The Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales is the Head of the Judiciary of England and Wales and the President of the Courts of England and Wales.
Historically, the officeholder was the second-highest judge of the Courts of England and Wales, after the Lord Chancellor, but became the top judge as a result of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, which removed the judicial functions from the office of Lord Chancellor, altered the duties of the Lord Chief Justice and changed the relationship between the two offices. The Lord Chief Justice ordinarily serves as President of the Criminal Division of the Court of Appeal and Head of Criminal Justice, but under the 2005 Act can appoint another judge to these positions.
The Lord Chief Justice's equivalent in Scotland is the Lord President of the Court of Session, who also holds the post of Lord Justice-General in the High Court of Justiciary. There is also a Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland, successor to the Lord Chief Justice of Ireland of the pre-Partition era. For the entire United Kingdom judiciary, there is a President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, though that court does not have final jurisdiction over Scottish criminal law.
The current Lord Chief Justice is Lord Burnett of Maldon (Lord Burnett), who assumed the role on 2 October 2017.
|Lord Chief Justice|
of England and Wales
The Judiciary of England and Wales
The Lord Burnett of Maldon (Lord Burnett)
since 2 October 2017
|Style||The Right Honourable|
|Nominator||Judicial Appointments Commission|
|Appointer||Monarch of the United Kingdom,|
on the recommendation of the Lord Chancellor
|Formation||1 November 1875|
Originally, each of the three high common law courts, the King's Bench, the Court of Common Pleas, and the Court of the Exchequer, had its own chief justice: the Lord Chief Justice, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, and Chief Baron of the Exchequer. The Court of the King's (or Queen's) Bench had existed since 1234. In 1268 its foremost judge was given the title of (lord) chief justice before when one of the justices would be considered the senior judge, and fulfil an analogous role. The three courts became divisions of the High Court in 1875, and following the deaths of the Lord Chief Justice and Lord Chief Baron in 1880, the three were merged into a single division (first held by the last Chief Justice of Common Pleas) creating a single Lord Chief Justice of England.
The suffix "and Wales", now found in statutes and elsewhere, was unilaterally appended by holder Lord Bingham of Cornhill between 1996 and 2000.
The Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (CRA) made the Lord Chief Justice the president of the Courts of England and Wales, vesting the office with many of the powers formerly held by the Lord Chancellor. While the Lord Chief Justice retains the role of President of the Criminal Division of the Court of Appeal, the CRA separated the role of President of the Queen's Bench Division; the changed chief justice role was first held by Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers. The CRA provides that he or she is chosen by a specially appointed committee convened by the Judicial Appointments Commission.
|Portrait||Lord Chief Justice||From||Until||Remarks|
|William de Raley||1234||1239|
|Sir Stephen de Segrave||1239||1241|
|William of York||1241||1247|
|Henry of Bath||1249||1251|
|Sir Gilbert of Seagrave||1251||1253|
|Henry of Bath||1253||1260|
|Sir William of Wilton||1261||1263|
|Nicholas de Turri||1265||1267|
