Lotus F1

Lotus F1 Team was a British Formula One racing team. The team competed under the Lotus name from 2012 until 2015, following the renaming of the former Renault team based at Enstone in Oxfordshire. The Lotus F1 Team was majority owned by Genii Capital.[1][2] Lotus F1 was named after its branding partner Group Lotus. The team achieved a race victory and fourth position in the Formula One Constructors' World Championship in their first season under the Lotus title. The team was sold back to Renault on 18 December 2015, The Lotus F1 Team name was officially dropped on 3 February 2016, and announced that they would compete as Renault Sport Formula One Team.

Lotus
Lotus F1 Team logo
Full nameLotus F1 Team
BaseEnstone, Oxfordshire,
United Kingdom
Noted staffJames Allison
Éric Boullier
Matthew Carter
Nick Chester
Federico Gastaldi
Ayao Komatsu
Gérard Lopez
Eric Lux
Alan Permane
Andy Ruhan
Noted driversFinland Kimi Räikkönen
France Romain Grosjean
Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio
Finland Heikki Kovalainen
Venezuela Pastor Maldonado
Previous nameLotus Renault GP
Next nameRenault Sport F1 Team
Formula One World Championship career
First entry2012 Australian Grand Prix
Races entered77
EnginesRenault, Mercedes
Constructors'
Championships
0
Drivers'
Championships
0
Race victories2
Podiums25
Points706
Pole positions0
Fastest laps4
Final entry2015 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix

Background

Origins

The team's Formula One history started in 1981 as the Toleman Motorsport team, based in Witney, Oxfordshire, England. In 1986, the team was renamed to Benetton Formula, following its purchase in 1985 by the Benetton family. In 1992/3, the team moved a few miles to a new base in Enstone. Michael Schumacher won the Drivers' Championship with the team in both 1994 and 1995. In 1995, the team also won the Constructors' Championship, with Johnny Herbert driving alongside Schumacher.

Renault purchased the Benetton team in 2000, and in 2002, they renamed it the Renault F1 Team. In both 2005 and 2006, Fernando Alonso won the Drivers' Championship with the team, and the team won the Constructors' Championship (with Giancarlo Fisichella as their other driver).

Starting with the Lotus E20, the team has recognised these achievements by placing three gold stars in the livery of their car, located just forward of the cockpit. At the end of 2009, Renault sold a majority stake in the team to Genii Capital. Since 2011, Lotus Cars became involved with the team and the team was renamed, first to "Lotus Renault GP" for 2011 season, and then to "Lotus F1 Team" for 2012 season.

Lotus in Formula One

Team Lotus, a sister company of Lotus Cars, competed in Formula One between 1958 and 1994, winning seven constructors' titles and six drivers' titles between 1963 and 1978.

The Lotus name returned to Formula One in 2010 through Tony Fernandes's Lotus Racing team, which used the name on licence from Group Lotus. Group Lotus later terminated the licence for the 2011 season, but Fernandes acquired the privately owned Team Lotus name and used it. For 2012, Team Lotus changed their name to Caterham F1 Team, clearing the way for the Lotus Renault GP team to be renamed as "Lotus F1 Team".

History

2012 season

012 Canadian GP - Romain Grosjean Lotus E20 02
Romain Grosjean in FP1 of the 2012 Canadian Grand Prix race weekend; he would later claim his second podium.[3]

On 29 November 2011, the team announced that Kimi Räikkönen would race for them in 2012 as he returned from a two-year stint away from Formula One which he spent competing in the World Rally Championship; Räikkönen signed for two years with a third year option. On 9 December 2011 the team announced that GP2 Series champion and 2009 Renault F1 driver Romain Grosjean would race alongside Räikkönen.

At the start of the season, the team was involved in a protest over the use of a "radical" rear wing concept on Mercedes AMG's Mercedes F1 W03, later dubbed the 'F-Duct rear wing' or 'Double DRS'.[4] The dispute was not settled until the third race in China when the stewards unanimously rejected their formal protest[5] and Lotus subsequently confirmed they would not appeal against the decision.[6]

Lotus started the season strongly with Grosjean qualifying third in Australia but first lap incidents in Australia and Malaysia ruined his chances of his first Formula One points. In China Räikkönen was running in second until his tyres 'fell off the cliff' pushing him out of the points for the only time of the season. In Bahrain, Lotus achieved their first podium of the season with Räikkönen very close to the winner Vettel and Grosjean behind in third. In Monaco Grosjean was involved in another first lap incident but in Canada he worked a one-stop strategy perfectly to take second position, his best Formula One finish. A race later in Valencia Grosjean was running in second until a mechanical problem put him out of the race after a safety car period leaving Räikkönen to take another podium for second.

