Lorenzo Bandini

Lorenzo Bandini (21 December 1935 – 10 May 1967) was an Italian motor racing driver who raced in Formula One for the Scuderia Centro Sud and Ferrari teams.

Lorenzo Bandini
Bandini1966cropped
Bandini in 1966
Born21 December 1935
Marj, Libya
Died10 May 1967 (aged 31)
Monte Carlo, Monaco
Formula One World Championship career
NationalityItaly Italian
Active years19611967
TeamsScuderia Centro Sud,
Scuderia Ferrari
Entries42
Championships0
Wins1
Podiums8
Career points58
Pole positions1
Fastest laps2
First entry1961 Belgian Grand Prix
First win1964 Austrian Grand Prix
Last win1964 Austrian Grand Prix
Last entry1967 Monaco Grand Prix
Bandini-1 1965 1000-km-Rennen Nürburgring - Foto Spurzem
Bandini at 1965 1000km Nürburgring with Ferrari Dino

Career

Bandini was born in Marj,[1] Cyrenaica,[2] Libya, then an Italian colony. The family returned to Italy in 1939 and resided near Florence. When he was 15 his father died. Bandini left home and found a job as an apprentice mechanic in the Freddi workshop in Milan.[2]

He made his way into auto racing from competing on motorcycles.[3] He started racing cars in 1957 in a borrowed Fiat 1100. Goliardo Freddi, acknowledging Bandini's talent, decided to support him.[2] Bandini would later marry Freddi's daughter, Margherita, in 1963, and remained involved with the family's garage in Milan.

He achieved a first class victory at the Mille Miglia, in a Lancia Appia Zagato, in 1958, and a class win the same year in the 500cc Berkeley in the 12-hour race at Monza. He then raced in Formula Junior until 1961. Bandini purchased a Volpini Formula Junior car and placed third in his first race in Sicily. In 1959 and 1960 he drove a Formula Junior Stanguellini. In 1960 he placed fourth in the Formula Junior World Championship.

In 1961 Bandini and fellow Italian driver Giancarlo Baghetti were both in contention for a seat at Ferrari. Ferrari opted for Baghetti, and Bandini went to drive for Guglielmo "Mimmo" Dei's Scuderia Centro Sud. At a non-championship race, he finished third at Pau. Bandini drove his first world championship race at Spa later in 1961. He retired with engine failure. During the winter of 1961-1962 he drove in the Tasman races in Australia and New Zealand.[2]

In 1962 Bandini was hired by Ferrari for the 1962 and 1963 seasons, and moved to Maranello, near the team's headquarters.[4] His debut in a works Ferrari at the Monaco Grand Prix, finishing third.

For 1963 Bandini was retained by Ferrari for sports car races only. Along with Ludovico Scarfiotti, he won the Le Mans 24 Hours race and placed second in the Targa Florio that year, occasionally racing in Formula One for Scuderia Centro Sud.[2] His string of good results, including a fifth place at the British Grand Prix, convinced Ferrari to retain him as a Formula One driver as well for the rest of the season.

In 1964 Bandini had his best Formula One season. He won the first Austrian Grand Prix at the Zeltweg circuit and scored two more podiums in Germany and Italy. At the Mexican Grand Prix, Bandini was running second when he decided to let his teammate John Surtees pass, enabling him to score enough points to win the World Championship.

In 1965 Bandini won the Targa Florio.

In 1966 Surtees left Ferrari in mid-season. Bandini was promoted to team leader. He was unlucky not to win the French and U.S. Grands Prix that year which he dominated before mechanical problems intervened while he was holding a huge lead. Bandini's best finish was a second place at the Monaco Grand Prix in a 2.4 liter V-6 Ferrari behind Jackie Stewart's BRM. Later in the season Bandini helped director John Frankenheimer with his movie "Grand Prix". Bandini recommended the location at the harbour chicane for a crash scene in the movie filmed at the Monte Carlo circuit. In "The Making of Grand Prix", actress Eva Marie Saint noted that, bitterly, this spot would be the site of Bandini's death in the race one year later.

