Lon Warneke

Lonnie Warneke (March 28, 1909 – June 23, 1976) (pronounced WARN-a-key), nicknamed "The Arkansas Hummingbird", was a Major League Baseball player, Major League umpire, county judge, and businessman from Montgomery County, Arkansas, whose career won-loss record as a pitcher for the Chicago Cubs (1930–36, 1942–43, 1945) and St. Louis Cardinals (1937–42) was 192–121.

Warneke pitched for the National League in the first Major League Baseball All-Star Game in 1933, hitting the first triple and scoring the first National League run in All-Star game history. He pitched in two other All-Star Games (1934, 1936) and was also selected in 1939 and 1941.

Warneke pitched in two World Series for the Cubs (1932, 1935), compiling a record of 2–1, with a 2.63 earned run average (ERA). He pitched a no-hitter for the Cardinals on August 30, 1941; opened the 1934 season with back to back one-hitters (April 17 and 22); and set a Major League Baseball fielding record for pitchers (since eclipsed) of 227 consecutive chances without an error, covering 163 games. After retiring as a player in 1945, Warneke was an umpire in the Pacific Coast League for three years and then in the National League from 1949 to 1955. Warneke is the only person who has both played and umpired in both an All-Star Game and a World Series.[1]:23

Lon Warneke
Lon warneke - wrigley field 1933
Warneke in 1933
Pitcher
Born: March 28, 1909
Mount Ida, Arkansas
Died: June 23, 1976 (aged 67)
Hot Springs, Arkansas
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 18, 1930, for the Chicago Cubs
Last MLB appearance
September 29, 1945, for the Chicago Cubs
MLB statistics
Win–loss record192–121
Earned run average3.18
Strikeouts1,140
Teams
Career highlights and awards

Early years

Lonnie Warneke, which was his baptismal name, was born March 28, 1909, the fourth of five children to Louis W. ("Luke") Warneke and Martha Belle Scott Warneke in Owley, Arkansas, six miles south of Mount Ida, the county seat of Montgomery County. Mount Ida had a population of 298 in 1920 and 512 in 1930.[2] Luke Warneke (who stood 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m)) had homesteaded 160 acres[3] and was a successful farmer in the farming community of Owley, which consisted of fifteen families.[4] Montgomery County was one of the most rural and sparsely populated counties of Arkansas; by 1910 its population had peaked at 12,455.[2] At the time of Lon Warneke's birth the county had no paved roads, no electricity, and no running water.[4] Luke Warneke, from 1907 to 1913, was in charge of improving the county roads and, using the newly acquired road graders drawn by eight mules, he made major improvements to the roads throughout the county, transforming them from dirt trails often overgrown by brush, pocketed by mud holes, and punctured by tree stumps, to passable, graded two-lane (wagon) roads—although still unpaved.[4]:313 Electricity and running water would not come to most of the county until the 1930s.

Young Lonnie Warneke attended grade school in the one-room schoolhouse in Owley. He soon grew to be among the tallest students in the tiny school. He helped his father on the farm and did chores for his mother. In his free time, he enjoyed the outdoors, hunted and fished; he also played the guitar and fiddle—pursuits that would occupy him his entire life. "Lonnie Warneke is a country boy. He loves hunting dogs and good guns, the trails and loneliness of the wilderness in the rugged mountains surrounding his old home."[1]:12 Even after he became a professional ballplayer, he would return to the country and enjoy the outdoors—as well as play in ballgames with the locals. Because the school in Owley went only through "middle school" years, Warneke attended the nearest high school, that in Mount Ida. Because of his 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m) stature, Warneke played first base for the high school team.[5] In his final year he was pressed into service as a relief pitcher: Warneke faced a semi-professional team and struck out five of six batters he faced.[1]:13 Warneke also played for the Mount Ida Athletics, a squad that played Montgomery County area teams.

Minor league career (1928–30)

After high school Warneke moved to Houston, Texas, where his older sister, Kate, and her husband lived. Warneke got a job delivering telegrams by bicycle for Western Union. In Spring 1928, Warneke approached the president of the Houston Buffaloes, a Texas League baseball team in the St. Louis Cardinals organization, and asked for a tryout as a first baseman. Rebuffed at first, Warneke offered to pay his own way to training camp.[5] At camp, Buffaloes manager Frank "Pancho" Snyder (former catcher for the Cardinals and New York Giants) took a look at Warneke and told the nineteen-year-old that he had the arm of a pitcher.[5] After Snyder's evaluation, Warneke was sent off to pitch for the Laurel Cardinals of the Cotton States League. Warneke impressed no one at Laurel and the Cardinals released him. Due to Warneke's ensuing major league success, the St. Louis Cardinals later instituted a policy such that "any decision to release a player who possesse[s] even one major-league skill (speed, arm, defense, hitting, power) must be made by more than one person" of their organization.[6] Warneke completed the year with another team in the Cotton States League, the Alexandria Reds, a team affiliated with Shreveport of the Texas League. One of Warneke's teammates on Alexandria was Ray Prim, with whom he would pitch for the Cubs in 1943 and 1945. As a converted pitcher in his first professional season, Warneke posted a 1928 combined record for Laurel and Alexandria of 6 wins, 14 losses, with a 5.32 ERA in 176 innings pitched.