In Germany, Hungary and Belgium Räikkönen took 3 podiums in a row. In Hungary he and Grosjean had an inter-team battle after a round of pit stops. In the end Räikkönen finished ahead in second with Grosjean scoring his third podium with third.

At the 2012 Belgian Grand Prix, Grosjean was involved in a multiple car pileup at the start of the race, resulting in Grosjean, Lewis Hamilton, Fernando Alonso and Sergio Pérez all being eliminated from the race and Kamui Kobayashi missing out on a possible podium after starting from the front row for the first time of his career. The incident was started when Grosjean collided with Hamilton on the approach to the La Source corner. After the race, Grosjean was issued with a one race ban covering the next Round at Monza. He was replaced for the race weekend by Lotus reserve driver Jérôme d'Ambrosio.

After a near win in Bahrain, Räikkönen took the team's first victory at the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix. It was also his first race win after returning to Formula One. After finishing in the points in 19 of the 20 races, and achieving 7 podiums (including the win in Abu Dhabi) Räikkönen finished 3rd in the Drivers' Championship with Lotus 4th in the Constructors' Championship.

2013 season

Kimi Raikkonen 2013 Catalonia test (19-22 Feb) Day 2-1
Kimi Räikkönen driving the Lotus E21 during pre-season testing at Catalonia.

On 29 October 2012, Lotus F1 team confirmed that Räikkönen would be racing with the team in 2013. The news came after several weeks of speculation that Räikkönen had several other options for 2013 including other forms of motorsport. Romain Grosjean partnered him in the 2013 season. The 2013 Lotus, the E21, was launched on 28 January at the team's headquarters in Enstone, Oxfordshire, UK. The livery was a little bit different from the previous year's; this year Lotus has a black, gold and red livery, with more visible red as the sidepods, air intake, rear wing and front wing have red on them.

2013 Italian GP - Kimi
Kimi Räikkönen racing during the 2013 Italian Grand Prix.

In the 2013 Australian Grand Prix, Lotus achieved a first-place finish for Räikkönen despite qualifying in 7th place, thus giving Lotus F1 the leading driver in the Drivers' Championship and second place in the Constructors' Championship. Romain Grosjean, who started the race in 8th place, finished the race in 10th and took one point despite having problems with his car.

After Räikkönen was penalised for impeding Nico Hülkenberg in qualifying and Grosjean failed to make Q3, the Malaysian Grand Prix saw Lotus sit only 10th and 11th on the starting grid. They ultimately finished 7th and 6th respectively.

At the Chinese Grand Prix, Räikkönen qualified and finished 2nd, despite having to regain places after losing two at the start and having damaged the front of his car while battling Sergio Pérez for position; Grosjean finished 8th.

The Bahrain Grand Prix saw a bad qualifying result for both Lotus drivers, but as team principal Eric Boullier had expected, the car had better race pace and both drivers subsequently finished on the podium. The race saw the same top 3 as the previous year.

After first corner contact at the start of the 17th round of the championship in Abu Dhabi, Kimi Räikkönen announced that he would be undergoing back surgery and would miss the final two races of the season. His place was taken by Heikki Kovalainen despite initial speculation suggesting that Michael Schumacher would replace him for the United States Grand Prix, something which was ruled out by Schumacher's manager.[7]

2014 season

Lotus E22 front wing 2014 Singapore
The Lotus E22 was notable for its radical "twin tusk" nose concept.

The team undertook a management and ownership change ahead of the 2014 season. Andrew Ruhan, a British property developer who had become co-chairman the previous year,[8] had loaned money to the team, and at the start of the year turned his loans into equity to take effective control of the company from Genii Capital.[9] In addition, Genii sold a 10% stake to Yotaphone, whose logos would appear on the car in 2014.[8] The team's CEO left the team, as did team principal Eric Boullier, who joined McLaren.[10] Ruhan installed Matthew Carter as the new chief executive,[11] who would run the team despite having no previous F1 experience.[9] Gérard Lopez became the titular team principal, and long-term employee Federico Gastaldi became deputy team principal.[12]

Lotus kept Romain Grosjean for 2014, and Pastor Maldonado would join bringing sponsorship from PDVSA.[13] The team struggled throughout the season, finishing eighth in the Constructors' Championship compared to the fourth place they achieved in 2013.