In 1967 Bandini won the 24 Hours of Daytona in 1967 and the 1,000 km of Monza, both with Chris Amon.

Accident and death

On 7 May 1967 Bandini was racing at the Monaco Grand Prix, running second to Denny Hulme on the 82nd lap, when he lost control of his car at the harbour chicane. He had just entered the chicane when his Ferrari's left rear wheel hit the guard rail, sending him into an erratic skid. It impacted a light pole and overturned.[5] The car hit straw bales which lined the harbour side, rupturing the fuel tank, and sparks ignited the fuel as the car rolled over, with Bandini trapped beneath it. Marshals flipped his car upright and pulled Bandini, unconscious, out from the flaming Ferrari. It is thought that, during the effort to right the overturned car, fuel leaked on the hot brake line or the exhaust pipe and exploded. A second fire occurred when the fuel tank exploded after Bandini had been pulled away from the Ferrari.[1]

Bandini sustained third degree burns covering more than 70% of his body, as well as a chest wound and ten chest fractures.[5] Three days after the crash, Bandini succumbed to his injuries at Princess Grace Polyclinic Hospital in Monte Carlo.

There were concerns about the promptness of Bandini's rescue. However, investigators from the Principality of Monaco ruled on 10 May that "the security operation had functioned properly."[3] The straw bales, having been banned from all Formula One races in response to the accident, were replaced by an extended guard-rail the following year.[6]

Bandini's funeral was held in Reggiolo on 13 May.[7] 100,000 people attended the funeral.[8] He was later buried in the Lambrate cemetery, in Milan.[9][10]

Racing record

Complete Formula One results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 WDC Pts
1961 Scuderia Centro Sud Cooper T53 Maserati 6-1500 1.5 L4 MON NED BEL
Ret
FRA GBR
12
GER
Ret
ITA
8
USA NC 0
1962 Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 156 Ferrari 178 1.5 V6 NED MON
3
BEL FRA GBR GER
Ret
ITA
8
USA RSA 12th 4
1963 Scuderia Centro Sud BRM P57 BRM P56 1.5 V8 MON BEL NED FRA
10
GBR
5
GER
Ret
10th 6
Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 156 Ferrari 178 1.5 V6 ITA
Ret
USA
5
MEX
Ret
RSA
5
1964 Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 156 Ferrari 178 1.5 V6 MON
10
GBR
5
GER
3
AUT
1
4th 23
Ferrari 158 Ferrari 205B 1.5 V8 NED
Ret
BEL
Ret
FRA
9
ITA
3
North American Racing Team Ferrari 1512 Ferrari 207 1.5 F12 USA
Ret
MEX
3
1965 Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 1512 Ferrari 207 1.5 F12 RSA
15
MON
2
BEL
9
FRA
8
ITA
4
USA
4
MEX
8
6th 13
Ferrari 158 Ferrari 205B 1.5 V8 GBR
Ret
NED
9
GER
6
1966 Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 246 Ferrari 228 2.4 V6 MON
2
BEL
3
9th 12
Ferrari 312/66 Ferrari 218 3.0 V12 FRA
NC
GBR NED
6
GER
6
ITA
Ret
USA
Ret
MEX
1967 Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 312/67 Ferrari 242 3.0 V12 RSA MON
Ret
NED BEL FRA GBR GER CAN ITA USA MEX NC 0
Source:[11]

