50]

Brock's left leg was amputated below the knee in October 2015 because of an infection related to a diabetic condition.[51]

He announced on April 13, 2017, that was diagnosed with multiple myeloma, a blood cancer that starts in the bone marrow's plasma cells.[52]

On July 28, 2017, Brock and his wife, Jackie, said they had received word from Mercy Hospitals doctors that, according to their blood tests, the cancerous cells were gone. "Brock said the cancer had been declining for some time. "We got reports that it was 25 percent gone, then 50 percent, then 75 percent gone," he said. "The doctors were absolute. (The cancer) is not there." [53]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Lou Brock at The Baseball Hall of Fame". baseballhall.org. Retrieved April 18, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Fortus, Bob (November 1985). Success Story: Lou Brock's Climb to the Hall of Fame. Baseball Digest. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e Eisenbath, Mike (December 1984). Lou Brock Looks Back on His 19-Year Hall of Fame Career. Baseball Digest. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  4. ^ "1961 Northern League Batting Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  5. ^ "Lou Brock minor league statistics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Lou Brock statistics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  7. ^ "1964 National League Most Valuable Player Award voting results". Baseball Reference. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  8. ^ Gold, Eddie (August 1996). These Were the Ten Most Lopsided Player Trades. Baseball Digest. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  9. ^ "National Loop Hitting Crown Won By Alou". Gadsden Times. Associated Press. December 11, 1966. p. 15. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  10. ^ a b Stone, George (September 1990). Lou Brock: Base Stealing Demands Mental Discipline. Baseball Digest. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  11. ^ "Lou Brock Slowed To Trot By Power". The Pittsburgh Press. United Press International. April 17, 1967. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  12. ^ "1967 Lou Brock batting log". Baseball Reference. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  13. ^ "1967 All-Star Game". Baseball Reference. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  14. ^ "Gibson Gets His Car, Says Brock Real Hero". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Associated Press. October 17, 1967. p. 7. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  15. ^ a b c d e f "1968 World Series". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 24, 2011.
  16. ^ "1968: Year of the Pitcher". thisgreatgame.com. Archived from the original on December 24, 2011. Retrieved December 24, 2011.
  17. ^ "Lou Brock post-season statistics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  18. ^ "Lou Brock Still Having Fun Stealing Bases". Schenectady Gazette. Associated Press. August 28, 1973. p. 26. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  19. ^ So What's All The Fuss? Rickey Henderson may be the Man of the Hour but, argues the Author, Base Stealing has Never Really Amounted to Very Much, Sports Illustrated, Bill James, Sept. 6, 1982. This article gives a historical overview of base stealing primarily of the 1950s, '60s, and '70s.
  20. ^ "Lou Brock Matches Wills' Mark". Harlan Daily Enterprise. Associated Press. September 11, 1974. p. 26. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  21. ^ "1974 National League Most Valuable Player Award voting results". Baseball Reference. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  22. ^ "Lou Brock: King of Thefts". The Calgary Herald. Associated Press. August 30, 1977. p. 26. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  23. ^ "Brock is at crisis stage". The Leader-Post. Associated Press. July 11, 1978. p. 26. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  24. ^ "Brock Looking For No. 3000 Before Quitting". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Associated Press. May 2, 1979. p. 26. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  25. ^ "Brock Earns N.L. Award". The Albany Herald. Associated Press. June 5, 1979. p. 18. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  26. ^ "Lou Brock, a rock of ages, hits No. 3,000". The Miami News. August 14, 1979. p. 1. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  27. ^ "Brock Finally Gets Invitation". The Southeast Missourian. Associated Press. September 17, 1979. p. 10. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  28. ^ "White House snafu? OK says Brock". Baltimore Afro-American. September 22, 1979. p. 14. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  29. ^ a b c "St. Louis Cardinals Retired numbers". mlb.com. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  30. ^ "World Series Records". mlb.com. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  31. ^ "World Series single series records". mlb.com. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  32. ^ "N.Y. Writers Cite Schoendienst, Brock". Reading Eagle. Associated Press. January 21, 1968. p. 49. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  33. ^ "Brock, Burroughs Named". The Evening Independent. Associated Press. October 24, 1974. p. 3. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  34. ^ "Lou Brock receives Clemente Award". The Deseret News. United Press International. March 20, 1975. p. 18. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  35. ^ "Brock gets Gehrig honor". St. Petersburg Times. November 30, 1977. p. 3. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  36. ^ "Lou Brock wins Comeback Player award". The Daily Reporter. United Press International. October 29, 1979. p. 12. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  37. ^ "Hutch Award To Lou Brock". Schenectady Gazette. Associated Press. December 7, 1979. p. 29. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  38. ^ "Lou Brock at the Louisiana Sports Hall of Fame". lasportshall.com. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  39. ^ Cardinals Press Release (January 18, 2014). "Cardinals establish Hall of Fame & detail induction process". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Archived from the original on January 26, 2014. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
  40. ^ "Lou Brock at the Missouri Sports Hall of Fame". mosportshalloffame.com. Archived from the original on April 23, 2011. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  41. ^ St. Louis Walk of Fame. "St. Louis Walk of Fame Inductees". stlouiswalkoffame.org. Archived from the original on February 2, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  42. ^ "St. Louis Walk of Fame". stlouiswalkoffame.org. Archived from the original on May 13, 2011. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  43. ^ "Lou Brock at the Arkansas Sports Hall of Fame". arksportshalloffame.com. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  44. ^ "100 Greatest Baseball Players by The Sporting News : A Legendary List by Baseball Almanac". baseball-almanac.com. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  45. ^ "Baseball's 100 Greatest Players". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  46. ^ "Major League Baseball All-Century Team". mlb.com. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  47. ^ "Flower Child Brock Stung By The Thorns Of A Dilemma". The Evening Independent. October 8, 1968. p. 3. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  48. ^ http://www.corbisimages.com/stock-photo/rights-managed/42-15810145/august-a-busch-jrand-lou-brock-wearing.
  49. ^ "YTB International Board of Directors". ytbi.com. Archived from the original on March 12, 2009. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  50. ^ "Lou Brock Jr. statistics". databasefootball.com. Archived from the original on May 15, 2011. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  51. ^ "Hall of Famer Lou Brock recovering after partial amputation of left leg". Yahoo! Sports. November 12, 2015. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  52. ^ "Hall of Famer Lou Brock treated for blood cancer". MLB.com. April 13, 2017.
  53. ^ "Brock says that his cancer is gone". stltoday.com. July 28, 2017.