2015 season

Lotus duo in pit exit
Both Romain Grosjean and Pastor Maldonado exiting the pits during the Canadian GP qualifying session.

On 5 July 2014, Lotus announced that they would be switching to Mercedes engines from the 2015 season, ending the team's 20-year association with Renault.[14] Grosjean and Maldonado remained at the team, with Jolyon Palmer and Carmen Jordá being signed as test and development drivers respectively.

The early part of the season saw driver error and poor reliability cost the team important race results:

The Australian Grand Prix was disappointing start for the Lotus team; by lap 2 both cars had retired. Maldonado retired on lap 1 after a three-car wide tussle resulted in him crashing out at turn two and Grosjean lost power on lap 2.

In Malaysia, Grosjean finished 11th but Maldonado retired due to brake problems.

Grosjean finished 7th at China, his and Lotus's best result since the 2013 United States Grand Prix. On lap 33, Pastor Maldonado, who had been running ahead of his teammate, missed the pit entry on lap 33 and lost time, dropping several positions. He then proceeded to spin his car on lap 39 as he attempted to make up for lost time, and on lap 48 had a collision with Jenson Button following a long battle for position, damaging his car and retiring with rear brake failure a few laps later.

Despite only qualifying 16th and 10th, by lap 41 of the Bahrain Grand Prix, Maldonado and Grosjean had been running in 7th and 8th places respectively, until an issue during the pit entry for Maldonado's last stop meant his car had to be reset and restarted, dropping him to 15th and promoting Grosjean to 7th.

In Spain, both drivers had a great start from 11th and 12th on the grid to be running comfortably inside the top ten. Then on lap 4, contact between the two drivers left Maldonado with a heavily damaged rear wing and, despite a lengthy pitstop in order to reposition the wing, ultimately retired; Grosjean recovered to 8th with only minimal damage.

Maldonado qualified 9th for the 2015 Monaco Grand Prix, but suffered from brake problems in the early laps and retired on lap seven. Grosjean looked set for 10th despite a grid penalty, until an aggressive overtake attempt by Max Verstappen on the start of lap 64 sent Verstappen flying into the barriers and Grojsean into a spin. Grojsean ultimately finished 12th and out of the points.

In Canada, Grosjean and Maldonado qualified in 5th and 6th places respectively on a track where all Mercedes powered cars had a clear advantage over the rest of the field. Maldonado finished 7th after losing a place to Hülkenberg at the start. Grosjean was forced to pit again after cutting his rear left tyre while attempting to lap the Marussia of Will Stevens and dropped from 6th to 11th in the process, but recovered to take 10th place and nevertheless secured Lotus's first double points finish of the season.

In Austria, Grosjean retired with gearbox issues while Maldonado finished 7th from 10th on the grid.

Both cars retired from the British Grand Prix, after a late breaking Daniel Ricciardo forced Grosjean into Maldonado during the first few corners of the opening lap.

During the Hungarian Grand Prix weekend deputy team principal Federico Gastaldi confirmed that team owner Gérard Lopez was in deep discussion with Renault board members in an effort to sell the team back to its former owners.[15][16] Lotus had received their allocation of tyres less than an hour before the opening session at the Hungaroring after Pirelli refused to release the tyres over unpaid bills, amid the team's growing financial difficulties.[17] In the race, Grosjean finished 7th while Maldonado finished 14th after accumulating three penalties during the race.[18]

Grosjean finished third in the Belgian Grand Prix gaining the team's first podium finish since the 2013 United States Grand Prix. However, the Lotus cars were temporarily seized post-race due to a legal dispute with former test driver, Charles Pic.[19]

During the 2015 Japanese Grand Prix, Lotus were locked out of their hospitality unit, stemming from unpaid bills from the race organizers in Japan from the previous year.[20] On 30 September, it was announced that Renault had signed a letter of intent to buy a controlling stake of Lotus F1 from Genii Capital.[21] This came after Lotus were bailed out by Renault after falling behind in income tax and insurance payments to the British Government.[22] Seventh and eighth places in the race itself gave the team their first double top eight finish since the 2013 Indian Grand Prix.