|Sir Robert de Briwes||1268||6 November 1269|
|Richard of Staines||6 November 1269||1273|
|Martin of Littlebury||1273||1274|
|Ralph de Hengham||1274||1290|
|Gilbert de Thornton||1290||1296|
|Sir Roger Brabazon||1296||March 1316|
|Sir William Inge||March 1316||15 June 1317|
|Sir Henry le Scrope||15 June 1317||September 1323|
|Hervey de Stanton||September 1323||21 March 1324|
|Sir Geoffrey le Scrope||21 March 1324||1 May 1329|
|Sir Robert de Malberthorp||1 May 1329||28 October 1329|
|Sir Henry le Scrope||28 October 1329||19 December 1330|
|Sir Geoffrey le Scrope||19 December 1330||28 March 1332|
|Sir Richard de Willoughby||28 March 1332||20 September 1332|
|Sir Geoffrey le Scrope||20 September 1332||10 September 1333|
|Sir Richard de Willoughby||10 September 1333||1337|
|Sir Geoffrey le Scrope||1337||October 1338|
|Sir Richard de Willoughby||October 1338||21 July 1340|
|Sir Robert Parning||21 July 1340||8 January 1341|
|Sir William Scott||8 January 1341||26 November 1346|
|Sir William de Thorpe||26 November 1346||26 October 1350|
|Sir William de Shareshull||26 October 1350||24 May 1361|
|Sir Henry Green||24 May 1361||29 October 1365|
|Sir John Knyvet||29 October 1365||15 July 1372|
|Sir John de Cavendish||15 July 1372||14 June 1381||murdered in the Peasants' Revolt|
|Sir Robert Tresilian||22 June 1381||17 November 1387|
|Sir Walter Clopton||31 January 1388||21 October 1400|
|Sir William Gascoigne||15 November 1400||29 March 1413|
|Sir William Hankford||29 March 1413||12 December 1423|
|Sir William Cheyne||21 January 1424||20 January 1439|
|Sir John Juyn||20 January 1439||24 March 1440|
|Sir John Hody||13 April 1440||25 January 1442|
|Sir John Fortescue||25 January 1442||13 May 1461|
|Sir John Markham||13 May 1461||23 January 1469|
|Sir Thomas Billing||23 January 1469||5 May 1481|
|Sir William Hussey||7 May 1481||8 September 1495|
|Sir John Fineux||24 November 1495||23 January 1526|
|Sir John FitzJames||23 January 1526||21 January 1539|
|Sir Edward Montagu||21 January 1539||9 November 1545|
|Sir Richard Lyster||9 November 1545||21 March 1552|
|Sir Roger Cholmeley||21 March 1552||4 October 1553|
|Sir Thomas Bromley||4 October 1553||11 June 1555|
|Sir William Portman||11 June 1555||8 May 1557|
|Sir Edward Saunders||8 May 1557||22 January 1559|
|Sir Robert Catlyn||22 January 1559||8 November 1574|
|Sir Christopher Wray||8 November 1574||2 June 1592|
|Sir John Popham||2 June 1592||25 June 1607|
|Sir Thomas Fleming||25 June 1607||25 October 1613|
|Sir Edward Coke||25 October 1613||16 November 1616|
|Sir Henry Montagu||16 November 1616||29 January 1621|
|Sir James Ley||29 January 1621||26 January 1625|
|Sir Ranulph Crewe||26 January 1625||5 February 1627|
|Sir Nicholas Hyde||5 February 1627||24 October 1631|
|Sir Thomas Richardson||24 October 1631||4 February 1635†||Died in office|
|Sir John Bramston||14 April 1635||31 October 1642|
|Sir Robert Heath||31 October 1642||October 1645|
|Sir Henry Rolle||12 October 1648||15 June 1655|
|John Glynne||15 June 1655||17 January 1660||Knighted in 1660|
|Sir Richard Newdigate||17 January 1660||1 October 1660|
|Sir Robert Foster||21 October 1660||4 October 1663†||First Chief Justice after the Restoration; died in office|
|Sir Robert Hyde||19 October 1663||1 May 1665†||Died in office|
|Sir John Kelynge||21 November 1665||9 May 1671†||Died in office|
|Sir Matthew Hale||18 May 1671||20 February 1676||Formerly Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer 1660–1671|
|Sir Richard Raynsford||12 April 1676||31 May 1678|
|Sir William Scroggs||31 May 1678||11 April 1681|
|Sir Francis Pemberton||11 April 1681||28 September 1683||Later Chief Justice of the Common Pleas in 1683|
