Londonderry is a town in western Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The town sits between Manchester and Derry, the largest and fourth-largest communities in the state. The population was 24,129 at the 2010 census and an estimated 26,126 in 2017. Londonderry is known for its apple orchards and is home to the headquarters of Stonyfield Farm and part of Manchester-Boston Regional Airport.
The more densely settled portion of town, where 11,037 people resided at the 2010 census, is defined as the Londonderry census-designated place (CDP) and roughly occupies the southeastern and southern parts of town, around New Hampshire Route 102.
Londonderry, New Hampshire
|• Town council||John Farrell, Chair|
Joe Green Vice Chair
|• Town Manager||Kevin H. Smith|
|• Total||42.1 sq mi (109.1 km2)|
|• Land||42.0 sq mi (108.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2) 0.31%|
|Elevation||420 ft (128 m)|
|• Density||575/sq mi (221.9/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
|GNIS feature ID||0873651|
Londonderry lies in an area that was first known as "Nutfield" because of the dense woods with nut trees. A petition for the town was submitted to the General Court of the Province of New Hampshire on September 23rd, 1719. That petition stated that the petitioners had settled “at Nutfield about the Eleventh of Aprile last” – i.e. April 11th, 1719. That petition requested “ten miles square” and stated that there were now about seventy families and inhabitants from both Ireland and New England. Many of the Scots-Irish settlers had left their homes in Londonderry in the Province of Ulster in the north of Ireland, and arrived in Boston in 1718 to start a new life without religious wars and persecution. On June 21st, 1722, the town was chartered and given the name "Londonderry". The grant made by Samuel Shute, Governor of the Province of New Hampshire, was for a tract of land described as follows:
"Beginning on the North East Angle at a Beach Tree marked which is the south East angle of Chester and Running from thence due South on Kingstown Line four miles and an half and from thence on a West Line one mile and three Quarters and from thence South six miles and an half and from thence West north West nine miles and an half, and from thence North Eleven miles and an half from thence north north East Three miles from thence East South East one mile and from thence South South West to the South West Angle of Chester and from thence on an East Line Bounding on Chester Ten miles unto the Beach Tree first mentioned.”
The town was divided into two parishes on February 25th, 1739/40. Windham was set off and incorporated on February 12th, 1741/42. The northwest portion, with other land, was incorporated as Derryfield, now Manchester, on September 3rd, 1751. Derry was incorporated on July 2nd, 1827. Border adjustments and annexations were made throughout this period continuing until June 27th, 1857, when the line with Hudson (formerly known as Nottingham West) was established.
Approval of the petition submitted to the Province of New Hampshire required the petitioners to obtain an agreement from Col. John Wheelwright for the sale of the land. He held claim to it based on a grant to his grandfather. That agreement was obtained on October 12th, 1719, and included a statement of the bounds, extending west as far as the Merrimack River. This conflicted with a grant for the town of Dunstable, now Nashua, made by the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1673. The provincial line between Massachusetts and New Hampshire was not settled in its present location until 1741. Thus when Londonderry was granted, the westernmost portion actually lay within the Dunstable grant and the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The resulting land conflicts with "Dunstable encroachers" were still being dealt with by the town in 1783 and 1791. Private owners were resolving these conflicts between each other as late as 1812.
The Manchester and Lawrence Railroad was opened in November 1849, with depots at North Londonderry, Wilson's Crossing, Derry and Windham. Two months later, on January 26th, 1850, Dearborn Whittier, a prominent resident, was hit and killed by a railroad car at Wilson's Crossing. On March 12th the town voted to require gates at all crossings, although the issue persisted for a few more years.
The Manchester and Derry Street Railroad, sometimes referred to as the Derry and Manchester Street Railroad or trolley car, opened in December 1907 and operated between Broadway in Derry and Elm Street in Manchester until August 1926.
The first U.S. census, conducted in 1790, reported the town's population to be 2,622.
Londonderry is the westernmost municipality in Rockingham County. It is bordered by the towns of Auburn to the northeast, Derry to the east, and Windham to the southeast, all in Rockingham County, and by Hudson to the south, Litchfield to the west, and Manchester to the north, in Hillsborough County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.1 square miles (109.1 km2), of which 42.0 square miles (108.7 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) is water, comprising 0.31% of the town.