Purchase by Groupe Renault

On 21 December 2015 it was officially confirmed on the Lotus F1 Team website that Groupe Renault had re-purchased the Enstone-based team and plans on entering the 2016 season as the official Renault factory team. Renault appointed Jérôme Stoll as chairman and Cyril Abiteboul as managing director.

Sponsorship and livery

Lotus 77 Sears Point
Lotus F1's livery was based on the John Player Special livery used by Team Lotus in the 1970s and 1980s.

The Lotus F1 Team competed in a black-and-gold livery inspired by that of Team Lotus – the motorsport sister company of its naming and branding partner Group Lotus – when it was sponsored by tobacco brand John Player Special during the 1970s and 1980s. However, in April 2012 it was announced this sponsorship agreement had been prematurely terminated although the team would continue to use the Lotus name until at least 2017.[23]

In March 2013, days before the launch of the new Lotus E21, American conglomerate Honeywell pulled out of a reported €50 million sponsorship agreement with the team.[24]

In 2014, again without a title sponsor, each car's title sponsor space was instead shared race by race by existing sponsors alongside temporary sponsors Interwetten (Germany and Hungary)[25] and Hisense (Italy, United States and Abu Dhabi),[26] as well as paying homage to the El Greco exhibition at the Spanish Grand Prix.[27]

Its sponsors included French car brand Renault (though during the 2015 season, the team had Mercedes power), oil company and Romain Grosjean sponsor Total (though not shown on the car in the 2015 season as the Mercedes engines used Petronas fuel), Chinese solar energy company Trina Solar, Advanced Global Trading, Microsoft Dynamics, French fashion brand Japan Rags, luxury watch brand Richard Mille, Symantec, Avanade and Unilever Personal care brands Rexona and Clear. The later two companies switching to Williams F1 for 2015. For the 2013 season Lotus signed a deal with the Coca-Cola group brand Burn energy drink and Pastor Maldonado sponsor PDVSA. For 2014, Lotus signed a deal with Saxo Bank.

The team was previously owned by Genii Capital with property investor, Andrew Ruhan having a two percent stake and Russian phone company, Yota Devices having a speculated ten percent share in the company.[28] The company later on was majority owned by Groupe Renault, with Jérôme Stoll as Chairmen and Cyril Abiteboul appointed Managing director.[1]

Complete Formula One results

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Points WCC
2012 E20 Renault RS27-2012 2.4 V8 P AUS MAL CHN BHR ESP MON CAN EUR GBR GER HUN BEL ITA SIN JPN KOR IND ABU USA BRA 303 4th
Finland Kimi Räikkönen 7 5 14 2 3 9 8 2 5 3 2 3 5 6 6 5 7 1 6 10
France Romain Grosjean Ret Ret 6 3 4 Ret 2 Ret 6 18 3 Ret 7 19 7 9 Ret 7 Ret
Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio 13
2013 E21 Renault RS27-2013 2.4 V8 P AUS MAL CHN BHR ESP MON CAN GBR GER HUN BEL ITA SIN KOR JPN IND ABU USA BRA 315 4th
Finland Kimi Räikkönen 1 7 2 2 2 10 9 5 2 2 Ret 11 3 2 5 7 Ret
Finland Heikki Kovalainen 14 14
France Romain Grosjean 10 6 9 3 Ret Ret 13 19 3 6 8 8 Ret 3 3 3 4 2 Ret
2014 E22 Renault Energy F1-2014 1.6 V6 t P AUS MAL BHR CHN ESP MON CAN AUT GBR GER HUN BEL ITA SIN JPN RUS USA BRA ABU 10 8th
France Romain Grosjean Ret 11 12 Ret 8 8 Ret 14 12 Ret Ret Ret 16 13 15 17 11 17 13
Venezuela Pastor Maldonado Ret Ret 14 14 15 DNS Ret 12 17 12 13 Ret 14 12 16 18 9 12 Ret
2015 E23 Hybrid Mercedes PU106A Hybrid 1.6 V6 t P AUS MAL CHN BHR ESP MON CAN AUT GBR HUN BEL ITA SIN JPN RUS USA MEX BRA ABU 78 6th
France Romain Grosjean Ret 11 7 7 8 12 10 Ret Ret 7 3 Ret 13 7 Ret Ret 10 8 9
Venezuela Pastor Maldonado Ret Ret Ret 15 Ret Ret 7 7 Ret 14 Ret Ret 12 8 7 8 11 10 Ret
Notes
  • – The driver did not finish the Grand Prix, but was classified as he completed over 90% of the race distance.

