Local news

In journalism, local news refers to coverage of events, by the news, in a local context that would not be an interest of another locality, or otherwise be of national or international scope. Local news, in contrast to national or international news, caters to the news of their regional and local communities; they focus on more localized issues and events.[1] Some key features of local newsrooms includes regional politics, business, and human interest stories.[2] Local news readership has been declining in recent years, according to a recent study.[3]

Television

Opt-outs of local television news are frequent before, during, or after national evening news television programming. Often times, television networks can also commission or make provisions for their local stations to produce a longer standalone local news programmes. In some cases, local television markets/viewing areas within a country may even have a dedicated 24-hour local news channel. Local news stations have also started covering less and less local politics in favor of stories that they believe will garner more clicks or attention.[1] A study has also shown that there has also been less investigative journalism within local news stations in recent years.[1]

Differences

Local news largely covers the following:

  • local sports
  • local crime and justice
  • local weather
  • local business and economy
  • local events
  • local education
  • local politics
  • local traffic updates (especially during morning newscasts)

National and international news, however, tend to cover a wider range of content, including news concerning specialized institutions of wide-ranging international power or influence, such as:

  • (inter)national political and intergovernmental events
  • stock markets
  • (inter)national sports competitions
  • regional environmental events
  • media/entertainment events
  • science/technology events
  • air traffic/aviatory transport events
  • defense/security events

Practices in each country

In the United States, local news is provided on local commercial broadcasting channels (some of which are television network affiliates). They can either be standalone newscasts that run for at least a half-hour or short segments that air attached to national morning newscasts approximately 25 and 55 minutes past the hour. As not all stations are owned and operated by a television network, the graphics, branding, and studio designs of a station's newscasts often differ from the network they are affiliated with although in recent years, affiliates have made some form of on-air reference to their corresponding networks in the branding of their newscasts. In addition, the local news departments of stations also superimpose their on-screen digital clocks, thermometers, and (occasionally) local news tickers on graphics provided by networks during morning network newscasts. Some cable channels are dedicated to local news coverage. Examples of this include NY1 in New York and WJLA 24/7 News (formerly NewsChannel 8) in the Washington DC market.

In the United Kingdom, most local news is provided on a local network station with similar branding and studio design to that of the national network news. Examples of this include the nationally networked BBC News and its regional news services such as BBC North West Tonight (on BBC North West) and BBC Newsline (on BBC Northern Ireland); the nationally networked ITV News and its regional stations including ITV Granada and UTV. The long version of BBC and ITV's local news shows often air during the 18:00 hour on weekday evenings. STV, which simulcasts most of the ITV network's programmes in Scotland, is not owned and operated by ITV but has its own branded newscast that broadcasts Scottish-centred news at the same time as ITV's regional news services.

In France, most local news is aired on France Televisions' France 3. Additionally BFM TV also has a local news channel for the Ile-de-France region called BFM Paris.

In Germany, each regional public broadcaster shows a half-hour worth of regional news at 19.30 Central European Time on channel 3.

Norway's public broadcaster, NRK1, airs a local news programme called NRK Distriktsnyheter (name of viewing area) every weekday evening at 18:45 Central European Time, just before the main national newscast Dagsrevyen. A replay of all local newscasts across the country is shown on NRK2 the following morning (Tuesday to Saturday).

Finland's public broadcaster (YLE) airs an eight-minute long regional news bulletin at 18:21 Eastern European Time every weeknight on YLE1. The bulletins from all regions are replayed across the country the following day starting from 10:50 to 12:10 Eastern European Time on YLE1.

In Sweden, SVT's regional news is simply called SVT Nyheter (name of viewing area) which shares the same branding as the network's main newscast, Rapport. Unlike SVT's counterparts in the US and UK, during morning programmes, the local news opt-out airs in the middle of each half-hour. Since June 2017, the morning regional cut-ins no longer feature an in-studio presenter but instead show compiled short reports from various correspondents across the region. When SVT World was still airing, the simulcast of the morning programme featured a different regional opt-out during each half-hour. A 13-minute standalone local newscast airs at 18:30 Central European Time each weekday evening after Sportnytt (SVT's sport news) on SVT1. Additionally, a short local news segment is incorporated into SVT's other evening newscast Aktuellt which airs on SVT2. In that case, this local news segment shares the same branding and graphics as Aktuellt. There are no local SVT newscasts on Saturdays.