Warneke returned to Alexandria for the 1929 season and posted a 16–10 record, with a 3.09 ERA in 245 innings pitched. Alexandria finished first under manager Pete Kilduff. Warneke's success attracted the Chicago Cubs, that year's National League pennant winner. On August 23, just before the Cotton States season closed, the Associated Press carried a story announcing that Warneke had been sold to the Cubs "for $10,000 or more", the highest price ever paid for a Cotton States League player.[1]:13 The sale was initially denied by the Shreveport organization but then confirmed by telegraph to the Alexandria Daily Town Talk a few days later by Kilduff, although he stated the sales price of Warneke was $7,500.[1]:14

Whatever the figure, Lonnie "Country" Warneke reported to the Chicago Cubs spring training facilities on Santa Catalina Island, California in late-February 1930, a month before his twenty-first birthday. Warneke was at once involved in an on-field accident that sent him to the hospital. On February 24, while pitchers were taking batting practice, fellow rookie Bill McAfee, fresh out of the University of Michigan, was taking swings and lost his grip on his bat, sending it hurtling against the forehead of Warneke, who was standing near the batting cage. Warneke slumped to the ground but suffered no serious damage, although he did have to report to the hospital and receive a couple stitches.[7]

Warneke made the regular season roster for the Cubs, although he appeared in only one game before being assigned to the Cubs Class-AA affiliate Reading Keystones on May 23. A week later Warneke pitched a complete game 6–2 victory over Newark, allowing eight hits and striking out five.[1]:14 Yet success largely escaped Warneke that year, as he compiled a 9–12 win-loss record with a 6.03 ERA. He allowed 236 hits in 185 innings for Reading, which finished under .500. Despite such numbers, Warneke would never appear in another minor league game; instead he played at the major league level for the next fourteen years.

Among his teammates on Reading was infielder Billy Jurges, who would play in the major leagues for seventeen years, including six seasons (1931–36) with Warneke as a Cub.

Major league career

Chicago Cubs (1930–36)

First major league appearance

Lon Warneke appeared in one major league game for the Cubs in 1930. His major league debut was on the fourth day of the season, Friday, April 18, at Sportsman's Park, St. Louis versus the Cardinals with 6000 in attendance. The twenty-one-year-old Warneke took the mound in the bottom of the sixth in relief of Guy Bush, with the Cardinals ahead 5–0. Warneke promptly doubled the Cubs' deficit. He worked the sixth inning and gave up one run. In the seventh he recorded one out and gave up another four runs before being pulled for fellow rookie Lynn Nelson. In all, Warneke faced eleven batters, walked five of them, surrendered two hits and allowed five earned runs and a wild pitch in 1 1/3 innings. The final score of the game was 11–1; the winning pitcher was Bill ("Wild Bill") Hallahan. Warneke would not pitch again in the majors until exactly one year later.

The defending National League Champion Cubs finished in second place, two games behind the Cardinals in 1930. Rogers Hornsby, future Hall of Famer, took over managing the Cubs from Joe McCarthy with four games left in the 1930 season. Hornsby continued as player-manager for the Cubs throughout 1931 and the first ninety-nine games of 1932.

Warneke's second major league game was a year to the date after his first. It was also his first major league loss. This time he took the mound on the fifth day of the season, Saturday, April 18, 1931, before 30,000 at Wrigley Field in Chicago versus the visiting Cardinals. The Cubs had rallied for two runs in the ninth to tie the score 5–5 and, having used eight pitchers in the first four games of the season and another two in this game, sent Warneke out in the top of the tenth. He again showed signs of wildness, walking three of six batters faced, allowing a hit and two earned runs, and lasting two thirds of the inning before getting pulled. The Cubs could not make up the deficit and lost 7–5, with Bill ("Wild Bill") Hallahan once again recording the win—and Warneke the loss.

In two games, a year apart, Warneke's major league record was 0–1, 2 innings pitched, allowing seven earned runs on three hits and eight walks, for an ERA of 31.50 and a WHIP of 5.50. Although Warneke was not sent down to the minors, and never saw minor league service again in his career, he didn't pitch again for the Cubs for two months.

On June 18 Warneke pitched a scoreless inning of relief in a game at Ebbets Field against the Brooklyn Dodgers. He fanned two batters, which strike outs were the first two of 1140 in his career.