References

  1. ^ a b "Groupe Renault completes the acquisition of Lotus F1 Team". Lotus F1 Team. 21 December 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  2. ^ "Boullier: Group Lotus doesn't own any of Renault F1". Crash.net. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
  3. ^ FORMULA 1 GRAND PRIX DU CANADA 2012: Results, archived from the original on 23 November 2012, retrieved 25 January 2013
  4. ^ Noble, Jonathan (15 March 2012). "Mercedes F1 team's rear wing concept deemed legal by FIA". Autosport.com. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
  5. ^ Elizalde, Pablo (12 April 2012). "Lotus protest against Mercedes wing rejected by FIA". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
  6. ^ Noble, Jonathan "Lotus will not appeal stewards' decision on Mercedes rear wing" Autosport. 12 April 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012
  7. ^ "Michael Schumacher turns down offer to drive for Lotus". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
  8. ^ a b Kabanovsky, Aleksander; Noble, Jonathan (27 January 2014). "Lotus Formula 1 team sells stake to new Russian backer". Autosport.com. Haymarket Media. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  9. ^ a b Saward, Joe (31 August 2015). "The position at Lotus F1". Grand Prix Blog. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  10. ^ Noble, Jonathan (24 January 2014). "Boullier resigns from Lotus, set to become McLaren F1 team boss". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  11. ^ Noble, Jonathan (6 January 2014). "Lotus Formula 1 team CEO Patrick Louis steps down". Autosport.com. Haymarket Media. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  12. ^ "Federico Gastaldi appointed Deputy Team Principal". Lotus F1 Team. 6 January 2014. Archived from the original on 31 August 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  13. ^ "Pastor Maldonado will join Lotus in 2014 alongside Romain Grosjean". SkySports F1. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  14. ^ Noble, Jonathan (5 July 2014). "Lotus F1 team agrees deal for Mercedes engines from 2015". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  15. ^ "Renault consider Lotus purchase". Sky Sports F1BSkyB. 26 July 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  16. ^ "Lotus admit Renault talks". GrandPrix.com. 26 July 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  17. ^ Esler, William (27 July 2015). "Lotus miss start of practice after Pirelli refuse to release tyres". Skysports.com. Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  18. ^ Wise, Mike (27 July 2015). "Hungarian GP stewards handed out nine penalties during Sunday's race". Skysports.com. Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  19. ^ "Lotus stuck at Spa as Renault F1 decision delayed". Grandprix247.com. 25 August 2015. Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  20. ^ Morlidge, Matt (25 September 2015). "Lotus F1 team still locked out of hospitality area at Japanese Grand Prix as drivers joke about situation after rain-hit first practice". Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  21. ^ Joseph, Noah (30 September 2015). "Renault will buy back Lotus F1 Team". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  22. ^ Joseph, Noah (28 September 2015). "Renault bailing out Lotus F1 Team to pay $4M tax bill". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  23. ^ "Lotus F1 cut sponsorship ties with Group Lotus". The Telegraph. 4 June 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  24. ^ "Lack of title sponsor could hamper Lotus". GrandPrix. 20 March 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  25. ^ "Interwetten agrees short-term Lotus F1 sponsorship deal". Gaming Intelligence. 22 July 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  26. ^ "Hisense to appear on Lotus cars at three GPs". SportsProMedia. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  27. ^ "Lotus F1 pays homage to painter El Greco". Crash. 4 May 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  28. ^ "Lotus Formula 1 team sells stake to new Russian backer". AutoSport. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2015.

External links

Advanced Global Trading

Advanced Global Trading or AGT is an emissions trading and environmental consultancy firm headquartered in Dubai, United Arab Emirates and with offices in Bahrain, Doha, Zurich and Johannesburg. AGT deals in sourcing and trading of Verified Carbon Standard approved emissions trading permits (ETP), and specialised in buying and selling of emissions trading certificates and permits in the over-the-counter markets.