Complete Formula One Non-Championship results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
1961 Scuderia Centro Sud Cooper T53 Maserati 6-1500 1.5 L4 LOM GLV PAU
3
BRX VIE AIN SYR
7
NAP
3
LON SIL SOL KAN DAN MOD
Ret
FLG
DNS
Cooper T51 FLG
NC
OUL LEW VAL RAN NAT RSA
1962 Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 156 Ferrari 178 1.5 V6 CAP BRX LOM LAV GLV PAU
5
AIN INT NAP
2
MAL CLP RMS SOL KAN MED
1
DAN OUL MEX RAN NAT
1963 Scuderia Centro Sud Cooper T53 Maserati 6-1500 1.5 L4 LOM GLV PAU IMO
Ret
SYR
Ret
AIN
BRM P57 BRM P56 1.5 V8 INT
DSQ
ROM SOL
4
KAN MED
3
AUT OUL
Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 156 Ferrari 178 1.5 V6 RAN
2
1964 Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 156 Ferrari 178 1.5 V6 DMT NWT SYR
2
AIN INT SOL
Ret
MED RAN
1965 Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 1512 Ferrari 207 1.5 F12 ROC SYR
3
SMT INT
7
MED RAN
1966 Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 246 Ferrari 228 2.4 V6 RSA SYR
2
INT OUL
1967 Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 312/67 Ferrari 242 3.0 V12 ROC
2
SPC INT SYR OUL ESP
Source:[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Hulme Takes Monaco Race; Bandini Seriously Hurt", New York Times, May 8, 1967, Page 59
  2. ^ a b c d e "Lorenzo Bandini", The Times, May 11, 1967, Page 12.
  3. ^ a b "Italy's Bandini Dies Of Monte Carlo Burns", Stars and Stripes, May 11, 1967, Page 20.
  4. ^ Bandini Dies of Race Injuries, New York Times, May 11, 1967, Page 62.
  5. ^ a b "Hulme Wins Monte Carlo; Bandini Hurt", Sheboygan Press, 8 May 1967, Page 13.
  6. ^ Stanley, Louis.T (1969). Grand Prix 10. London: W H Allen Ltd. p. 15. ISBN 0-491-00272-6.
  7. ^ "Mass Held For Bandini", New York Times, 12 May 1967, Page 56.
  8. ^ "100,000 at Bandini Rites", New York Times, 14 May 1967, Page S4.
  9. ^ "Lorenzo Bandini (1935–1967)". Find A Grave Memorial. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
  10. ^ Photos of Bandini's tombstone. Accessed 2012-12-03.
  11. ^ a b "Lorenzo Bandini – Biography". MotorSportMagazine. Retrieved January 29, 2019.

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Olivier Gendebien
Phil Hill
Winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans
1963 with:
Ludovico Scarfiotti
Succeeded by
Jean Guichet
Nino Vaccarella
Preceded by
John Taylor
Formula One fatal accidents
7 May 1967 (Date of accident)
10 May 1967 (Date of death)
Succeeded by
Bob Anderson
1961 Flugplatzrennen

The Flugplatzrennen (known alternately as either 3rd Flugplatzrennen or 5th Flugplatzrennen) was a motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 17 September 1961 at Zeltweg Airfield, Austria. The race was run over 80 laps of the circuit, and was dominated by British driver Innes Ireland in a Lotus 21.

Ireland took both pole position and the fastest lap, and finished a lap ahead of the rest of the field. He led all but the first two laps, after Jim Clark took the lead at the start.Lorenzo Bandini did not start the race after he suffered engine problems in practice, but shared his team-mate Renato Pirocchi's car in the race.

1961 Naples Grand Prix

The 19th Naples Grand Prix was a motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 14 May 1961 at Posillipo Circuit, Naples. The race was run over 60 laps of the circuit, and was won by Italian driver Giancarlo Baghetti in a Ferrari 156 in only his second Formula One race, having also won his first. Baghetti went on to win his next Formula One race as well, his first World Championship race, and is the only driver to have achieved this feat.

This race was held on the same day as the 1961 Monaco Grand Prix, therefore very few of the top drivers of the day were in action in Naples. Baghetti took a comfortable victory despite only starting third on the grid, with pole-sitter Gerry Ashmore finishing second after the other main challenger and early leader Roy Salvadori suffered a puncture. Lorenzo Bandini had led for a lap before Baghetti took over on lap 4, and he held the lead until the chequered flag.

