Los Mochis (Spanish pronunciation: [los ˈmotʃis]) is a coastal city in northern Sinaloa, Mexico. It serves as the municipal seat of the municipality of Ahome. As of the 2010 census, the population was 362,613, which was 61 percent of the municipality's population.
Los Mochis is the western terminus of the Chihuahua-Pacific Railroad (El Chepe), which passes through the scenic Copper Canyon. This railway was originally conceived by Albert K. Owen and approved by President Porfirio Díaz as a trade route linking the cattle markets in Kansas City with the nearest port on the Pacific Ocean, Topolobampo.
Today the North Pacific irrigation region (Sinaloa-Sonora) in which the Fort Valley is the largest district and is the principal agricultural area of Sinaloa, containing over 70% of all irrigated land and producing sugar cane, cotton, rice, flowers, and many types of vegetables. The valley is one of the largest producers of mangoes in Mexico. Air transportation is provided by Los Mochis International Airport. Nearby Topolobampo is the second largest natural deepwater port in the world, and is known for its commercial fishing and increasingly important role in shipping.
Location in Mexico
Los Mochis (Mexico)
|• Mayor||Alvaro Ruelas Echaverría (PRI)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Total||256,613 (124,228 males, 132,385 females)|
|Time zone||UTC-7 (Mountain Standard Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-6 (Mountain Daylight Time)|
Los Mochis (from mochim, plural of mochic, Cahitan for "earth turtle" and used to refer to the flowers of Boerhavia coccinea) was founded in 1893 by a group of American utopian socialists who were adherents of Albert Kimsey Owen, an American civil engineer who built the first irrigation ditches in the valley. The colony, organized under the principles of utopian socialism, survived for 31 years. Albert K. Owen, the American civil engineer who came to do studies for the construction of a railway, was enchanted by Ohuira Bay and imagined the city of the future, where railways and shipping lines converged to ship throughout the world. Today, the port city of Topolobampo continues to be developed and may one day reach Owen's dream.
The city was founded by a businessman named Benjamin F. Johnston, who came to make a fortune in the cultivation of sugarcane. Benjamin F. Johnston arrived at Topolobampo attracted by Owen's city project. Johnston saw an opportunity to exploit resources such as sugar cane and with Edward Lycan, who had been linked to Zacarías Ochoa, owner of a Trapiche (raw sugar mill) named "El Águila", initiated the construction of a sugar mill. Ochoa died suddenly, and Johnston seized businesses that Lycan and Ochoa founded. "El Águila Sugar Refining Company" later became "United Sugar Company."
In 1898, Johnston laid the first stone of the sugar mill and drove the rapid growth of the city around it. The first harvest was welcomed in the year 1903.
Johnston was a very powerful and influential businessman, so powerful that he drew the street plans for Los Mochis — a modern city with wide and straight streets. It was not recognized as a city until 1903 along with Topolobampo. On 20 April 1903 a decree was founded by the mayor of Los Mochis, during the state government of Francisco Cañedo. In 1916, establishing the town of Ahome and since 1935 the municipal seat of the latter is in the city of Los Mochis. It is currently the commercial center of Valle del Fuerte and its radius of influence extends from the southern part of the neighboring state of Sonora and to the municipalities of El Fuerte, Sinaloa, Choix and Guasave in Sinaloa.
The economic development of the city began with the sugar industry, but in recent decades, its progress rests on the high-tech agriculture is practiced throughout the northwestern region of Mexico.
A group of enthusiastic people in la Villa de Ahome, under the name of "separatist," fought to create a municipality outside the hegemony of El Fuerte. It achieved its objectives until 5 January 1917 when the mayor came to El Fuerte to install a new city hall in which he presided Ramon C. López who had been appointed by the state governor Francisco Cañedo.
The municipality of Ahome was created by decree of the Local Legislature dated 20 December 1917, being governor of the state Gral. Ángel Flores, and was appointed head of the municipality of La Villa de Ahome.
In 1918 Florencio A. Valdés, was the first elected mayor.
The City Council Ahome preceded by Modesto G. Castro decided to make the move to the town of Los Mochis, justifying that this population had grown so much that already exceeded several times to La Villa de Ahome.
The City Council Ahome, in a decision dated 1 April 1935, allowed the change to the header, and the State Legislature passed it through another decree issued on May 10 next, which was published in the Official Journal of State the 30th day of the month.
The transfer took place without major problems right away and offices were installed in the house owned by Don Fco. Beltran, at the corner of Hidalgo and Zaragoza next to the local occupied by the former Sindicatura.
The old town of Ahome, to remain laggard in the process of the region, had been relegated to second place. Since then the city of Los Mochis, as the town of Ahome whole have had major changes in both economic and social policy have remained constant progress to the municipality.