Andy Ruhan

Andrew Joseph Ruhan (born September 1962) is a British businessman and motor racing driver. He is currently involved in a legal dispute with his former business partners over the profits from the sale of 37 Thistle Hotels in the 2000s and complicated divorce proceedings. Ruhan joined the board of the Lotus F1 in 2013, and took control of the team the following season. His involvement in the team ended when Renault re-purchased the team in December 2015.

Caterham F1

The Caterham F1 Team was a Malaysian, later British owned Formula One team based in the United Kingdom which raced under a Malaysian licence. The Caterham brand competed in the Formula One World Championship from 2012 to 2014, following the acquisition of British sportscar manufacturer Caterham Cars by former owner and team principal Tony Fernandes, forming the Caterham Group.In July 2014, Tony Fernandes and his partners announced that they had sold the team to a consortium of Swiss and Middle Eastern investors. The "Caterham" name was later used under licence after the Caterham Group separation.In October 2014, Caterham entered administration and did not attend a race weekend for the first time in its history beginning from the United States Grand Prix. In November 2014, after also missing the Brazilian Grand Prix, Caterham became the first F1 team ever to resort to crowdfunding, enabling it to race at the final Grand Prix for 2014 and take part in end of season testing both held in Abu Dhabi. On 27 February 2015, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) published a revised entry list with Manor Marussia being reintroduced and Caterham being removed from the list, and by March of the same year, the team's assets were put up for auction, spelling the official demise of the team.

Eric Lux

Éric Lux is a Luxembourg entrepreneur and businessman. He is also the CEO and Director of Genii Capital,, co-founded with Gerard Lopez, an investment management and financial member of The Genii Group and owner of the Lotus F1 Team. He is also CEO of the real estate investment group Ikodomos Holding and real estate developer company Iko (previously Ikogest).

Gregor Ramsay

Gregor Ramsay (born 30 June 1996) is a British racing driver, born in Glasgow. In 2014 he competed in Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0 with the Lotus F1 Junior Team.

Gérard Lopez (businessman)

Gérard López Fojaca (born 27 December 1971) is an entrepreneur-investor and an active Luxembourgish-Spanish businessman that invests in new technologies, energy sector and in the sports industry.

In the 1990s, Lopez cofounded Mangrove Capital Partners, one of the top three Tech investor in Europe. Alongside Éric Lux, he created The Genii Group. From 2009 to 2015, Lopez was President of the Formula 1 Lotus F1 Team and is still one of its minority shareholder and administrator. He is chairman of Genii Capital and is also CEO of Nekton, an investment company in the energy sector, where he spends most of his time. Lopez has been the President of Luxemburg CS Fola Esch football club since 2007.

Heikki Kovalainen

Heikki Johannes Kovalainen (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈheikki ˈkoʋɑlɑinen]; born 19 October 1981) is a Finnish racing driver. He raced in Formula 1 between 2007 and 2013 for the Renault, McLaren, Team Lotus and Lotus F1 teams.

He was supported by the Renault Driver Development programme early in his racing career, during which he won the World Series by Nissan championship and finished runner-up in the GP2 series. Renault signed him on as a full-time Formula One test driver for 2006, and then promoted him to a race seat for 2007. He gained his first podium by finishing second in the Japanese Grand Prix that year.

He moved to McLaren for the 2008 season, where he partnered Lewis Hamilton. His second season saw him achieve his first pole position at Silverstone and his first victory at Hungaroring, becoming the 100th driver to win a Formula One Grand Prix. He remained with the team for the 2009 season.

In 2010, he moved to the newly created Team Lotus where he also remained for 2011 and 2012, with the team renamed Caterham F1 for 2012. 2012 was his last full season in Formula One. Kovalainen competed in the last two races of the 2013 season for Lotus F1 as a short-notice stand-in for regular driver Kimi Räikkönen.

In 2015, Kovalainen moved to Japan to compete in Super GT in the GT500 class with Lexus.

James Allison (motorsport)

James Allison (born 22 February 1968) is an English motorsport designer and engineer, best known for his accomplishments in Formula 1, where he is the current technical director of Mercedes-AMG.