Warneke's performance earned him the first start of his career, three days later, on Sunday, June 21 in the series closer against Brooklyn. With 15,000 in attendance, Warneke pitched seven innings, allowing six earned runs on nine hits and five walks, with one hit batsman. He allowed his only home run of the season to the Dodgers' cleanup hitter, Del Bissonette, and departed the game after seven with the Cubs down 6–3. Chicago rallied for three in the top of the ninth, thus removing Warneke as the pitcher of record. The Dodgers scored one in the ninth to win the game.

Warneke lost his next two starts, versus the Pittsburgh Pirates and the Philadelphia Phillies, before recording his first major league win. On Wednesday, August 5, Warneke pitched a complete game victory at Wrigley Field against the Cincinnati Reds for the first of 192 career victories and 192 career complete games. Warneke faced 37 batters, allowing 2 earned runs on 8 hits (all singles) and two walks, while striking out 3, winning 3–2. Warneke doubled to drive in the first run of his career.

The Chicago Tribune wrote: "Of great importance in yesterday's game was Lon Warneke, another of the [player-manager, Rogers] Hornsby debutants who may be heard from in the future. The slat-like lad threw so skillfully that...the Reds were confined to eight hits."[8]

Warneke started three more games in 1931, two of them complete games. For the year, Warneke finished 2–4 with a 3.22 ERA in twenty games, including seven starts. In 64 1/3 innings pitched he allowed 67 hits and 37 walks while striking out 27. The Cubs ended the year 84–70 in third place, 17 games behind the repeat league champion Cardinals.

Between 1903 and 1942 the Cubs and Chicago White Sox would almost annually face off in a post-season "City Series" when neither team was playing in the World Series.[9] The series was officially sanctioned by Major League Baseball beginning in 1905. Although official rules and league umpires were used, results and statistics, just as those for the World Series, were not added to regular season totals. Other such "city series" were played elsewhere, such as in Boston, Philadelphia, New York, and Ohio. The 1931 Chicago City Series was played on seven consecutive days from Wednesday, September 30 to Tuesday, October 6. Warneke played in Game 1 of the 1931 Chicago City Series, in which 43-year-old Urban (Red) Faber of the White Sox shut out the Cubs 9–0 at Wrigley Field before a crowd of 15,000. Warneke came on in the seventh inning, faced six batters, allowed one hit and one walk, no runs.

After the 1931 season, Warneke returned home to the family farm in Owley and invested part of his summer pay in 200 feeder cattle at $2.00 a head. Soon after fattening his herd, the cattle market bottomed out. Warneke remarked that he would "keep 'em as pets."[1]:14[10]

1932

In 1932, Cubs manager, Rogers Hornsby credited veteran backup catcher Zack Taylor with helping correct a flaw in Warneke's pitching delivery.[11] Instead of looking at the plate when he threw, he looked down at his feet. Taylor corrected the error and Warneke gained more control over his blazing fastball and hard-breaking curveball.[1]:14 Warneke mused that he would win "about a half dozen games" during the regular season.[10] Instead, Warneke led the National League in wins (22), earned run average (2.37), shutouts (4), and winning percentage (.786), leading the Cubs to the National League Pennant and placing second in Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award voting.[12] Warneke rose to the top of a pitching staff that included Guy Bush (19-11), Charlie Root (15-10), and Pat Malone, another 15-game winner. Offensive stars included Gabby Hartnett, Charlie Grimm, Riggs Stephenson, Billy Herman.

Warneke opened the season with five straight complete game victories,[13] helping the Cubs to a 17–6 first-place start to the season.[14] From mid-June to late July, Warneke ran off a nine-game winning streak,[13] all complete games, in a span of 44 Cubs games in which the rest of the pitching staff went 14–21.[15] On August 4, The Sporting News reported on its front page: "Warneke...is the sensation of the outfit, and there is as yet no indication that he is going to slow down."[16] That same day first baseman Charlie Grimm took over as the Cubs' manager, replacing player-manager Rogers Hornsby, whose record was 53–46; the Cubs were in second place, five games behind the Pittsburgh Pirates. On August 11, Warneke started, but did not win, a 3–2 extra inning victory in which the Cubs leapfrogged over the Pirates into first place,[17] where they remained for the last 47 games of the season.[15] The Cubs finished 37–18 under Grimm. Warneke went 5–1 with two shut outs and four no decisions down the stretch.[13]

1932 World Series

The Cubs' World Series opponent were the New York Yankees, who finished 107–47, outscoring their opponents 1002-724. Led by sluggers Babe Ruth (.341-41-137), Lou Gehrig (.349-34-151), Tony Lazzeri (.300-15-113), Bill Dickey (.310-15-84), and Ben Chapman (.299-10-107), the team was never shut out all season. The pitching staff included Lefty Gomez (24-7), Red Ruffing (18-7), George Pipgras (16-9), and Johnny Allen (17-4). The Cubs' scored 720 runs (fourth in the N.L.) and were shut out eight times. Only three Cub's batters drove in more than 65 runs: Stephenson, 85; Grimm, 80; Kiki Cuyler, 77. Both teams led their leagues in ERA: the Yankees, 3.98 and the Cubs, 3.44.