|Sir George Jeffreys
(Lord Jeffreys from 1685)
|28 September 1683||23 October 1685||Lord Chancellor 1685–1688|
|Sir Edward Herbert||23 October 1685||22 April 1687||Later Chief Justice of the Common Pleas 1687–1689|
|Sir Robert Wright||22 April 1687||17 April 1689||Briefly Chief Justice of the Common Pleas in April 1687|
|Sir John Holt||17 April 1689||5 March 1710†||Died in office|
|Sir Thomas Parker
(Lord Parker from 1714)
|11 March 1710||15 May 1718||Regent of Great Britain from 1 August to 18 September 1714; later Lord Chancellor 1718–1725, created Earl of Macclesfield in 1721; impeached for corruption in 1725|
|Sir John Pratt||15 May 1718||24 February 1725||Interim Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1721|
|Sir Robert Raymond
(Lord Raymond from 1731)
|2 March 1725||31 October 1733†||Previously Attorney General 1720–1724; died in office|
|Lord Hardwicke||31 October 1733||8 June 1737||Previously Attorney General 1724–1733; later Lord Chancellor 1737–1756 and created Earl of Hardwicke in 1754|
|Sir William Lee||8 June 1737||8 April 1754†||Interim Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1754; died in office|
|Sir Dudley Ryder||2 May 1754||25 May 1756†||Previously Attorney General 1737–1754; died in office|
(Earl of Mansfield from 1776)
|8 November 1756||4 June 1788||Previously Attorney General 1754–1756; Lord Speaker in 1783|
|Lord Kenyon||4 June 1788||4 April 1802†||Previously Attorney General 1782–1783 1783–1784 and Master of the Rolls 1784–1788; died in office|
|Lord Ellenborough||11 April 1802||2 November 1818||Previously Attorney General 1801–1802; interim Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1806|
|Sir Charles Abbott
(Lord Tenterden from 1827)
|2 November 1818||4 November 1832†||Interim Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1827; died in office|
|Sir Thomas Denman
(Lord Denman from 1834)
|4 November 1832||5 March 1850||Previously Attorney General 1830–1832; interim Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1834|
|Lord Campbell||5 March 1850||24 June 1859||Previously Attorney General 1834 and 1835–1841; briefly Lord Chancellor of Ireland in 1841; later Lord Chancellor 1859–1861|
|Sir Alexander Cockburn, Bt||24 June 1859||1 November 1875||Previously Attorney General 1851–1852 1852–1856 and Chief Justice of the Common Pleas 1856–1859.|
|Portrait||Lord Chief Justice||From||Until||Remarks|
|Sir Alexander Cockburn, Bt||1 November 1875||20 November 1880†||Died in office|
|Lord Coleridge||29 November 1880||14 June 1894†||Previously Attorney General 1871–1873 and Chief Justice of the Common Pleas 1873–1880; died in office|
|Lord Russell of Killowen||11 July 1894||10 August 1900†||Previously Attorney General 1886 1892–1894; first Catholic Lord Chief Justice; died in office|
|Lord Alverstone||24 October 1900||21 October 1913||Previously Attorney-General 1885–1886 1886–1892 1895–1900 and Master of the Rolls in 1900; in retirement, created Viscount Alverstone in 1913|
|Sir Rufus Isaacs
(Lord Reading from 1914,
Viscount Reading from 1916,
Earl of Reading from 1917)
|21 October 1913||8 March 1921||Previously Attorney General 1910–1913; later Viceroy of India 1921–1925 and created Marquess of Reading in 1926; first Jewish Lord Chief Justice|
|Sir Alfred Lawrence
(Lord Trevethin from August 1921)
|15 April 1921||2 March 1922|
|Lord Hewart||8 March 1922||12 October 1940||Previously Attorney General 1919–1922; in retirement, created Viscount Hewart in 1940|
|Viscount Caldecote||14 October 1940||23 January 1946||Previously Attorney General 1928–1929 and 1932–1936 and Lord Chancellor 1939–1940|