Jolyon Palmer

Jolyon Palmer (born 20 January 1991) is a motorsport commentator and columnist, covering all rounds of the Formula 1 World Championship on BBC Radio 5 and the official F1 app alongside Jack Nicholls. Palmer is a regular columnist on the BBC Sport website and is also a special contributor to the official Formula 1 website, offering detailed analysis on racing incidents following each Grand Prix. Prior to his media career Palmer was a very successful racing driver and the 2014 GP2 Series champion. Palmer drove for Renault Sport F1 Team in the Formula One World Championship. He made his Formula One debut with the team at the start of the 2016 season, during which he scored his first World Championship points at the Malaysian Grand Prix. Palmer stayed with Renault for 2017 through to the Japanese Grand Prix.

Palmer, the son of former F1 driver and major UK race circuit owner Jonathan Palmer, was educated at Dorset House School, after which he attended Cranleigh School and the University of Nottingham (from which he graduated with a bachelor degree in Management Studies in 2012). He drove for the Lotus Formula One team as a test driver in 2015, stepping up to a full-time race seat the following season when the team received manufacturer backing from Renault.

Jérôme d'Ambrosio

Jérôme d'Ambrosio (born 27 December 1985) is a Belgian Formula E racing driver for the Indian team Mahindra Racing. He has previously drove for Marussia Virgin Racing during the 2011 Formula One World Championship. As a result of the one-race ban given to Romain Grosjean for actions at the start of the 2012 Belgian Grand Prix, d'Ambrosio replaced the Frenchman for the 2012 Italian Grand Prix. In 2016, he is competing in Formula E driving for Dragon Racing. D'Ambrosio achieved his first Formula E victory in 2015 at the 2015 Berlin ePrix, and a second at the 2016 Mexican ePrix, both as a result of Lucas di Grassi's disqualification.

Lotus E21

The Lotus E21 is a Formula One racing car designed and built by the Lotus F1 team for use in the 2013 championship. The car was driven by 2007 World Champion Kimi Räikkönen and Romain Grosjean, both of whom remained with the team after competing in 2012. The E21 was the first of the 2013 season cars to be launched.

Marlon Stöckinger

Marlon Alexander Stöckinger (born 4 April 1991) is a Filipino racing driver, who raced for Status Grand Prix in the 2012 GP3 Series and currently driving for Lotus F1 Team Juniors in the 2013 World Series by Renault. He is the first Filipino to win a formula race in Europe.Stöckinger is the 2006 Asian Karting Champion, 2007 Philippine Rotax Max Champion and the 2008 Formula BMW Pacific Scholarship Winner.

Matthieu Vaxivière

Matthieu Vaxivière is a French racing driver. He was born on 3 December 1994 in Limoges, France. He was the 2011 French F4 champion. In 2012 he raced in the V de V Endurance Cup, French GT, and 2e Grand Prix Èlectrique. In addition, he was 14th in the 2012 Formula Renault 2.0 Alps season and 29th in the Formula Renault 2.0 Eurocup, driving for Tech 1 Racing. In 2013 he finished 10th in the Formula Renault 2.0 Eurocup and 18th in the Formula Renault 2.0 Alps. In 2014 he was assigned as one of the drivers for the Lotus F1 Junior team, while competing in the Formula Renault 3.5 series alongside Filipino-Swiss driver Marlon Stöckinger.

Pastor Maldonado

Pastor Rafael Maldonado Motta (Spanish pronunciation: [pasˈtoɾ maldoˈnaðo]; born 9 March 1985) is a Venezuelan professional racing driver, who competed in Formula One for the Williams (2011–2013) and Lotus (2014–2015) teams.

Before entering Formula One, he won the 2010 GP2 Series championship. He became the first Venezuelan to win a Formula One Grand Prix when he won the 2012 Spanish Grand Prix for Williams, from his first and only pole position.

Renault Sport Academy

The Renault Sport Academy, formerly known as RF1 Driver Programme and Renault Driver Development, is a program to support racing drivers since 2002 in their racing series. The programme was created by Renault F1 in 2002.

Selected drivers have to prove their potential on track and their athletics qualities. They promote Renault in the world.

In 2011, the programme was renamed LRGP Academy, following the rebranding of the team to "Lotus Renault GP".In 2012, the programme was renamed Lotus F1 Team iRace Professional Programme and 2013–2015, the programme was renamed Lotus F1 Junior Team.

Romain Grosjean

Romain Grosjean (French pronunciation: ​[ʁɔmɛ̃ ɡʁoʒɑ̃]; born 17 April 1986) is a racing driver, currently racing for the Haas F1 Team. He races under the French flag in Formula One although he was born in Geneva and holds dual French-Swiss nationality.