The Yankees swept the Cubs in the World Series. Warneke started and lost Game 2, 5–2, before 50,000 fans at Yankee Stadium in New York.[18] Nevertheless, he was the Cubs' most effective starter during the series, throwing Chicago's only complete game, in which he scattered ten hits, all singles. Warneke suffered early game jitters, walking the first two batters he faced (both scored) before striking out Babe Ruth. Warneke allowed two more runs in the third and another in the fifth. He retired the side in the sixth, seventh, and eighth innings, facing the minimum nine batters. He struck out seven Yankees in the game and eight in the Series, the most by any Cubs' starter and twice as many as any other Cubs' pitcher.[19] On just two days rest, with the Cubs down three games to none, Warneke was called upon to relieve in the first inning of Game 4; he departed in the fourth inning with the Cubs ahead.[20]

1932 Accolades

Major American newspapers of the day called Warneke the outstanding National League pitcher of the 1932 season[21] and The Sporting News (which had hailed Warneke as "a great pitcher, such as pops up once in a lifetime")[16] named him as one of two pitchers to its 1932 All-Star team,[22] honors foreshadowing the then non-existent Cy Young Award.

St. Louis Cardinals 1937–42

Lon Warneke Cardinals
Warneke with the Cardinals

In October 1936 the Cubs traded Warneke to the St. Louis Cardinals for infielder Ripper Collins and pitcher Roy Parmelee. The trade was not popular with many Cub fans[23] and may have cost the Cubs the pennant.[24] Cub's Gabby Hartnett, player-manager from 1938 to 1940, said "That trade hurt us. It probably cost us the pennant in '37."[1]:19

Without Warneke the Cubs finished 93–61, in second place, three games behind the New York Giants. Meanwhile, Warneke led the Cardinals staff with an 18–11 record. Parmelee went 7–8 for the Cubs and was sold the following year; Collins lasted two seasons with the Cubs. Warneke won 83 games for the Cardinals during his five and a half seasons in St. Louis.

In 1937, Warneke led the Cardinals' staff with an 18–11 record. This was the only season in which Warneke and fellow Arkansas phenom pitcher Dizzy Dean were on the same team.

With the Cardinals, Warneke played guitar and banjo and sang as a member of teammate John "Pepper" Martin's "Mississippi Mudcats" band.[25]

Chicago Cubs 1942–43 and 1945

On July 8, 1942, two days after the All-Star Game, the Chicago Cubs purchased Warneke's contract for $7,500.[1]:19[26] Through the remainder of the 1942 season, Warneke had 15 appearances (12 of them starts) with the Cubs, compiling a 5–7 record. In 1943, he made 21 appearances (10 of them starts), and had a 4–5 record.

Warneke was notified that he passed his military pre-induction physical on March 28, 1944,[27] his 35th birthday. He had previously announced that he was ready "to toss hand grenades at Hitler and Hirohito."[28] As a civilian director, Warneke was put in charge of recreation at the Shumaker Naval Ammunition Depot near Camden, Arkansas, where he organized, managed, and pitched in a baseball league comprising teams from nearby cities, colleges, and military facilities.[29] Many civilians worked in supporting positions during World War II, and Warneke's role was consistent with President Roosevelt's 1942 statement that baseball was a morale booster.[29] Warneke rejoined the Cubs in June 1945,[30][31] but pitched in only nine games in his final season as a player, compiling an 0–1 record. Although the Cubs won the pennant, Warneke did not appear in the 1945 World Series.

Umpiring career

Lon Warneke umpire
Warneke as an NL umpire, c. 1955

Warneke first umpired a major league game in 1940, under unusual circumstances.[32] A game on April 23 between the Cincinnati Reds and St. Louis Cardinals had been postponed, and when it was about to be played at Crosley Field on May 13, it was found that no umpires had been assigned by the National League. Umpire Larry Goetz, who lived in Cincinnati, was summoned to the ballpark and served as home plate umpire. Reds' coach Jimmie Wilson umpired at first base, and Warneke umpired at third base.[33] The game ended as an 8–8 tie after 14 innings, called due to darkness.[34]

After his playing career ended, Warneke umpired in the Pacific Coast League for the 1946, 1947, and 1948 seasons. In 1949, he became a National League umpire, working that season on a three-man umpiring crew with Jocko Conlan and Bill Stewart.[32] Warneke umpired through the 1955 season, working a total of 1055 games while making 44 ejections.[35][32] He was an umpire for the 1952 All-Star Game and for the 1954 World Series; he was umpiring along the left field line when Willie Mays made "The Catch" on September 29, 1954.[32][36] Warneke resigned as an umpire after the 1955 season.