|Lord Goddard||23 January 1946||29 September 1958||Previously a law lord from 1944|
|Lord Parker of Waddington||29 September 1958||20 April 1971|
|Lord Widgery||20 April 1971||15 April 1980|
|Lord Lane||15 April 1980||27 April 1992||Previously a law lord from 1979|
|Lord Taylor of Gosforth||27 April 1992||4 June 1996|
|Lord Bingham of Cornhill||4 June 1996||6 June 2000||First Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales; Master of the Rolls 1992–1996; Senior Law Lord 2000–2008;|
|Lord Woolf||6 June 2000||30 September 2005||Previously a law lord from 1992; Master of the Rolls from 1996–2000|
|Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers||30 September 2005||1 October 2008||Previously a law lord from 1999; Master of the Rolls 2000–2005; later Senior Law Lord 2008–2009 and President of the Supreme Court 2009–2012|
|Lord Judge||1 October 2008||30 September 2013||Previously Deputy Chief Justice of England and Wales 2003–2005|
|Lord Thomas of Cwmgiedd||1 October 2013||1 October 2017|
|Lord Burnett of Maldon (Lord Burnett)||2 October 2017||Incumbent|
The Leicester East by-election of 1922 was held on 30 March 1922. The by-election was held due to the appointment as Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales of the incumbent Coalition Liberal MP, Gordon Hewart. It was won by the Labour candidate George Banton.Alfred Lawrence, 1st Baron Trevethin
Alfred Tristram Lawrence, 1st Baron Trevethin PC DL (24 November 1843 – 3 August 1936) was a British lawyer and judge. He served as Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales from 1921 to 1922.
Lawrence was the eldest son of David Lawrence, a surgeon, of Pontypool, Monmouthshire, and Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Morgan Williams. He was educated at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and was called to the Bar, Middle Temple, in 1869. He established a successful legal practice although he did not become a Queen's Counsel until 1897. Lawrence was recorder for the Royal Borough of Windsor from 1885 to 1904, when he was appointed a Judge of the High Court of Justice (King's Bench Division).
In 1912, styled Mr Justice A.T. Lawrence, he establish the legality of the football league's retain-and-transfer system with his judgement in the Kingaby case. Former Aston Villa player Herbert Kingaby had brought legal proceedings against his old club for preventing him from playing. Erroneous strategy by Kingaby's counsel resulted in the suit being dismissed.In April 1921, aged 77, he was made Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales. He was admitted to the Privy Council at the same time and in August of the same year he was raised to the peerage as Baron Trevethin, of Blaengawney in the County of Monmouth. However, he only remained Lord Chief Justice until March 1922, when he resigned.
Lord Trevethin married his cousin Jessie Elizabeth, daughter of George Lawrence, in 1875. They had a daughter and four sons, of whom the eldest, Hon. Alfred Clive Lawrence, predeceased his father.
Lord Trevethin died in August 1936, aged 92. A keen angler in later life, he suffered a seizure while fishing in the River Wye above Builth Wells, fell in and drowned before he was taken out of the water. He was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium. He was succeeded in the barony by his second son Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Trevor Lawrence. His third son Hon. Geoffrey Lawrence also became a noted lawyer and was himself raised to the peerage as Baron Oaksey, before succeeding his elder brother in the barony of Trevethin in 1959.