External links

1967 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1967 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 86th season in St. Louis, Missouri, its 76th season in the National League, and its first full season at Busch Memorial Stadium. Gussie Busch hired former outfielder Stan Musial as general manager before the season. Featuring four future Hall of Famers in Lou Brock, Bob Gibson, Steve Carlton and Orlando Cepeda, "El Birdos" went 101–60 during the season and won the NL pennant by 10½ games over the San Francisco Giants. They went on to win the 1967 World Series in seven games over the Boston Red Sox.

1968 World Series

The 1968 World Series featured the American League champion Detroit Tigers against the National League champion (and defending World Series champion) St. Louis Cardinals, with the Tigers winning in seven games for their first championship since 1945, and the third in their history.

The Tigers came back from a 3–1 deficit to win three in a row, largely on the arm of MVP Mickey Lolich, who as of 2019 remains the last pitcher to earn three complete-game victories in a single World Series. (The three World Series wins were duplicated by Randy Johnson in 2001, but Johnson started only two of his games.) In his third appearance in the Series, Lolich had to pitch after only two days' rest in the deciding Game 7, because regular-season 31-game winner Denny McLain was moved up to Game 6 – also on two days' rest. In Game 5, the Tigers' hopes for the title would have been very much in jeopardy had Bill Freehan not tagged out Lou Brock in a home plate collision, on a perfect throw from left fielder Willie Horton, when Brock elected not to slide and went in standing up.

The 1968 season was tagged "The Year of the Pitcher", and the Series featured dominant performances from Cardinals pitcher Bob Gibson, MVP of the 1964 and 1967 World Series. Gibson came into the World Series with a regular-season earned run average (ERA) of just 1.12, a modern era record, and he pitched complete games in Games 1, 4, and 7. He was the winning pitcher in Games 1 and 4. In Game 1, he threw a shutout, striking out a Series record of 17 batters, besting Sandy Koufax's 1963 record by two. The 17 strikeouts still stands as the World Series record today. In Game 4, a solo home run by Jim Northrup was the only offense the Tigers were able to muster, as Gibson struck out ten batters. In Game 7, Gibson was defeated by series MVP Lolich, allowing three runs on four straight hits in the decisive seventh inning, although the key play was a Northrup triple that was seemingly misplayed by center fielder Curt Flood and could have been the third out with no runs scoring.