Later life and death

Warneke was a businessman in Hot Springs, Arkansas, before serving as County Judge of Garland County, Arkansas, from 1963 to 1972. Warneke was elected to the Arkansas Sports Hall of Fame on January 19, 1961, and still leads all Arkansas players in many Major League pitching categories including wins, games started, innings pitched, complete games, and shutouts.[37] Warneke died on June 23, 1976, at his home in Hot Springs; he is buried in Owley Cemetery in Montgomery County. On July 21, 2011, Warneke was posthumously inducted into the Reading Baseball Hall of Fame.[38]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Donald Duren, "Lon Warneke: the Arkansas hummingbird", The Record Archived March 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine 33 (1992).
  2. ^ a b "Census Information for Montgomery Co., Arkansas". Montgomery County ArkansasGenWeb Project. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
  3. ^ "Lon Warneke: from pitcher to umpire to judge". Rootsweb. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c Montgomery County: Our heritage, 1 (1986).
  5. ^ a b c Lonnie Warneke, "How I got my start in baseball", Chicago Daily Tribune, May 3, 1932, as told to Irving Vaughan.
  6. ^ Jerome M. Mileur, High-flying birds: the 1942 St. Louis Cardinals, University of Missouri Press, 2009, p. 246, note 10.
  7. ^ "Cub player is injured: Warneke hit on forehead by flying bat during practice", The New York Times, February 25, 1930; Irving Vaughan, "Gabby Hartnett gives arm first test of the season", Chicago Daily Tribune, February 25, 1930, p. 19.
  8. ^ Irving Vaughan, "Cubs whip Reds, 3–2, on Barton's hit in 9th", Chicago Daily Tribune, August 6, 1931, p. 19.
  9. ^ Frederick Ivor-Campbell, "City Series,", Retrosheet. (Re-printed from Total Baseball, 1989.) Retrieved July 23, 2011
  10. ^ a b See also Irving Vaughan, "Cubs unveil a musician on way west", Chicago Daily Tribune, February 15, 1932, p. 17. Vaughan quotes Warneke as saying: "I haven't been able to sell any, but I can feed 'em for a year on $35 and at that rate I can keep 'em for pets."
  11. ^ "How Warneke Got Control". The Reading Eagle. July 20, 1932. p. 10. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
  12. ^ "1932 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
  13. ^ a b c "The 1932 CHI N Regular Season Pitching Log for Lon Warneke". Retrosheet. Retrieved July 21, 2011.
  14. ^ "Events of Tuesday, May 10, 1932". Retrosheet. Retrieved July 21, 2011.
  15. ^ a b "1932 Chicago Cubs Schedule, Box Scores and Splits". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 21, 2011.
  16. ^ a b Irving Vaughan, "Warneke hurling only balm for Chicago Cubs, The Sporting News, August 4, 1932, p. 1.
  17. ^ "Events of Thursday, August 11, 1932". Retrosheet. Retrieved July 21, 2011.
  18. ^ "1932 World Series Game 2". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 21, 2011.
  19. ^ "1932 World Series". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 21, 2011.
  20. ^ "1932 World Series Game 4". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 21, 2011.
  21. ^ "Warneke outstanding pitcher for National League in 1932", New York Times, December 29, 1932; Edward Burns, "1932 averages prove Warneke best pitcher", Chicago Daily Tribune, December 29, 1932, p. 13.
  22. ^ Patrick Mondout, "The Sporting News All-Stars", Baseball Chronology. Archived from the original on July 12, 2011.
  23. ^ John Miskell, "Lon Warneke", Montgomery County: Our heritage, 1 (1986), p. 252.
  24. ^ Al Yellon, "The Top 100 Cubs Of All Time – #50 Lon Warneke", Bleed Cubbie Blue, December 31, 2006. Archived from the original Archived July 22, 2011, at WebCite on July 21, 2011.
  25. ^ Robert Creamer, "Mudcats in the Gashouse", Sports Illustrated 6(16) (April 22, 1957), p. 28.
  26. ^ Edward Burns, "Lon Warneke's a Cub again; reports today", Chicago Daily Tribune, July 9, 1942, p. 19. Note both Duren, "Lon Warneke", p, 19 and the Chicago Tribune list the figure as $7,500, which is what the Tribune says was the "waiver price" of the day. Retrosheet and Baseball Reference (based on Retrosheet) list a figure of $75,000.
  27. ^ "Lon Warneke Passes Exam". The Tennessean. Nashville, Tennessee. AP. March 29, 1944. Retrieved May 8, 2017 – via newspapers.com.
  28. ^ "Warneke Passes Screen Tests; Awaits Draft Call". Chicago Tribune. AP. January 6, 1944. Retrieved May 8, 2017 – via newspapers.com.
  29. ^ a b Duren, Don (June 25, 2014). Lon Warneke: The Arkansas Hummingbird. Xulon Press. ASIN B00LB9DK1K. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  30. ^ "Lon Warneke to Re-Join Cubs for Rest of Season". Chicago Tribune. June 3, 1945. Retrieved May 8, 2017 – via newspapers.com.
  31. ^ "WARNEKE TO REPORT TO BRUINS NEXT WEEK". The Star Press. Muncie, Indiana. AP. June 3, 1945. Retrieved May 8, 2017 – via newspapers.com. Recently he has been engaged as a civilian employee with the naval ordinance district
  32. ^ a b c d Schechter, Gabriel (March 9, 2017). "LON WARNEKE: A MOST JUDICIOUS PITCHER". thenationalpastimemuseum.com. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  33. ^ "14-INNING GAME ENDS IN 8-8 TIE IN CINCINNATI". The Monroe News-Star. Monroe, Louisiana. AP. May 14, 1940. Retrieved May 8, 2017 – via newspapers.com.
  34. ^ "Cincinnati Reds 8, St. Louis Cardinals 8". Retrosheet. May 13, 1940. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  35. ^ "Lon Warneke". Retrosheet. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  36. ^ "New York Giants 5, Cleveland Indians 2". Retrosheet. September 29, 1954. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  37. ^ "Leader Board". Baseball in Arkansas Project. Archived from the original on July 12, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  38. ^ "25th Class of the Reading Baseball Hall of Fame induction details". Reading Eagle. Reading, Pennsylvania. June 19, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011.