Newspapers

A lot of newspapers specialise in covering the cities they are based in. Although paper copies of local newspapers are usually sold and circulated exclusively in the local areas they operate (with entities such as libraries or relatives wanting a copy of the paper where a family member is mentioned being mailed copies of outside of circulation areas), companies may make digital copies of their newspapers available to interested readers directly on their website or through services such as PressReader often with a paid subscription.

In the United States, although newspapers such as The New York Times and The Washington Post have a 'national' focus on their front pages, they still have dedicated sections for news in the areas they are based in. Weather sections also highlight conditions in the local area and the sport sections feature local teams alongside national sport stories. Their local editions also feature local classified ads.

Local News in the Digital Age

In the age of digital media, local news readership has started to fall.[3][1] This can be attributed to the younger generation's disinterest in traditional news sources and the inability of news stations to fully integrate their business models and practices into the age of digital journalism.[2][3] While national and international news industries began using Twitter as a way to break news and interact with their audiences, local news mediums have fallen behind, trending towards using Twitter as a secondary source for spreading information rather than a primary tool for audience engagement.[2]

Since Internet sites reach a larger audience, more local news agencies have started their own websites to compete in the digital age.[1] Websites are a great way for local news stations to produce more interactive content, which engages the audiences and increases readership.[2]

Aside from the Internet, Twitter specifically has become a great way to engage the younger generation in news, gain more readership, and spread information.[2] National news sources have started using Twitter to quickly notify the public of breaking news and to interact with their readers, but local news have failed to integrate Twitter and other forms of social media into their journalism practices as successfully.[2] While local TV news stations have actually been a bit more effective with using social media, local newspapers have overall fallen behind.[2] By engaging the audience and spreading important information, social media has been considered a solid method for strengthening the core standards of journalism.[2] As a result, social media like Twitter has become a vital tool for news agencies to incorporate into their everyday practices.[2]

As a result of the transition to digital content, local news agencies have had to change their business models. Although they previously gained revenue from subscriptions, more agencies have started making money from online advertising, but this only accounts for a small portion of revenue.[3] This loss in revenue has been linked to a decline in local journalistic integrity, because with less profit, the need to make money through clickbait articles has become a necessity.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Franklin, Bob (1998). Local Journalism and Local Media : Making the Local News. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/aul/detail.action?docID=240326: Taylor and Francis.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Meyer, Kelly M.; Tang, Tang (2015-10-02). "#SocialJournalism: Local News Media on Twitter". International Journal on Media Management. 17 (4): 241–257. doi:10.1080/14241277.2015.1107569. ISSN 1424-1277.
  3. ^ a b c d e Wadbring, Ingela; Bergström, Annika (2017-02-01). "A Print Crisis or a Local Crisis?". Journalism Studies. 18 (2): 175–190. doi:10.1080/1461670X.2015.1042988. ISSN 1461-670X.
CBC News

CBC News is the division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation responsible for the news gathering and production of news programs on the corporation's English-language operations, namely CBC Television, CBC Radio, CBC News Network, and CBC.ca. Founded in 1941, CBC News is the largest news broadcaster in Canada and has local, regional and national broadcasts and stations. It frequently collaborates with its French-language counterpart, Radio-Canada Info, although the two are organizationally separate.

The CBC follows the Journalistic Standards and Practices which provides the policy framework within which CBC journalism seeks to meet the expectations and obligations it faces from the public.

CTV News

CTV News is the news division of the CTV Television Network in Canada. The name CTV News is also applied as the title of local and regional newscasts on the network's owned-and-operated stations (O&Os), which are closely tied to the national news division. Local newscasts on CTV 2 are also branded as CTV News, although in most cases they are managed separately from the newscasts on the main CTV network.

Daily Local News

The Daily Local News is a daily newspaper that covers events in Chester County, Pennsylvania, USA, with limited coverage in neighboring Lancaster and Delaware Counties due to school districts and interscholastic league coverage in these two neighboring counties. First published in West Chester in 1872, the newspaper in 2011 was owned by the Journal Register Company.

E. W. Scripps Company

The E. W. Scripps Company is an American broadcasting company founded in 1878 as a chain of daily newspapers by Edward Willis "E. W." Scripps. It was also formerly a media conglomerate. The company is headquartered inside the Scripps Center in Cincinnati, Ohio. Its corporate motto is "Give light and the people will find their own way."

Global News

Global News is the news and current affairs division of the Global Television Network in Canada, itself owned by Corus Entertainment, overseeing all of the network's national news programming as well as local news on its 15 owned-and-operated stations.

Corus also operates several talk radio stations under the "Global News Radio" brand.