1961 Pau Grand Prix

The 21st Pau Grand Prix was a non-Championship motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 3 April 1961 at Pau Circuit, the street circuit in Pau. The race was run over 100 laps of the circuit, and was won by Jim Clark in a Lotus 18. This was Clark's first Formula One victory.

The cars entered by Scuderia Centro Sud were fitted with engines that were bigger than the 1.5 litres allowed by the regulations. Lorenzo Bandini had a 2.5-litre engine, and Mário Cabral a 2-litre.

1962 Mediterranean Grand Prix

The 1st Mediterranean Grand Prix was a motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 19 August 1962 at the Autodromo di Pergusa, Sicily. The race was run over 50 laps of the circuit, and was dominated by Ferrari. The winner was Lorenzo Bandini in a Ferrari 156.

1962 Monaco Grand Prix

The 1962 Monaco Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Monaco on 3 June 1962. It was race 2 of 9 in both the 1962 World Championship of Drivers and the 1962 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers. The 100-lap race was won by Cooper driver Bruce McLaren after he started from third position. Phil Hill finished second for the Ferrari team and his teammate Lorenzo Bandini came in third.

1962 Naples Grand Prix

The 20th Naples Grand Prix was a motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 20 May 1962 at Posillipo Circuit, Naples. The race was run over 60 laps of the circuit, and was won by Belgian driver Willy Mairesse in a Ferrari 156.

This race was held on the same day as the 1962 Dutch Grand Prix, and consequently many of the top drivers at that time were not present in Naples. Only the 10 fastest cars in qualifying were allowed to start the race, leaving a number of the more unusual entrants on the sidelines. The two Ferraris were dominant throughout the weekend, with Lorenzo Bandini leading from the start of the race until lap 24, when he was passed by Mairesse, who led until the end. Carlo Abate finished fourth in his first Formula One race, narrowly beaten by Keith Greene.

1963 Rand Grand Prix

The 6th Rand Grand Prix was a motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 14 December 1963 at Kyalami, South Africa. The race was run over two heats, each of 25 laps of the circuit, and was won overall by British driver John Surtees in a Ferrari 156.

Surtees secured pole position for the first heat, and won with team-mate Lorenzo Bandini in second. This result was repeated in the second heat for the Ferraris to take the 1-2 positions very comfortably. Local drivers took the minor placings after Team Lotus suffered from fuel vaporisation problems.

1964 Austrian Grand Prix

The 1964 Austrian Grand Prix was a Formula One World Championship motor race held at Zeltweg Airfield on August 23, 1964. It was race 7 of 10 in both the 1964 World Championship of Drivers and the 1964 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers. The 105-lap race was won by Ferrari driver Lorenzo Bandini after he started from seventh position. Richie Ginther finished second for the BRM team and Brabham driver Bob Anderson came in third. This was the debut World Championship race of the future world champion Jochen Rindt.

1964 German Grand Prix

The 1964 German Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Nürburgring on 2 August 1964. It was race 6 of 10 in both the 1964 World Championship of Drivers and the 1964 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers. The 15-lap race was won by Ferrari driver John Surtees after he started from pole position. Graham Hill finished second for the BRM team and Surtees's teammate Lorenzo Bandini came in third. The race was marred by the death of Dutch gentleman racer Carel Godin de Beaufort during practice.

1964 Italian Grand Prix

The 1964 Italian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza on September 6, 1964. It was race 8 of 10 in both the 1964 World Championship of Drivers and the 1964 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers. The 78-lap race was won by Ferrari driver John Surtees after he started from pole position. Bruce McLaren finished second for the Cooper team and Ferrari driver Lorenzo Bandini came in third.