Further reading

External links

Achievements
Preceded by
Tex Carleton
No-hitter pitcher
August 30, 1941
Succeeded by
Jim Tobin
1931 Chicago Cubs season

The 1931 Chicago Cubs season was the 60th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 56th in the National League and the 16th at Wrigley Field. The Cubs finished third in the National League with a record of 84–70, 17 games behind the St. Louis Cardinals.

1932 Chicago Cubs season

The 1932 Chicago Cubs season was the 61st season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 57th in the National League and the 17th at Wrigley Field. The Cubs finished first in the National League with a record of 90–64, four games ahead of the second place Pittsburgh Pirates. The team was swept four games to none by the New York Yankees in the 1932 World Series.

1932 Major League Baseball season

The 1932 Major League Baseball season.

1932 World Series

The 1932 World Series was a four-game sweep by the American League champions New York Yankees over the National League champions Chicago Cubs. By far its most noteworthy moment was Babe Ruth's "called shot" home run, in his 10th and last World Series. It was punctuated by fiery arguments between the two teams, heating up the atmosphere before the World Series even began. A record 13 future Hall of Famers played in this Series, with three other future Hall of Famers also participating: umpire Bill Klem; Yankee's manager Joe McCarthy; and Cubs manager Rogers Hornsby. It was also the first in which both teams wore uniforms with numbers on the backs of the shirts.

1933 Chicago Cubs season

The 1933 Chicago Cubs season was the 62nd season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 58th in the National League and the 18th at Wrigley Field. The Cubs finished third in the National League with a record of 86–68.

1933 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1933 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the first edition of the All-Star Game known as the "Midsummer Classic". This was the first official playing of the midseason exhibition baseball game between Major League Baseball's (MLB's) National League (NL) and American League (AL) All-Star teams. The game was held on July 6, 1933, at Comiskey Park in Chicago, Illinois, the home of the AL's Chicago White Sox. The game resulted in the AL defeating the NL 4–2, in two hours and five minutes.

The first MLB All-Star game (unofficial all-star game called the Addie Joss Benefit Game) was held on July 24, 1911, in Cleveland at Cleveland League Park (League Park, 1891–1946), the American League All-Stars versus the Cleveland Naps (1903–1915). The AL All-Stars won 5-3.

1935 Chicago Cubs season

The 1935 Chicago Cubs season was the 64th season for the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 60th in the National League and the 20th at Wrigley Field. The season saw the Cubs finish with 100 wins for the first time in 25 years; they would not win 100 games in another season until 2016. The Cubs won their 14th National League pennant in team history and faced the Detroit Tigers in the World Series, but lost in six games.

The 1935 season is largely remembered for the Cubs' 21-game winning streak. The streak began on September 4 with the Cubs 2.5 games out of first place. They would not lose again until September 28. The streak propelled the Cubs to the National League pennant. The 21-game winning streak tied the franchise and major league record set in 1880 when they were known as the Chicago White Stockings.