The World Series saw the Cardinals lose a Game 7 for the first time in their history. The Tigers were the third team to come back from a three-games-to-one deficit to win a best-of-seven World Series, the first two being the 1925 Pirates and the 1958 Yankees. Since then, the 1979 Pirates, the 1985 Royals, and the 2016 Cubs accomplished this feat.

Detroit manager Mayo Smith received some notoriety for moving outfielder Mickey Stanley to shortstop for the 1968 World Series, which has been called one of the gutsiest coaching moves in sports history by multiple sources. Stanley, who replaced the superior fielding but much weaker hitting Ray Oyler, would make two errors in the Series, neither of which led to a run.

This was also the final World Series played prior to Major League Baseball's 1969 expansion, which coincided with the introduction of divisional play and the League Championship Series.

All seven games of NBC's TV coverage were preserved on black-and-white kinescopes by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, and circulate among collectors. Games 1 and 5 have been commercially released; these broadcasts, and that of Game 7, were frequently shown on CSN (Classic Sports Network) and ESPN Classic in the 1990s and 2000s.

1974 Major League Baseball season

The 1974 Major League Baseball season. The Oakland Athletics won their third consecutive World Series, defeating the Los Angeles Dodgers four games to one.

Two notable personal milestones were achieved during the 1974 season. The first came on April 8, when Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves blasted his 715th career home run, breaking the all-time career home run mark of 714 set by Babe Ruth. Aaron would finish his career with 755 home runs, a record that would stand until Barry Bonds broke it in 2007. The second milestone came on September 10, when the St. Louis Cardinals' Lou Brock stole his 105th base off pitcher Dick Ruthven and catcher Bob Boone of the Philadelphia Phillies. This broke the single-season stolen base record of 104, set by Maury Wills in 1962. Brock stole 118 bases, a record that would stand until 1982, when Rickey Henderson stole 130.

1977 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1977 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 96th season in St. Louis, Missouri and its 86th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 83–79 during the season and finished third in the National League East, 18 games behind the Philadelphia Phillies.

Vern Rapp took over as the Cardinals' manager this year, after the twelve-year reign of their longtime manager Red Schoendienst. On August 29, Cardinals left-fielder Lou Brock broke the modern-day stolen base record, by stealing bases 892 and 893 in a game against the Padres in San Diego.

1979 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1979 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 98th season in St. Louis, Missouri and its 88th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 86-76 during the season and finished third in the National League East, 12 games behind the eventual NL pennant and World Series champion Pittsburgh Pirates.

1985 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1985 followed the system in place since 1978.

The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players and

elected two, Lou Brock and Hoyt Wilhelm.

The BBWAA petitioned the Hall of Fame Board of Directors to reconsider the eligibility of Ken Boyer, Curt Flood and Ron Santo with the intention of restoring their names to the 1985 ballot. Each had failed to achieve 5% in their first years on the ballot (Boyer, 1975–79, Flood, 1977–79 and Santo, 1980). The Board approved and Boyer, Flood and Santo returned to the ballot.

The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider older major league players as well as managers, umpires, executives, and figures from the Negro Leagues.

It also selected two players, Enos Slaughter and Arky Vaughan.

Brock for Broglio

The phrase "Brock for Broglio" is sometimes used in the sport of baseball to signify a trade that in hindsight, turns out to be an extremely lopsided transaction.The names in the phrase refer to Lou Brock and Ernie Broglio respectively, the centerpieces of a June 15, 1964, six-player deal: Brock, Jack Spring and Paul Toth were traded from the Chicago Cubs to the St. Louis Cardinals in exchange for Broglio, Bobby Shantz, and Doug Clemens.It was thought initially the Cubs had done better in the deal, as Broglio was coming off some impressive seasons while pitching for the Cardinals, while Brock had been considered a disappointment for the Cubs.Almost immediately the effects of the trade were felt, as Brock batted .348 for the Cardinals and led them to winning the 1964 World Series. Brock also helped the Cardinals to another World Series title in 1967, a pennant in 1968, and played successfully for St. Louis through 1979, amassing 3,023 hits and 938 stolen bases (at the time becoming baseball's all-time leader in stolen bases) en route to his Hall of Fame election in 1985. Meanwhile, Broglio went only 4-7 with a 4.04 ERA for the Cubs, and by 1966 was out of Major League Baseball. Broglio did not tell anyone at the time, but he was suffering from an injured elbow since the second half of the 1963 season, and in November 1964, had his ulnar nerve reset.This is sometimes referred to as the most lopsided trade in baseball history.The Emil Verban Society, an association of Cubs fans in the Washington, D.C. area, which includes national political leaders and journalists, occasionally recognizes bad decision-making with the "Brock-for-Broglio Judgment Award"—presented, for example, to Saddam Hussein for his invasion of Kuwait in 1990.