1964 Syracuse Grand Prix

The 13th Syracuse Grand Prix was a motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 12 April 1964 at Syracuse Circuit, Sicily. The race was run over 40 laps of the circuit, reduced from the original race distance of 56 laps due to bad weather, after lobbying from Jo Bonnier on behalf of the GPDA. The race was won easily by British driver John Surtees in a Ferrari 158.

Jo Siffert was injured in a crash during the practice sessions, in which he rolled his Lotus 24.

During the race, Peter Arundell's Lotus developed gearbox trouble, and he swapped cars with Mike Spence. Arundell took the healthy Lotus to third place after a close fight with Lorenzo Bandini, while Spence retired the other one soon after the swap.

1965 Monaco Grand Prix

The 1965 Monaco Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Monaco on May 30, 1965. It was race 2 of 10 in both the 1965 World Championship of Drivers and the 1965 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers. The 100-lap race was won by BRM driver Graham Hill after he started from pole position. Lorenzo Bandini finished second for the Ferrari team and Hill's teammate Jackie Stewart came in third.

Jim Clark, Dan Gurney and Mike Spence did not participate in this race, since Team Lotus raced in the 1965 Indy 500, won by Clark.

1966 Belgian Grand Prix

The 1966 Belgian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Spa-Francorchamps on 12 June 1966. It was race 2 of 9 in both the 1966 World Championship of Drivers and the 1966 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers. The race was the 26th Belgian Grand Prix and was held over 28 laps of the 14.1-kilometre circuit for a race distance of 395 kilometres.

The race was won by British driver and 1964 world champion, John Surtees, driving a Ferrari 312 in a race that saw the field decimated by weather in the early laps. It was Surtees' fourth Grand Prix victory and his first since the 1964 Italian Grand Prix. Surtees won by 42 seconds over Austrian driver Jochen Rindt driving a Cooper T81, Rindt achieving his first podium finish and the first for the new Cooper-Maserati combination as the works Cooper Car Company team looked to the three-litre Maserati V12 sports car engine for the new regulations. Surtees' Italian team mate Lorenzo Bandini finished third in his Ferrari 246.

With a pair of podiums, Bandini took the lead in the championship by a point over the two race winners, Surtees and Jackie Stewart.

1966 British Grand Prix

The 1966 British Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Brands Hatch on 16 July 1966. It was race 4 of 9 in both the 1966 World Championship of Drivers and the 1966 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers. It was the 21st British Grand Prix and the second to be held at Brands Hatch. It was held over 80 laps of the four kilometre circuit for a race distance of 341 kilometres.

The race, the first of the new three-litre engine regulation era where starters reached 20 cars, was won for the third time by Australian driver Jack Brabham in his Brabham BT19, his second win in succession after winning the French Grand Prix two weeks earlier. New Zealand driver Denny Hulme finished second in his Brabham BT20, a first 1–2 win for the Brabham team. The pair finished a lap ahead of third placed British driver Graham Hill in his BRM P261.

Brabham's win ended a streak of 4 consecutive wins by Jim Clark at the British Grand Prix.

Brabham's win put him ten points clear in the championship chase over Austrian Cooper racer Jochen Rindt with Hulme and Ferrari's Lorenzo Bandini a point further back.

1966 French Grand Prix

The 1966 French Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Reims on 3 July 1966. It was race 3 of 9 in both the 1966 World Championship of Drivers and the 1966 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers. The race was the "60th Anniversary race" of Grand Prix racing, which had started with the GP of France in 1906. It was also the 16th and last time the French Grand Prix was held on variations of French highways near Reims, following a three-year absence from the region. The race was held over 48 laps of the 8.35-kilometre (5.19 mi) circuit for a race distance of 400 kilometres (250 mi).