1935 World Series

The 1935 World Series featured the Detroit Tigers and the Chicago Cubs, with the Tigers winning in six games for their first championship in five Series appearances. They had lost in 1907, 1908, 1909, and 1934.

The Tigers won despite losing the services of first baseman Hank Greenberg. In Game 2, Greenberg collided with Cubs catcher Gabby Hartnett and broke his wrist, sidelining him for the rest of the Series.

The Cubs had won 21 consecutive games in September (still a record as of 2018), eventually taking the National League pennant by four games over the defending World Series champions, the St. Louis Cardinals.

In Game 6, Tommy Bridges pitched a complete game victory to win the Series for Detroit. With the score tied 3–3 in the top of the ninth inning, Bridges gave up a leadoff triple to Stan Hack, but retired the next three batters without the runner on third scoring. In the bottom of the ninth, Goose Goslin drove in the winning run with two outs. After the game, manager Mickey Cochrane said the following of Bridges' gutsy performance: "A hundred and fifty pounds of courage. If there ever is a payoff on courage this little 150-pound pitcher is the greatest World Series hero."In addition to Bridges, the Tigers had a hitting hero. Right fielder Pete Fox accumulated ten hits and an average of .385 for the Series. Fox hit safely in all six games.

Detroit owner Frank Navin, then 64 years old, had been running the organization for 30 years and had seen four of his teams win American League pennants, only to lose four World Series. Six weeks after the Tigers finally won the World Series in October 1935, Navin suffered a heart attack while riding a horse and died.

1936 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1936 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the fourth playing of the mid-summer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was held on July 7, 1936, at National League Park in Boston, Massachusetts, the home of the Boston Bees of the National League. The game resulted in the National League defeating the American League 4–3. It was the National League's first win in All-Star Game history.

1939 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1939 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 58th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 48th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 92–61 during the season and finished 2nd in the National League.

1941 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1941 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 60th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 50th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 97–56 during the season and finished 2nd in the National League.

1942 Philadelphia Phillies season

The 1942 Philadelphia Phillies season was the 60th season in the history of the franchise. The team, managed by Hans Lobert, began their fifth season at Shibe Park. Prior to the season, the team shortened the team nickname to 'Phils'. Of the change, a baseball writer opined prior to the season, "the gag is they wanted to get the 'lie' out of their name."

1942 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1942 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 61st season in St. Louis, Missouri and its 51st season in the National League. The Cardinals went 106–48 during the season and finished first in the National League. In the World Series, they met the New York Yankees. They won the series in 5 games.

Pitcher Mort Cooper won the MVP Award this year, with a 1.78 ERA, 22 wins, and 152 strikeouts.

1945 Chicago Cubs season

The 1945 Chicago Cubs season was the 74th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 70th in the National League and the 30th at Wrigley Field. The Cubs won the National League pennant with a record of 98–56, 3 games ahead of the second-place St. Louis Cardinals. The team went on to the 1945 World Series, which they lost to the Detroit Tigers in seven games. It would take 71 years before the Cubs made it to another World Series.

1964 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1964 followed the system introduced for even-number years in 1962.

The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players with provision for a second, "runoff" election in case of no winner. The runoff was necessary this year, with Luke Appling the winner.

Meanwhile, the Veterans Committee was meeting annually to consider executives, managers, umpires, and earlier major league players.

It selected six people: Red Faber, Burleigh Grimes, Miller Huggins, Tim Keefe, Heinie Manush, and John Montgomery Ward.

Further, the eligibility of retired players was reduced from having retired thirty years prior to election to twenty.

Jimmie Wilson (baseball)

James Wilson (July 23, 1900 – May 31, 1947), nicknamed "Ace," was an American professional athlete in soccer and baseball. He began his professional sports career as a soccer outside right in the National Association Football League and American Soccer League before becoming a catcher, manager and coach in Major League Baseball. Wilson was the starting catcher for the National League in baseball's first All-Star game. He threw and batted right-handed and was listed at 6 ft 1 1⁄2 in (187 cm) tall and 200 pounds (91 kg).

Les Tietje

Leslie William "Toots" Tietje (September 11, 1910 – October 2, 1996) was an American Major League Baseball pitcher with the Chicago White Sox and St. Louis Browns between 1933 and 1938. Tietje batted and threw right-handed. He was born in Sumner, Iowa.

He broke into professional baseball in 1931, pitching for the Waterloo Hawks and going 8–13 with a 5.03 ERA. He spent 1932 with Waterloo, going 8–14, and hitting .212 with four home runs. In 1933, he spent most of the season with the Dallas Steers, going 14–10 with a 3.51 ERA. He earned a call up to the big leagues, and on September 18 he made his debut. He started three games for the White Sox that year, going 2–0 with a 2.42 ERA. As he would throughout his entire career, he walked more batters than he struck out: in 22​1⁄3 innings, he walked 15 batters and struck out only nine.