The town of Londonderry is drained on the east and south by Beaver Brook and on the west by Little Cohas Brook, Watts Brook, Colby Brook and Nesenkeag Brook, all of which flow to the Merrimack River. The town's highest point is 535 feet (163 m) above sea level, on Number Eight Hill (named after the old school house that used to be on it) north of the center of town.
The town is crossed by Interstate 93, New Hampshire Route 102, New Hampshire Route 128, and New Hampshire Route 28. Half of Manchester–Boston Regional Airport, including the main terminal, is in the northwest corner of the town.
Though Londonderry has grown to become one of the larger towns, by population, in the state, it lacks any concentrated downtown area, central business district, or town center. Historically, no village had developed in Londonderry, as it was largely a rural farming area. Population growth in the town only began in the 1970s, when the construction of I-93 turned Londonderry into a bedroom community and exurb for the Greater Boston area. The major retail district lies in the town's southeastern corner near where NH 102 interchanges with I-93, with smaller commercial districts lying at the intersection of NH 128 and NH 102, and near where NH 28 and NH 128 merge. The Town Hall and schools are built near the geographic center of the town along an otherwise rural stretch of NH 128.
Londonderry has a four-season humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa), with long, cold, snowy winters, and very warm and somewhat humid summers; spring and fall in between are crisp and relatively brief transitions. Precipitation is well-spread throughout the year, including snowfall in the winter.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 24,129 people, 8,438 households, and 6,678 families residing in the town. The population density was 574.5 people per square mile (221.9/km²). There were 8,771 housing units at an average density of 208.8 per square mile (80.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.8% White, 0.7% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American or Alaska Native, 1.7% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.4% some other race, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.
There were 8,438 households, out of which 41.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.9% were headed by married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.9% were non-families. 15.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.1% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86, and the average family size was 3.21.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 33.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.
For the period 2009-13, the estimated median annual income for a household in the town was $90,263, and the median income for a family was $107,100. Male full-time workers had a median income of $71,280 versus $50,081 for females. The per capita income for the town was $38,553. About 1.6% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
Londonderry is home to numerous businesses, many of which are located in the northern part of the town near Manchester-Boston Regional Airport (MHT), or in the southeastern part of town near I-93, on NH 102. Major businesses headquartered in town include Stonyfield Farm and Blue Seal Feeds; a bottling facility of the Coca-Cola Bottling Co. is also located in town. The town is also home to numerous chain retailers.
Mack's Apples, Sunnycrest Farm, and Elwood Orchards are among the several orchards in town and are emblematic of the town's important farming heritage. The abundance of apple orchards in town has made apple picking a popular fall activity among all residents, many of which affectionately refer to the town as "Appletown".
One former apple orchard is currently being transformed into a 600-acre commercial and residential development to be known as Woodmont Commons.
Londonderry is partially home to the Manchester–Boston Regional Airport which it shares with the city of Manchester. There is no passenger rail service in Londonderry.
The town is served by the Londonderry School District.
Town Meeting May 29th, 1783: Voted to Profsicute Dunstable Encroachers. Notice of Town Meeting October 4th, 1791: 4ly To see what the Proprietors will do with a Number that wants their fourth Division's by being Encroached on by Dunstable Proprietors.
a certain tract of land situate in sd. Londonderry, containing about sixty nine acres, more or less, so far as the same lays within the claim of the sd. Caleb & John by virtue of a Deed to them from Anna Parker & Daniel Abbot Executors of the Estate of Robert Parker Esq. Deceased – being the same land which I purchased of one Joseph Copp
… the road is making good progress towards completion – that it will probably be put in running order as early as October next …
Town Meeting March 12th, 1850: 15th Voted that the Selectmen be instructed to see the Directors of the Manchester and Lawrence Railroad and have the crofsings of highways in said town made secure against any damages liable to occur against the public travellor himself or property.
Arthur Livermore (July 29, 1766 – July 1, 1853) was an American politician and a United States Representative from New Hampshire.Aviation Museum of New Hampshire
The Aviation Museum of New Hampshire is a historical museum operated by the New Hampshire Aviation Historical Society, a non-profit group that preserves the history of flight in the U.S. state of New Hampshire. The organization's goal is to preserve New Hampshire aviation history through a series of dynamic and hands-on exhibits and programs, as the museum's website states. The museum operates in the 1937 Manchester Airport terminal building. The museum expanded in 2011.