Ernie Broglio

Ernest Gilbert Broglio (; born August 27, 1935) is a former professional baseball pitcher. He played for the St. Louis Cardinals and Chicago Cubs of Major League Baseball from 1959 to 1966.

After attending high school and junior college in his native California, Broglio signed with the independent Oakland Oaks of the Pacific Coast League. He was acquired by the New York Giants in 1956. After two seasons in the Giants’ minor league system—when he won 17 games each year—Broglio was traded to the St. Louis Cardinals in October 1958.

Although he led the National League in wins with 21 for the 1960 Cardinals and won 18 for the 1963 Redbirds, Broglio is best remembered as the "other player" in the ultimately lopsided trade that sent future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Lou Brock from the Chicago Cubs to the Cardinals on June 15, 1964. His career in the majors came to an end two years later in the 1966 season.

Flying Down to Rio

Flying Down to Rio is a 1933 American pre-Code RKO musical film noted for being the first screen pairing of Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers, although Dolores del Río and Gene Raymond received top billing and the leading roles. Among the featured players are Franklin Pangborn and Eric Blore. The songs in the film were written by Vincent Youmans (music), Gus Kahn and Edward Eliscu (lyrics), with musical direction and additional music by Max Steiner. This is the only film in which Rogers was billed above famed Broadway dancer Astaire.

The black-and-white film (later computer-colorized) was directed by Thornton Freeland and produced by Merian C. Cooper and Lou Brock. The screenplay was written by Erwin S. Gelsey, H. W. Hanemann and Cyril Hume, based on a story by Lou Brock and a play by Anne Caldwell. Linwood Dunn did the special effects for the celebrated airplane-wing dance sequence at the end of the film. In this film, Dolores Del Rio became the first major actress to wear a two-piece women's bathing suit onscreen.

History of the St. Louis Cardinals (1953–1989)

The St. Louis Cardinals, a professional baseball franchise based in St. Louis, Missouri, compete in the National League (NL) of Major League Baseball (MLB). In 1953, the Anheuser-Busch (AB) brewery bought the Cardinals, and August "Gussie" Busch became team president. Busch's influence is still seen today as three of the Cardinals' home stadia are or were named some form of Busch Stadium. Three World Series titles in the 1960s and 1980s, contrasted with missing the playoffs for the entirety of the 1950s and 1970s checkered the team's success distinctly by decades. However, the team still remained generally competitive in each of those decades - they did not see a last place finish until 1990, which had been the first since 1918. With Busch's tenure as owner, the Cardinals also won six NL pennants.

List of Major League Baseball annual stolen base leaders

Major League Baseball recognizes stolen base leaders in the American League and National League each season.

List of Major League Baseball career fielding errors as a left fielder leaders

In baseball statistics, an error is an act, in the judgment of the official scorer, of a fielder misplaying a ball in a manner that allows a batter or baserunner to advance one or more bases or allows an at bat to continue after the batter should have been put out.

In baseball, a left fielder (LF) is an outfielder who plays defense in left field. Left field is the area of the outfield to the left of a person standing at home plate and facing towards the pitcher's mound. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the left fielder is assigned the number 7.

Goose Goslin and Zack Wheat are the all-time leaders in errors committed by a left fielder with 183 career. Lou Brock (168), Bobby Veach (146), Duffy Lewis (123), Bob Johnson (121), Jack Graney (114), Rickey Henderson (113), Ken Williams (109), and Charlie Jamieson (104) are the only other left fielders to commit over 100 career errors.