According to John Carmichael, Tietje was on pace for a successful career, but he developed arthritis in his arm and was hampered by that for the rest of his career. In 1934, for example, he was only 5–14 with a 4.81 ERA. In 176 innings, he walked 96 batters and struck out only 81. His 4.14 strikeouts per nine innings were seventh best in the league that year, and the 20 home runs he gave up were the second most. His 14 losses were ninth most.

On April 12, 1935, Tietje was scheduled to start the first Chicago White Sox versus Chicago Cubs game ever held at Wrigley Field; he would have faced Lon Warneke. That game was rained out however. In the 1935 regular season, Tietje went 9–15 with a 4.30 ERA. He walked 81 batters and struck out 64. His 15 losses were third most in the league, and his six wild pitches were eighth most. He began the 1936 season with the White Sox, but after posting a 27.00 ERA in two games with them he was traded to the Browns for Sugar Cain. He made 14 appearances for the Browns, half of which he started, and went 3–5 with a 6.62 ERA for them. Overall, he went 3–5 with a 7.52 ERA, walking 35 batters and striking out only 19. He went 1–2 with a 4.20 ERA in 1937, walking 17 batters and striking out five. That season, he spent a large amount of time with the San Antonio Missions, going 14–7 with a 2.67 ERA. In 1938, his final season, he went 2–5 with a 7.55 ERA. He walked 38 batters and struck out 15.

Although he played his final big league game on September 4, 1938, he stuck around and played in the minors until 1942. Playing for the Missions in 1939, he went 14–8 with a 3.24 ERA. He went 5–7 with a 4.12 ERA for the Missions in 1940. Playing for the Waterloo Hawks in 1941, he went 9–8 with a 4.11 ERA. In 1942, his final season, he went 0–4.

Overall, Tietje went 22–41 with a 5.11 ERA in 105 games (65 starts). In 512​2⁄3 innings, he walked 282 batters and struck out 193. He hit .099 in 171 big league at-bats. In the minors, he went 67–64. Statistically, he is most similar to Mike Morrison, according to the Similarity Scores at Baseball-Reference.com.

At the time of his death Tietje lived in Kasson, Minnesota.He was interred at Maple Grove Cemetery in Kasson.

List of Chicago Cubs Opening Day starting pitchers

The Chicago Cubs are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Chicago that plays in the National League Central division. In the history of the franchise, it has also played under the names Chicago White Stockings, Chicago Colts and Chicago Orphans. The first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, and being named the Opening Day starter is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. The Cubs have used 68 different starting pitchers on Opening Day since they first became a Major League team in 1876. The Cubs have a record of 74 wins, 60 losses and 2 ties in their Opening Day games.

The Cubs have played in seven different home ball parks. They have played at their current home, Wrigley Field, since 1916. They have a record of 22 wins, 21 losses and 1 tie in Opening Day games at Wrigley Field. They had an Opening Day record of six wins, one loss and one tie at their other home ball parks, for a total home record in Opening Day games of 28 wins, 22 losses and 2 ties. Their record in Opening Day away games is 46 wins and 38 losses.

Ferguson Jenkins holds the Cubs record for most Opening Day starts with seven, in which his record was two wins, two losses and three no decisions. Carlos Zambrano has made six Opening Day starts. Larry Corcoran, Clark Griffith, Grover Cleveland Alexander, Charlie Root and Rick Sutcliffe have each made five Opening Day starts for the Cubs. Orval Overall, Lon Warneke, Bob Rush, Larry Jackson and Rick Reuschel each made four Opening Day starts for the Cubs, and Bill Hutchinson, Jon Lieber, Claude Passeau, Jack Taylor and Hippo Vaughn each made three such starts.

Five Cubs' Opening Day starting pitchers have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame: Griffith, Alexander, Jenkins, Al Spalding and John Clarkson. In addition, 300–game winner Greg Maddux was the Cubs' Opening Day starting pitcher in 1992. The Cubs have won the modern World Series championship twice, in 1907 and 1908. Overall was the Cubs' Opening Day starting pitcher both seasons, and the Cubs won both of those Opening Day games. Don Cardwell was the Cubs' Opening Day starting pitcher against the Houston Colt .45s on April 10, 1962, the first game in Houston's history. The Cubs lost the game by a score of 11–2.

Tex Carleton

James Otto "Tex" Carleton (August 19, 1906 – January 11, 1977) was a Major League Baseball pitcher from 1932 to 1940 for the St. Louis Cardinals, Chicago Cubs, and Brooklyn Dodgers. Carleton threw a no-hitter on April 30, 1940 against the Reds when he was with the Dodgers. Only a year earlier he had been sold down to the minors and released. His career marks were 100 wins, 76 loses and a 3.90 ERA.

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