NJ.com

NJ.com is a digital news content provider and website in New Jersey owned by Advance Publications. According to a report in The New York Times in 2012, it was the largest provider of digital news in the state at the time. In 2018, comScore reports that NJ.com has an average of 12.1 million unique monthly visitors consuming a total of 70 million pageviews per month.Content on NJ.com is provided by NJ Advance Media, a company launched in June 2014 to provide content, sales and marketing services to NJ.com and Advance's New Jersey-based newspapers, including The Star-Ledger, The Times of Trenton, The Jersey Journal, the South Jersey Times,The Hunterdon County Democrat, The Star-Gazette, The Warren Reporter, The Suburban News, Hoboken Now, Ledger Local, Ledger Somerset Observer, The Star-Gazette and The Washington Township Times. It is owned by Advance Local, an organization which operates 10 local news and information sites in the U.S. The site was ranked by Alexa as 2,712th worldwide and 661st in the United States in May 2016. NJ.com's news reports are widely quoted by other news publications such as the New York Daily News, the Chicago Tribune, the Washington Post, and other news organizations around the nation.

NJ.com is part of a general trend away from printed newspapers towards digital content; a report in USA Today in 2012 suggested that many newspaper readers were moving to digital websites such as NJ.com for local news. In 2018, Steve Alessi became NJ Advance Media, leading the NJ.com operation when Matt Kraner was promoted to COO of the newly formed Advance Local. In 2016, its editors called on Governor Chris Christie to resign from office, after a failed presidential campaign and Christie's controversial endorsement of Republican presidential frontrunner Donald Trump. In return the editors received calls to resign from supporters of Donald Trump for biased coverage and editorializing news. Advance Publications is owned by the Newhouse family. According to a report in 2014, NJ.com was laying off some employees, although there were reports that staffing losses were being offset by hiring at NJ Advance Media.

News

News is information about current events. This may be provided through many different media: word of mouth, printing, postal systems, broadcasting, electronic communication, or through the testimony of observers and witnesses to events.

Common topics for news reports include war, government, politics, education, health, the environment, economy, business, fashion, and entertainment, as well as athletic events, quirky or unusual events. Government proclamations, concerning royal ceremonies, laws, taxes, public health, and criminals, have been dubbed news since ancient times. Humans exhibit a nearly universal desire to learn and share news, which they satisfy by talking to each other and sharing information. Technological and social developments, often driven by government communication and espionage networks, have increased the speed with which news can spread, as well as influenced its content. The genre of news as we know it today is closely associated with the newspaper, which originated in China as a court bulletin and spread, with paper and printing press, to Europe.

News broadcasting

News broadcasting is the medium of broadcasting of various news events and other information via television, radio, or internet in the field of broadcast journalism. The content is usually either produced locally in a radio studio or television studio newsroom, or by a broadcast network. It may also include additional material such as sports coverage weather forecasts, traffic reports, commentary, and other material that the broadcaster feels is relevant to their audience.

Primera Hora (Puerto Rico)

On November 17, 1997, the adventure of a colorful, fun, irreverent and daring newspaper begins. Its founders were Carlos Nido and Héctor Olave. Since the first day, the newspaper was clear that his purpose was to break schemes. There was a generational change in the market, identifying there was a reader who was younger. A group of readers who were workers, government employees, professionals and for them other newspapers were very serious, very formal and found a market opportunity there.

Primera Hora is a free national newspaper available in Puerto Rico. It offers the most complete popular information, but easy to consume. It has its local news, entertainment and sports sections. It is recognized for being a fast-reading newspaper, with a lot of spark and, above all, very committed to the situation in the country.

It is a mature news newspaper, with the experience of having 20 years, but with the same spark that positioned him as the leader among the popular newspapers of Puerto Rico. It is a project in constant innovation, which has adapted to the times, with the commitment of being always the voice of the people.

Distributed free of charge through a print edition from Monday to Friday. Readers can get Primera Hora through subscription, in establishments and traffic lights throughout the island, reaching more than 200,000 people on Thursdays with its regionalized distribution. Primerahora.com is also the second most visited local news website in Puerto Rico.

West Chester, Pennsylvania

West Chester, is a borough and the county seat of Chester County, Pennsylvania, in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The population was 18,461 at the 2010 census.Much of the West Chester University of Pennsylvania North Campus and the Chester County government are located within the borough. The center of town is located at the intersection of Market and High Streets.

West Country

The West Country is a loosely defined area of south-western England. The term usually encompasses the historic counties of Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Somerset, and often the counties of Bristol, Gloucestershire and Wiltshire, in the South West region. The region is host to distinctive regional dialects and accents. Some definitions also include Herefordshire.

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