The museum offers an accredited aviation education class for New Hampshire high school students. The course has two goals, to help prepare students for college, and to offer a career-based program to enlighten young people about the many and diverse career paths available in aviation today. The course offers six modules, and is based on the "Virtual Skies" NASA curriculum. This course is currently entirely funded by the museum through grants and donations.
The museum also offers a school outreach program geared towards NH and MA students in grades K-8. The presentation is one hour, and includes video, interactive demonstrations, and hands-on paper airplane building and flying.
Hours of operation are Friday and Saturday, 10:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. and Sundays 1:00 - 4:00 p.m.
The museum exists alongside a runway at Manchester–Boston Regional Airport, located in the 1937 terminal and control tower on the east side of the airport at 27 Navigator Road in Londonderry, New Hampshire.Ethan Paquin
Ethan Paquin is an American poet and a native of New Hampshire.George W. Patterson
George Washington Patterson (November 11, 1799 – October 15, 1879) was an American politician in the U.S. State of New York. He served as a member of the United States House of Representatives and as Lieutenant Governor of New York during the 1800s.James Rispoli (motorcyclist)
James Rispoli (born July 19, 1991 in Londonderry, New Hampshire, United States) is an American motorcycle racer. In 2018, he will compete in the British Supersport Championship aboard a Yamaha YZF-R6.
He is also a two-time AMA Supersport Champion, he was champion of the AMA Supersport East Championship in 2011, and also champion of the AMA Supersport West Championship in 2012.He made his Moto2 world championship debut for Michigan-based team GPTech riding a Tech 3 bike . but was registered by the team as Mistral 610, the real name of the bike, due to the team racing as privateer, he qualified 29th and finished 25th in the race behind the Tech 3 riders Danny Kent and Louis Rossi.John Bell (New Hampshire politician)
John Bell (July 20, 1765 – March 22, 1836) was governor of the U.S. state of New Hampshire for one year (1828 to 1829). Samuel Bell, a brother, was the Governor of New Hampshire from 1819 to 1823.John Bell was born on July 20, 1765, in Londonderry in the Province of New Hampshire, the son of John and Mary Ann (née Gilmore) Bell. John Bell, Jr. (1730–1825) served in the New Hampshire Senate from 1786 to 1790 representing Rockingham County.He received a limited education by several New Hampshire common schools, and became a merchant, attaining success by trading and selling New Hampshire products in Canada and Canadian products in New Hampshire. He was later involved in other ventures, including farming and land speculation. Initially a Federalist, according to the New Hampshire Division of Historical Records, he entered state politics when he became a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from Londonderry in 1799. He later moved to Chester, and he married Persis Thom on December 25, 1803. They had 10 children; the youngest, Charles Henry Bell, served as governor from 1881 to 1883. From 1803 to 1804 Bell was a member of the New Hampshire State Senate, representing the 3rd District. He was also a member of the Executive Council of New Hampshire from 1817 to 1823, as a Democratic-Republican and the sheriff of Rockingham County from 1823 to 1828.In 1828 Bell was a National Republican and a supporter of President John Quincy Adams. Adams lost to Andrew Jackson in that year's presidential election, but Bell defeated Jackson supporter Benjamin Pierce 21,149 to 18,672 votes in the election for governor.While he was governor, the Exeter Savings Bank was chartered; several state manufacturing companies were incorporated; a number of schools were founded; and manufacturing within the state increased. Bell also promoted state support for formal agricultural education, and experimentation in farming and agriculture.In 1829, Bell was defeated for re-election by Benjamin Pierce. He then retired from public service, and pursued actively his farming interests. He died in Chester on March 22, 1836, and was buried in the Village Cemetery in Chester.John Fisher (American politician)
John Fisher (March 13, 1806 – March 28, 1882), iron founder, manufacturer, was a politician, both in Canada and the United States. He had one son.
Born in Londonderry, New Hampshire, Fisher moved to Hamilton, Ontario, Canada in 1835, when he established what is believed to have been the first foundry in the city, on the northwest corner of James and Merrick streets, Fisher designed and manufactured the first threshing machines in Canada, basing his ideas on a 1786 model designed by a Scot. He expanded the business with his cousin Calvin McQuesten (who himself would found a powerful Hamilton family), they formed a partnership with two other men, to manage the foundry, with McQuesten remaining in the United States to gain additional necessary funds.