The race was won by the 1959 and 1960 World Champion, Australian driver Jack Brabham, driving his Brabham BT19. It was Brabham's eighth Grand Prix victory and his first since the 1960 Portuguese Grand Prix, six years earlier. It was also his first win since establishing his Brabham team, and the first win for the Australian-developed Repco V8 engine. Brabham became the first driver to win a World Championship Grand Prix in a car bearing his own name. British driver Mike Parkes finished second in a Ferrari 312, 9.5 seconds behind, while Brabham's team-mate, New Zealander Denny Hulme, finished third in his Brabham BT20, albeit two laps down.

Brabham now led the Driver's Championship on 12 points, two ahead of Ferrari driver Lorenzo Bandini and three ahead of BRM's Jackie Stewart and Ferrari's John Surtees. The win was the first of four in succession for Brabham as he began his march towards his third world title.

1966 Monaco Grand Prix

The 1966 Monaco Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at the Circuit de Monaco on 22 May 1966. It was race 1 of 9 in both the 1966 World Championship of Drivers and the 1966 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers. The race was the first of a new era for Formula One, the 'return to power' as engine regulations were altered from 1.5 litres of maximum engine displacement to 3.0 litres. It was the 24th Monaco Grand Prix.

The race was won by British driver Jackie Stewart driving a BRM P261. He took a forty-second victory over the Ferrari 246 of Italian driver Lorenzo Bandini. It was Stewart's second Grand Prix victory after winning the Italian Grand Prix the previous year. Stewart's team mate, fellow Briton Graham Hill finished a lap down in third position in his BRM P261. The only other driver to be classified as a finisher was American driver Bob Bondurant driving a BRM P261 entered privately by Team Chamaco Collect.

Ferrari 156 F1

The Ferrari 156 was a racing car made by Ferrari in 1961 to comply with then-new Formula One regulations that reduced engine displacement from 2.5- to 1.5-litres, similar to the pre-1961 Formula Two class for which Ferrari had developed a mid-engined car also called 156 F2.

Phil Hill won the 1961 World Championship of Drivers and Ferrari secured the 1961 International Cup for F1 Manufacturers, both victories achieved with the 156.

Lorenzo Bandini Trophy

The Lorenzo Bandini Trophy (Trofeo Lorenzo Bandini in Italian) is a prize awarded in memory of Italian racecar driver Lorenzo Bandini.

It was established in 1992 by Bandini's hometown of Brisighella, to be awarded each year for a commendable performance in motorsport.In 2015 the award was given to the Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 team representing the first time a constructor has won the award instead of a person. The award was in recognition of Mercedes's highly commendable performances in Formula 1 following the 2014 regulation change which introduced hybrid technology coupled with V6 engines.

Scuderia Centro Sud

Scuderia Centro Sud was a privateer racing team founded in Modena by Guglielmo "Mimmo" Dei and active in Formula One and sports car racing between 1956 and 1965.

Dei had been an amateur driver in the 1930s. In the early 1950s he opened a Maserati dealership in Rome. Keen on maintaining a relationship with motorsport, in 1956 he founded his own team. The name "Centro Sud" refers to the parts of Italy where his adoptive and native cities are. (Modena and Rome).

Over the course of nine seasons, Scuderia Centro Sud entered a total of 49 World Championship rounds, with cars such as the Maserati 250F, various Maserati-powered Coopers and, in the 1960s, a BRM P57. After a very promising start (they scored their first points at their debut with Luigi Villoresi), Centro Sud went on to earn a further total of 24 points, mostly with Masten Gregory and Tony Maggs, but never won a race, with Gregory's third place at the 1957 Monaco Grand Prix as the team's best result.

Centro Sud was the only Italian racing team who took part in the Tasman races in Australia and New Zealand during the winter of 1961-1962.One of their most notable feats was to be the first team in the history of Formula One to run a female driver when Maria Teresa de Filippis qualified for the Portuguese Grand Prix in 1958. Future 24 Hours of Le Mans (1963) and 24 Hours of Daytona (1967) winner Lorenzo Bandini made his Formula One debut with the team at the 1961 Belgian Grand Prix.

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