Climate in Los Mochis is semi-arid wet and dry (BSh), bordering on arid (BWh). Summers are extremely hot, reaching 40 °C (104 °F) and overnight lows of 26 °C (79 °F) with very high humidity making the night extremely hot and heat indices may reach 45 °C (113 °F) in the day. Winters are very warm, reaching 30 °C (86 °F) in the day, even though the lowest temperature recorded was 2.5 °C (36 °F) during January 1971. Rainfall concentrates in the summer: it is common to see thunderstorms and even occasionally hurricanes in August and September, but winters are dry with almost no rainfall, though on 29 December 1978 133.4 millimetres (5.25 in) fell. The highest daily rainfall, however, was from a hurricane on 8 October 1985 and totalled 211 millimetres (8.31 in).
Los Mochis is known for its sports culture and large, high-quality sporting facilities (Ciudades Deportivas) intended to promote participation in sports. It has two large sporting facilities that have running tracks, pools, tennis courts, baseball fields and a football stadium with a capacity of 11,000.
The city is home to the Mexican Pacific League's Cañeros de Los Mochis baseball club. The city's football team is called the Murciélagos de Los Mochis, and its basketball team is known as the Pioneros.
With many World Champions and undefeated boxers, Los Mochis is considered one of Mexico's best boxing's cities.
The Copper Canyon Railway provides daily passenger service to Chihuahua, Chihuahua in north-central Mexico. Freight service on this route is provided by the interstate rail conglomerate Ferromex, or Ferrocarril de Mexicano, which also links to the port city of Topolobampo.
The Cañeros de Los Mochis (Los Mochis Sugar Cane Growers) are a Mexican baseball team in the Liga Mexicana del Pacífico. They play in Los Mochis in the state of Sinaloa. They won the league championship in 1984 and 2003.Circuito de Baloncesto de la Costa del Pacífico
The Circuito de Baloncesto de la Costa del Pacífico (CIBACOPA) is a basketball league based in Northwestern Mexico. As of 2018, it involves 10 clubs, primarily from northwest Mexico. The matches take place from March to June.
There have been speculations of a further league expansion with the beginning of the 2019 season.Denisse Guerrero
Denisse Guerrero Flores (born August 8, 1980, Los Mochis, Sinaloa) is a Mexican musician and singer-songwriter, best known as the lead vocalist of the electropop band Belanova. The band has released five albums since signing to Virus Records and later to Universal Mexico, in 2000.
When she was eight years old, Guerrero won a Los Mochis singing competition. She has named this event as the spark that inspired her to pursue singing as a career.
Since I was little I sang and took part in all I could ... until one day, when I was about eight, I was chosen Queen of the Los Mochis Carnival after my mom entered me in the pageant. ... When I grew up, I decided I had to find a place where I could do things I was interested in, things that I couldn't do in Los Mochis.
Guerrero moved from Los Mochis to Mexico D.F. to pursue singing and music composition, as well as to study home design, in which she obtained a university degree. She worked with various musicians from the city before meeting Edgar Huerta and Richie Arreola and forming Belanova.Estadio Centenario (Los Mochis)
Estadio Centenario is a multi-use stadium in Los Mochis, Sinaloa, Mexico. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home stadium for Murciélagos. The stadium has a capacity of 10,844 people. It was remodeled by Grupo Faharo for Murciélagos de Los Mochis to be played in the Ascenso MX and completed by the season opener aka Grand Re-Opening of the Stadium on July 31, 2015 against Atlante in Week 2 of Torneo Apertura 2015.Guasave
Guasave (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡwaˈsaβe]) is a city which is the seat of the homonymous municipality in the Mexican state of Sinaloa. It is located in the northwestern part of Mexico, southeast of the city of Los Mochis. It stands at 25°34′28″N 108°28′14″W.
In the 2010 census, the city reported a population of 71,196. making it the fourth-largest community in the state, after Culiacán, Mazatlán, and Los Mochis. The municipality has a land area of 3,464.41 km² (1,337.62 sq mi) and includes many other outlying communities, the largest of which are Juan José Ríos, Gabriel Leyva Solano, and Adolfo Ruiz Cortines. Its biggest local celebration, #Guasave1k falls every year on November 12th.Humberto Soto
Armando Humberto Soto Ochoa (born May 11, 1980), best known as Humberto Soto, is a Mexican professional boxer. A veteran of the sport for over 20 years, he is a former world champion in two weight classes, having held the WBC super featherweight title from 2008 to 2009, and the WBC lightweight title from 2010 to 2011. He also held the WBC interim featherweight title from 2005 to 2006.Javier Orozco
Javier Antonio Orozco Peñuelas (born November 16, 1987 in Los Mochis, Sinaloa) is a Mexican professional footballer. He currently plays as a striker for Tampico Madero in the Ascenso MX.Juan Castro
Juan Gabriel Castro (born June 20, 1972), is a Mexican former professional baseball infielder, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Los Angeles Dodgers, Cincinnati Reds, Minnesota Twins, Baltimore Orioles, and Philadelphia Phillies, during his 17-year big league career. Castro was known mainly for his defensive abilities. He was primarily a reserve player. Castro batted and threw right-handed.List of television stations in Sinaloa
The following is a list of all IFT-licensed over-the-air television stations broadcasting in the Mexican state of Sinaloa. There are 17 television stations in Sinaloa which are independent or affiliated to at least one Televisa, TV Azteca, or Canal Once network.Los Mochis International Airport
Valle del Fuerte Federal International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Federal del Valle del Fuerte, IATA: LMM, ICAO: MMLM), commonly named Los Mochis International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional de Los Mochis), is the airport serving Los Mochis, Sinaloa, Mexico. It comprises a terminal building with basic services and three commercial aircraft parking spaces.