The firm experienced difficulties getting established In 1836 Fisher was forced to sell some assets, lay off workers, and seek loans. In the following year, anti-American sentiment was high, owing to the support given by the United States to William Lyon Mackenzie, and it found expression in a refusal to pay bills and threats to burn the foundry. Fisher was ready to leave, but McQuesten convinced him to remain. The latter settled in Hamilton in 1839, and the two partners, by now the sole proprietors of the business, were determined to make it prosper. The foundry expanded during the 1840s, producing a variety of agricultural equipment. In the 1850s, Fisher, in partnership with other foundries, was a contractor for the Great Western Railway in the manufacture of railway cars. The firm of Fisher and McQuesten was moved to Wellington Street in 1855 after a fire destroyed the original premises. Six years later (1857), he sold his interest in the foundry and moved from Hamilton to Batavia, New York. He was elected as a Republican representative to the 41st Congress (1869–1871), but was unsuccessful in his subsequent re-election bid.
During his years in Hamilton, Fisher was an active participant in the civic life of the community. In 1843 he built a fire engine which he donated to the city and which was housed at the James Street Foundry. Fisher also served on the Hamilton city council as an alderman from 1848–1849, and became the city's fourth mayor (for a one-year term) in 1850. He helped build an orphan asylum donating in 1851 £100 (which according to some sources was his salary as mayor) to the Hamilton Ladies' Benevolent Society for the costs of construction. He served on the building committee with Edward Jackson and Edward Cartwright Thomas, and the asylum (Barton Street Jail) on Wellington Street opened in June 1853.Joseph McKeen
Joseph McKeen (October 15, 1757 – July 15, 1807) was the first president of Bowdoin College of Brunswick, Maine.Laura Silva
Laura Ann Silva (born 6 May 1987) is a beauty queen from Londonderry, New Hampshire who competed in the Miss USA pageant in 2007.
Silva won the Miss New Hampshire USA 2007 title in the state pageant held in Bedford on September 17, 2006. She succeeds Krystal Barry of Belmont. Silva competed in the Miss USA 2007 pageant broadcast live from the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, California on March 23, 2007.
Silva is a marketing student at Plymouth State University and hopes to work as an executive at a large corporation. She is the sister of Cara Silva, who has competed in the Miss New Hampshire system for eight years.Londonderry High School
Londonderry High School is a public secondary school serving grades 9 through 12 in the town of Londonderry, New Hampshire. The school, located on Mammoth Road (New Hampshire Route 128), is on a 135-acre (0.55 km2) parcel of land in the center of town. The main building is 232,250 sq ft (21,577 m2). and the separate gymnasium takes up an additional 52,000 sq ft (4,800 m2). The current capacity is 2100 students; 1521 are enrolled.Peter Patterson (politician)
Peter Patterson (April 10, 1825 – July 24, 1904) was an Ontario businessman and political figure. He represented York West in Legislative Assembly of Ontario, Canada, from 1871 to 1883.
He was born in Londonderry, New Hampshire in 1825 and came to Canada West in 1849. Patterson and his brothers, operating as Patterson Brothers, manufactured agricultural equipment in the Richmond Hill area. They also operated a sawmill, gristmill, foundry and blacksmith shop. The company provided living quarters for their workers, a school and church near the factory. Peter served as reeve for Vaughan Township from 1868 to 1871. In 1886, the operation was relocated to Woodstock to gain access to cheaper transportation via rail. The company was taken over by Massey-Harris in 1891. He died at Vaughan in 1904.Rudy Keeling
Harold Rudolph Keeling (March 14, 1947 – July 6, 2013) was an American college basketball coach and administrator. He was a Division I head basketball coach at the University of Maine and Northeastern University, before becoming Athletic Director at Emerson College and commissioner of the Eastern College Athletic Conference (ECAC).Keeling attended Bishop Dubois High School and Quincy University, where he played basketball and graduated in 1970. In 1977, he began his coaching career as head coach of Bergan High School in Peoria, Illinois. In 1980, he was hired as an assistant at Bradley University by head coach Dick Versace. After a stint at Marquette, Keeling was named head coach at Maine in 1988 - the school's first African-American head coach. In eight seasons at Maine, he compiled a record of 106–122 and led the school to its first 20 win season. From there, Keeling was named head coach at Northeastern, where in five seasons he went 48–92.In 2002, Keeling was named athletic director at Emerson College, where in his five years he added five varsity sports. In 2007, he left to become commissioner of the ECAC, the first African-American commissioner of a major conference.Keeling died on July 6, 2013 in Londonderry, New Hampshire. His daughter is Kara Keeling, a film and gender studies academic. Other children include, Harold Keeling, David Keeling, Lisa Keeling, Christopher "Kip"Keeling, Tina Keeling, and Cory Keeling.Samuel Bell