He was a stopgap as Lord Chief Justice. The Prime Minister David Lloyd George wanted Gordon Hewart to have the post but in the immediate term could not spare him from the House of Commons. On appointment, Lawrence gave Lloyd George a signed but undated letter of resignation. He reputedly learned of his "resignation" when reading a newspaper on a train to London.Baron Kenyon
Lord Kenyon, Baron of Gredington, in the County of Flint, is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1788 for the lawyer and judge Sir Lloyd Kenyon, 1st Baronet. He served as Master of the Rolls and as Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales. Kenyon had already been created a Baronet, of Gredington in the County of Flint, in 1784. His grandson, the third Baron, briefly represented St Michael's in the House of Commons. His grandson, the fourth Baron, held minor office in the governments of Lord Salisbury, Arthur Balfour and David Lloyd George and also served as Lord Lieutenant of Denbighshire. In 1912 Lord Kenyon assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Tyrell. As of 2010 the titles are held by his grandson, the sixth Baron, who succeeded his father in 1993.Baron Taylor
Baron Taylor may refer to:
Baron Isidore Justin Séverin Taylor (1789-1860), a royal commissioner of the Théâtre-Français
Bernard Taylor, Baron Taylor of Mansfield (1895-1991), British coalminer and politician, Labour Party MP
Francis Taylor, Baron Taylor of Hadfield (1905-1995), founder of the housebuilder Taylor Woodrow
Stephen Taylor, Baron Taylor (1910-1988), the sixth Life Peer to be created (1958)
Thomas Taylor, Baron Taylor of Gryfe (1912-2001), British politician
Thomas Taylor, Baron Taylor of Blackburn (1929–2016), Labour member of the House of Lords
Peter Taylor, Baron Taylor of Gosforth (1930-1997), Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales from 1992 to 1996
Matthew Taylor, Baron Taylor of Goss Moor (born 1963), Liberal Democrat peer
John Taylor, Baron Taylor of Holbeach (born 1943), created a Conservative peer in 2006
John Taylor, Baron Taylor of Warwick (born 1952), the first black Conservative peerBrabazon
Brabazon may refer to:
Baron Brabazon of Tara
Chambre Brabazon, 5th Earl of Meath
Derek Moore-Brabazon, 2nd Baron Brabazon of Tara
Francis Brabazon (1907–1984) Australian poet and a member of Meher Baba's mandali
Gerald Hugh Brabazon
Hercules Brabazon Brabazon
Ivon Moore-Brabazon, 3rd Baron Brabazon of Tara
John Moore-Brabazon, 1st Baron Brabazon of Tara
John Ponsonby, 5th Earl of Bessborough
Reginald Brabazon, 12th Earl of Meath
Reginald Le Normand Brabazon, 13th Earl of Meath
Sir Roger Brabazon, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales (1296-1316)
Peter Glenville (born Peter Patrick Brabazon Browne)Chief justice
The chief justice is the presiding member of a supreme court in any of many countries with a justice system based on English common law, such as the Supreme Court of Bangladesh, the Supreme Court of Canada, the Supreme Court of Singapore, the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong, the Supreme Court of Japan, the Supreme Court of India, the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the Supreme Court of Nigeria, the Supreme Court of Nepal, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the Supreme Court of Ireland, the Supreme Court of New Zealand, the High Court of Australia, the Supreme Court of the United States, and provincial or state supreme courts/high courts.
The situation is slightly different in the three legal jurisdictions within the United Kingdom. The courts of England and Wales are headed by the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales; in Northern Ireland's courts, the equivalent position is the Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland, and in the courts of Scotland the head of the judiciary of Scotland is the Lord President of the Court of Session, who is also Lord Justice General of Scotland. These three judges are not, though, part of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, which operates across all three jurisdictions and is headed by the President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.
The chief justice can be selected in many ways, but, in many nations, the position is given to the most senior justice of the court, while, in the United States, it is often the President's most important political nomination, subject to approval by the United States Senate. Although the title of this top American jurist is, by statute, Chief Justice of the United States, the term "Chief Justice of the Supreme Court" is often used unofficially.
In some courts, the chief justice has a different title, e.g. president of the supreme court. In other courts, the title of chief justice is used, but the court has a different name, e.g. the Supreme Court of Judicature in colonial (British) Ceylon, and the Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia (in the US state of West Virginia).Ellenborough, New South Wales
Ellenborough is a parish and village straddling the Oxley Highway and the Ellenborough River, less than one kilometre south of its confluence with the Hastings River. The village is about 33 km west of Wauchope and approximately 71 km east of Walcha. The boundaries are within the Port Macquarie-Hastings Council and Macquarie County.