List of Major League Baseball career stolen bases leaders

In baseball statistics, a stolen base is credited to a baserunner when he successfully advances to the next base while the pitcher is throwing the ball to home plate. Under Rule 7.01 of Major League Baseball's (MLB) Official Rules, a runner acquires the right to an unoccupied base when he touches it before he is out. Stolen bases were more common in baseball's dead-ball era, when teams relied more on stolen bases and hit and run plays than on home runs.As of September 2018, Rickey Henderson holds the MLB career stolen base record with 1,406. He is the only MLB player to have reached the 1,000 stolen bases milestone in his career. Following Henderson is Lou Brock with 938 stolen bases; Billy Hamilton is third on the all-time steals listing. His number of career steals varies with different sources, but all sources hold his career steals placing him in third on the list before Ty Cobb (897), Tim Raines (808), Vince Coleman (752), Arlie Latham (742), Eddie Collins (741), Max Carey (738), and Honus Wagner (723), who are the only other players to have stolen at least 700 bases. Coleman is the leader for retired players that are not members of the Hall of Fame. Hugh Nicol is the leader for the most stolen bases in one season, with 138 stolen bases in 1887.Brock held the all-time career stolen bases before being surpassed by Henderson in 1991. Brock had held the record from 1977 to 1991. Before Brock, Hamilton held the record for eighty-one years, from 1897 to 1977. Before that, Latham held the record from 1887 to 1896. Latham was also the first player to collect 300 career stolen bases. With Kenny Lofton's retirement in 2007, 2008 was the first season since 1967 in which no active player had more than 500 career stolen bases. Between 2008 and 2010, no active player had more than 500 stolen bases until Juan Pierre collected his 500th stolen base on August 5, 2010. He was the leader in stolen bases for active players until his retirement at the end of the 2013 season. José Reyes is the current active leader in stolen bases with 517 career.

List of Major League Baseball stolen base records

Stolen bases were not officially noted in a baseball game's summary until 1886, and it was not until 1888 that it officially earned a place in the box score. The modern rule for stolen bases was adopted in 1898. While some sources do not include stolen base records before 1898 because they are difficult to compare to the era after 1898, as the sourcing on the below list indicates, Major League Baseball continues to recognize them.

Source: Notes:

Historical totals reported by other sources may vary—for example, Baseball-Reference.com ranks Arlie Latham ahead of Eddie Collins, with totals of 742 and 741, respectively.

As of the 2019 MLB season, only one currently active player, Rajai Davis, has more than 400.

List of St. Louis Cardinals team records

The St. Louis Cardinals, a professional baseball franchise based in St. Louis, Missouri, compete in the National League (NL) of Major League Baseball (MLB). in 1892. Before joining the NL, they were also a charter member of the American Association (AA) from 1882 to 1891. Although St. Louis has been the Cardinals' home city for the franchise's entire existence, they were also known as the Brown Stockings, Browns, and Perfectos.

In 134 seasons, the franchise has won more than 10,000 regular season games and appeared in 27 postseasons while claiming 12 interleague championships, tying one other, and 23 league pennants. 11 of the interleague championships are World Series titles won under the modern format since 1903; the other championship and tie occurred in 1885–1886. 19 of the league pennants are NL pennants, and the other four are AA pennants. Their 11 World Series titles represent the most in the NL and are second in MLB only to the New York Yankees' 27.

Notable players have defined, in part, the Cardinals' success and history. Stan Musial owns the most career batting records with 22. Rogers Hornsby owns the most single-season records with 11. Bob Gibson owns the most career pitching records with 18. Silver King owns the most single-season pitching records with nine.

Lou Brock (American football)

James Lewis Brock (December 9, 1917 – May 7, 1989) was an American football player. He played his entire six-year career with the Green Bay Packers and was inducted into the Green Bay Packers Hall of Fame in 1982.

Lou Brock (producer)

Lou Brock (August 21, 1892 – April 19, 1971) was an American film producer, screenwriter and director. He produced 79 films between 1930 and 1953. He was nominated for two Academy Awards in 1934 in the category Best Short Subject. He won with his film So This Is Harris! He was born in Kalamazoo, Michigan and died in Los Angeles.

Lou Brock Jr.

Louis Clark Brock Jr. (born May 8, 1964) is a retired American football cornerback and safety in the National Football League (NFL).

Lou Brock Sports Complex

Lou Brock Sports Complex is college athletic complex located in St. Charles Missouri that includes a baseball stadium and softball stadium. It is the home field of the Lindenwood University Lions baseball and softball teams. It is named after former St. Louis Cardinals player and member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame, Lou Brock. The Sports Complex was built in 2005 under the university's expansion plans. It has hosted NAIA regional tournaments along with the 2009 NAIA Baseball National Championship Opening Round.The baseball stadium at Lou Brock features permanent, bleacher seating for 700 spectators. These seats wrap around the foul territory behind home plate. The adjacent softball field features seating for around 300 spectators behind homeplate. a Clubhouse is located down the right field line of the baseball field and contains space for a variety of functions for the team and includes the team's locker room. Both fields include a pressbox, which enables radio broadcasts and is used by media members and game day staff. A concession stand is located in a concourse between the baseball field and softball field.

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