Samuel Bell (February 9, 1770 – December 23, 1850) was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 14th Governor of New Hampshire from 1819 to 1823, and as the United States Senator for New Hampshire from 1823 to 1835. Born in Londonderry in the Province of New Hampshire, Bell became a lawyer in the 1790s, and entered politics by becoming a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1804. In 1806, the year he left the House, he became the head of a bank which during his tenure in that position became the only New Hampshire bank to fail between 1792 and 1840. A member of the New Hampshire Senate from 1807 to 1809, and an associate justice of the New Hampshire Supreme Court from 1816 to 1819, Bell was elected to become the Governor of New Hampshire in 1819 as Democratic-Republican. Re-elected in 1820, 1821, and 1822 against token opposition, Bell's victory in 1822 was accompanied by the largest share of votes cast for a governor candidate of New Hampshire since John Taylor Gilman's victory in 1795. Whilst Governor, New Hampshire's crime level fell, and industry within the state prospered. In 1823, declining to stand again for the governorship, he became a Senator for New Hampshire. He won re-election in 1829, was the chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Claims, and left the Senate in 1835. He retired from public life thereafter, and died in Chester, New Hampshire at the age of 80. He is buried in Chester Village Cemetery, Rockingham, New Hampshire.Samuel Taggart
Samuel Taggart (March 24, 1754 – April 25, 1825) was a Presbyterian Minister, an American politician and a U. S. Representative from Massachusetts.Sharon Carson
Sharon Carson (born November 11, 1957) is an American politician who has served in the New Hampshire Senate from the 14th district since 2008. She previously served in the New Hampshire House of Representatives from Rockingham's 3rd district from 2000 to 2008.Silas Betton
Silas Betton (August 26, 1768 – January 22, 1822) was an American lawyer, sheriff and politician from the U.S. state of New Hampshire. He served as a member of the United States House of Representatives, the New Hampshire Senate and the New Hampshire House of Representatives during the late 1700s and early 1800s.Stephanie Gosk
Stephanie Gosk (born April 17, 1972) is an American journalist and correspondent who works for NBC News, based in New York City. Gosk contributes to all platforms of NBC News, including Today, NBC Nightly News, and MSNBC.Stonyfield Farm
Stonyfield Farm, also simply called Stonyfield, is an organic yogurt maker located in Londonderry, New Hampshire, USA. Stonyfield Farm was founded by Samuel Kaymen in 1983, on a 19th-century farmstead in Wilton, New Hampshire, as an organic farming school. The company makes the second leading brand of organic yogurt in North America, with 13.3% of the market.In 2001, Groupe Danone, a French food product company whose brands include Evian bottled water and Danone/Dannon yogurt, purchased an initial 40% of Stonyfield shares. This was followed with additional purchases such that Group Danone owned the entire company by 2014.
Gary Hirshberg is chairman and former president and CEO of Stonyfield Farm.
Through its Profits for the Planet program, Stonyfield gives 10% of profits to environmental causes. Its milk comes from New England and Midwest dairy farmers through the CROPP (Organic Valley) cooperative.
In 2003, Stonyfield Farm acquired Brown Cow.In 2006, Stonyfield entered the French market with its Les 2 Vaches (The Two Cows) brand. It also expanded to Canada, with yogurt produced in Quebec. In June 2007, Stonyfield Farm launched its first brand in the UK, Stony, Yogurt on a Mission, though the line has since been discontinued. An organic yogurt brand named Glenisk, however, was successfully launched in Ireland.
On March 31, 2017, Groupe Danone announced its intention to sell the Stonyfield subsidiary to avoid anti-trust claims and to clear the way for the acquisition of more significant U.S. organic food producer WhiteWave Foods. In July 2017 it was announced that Danone had agreed to sell Stonyfield to Lactalis for $875 million. The sale was completed and Stonyfield is now entirely owned by a second French dairy giant.William M. Oliver
William Morrison Oliver (October 15, 1792 – July 21, 1863) was an American politician, and a United States Representative for the state of New York, and Acting Lieutenant Governor of New York.
Places adjacent to Londonderry, New Hampshire
Municipalities and communities of Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States
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