The village was named by the surveyor and explorer, John Oxley, after Edward Law, 1st Baron Ellenborough (1750–1818), Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales.The area has a diverse range of birds including bowerbirds, king parrots, kingfishers, honeyeaters and wedge-tailed eagles. Native animals include kangaroos, wallabies, echidnas, koalas and possums. Goannas, turtles and platypus may also be seen and there are fish in the river.
Big Nellie Hakea (Hakea archaeoides) and Tree Guinea Flower (Hibbertia hexandra) are threatened flora species that are growing in the region.This is mostly an agricultural region with dairy farming and beef cattle breeding the main industries.Heritage items of significance in the village include: Ellenborough Cemetery and the police station along with the large trees growing there. A camping reserve is situated in the north eastern corner of the village, near the Hastings River.
The Ellenborough Public School has now been closed. The Long Flat village which is about 4 km east of Ellenborough has a public school, hotel, recreation ground and general store. The census does not record Long Flat's population, however the Electoral district of Oxley records show that 296 people voted there in 2007. Long Flat voting in the Division of Lyne recorded 286 voters there in 2007. Ellenborough did not have a polling venue for these elections.Ian Burnett, Baron Burnett of Maldon
Ian Duncan Burnett, Baron Burnett of Maldon, PC (born 28 February 1958) is a British judge and the current Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales.Igor Judge, Baron Judge
Igor Judge, Baron Judge (born 19 May 1941) is a former English judge who served as the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales, the head of the judiciary, from 2008 to 2013. He was previously President of the Queen's Bench Division, at the time a newly created post assuming responsibilities transferred from the office of Lord Chief Justice.John Thomas, Baron Thomas of Cwmgiedd
Roger John Laugharne Thomas, Baron Thomas of Cwmgiedd, (born Carmarthen, 22 October 1947) is a British judge. He served as Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales from 2013 to 2017.Longford Hall, Derbyshire
Longford Hall is a 16th-century country house at Longford in the Dales district of Derbyshire, England. It is a Grade II* listed building.The hall was built in the 16th century for the de Longford family. On the demise of the last of the de Longfords in about 1620 the manor passed to Sarah Reddish, who married Clement Coke, youngest son of Sir Edward Coke, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales. Their son Edward was created a baronet in 1641 (see Coke baronets) and was High Sheriff of Derbyshire in 1646.In 1727, with the extinction of the line descended from Clement Coke, the estate passed to the senior line, the Cokes of Holkham Hall in Norfolk, and was inherited by Robert Coke, son of Sir Edward Coke and Cary Newton. When Robert Coke died in 1750, his nephew Wenman Roberts, son of his older sister Anne (who had married Philip Roberts), inherited Longford Hall. Under the will of Sir Edward Coke, third and last Baronet, Roberts assumed the surname and arms of Coke in order to inherit Longford Hall. In 1775, Wenman Coke also inherited Holkham Hall.The house was much altered in about 1762 by architect Joseph Pickford to a H-plan, two substantial three-storeyed, fifteen-bayed balustraded wings linked by a single-storey central block.
In 1776, at the death of Wenman Coke, his eldest son Thomas William Coke (created Earl of Leicester in 1837) inherited Holkham Hall, and Longford Hall passed to his younger son, Edward Coke. At the death of Edward Coke in 1837, Longford Hall passed to Thomas William Coke, who visited it the same year and found it in a shocking state of disrepair. Coke wrote orders to the bailiff to do all that was necessary to make it habitable. The bailiff, mistakenly believing that the stonework was unsafe, pulled down the tower and the old banqueting hall which contained the carved gallery and stained glass windows bearing the arms of the Longford family from the time of the Conquest. During the last five years of his life, Coke visited Longford annually and returned the estate to its former splendour. In June 1842, Coke, sensing that he was in his last days, decided to pay his boyhood home one last visit. Shortly after his arrival, after dedicating two new bridges he had built over a mill stream that ran through the village, he took seriously ill and died on 30 June 1842 at the age of 88.A fire destroyed the central cross block and much of the upper storeys. They were restored in 1960, but the upper storey is now only a facade.Lord Chief Justice (disambiguation)
Lord chief justice may refer to:
Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales
Lord Chief Justice of Ireland
Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland
Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench for IrelandLord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland
The Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland is the appointed official holding office as President of the Courts of Northern Ireland and is Head of the Judiciary of Northern Ireland. The present Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland is Sir Declan Morgan. His counterpart in England and Wales is the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales, and in Scotland his equivalent is the Lord President of the Court of Session. The position was established with the creation of Northern Ireland in 1922.Malicious Shooting or Stabbing Act 1803
43 Geo 3 c 58, commonly called Lord Ellenborough's Act and sometimes referred to as the Malicious Shooting Act 1803 or the Malicious Shooting or Stabbing Act 1803, is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Bill was proposed by the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales, Edward Law, 1st Baron Ellenborough. Lord Ellenborough wished to clarify the law relating to abortion which at the time was not clearly defined in the common law. The bill was introduced in the House of Lords in March 1803 as the Malicious Shootings Bill and also included provisions for clarifying certain other offences. After various amendments it was passed to the House of Commons on 18 May.
The Act provided that it was an offence for any person to perform or cause an abortion. The punishment for performing or attempting to perform a post quickening abortion was the death penalty (section 1) and otherwise was transportation for fourteen years (section 2).
Similar provision was made for Scotland by the 6 Geo 4 c 126 (An Act to make provision in Scotland for the further prevention of malicious shooting and attempting to discharge loaded firearms, stabbing, cutting, wounding, poisoning, maiming, disfiguring, and disabling His Majesty's subjects).Marquess of Reading
Marquess of Reading is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1926 for Rufus Isaacs, 1st Earl of Reading, the former Viceroy of India and Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales. He had already been created Baron Reading, of Erleigh in the County of Berkshire, in 1914, Viscount Reading, of Erleigh in the County of Berkshire, in 1916, and Viscount Erleigh, of Erleigh in the County of Berkshire, and Earl of Reading, in 1917.The marquessate of Reading is the highest title in the British peerage ever attained by a Jew, and is the most recently created extant marquessate in the Peerage of the United Kingdom (that of Willingdon was created in 1936 but became extinct in 1979). In this role, the marquessate of Reading is currently the junior-most marquessate in the Order of precedence in England and Wales.
Upon the death of the 1st Marquess of Reading, he was succeeded by his son, the second Marquess. He notably held ministerial office from 1951 to 1957 in the Conservative administrations of Winston Churchill and Anthony Eden. As of 2013 the titles are held by his grandson, the fourth Marquess, who succeeded his father in 1980.
In May 1804, the title of Baron Reading was offered to the outgoing Prime Minister, Henry Addington, who had many links with the largely pre-industrialised town, as a subsidiary title of the customary retirement earldom for Prime Ministers. However, Addington refused the honour, though later accepting a peerage as Viscount Sidmouth.
The family seat was Jaynes Court, near Bisley, Gloucestershire.Nick Phillips, Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers
Nicholas Addison Phillips, Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers (called Nick; born 21 January 1938) is a British lawyer and former senior English judge.
Phillips served as the inaugural President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, holding office between October 2009 and October 2012. He is also the last Senior Law Lord and the first Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales to be head of the English judiciary when that function was transferred from the Lord Chancellor in April 2006. Before his chief justiceship, he was Master of the Rolls from 2000 to 2005. He sits as a crossbencher.The Woolf Institute
The Woolf Institute is an academic institute in Cambridge, England, dedicated to the study of relations between Jews, Christians and Muslims. The aim of the Woolf Institute is to use
research and education to explore the relationship between religion and society and reduce intolerance. The Woolf Institute is named in honour of Lord Harry Woolf (former Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales) and was founded by Dr Edward Kessler MBE and the Revd Professor Martin Forward.
Beginning as the Centre for Jewish-Christian Relations, the Institute later expanded to include the Centre for the Study of Muslim-Jewish Relations – the first and only centre in Europe dedicated to fostering a better understanding of relations between Muslim and Jews – and the Centre for Policy and Public Education. In 2010, these Centres were amalgamated under the designation "Woolf Institute", in honour of Lord Harry Woolf, former Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales.
The Woolf Institute is a member of the Cambridge Theological Federation which brings together eleven institutions through which people of different churches, including Anglican, Methodist, Eastern Orthodox, Reformed and Roman Catholic, train for various forms of Christian ministry and service.The Woolf Institute is located in central Cambridge on the Westminster College, Cambridge Site.Thomas Richardson
Thomas or Tom Richardson may refer to:
Thomas Richardson (judge) (1569–1635), Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales
Tom Richardson (cricketer) (1870–1912), English cricketer
Thomas Richardson (chemist) (1816–1867), English industrial chemist and historian
Thomas Richardson (cricketer) (1865–1923), cricketer
Thomas Richardson (wrestler) (born 1956), professional wrestler known by his stage name of Tommy "Wildfire" Rich
Vic Richardson (Australian soldier) (Thomas William Victor Richardson, 1891–1968), World War I Australian soldier and diarist
T. D. Richardson (Thomas Dow Richardson, 1887–1971), British figure skater
Thomas Richardson (Labour politician) (1876–1945), British Labour Party politician, MP 1910–1918
Thomas Richardson (Hartlepool MP, born 1821) (1821–1890), English manufacturer of marine engines and Liberal (later Liberal Unionist) MP for Hartlepool 1874–75 and 1880–90
Thomas Richardson (cartographer), 18th century Scottish cartographer
Thomas Richardson (businessman) (1771–1853), investor and director of the Stockton and Darlington Railway and founder of Middlesbrough
Thomas Richardson (Hartlepool MP, born 1846) (1846–1906), English Liberal Unionist politician, MP for Hartlepool 1895–1900
Thomas Miles Richardson (1784–1848), English landscape-painter
Thomas Richardson, 2nd Lord Cramond (1627–1674), English politician
Thomas P. Richardson (1816–1881), Massachusetts politician
Tom Richardson (footballer) (1891–?), English footballer
Tom Richardson (baseball) (1883–1939), American Major League Baseball player
Tom Richardson (American football) (born 1944), American football wide receiverUCL Faculty of Laws
The UCL Faculty of Laws is the law school of University College London (UCL). It is one of UCL's 11 constituent faculties and is based in London, United Kingdom. It is one of the world’s leading law schools, and ranked 8th globally in the 2018 Times Higher Education World University Rankings for Law.Established in 1826, the Faculty was the first law school in England to admit students regardless of their religion, and the first to admit women on equal terms with men. The Faculty currently has a student body comprising around 650 undergraduates, 350 taught graduates and around 40 research (MPhil/PhD) students and offers a variety of undergraduate and graduate degrees. It publishes a number of journals, including Current Legal Problems, Current Legal Issues, and the UCL Jurisprudence Review.
Notable alumni of the Faculty include Mahatma Gandhi (leader of the Indian independence movement), Chaim Herzog (President of Israel 1983–1993), Sir Ellis Clarke (President of Trinidad and Tobago 1976–1986), Lord Woolf (Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales 2000–2005), Lord Goldsmith QC (Attorney General for England and Wales 2001-2007), Terry Davis (Secretary General of the Council of Europe 2004–2009), Taslim Olawale Elias (President of the International Court of Justice 1979–1985) and Chao Hick Tin (Attorney General of Singapore 2006–2008; Judge of Appeal 1999–2006 and 2008–2017).