He dominated the 2005 French Formula Renault championship at his first attempt and joined the Renault young driver programme. He was the 2007 Formula 3 Euro Series drivers' champion. In 2008 he became the inaugural GP2 Asia Series champion and came 4th in his first year in GP2. In 2009 he made his Formula One debut for Renault at the European Grand Prix and came 4th again in GP2 despite missing the final eight races.

After being dropped by Renault he returned to junior formulae, winning the 2010 Auto GP championship at the first attempt and winning the 2011 GP2 Asia Series and GP2 Series becoming the first – and as of 2018, only – two-time GP2 Asia champion and the only driver to hold both the GP2 Asia series and main GP2 series titles simultaneously. Due to the Asia and Main GP2 series being combined, it is likely that this will remain true for the foreseeable future.

In 2012, Grosjean returned to Formula One with the Lotus F1 Team, alongside Kimi Räikkönen. He took his first Formula One podium at the 2012 Bahrain Grand Prix and took his first fastest lap in the 2012 Spanish Grand Prix. He became the first driver since 1994 to receive a race ban after causing a multi-car pile up, at the 2012 Belgian Grand Prix. In 2013 he remained with Lotus, taking six podiums. He drove for Lotus again alongside Venezuelan Pastor Maldonado in the 2014 and 2015 seasons. He moved to Haas in 2016.

Team Lotus

Team Lotus was the motorsport sister company of English sports car manufacturer Lotus Cars. The team ran cars in many motorsport series, including Formula One, Formula Two, Formula Ford, Formula Junior, IndyCar, and sports car racing. More than ten years after its last race, Team Lotus remained one of the most successful racing teams of all time, winning seven Formula One Constructors' titles, six Drivers' Championships, and the Indianapolis 500 in the United States between 1962 and 1978. Under the direction of founder and chief designer Colin Chapman, Lotus was responsible for many innovative and experimental developments in critical motorsport, in both technical and commercial arenas.

The Lotus name returned to Formula One in 2010 as Tony Fernandes's Lotus Racing team. In 2011, Team Lotus's iconic black-and-gold livery returned to F1 as the livery of the Lotus Renault GP team, sponsored by Lotus Cars, and in 2012 the team was re-branded completely as Lotus F1 Team.

Team Lotus (2010–11)

Team Lotus, originally Lotus Racing, was a Malaysian licensed Formula One racing team and constructor, based in Hingham, Norfolk, UK, which competed during the 2010 and 2011 Formula One seasons, the team scored no championship points in the two years it competed.The team was set up by a group of Malaysian businessmen led by Tony Fernandes using a licence from Lotus Cars owner Proton, for the use of the Lotus name in Formula One. It was run by a company called the 1Malaysia F1 Team Sdn Bhd then. The team gained its entry after the withdrawal of the BMW team in 2009. After having that licence terminated for further seasons, the team bought the historic Team Lotus brand in the 2011 season.The Caterham Group was set up after Fernandes purchased British sportscar manufacturer Caterham Cars. Team Lotus, although forming part of the group, continued to compete under the Lotus name for the 2011 Formula One season. The team's name was eventually changed to "Caterham F1 Team" at the end of 2011, it also competed under the Caterham brand in conjunction with the Caterham Racing Junior Team which competed in the GP2 Series.

Éric Boullier

Éric René Boullier (born 9 November 1973) is a French motor racing engineer and manager. He was the racing director of the McLaren F1 Team from 2014 to 2018. During the 2010 to 2013 seasons, he was the team principal of Lotus F1, and was vice chairman of Formula One Teams Association (FOTA) until it was disbanded after six years.

United Kingdom Lotus F1 Team
Type 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Sports racer Mark VIII Mark IX Eleven 15 17 19 23 30 40 47 62
Mark VI Seven 340R 2-Eleven 3-Eleven
Roadster Elan Elan M100 Elise Elise
Coupé Elite Elan Exige Exige Exige
Eclat Excel Evora
Grand tourer Elan +2 Elite
Europa Esprit Europa S
Saloon Ford Cortina Lotus Ford Cortina Lotus Carlton/Omega
Racing cars
Related cars
Concept cars
Key figures
Group Lotus
2019 season
Former
Companies and
marques
Government and
regulatory bodies
Related topics

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.