It handled 280,166 passengers in 2017, and 273,068 passengers in 2018.Louis Okoye
Louis Okoye (オコエ 瑠偉, Okoe Rui, born July 21, 1997 in Higashimurayama, Tokyo) is a Japanese professional baseball outfielder for the Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles in Japan's Nippon Professional Baseball.
After the 2017 season, he joined Cañeros de Los Mochis.Okoye's mother is Japanese and his father is Igbo.Luis Cárdenas (footballer)
Luis Alberto Cárdenas López (born September 15, 1993 in Los Mochis, Sinaloa) is a professional Mexican footballer who currently plays for Rayados Monterrey.Murciélagos F.C.
Murciélagos Fútbol Club is a Mexican football club that plays in the Liga Premier. The club is based in Los Mochis, Sinaloa. From its beginnings the club had the aim to turn into a model for Mexican football.Operation Black Swan
Operation Black Swan was a joint Mexican–American military operation that resulted in the recapture of the Sinaloa Cartel leader, Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán, following a deadly firefight in the city of Los Mochis, Sinaloa, on January 8, 2016. Officials in the Mexican government announced that the operation was planned and executed by the FES, and that they had originally targeted an important Sinaloa Cartel assassin at a home in Los Mochis, and happened to find Guzmán as well. U.S. government officials announced that members of the United States Army's Delta Force and the United States Marshals Service assisted the Mexican Marines in the January 8 mission, and will pursue the extradition of Guzmán to the United States.Guzmán had been on the run since his escape from a federal prison in Almoloya de Juárez, Mexico, on July 11, 2015. On January 8, 2016, Mexican naval forces moved into position to raid a house in Los Mochis, Sinaloa, believed to be occupied by one of Guzmán's "top assassins" or "sicarios". As they entered the building, an "intense" gun battle erupted between the marines and several armed assailants, leaving five of the cartel gunmen dead and six wounded. One marine was also wounded. During the chaos of the firefight, the marines discovered Guzmán, who fled the house through a series of tunnels and then attempted to escape in a stolen vehicle. Shortly thereafter he was spotted by federal agents and apprehended outside a motel a short distance away from the house.The Mexican Marine reported that they found an arms cache at the house consisting of eight assault rifles, two M16 rifles with grenade launchers, two Barrett M82 sniper rifles, and a loaded rocket-propelled grenade launcher. Two armored cars were also seized.Rosalva Luna
Rosalva Yazmín Luna Ruiz (born c. 1981 in Los Mochis, Sinaloa) is a Mexican beauty queen who represented her country in Miss Universe 2004, placing as one of the Top 15 semifinalists.Sebastián Valle
Sebastián Valle Velásquez (born July 24, 1990) is a Mexican professional baseball catcher for the Leones de Yucatán of the Mexican Baseball League. He played for the Mexican national baseball team in the 2013 World Baseball Classic and the 2017 World Baseball Classic.Teddy Higuera
Teodoro Higuera Valenzuela (born November 9, 1957) is a former professional baseball pitcher. He played for nine years (1985–1991 and 1993–1994) for the Milwaukee Brewers of Major League Baseball (MLB).XHMPM-FM
XHMPM-FM is a Spanish-language Top 40 radio station located in San Blas, Sinaloa, serving Los Mochis. It broadcasts on 98.9 MHz on FM from a tower located on Cerro La Memoria in Los Mochis.XHUDO-FM
XHUDO-FM is a Mexican college radio station owned by the Universidad Autónoma de Occidente in Los Mochis, Sinaloa.
|Climate data for Los Mochis (1951–2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||36.0
|Average high °C (°F)||26.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||18.9
|Average low °C (°F)||11.7
|Record low °C (°F)||2.5
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||14.7
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||2.0||1.4||0.5||0.3||0.2||0.8||6.4||8.6||5.8||2.5||1.4||2.0||31.9|
|Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional|