Local government area

A local government area (LGA) is an administrative division of a country that a local government is responsible for. The size of an LGA varies by country but it is generally a subdivision of a state, province, division, or territory.

The phrase is used as a generalised description in the United Kingdom to refer to a variety of political divisions such as boroughs, counties, unitary authorities and cities, all of which have a council or similar body exercising a degree of self-government. Each of the United Kingdom's four constituent countries has its own structure of local government, for example Northern Ireland has local districts; many parts of England have non-metropolitan counties consisting of rural districts; London and many other urban areas have boroughs; there are three islands councils off the coast of Scotland; while the rest of Scotland and all of Wales are divided into unitary authority counties, some of which are officially designated as cities. As such the term local government area is a convenient generic label referring to all of these authorities and the areas within their control.

The term is particularly common in Australia where it is synonymous with "municipality". Local government authorities across the country have similar functions and powers, but have different official designations in different states, and according to whether they are urban or rural. Most urban municipalities in all states are "cities". Many in Western Australia are officially "towns", even within the Perth metropolitan area. Many rural areas in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Western Australia are "shires", while rural areas in South Australia have "district councils", and those in Tasmania officially use the title "municipality".

It is largely for this reason that the term "local government area", or simply "LGA", is favoured over the term "municipality", the use of which could easily lead to confusion. In recent years changes to the structures of local government have given rise to new official designations, while other terms have fallen out of favour. In the mid-1990s the state government of Victoria amalgamated almost all municipalities, abolishing many cities and shires, all towns and all but one borough. Queenscliff, south of Melbourne, is now the only place in Australia that is officially a borough. Meanwhile, many 'rural cities' were formed in largely rural areas where the core town is large enough, in terms of population, to be considered a city. In many such cases that town had previously been governed by a now defunct city council. Restructuring of local government in New South Wales and Queensland in the following decade gave rise to the municipal designations of 'region' and 'area', for example the Sunshine Coast of Queensland was formerly divided into several shires, but is now governed by a single Sunshine Coast Regional Council.

"Local government area" is also an official designation in The Gambia and Nigeria.

List of countries where "local government area" is an official designation

See also

City of Albury

The City of Albury is a local government area in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia. The area covers 305.9 square kilometres (118.1 sq mi) to the north of the Murray River. The area extends around 10 to 12 kilometres (6.2 to 7.5 mi) east and west along the river from the centre of Albury and up to 20 kilometres (12 mi) north.

Albury is located 460 kilometres (290 mi) to the south–west of Sydney and 260 kilometres (160 mi) to the north–east of Melbourne. The national Hume Highway passes through the area. Other major road transport links include the Riverina Highway that commences east of Albury and runs west to Deniliquin; and north of Albury, the Olympic Highway connects Albury with Cowra. The city forms a major crossing point of the Murray River and also the railway junction of the Main Southern line with the North East line.

Albury was declared a municipality in 1859 and proclaimed a city in 1946.The Mayor of the City of Albury is Cr. Kevin Mack, an independent politician.

City of Coffs Harbour

The City of Coffs Harbour (also known as the Coffs Harbour City Council) is a local government area in the mid north coast region of New South Wales, Australia. The area under administration is 1,175 square kilometres (454 sq mi), expanded in 2004 to take in parts of the former Pristine Waters local government area.

The administrative seat is located in Coffs Harbour; and the area is adjacent to the Pacific Highway, and the North Coast railway line.

The Mayor of the City of Coffs Harbour is Denise Knight, an independent politician.

City of Gosford

The City of Gosford is a former local government area located on the Central Coast region, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. On 12 May 2016 the Minister for Local Government amalgamated the City of Gosford and Wyong Shire Councils. The Central Coast Council was established on the same day, covering the combined areas.Until its merger with the Wyong Shire in 2016, The City of Gosford covered an area of 940 square kilometres (360 sq mi). Its administrative seat was located in Gosford, approximately 76 kilometres (47 mi) north of Sydney and approximately 90 kilometres (56 mi) south of Newcastle. The City was bounded to the east by the Tasman Sea, to the south by Broken Bay and the Hawkesbury River, to the west by the Great North Road where it encircled the Dharug National Park taking in the catchment area of the Mangrove Creek Dam, before heading south–east towards the coast, north of Forresters Beach.

As at the 2011 Census, the Gosford local government area had an estimated population of 162,440, making the area the twelfth most populous local government area in New South Wales, and the twenty–fourth most populous local government area in Australia. Census data shows that the area has a high proportion of elderly residents than the national median; reflecting the colloquial term for the area as God's Waiting Room.The last Mayor of the City of Gosford was Cr. Lawrie McKinna, an independent politician.

City of Lismore

The City of Lismore is a local government area in the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales, Australia. The seat of the local government area is Lismore, a major regional centre of the state.

The Mayor of Lismore City Council is Cr. Isaac Smith, a member of Country Labor.

City of Parramatta

The City of Parramatta Council, is a local government area in encompassing Central Western Sydney as well as parts of neighbouring regions. Parramatta Council is situated between the City of Ryde and Cumberland Council, where the Cumberland Plain meets the Hornsby Plateau, approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of the Sydney central business district, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.

The City occupies an area of 84 square kilometres (32 sq mi) and as at the 2016 census had an estimated population of 226,149. The City houses the Parramatta central business district, the second largest employment destination for the metropolitan area after the Sydney central business district.

The Lord Mayor of the City of Parramatta Council since 25 September 2017 is The Right Worshipful Andrew Wilson, an independent.

City of Stirling

The City of Stirling is a local government area in the northern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth about 10 kilometres (6 mi) north of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 105.2 square kilometres (40.6 sq mi) and had a population of over 210,000 as at the 2016 Census, making it the largest local government area by population in Western Australia.

City of Sydney

The City of Sydney is the local government area covering the Sydney central business district and surrounding inner city suburbs of the greater metropolitan area of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Established by Act of Parliament in 1842, the City of Sydney is the oldest, and the oldest-surviving, local government authority in New South Wales, and the second-oldest in Australia, with only the City of Adelaide being older by two years.

Given its prominent position, historically, geographically, economically and socially, the City of Sydney has long been a source of political interest and intrigue. As a result of this, the boundaries, constitution and legal basis of the council has changed many times throughout its history, often to suit the governing party of the State of New South Wales. The City of Sydney is currently governed under the City of Sydney Act, 1988, which defines and limits the powers, election method, constitution and boundaries of the council area. On 6 February 2004, the former local government area of the City of South Sydney, which itself had been created in 1989 from areas formerly part of the City of Sydney (including Alexandria, Darlington, Erskineville, Newtown and Redfern), was formally merged into the City of Sydney and the current city boundaries date from this merger.

The leader of the City of Sydney is known as the Lord Mayor of Sydney, currently held since 27 March 2004 by Clover Moore, who also served concurrently as the state Member of Parliament for Sydney and Bligh from 1988 to 2012.

Eleme, Rivers

Eleme is a local government area in Rivers State, Nigeria,it is part of the Port Harcourt metropolitan city. It covers an area of 138 km2 and at the 2006 Census had a population of 190,884. Its headquarters was changed from Nchia to Ogale by the legislative council during the Chairmanship of Senator Olaka Nwogu. The administrative offices have always being located in Ogale, believed to be the first town of Eleme.The Eleme people are Eleme's main indigenous ethnic group, with ten main towns ruled by a king as His Majesty 'The Oneh Eh Eleme (King of Eleme)'.

The Eleme language, of the Ogonoid group of the Cross-River branch of the large Niger-Congo language family, is the main spoken language.Eleme has two of Nigeria's four, as of 2005, petroleum refineries and one of Nigeria's busiest sea ports and the largest sea port in West Africa located at Onne, a famous town with numerous industries.Christianity is the widely practiced religion in the area. The first church 'St Stephens Anglican Church' was established in the historic town of Alode in 1910. Though, a few of the people still hold on to the ancestral belief system in their deities. The Eleme people are talented people with diversity of cultural practices and festivals that are enriched with colorful masquerade displays and dance.

Ezinihitte Mbaise

Ezinihitte Mbaise is a local Government Area in Imo State, Nigeria. The area consists of the town of Ezi na Ihite and its surroundings and is part of the Mbaise district. These are the communities that make up Ezi na Ihite:

As is congruent with the rest of Igboland, some of these communities inside Ezi na Ihite actually exist in the form of duality, that is, a single community that eventually metamorphosed into two. Hence, this is the arrangement that shows the exact pairing found in the Ezi na Ihite communities: (Oboama na Umunama, Ife na Owutu, Akpoku na Umudim, Ihitte, Umuchoko na Umueze, Eziagbogu, Okpuofe, Amaumara, Itu, Eziudo, Onicha, Udo na Obizi).

As you can also observe, "Akpodim" is the fusion of "Akpoku na Umudim", two communities that came from one lineage but eventually dualized. This dualization most likely resulted because the ancestor of "Akpoku na Umudim" had two sons "Akpoku" and "Dim" as both parts still constitute a single village who organized themselves into two quarters: Akpoku section and Umudim section.

Gippsland

Gippsland is an economic rural region of Victoria, Australia, located in the south-eastern part of that state. It covers an area of 41,556 square kilometres (16,045 sq mi), and lies to the east of the eastern suburbs of Greater Melbourne, to the north of Bass Strait, to the west of the Tasman Sea, to the south of the Black-Allan Line that marks part of the Victorian/New South Wales border, and to the east and southeast of the Great Dividing Range that lies within the Hume region and the Victorian Alps. Gippsland is generally broken down into the East Gippsland, South Gippsland, West Gippsland, and the Latrobe Valley statistical divisions.

As at the 2016 Australian census, Gippsland had a population of 271,266, with the principal population centres of the region, in descending order of population, being Traralgon, Moe, Warragul, Morwell, Sale, Bairnsdale, Drouin, Leongatha, and Phillip Island. Gippsland is best known for its primary production such as mining, power generation and farming as well as its tourist destinations— Phillip Island, Wilsons Promontory, the Gippsland Lakes, Walhalla, the Baw Baw Plateau, and the Strzelecki Ranges.

Grampian

Grampian (Scottish Gaelic: Roinn a' Mhonaidh) was a local government region of Scotland from 1975 to 1996. It is now divided into the unitary council areas of:

Aberdeenshire

City of Aberdeen

MorayThe region had five districts:

Aberdeen

Banff and Buchan

Gordon

Kincardine and Deeside

MorayThe region took its name from the Grampian Mountains.

Grampian continues to have electoral, valuation, and Health boards.

Highland (council area)

Highland (Scottish Gaelic: A' Ghàidhealtachd, pronounced [ˈkɛːəl̪ˠt̪əxk]; Scots: Heilan) is a council area in the Scottish Highlands and is the largest local government area in the United Kingdom. It was the 7th most populous council area in Scotland at the 2011 census. It shares borders with the council areas of Aberdeenshire, Argyll and Bute, Moray and Perth and Kinross. Their councils, and those of Angus and Stirling, also have areas of the Scottish Highlands within their administrative boundaries.

The Highland area covers most of the mainland and inner-Hebridean parts of the historic counties of Inverness-shire and Ross and Cromarty, all of Caithness, Nairnshire and Sutherland and small parts of Argyll and Moray.

Inner West Council

Inner West Council is a local government area located in the inner western region of Sydney in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Council was formed on 12 May 2016 from the forced merger of the former Ashfield, Leichhardt, and Marrickville councils.The Council comprises an area of 35 square kilometres (14 sq mi) and as at the 2016 census had an estimated population of 182,043.The inaugural Mayor of Inner West Council is Darcy Byrne, a member of the Australian Labor Party, elected by the Councillors on 21 September 2017.

Local government areas of Nigeria

Nigeria has 774 local government areas (L.G.As). Each local government area is administered by a Local Government Council consisting of a chairman who is the Chief Executive of the LGA, and other elected members who are referred to as Councillors. Each of the areas is further subdivided into wards with a minimum of ten and a maximum of fifteen for each area.

Local government areas of Tasmania

Councils of Tasmania are the 29 administrative districts of the Australian state of Tasmania. Local government areas (LGAs), more generally known as councils, are the tier of government responsible for the management of local duties such as road maintenance, town planning and waste management.

Local government areas of Western Australia

The local government areas (LGAs) in the Australian state of Western Australia describes the 139 institutions and processes by which towns and districts can manage their own affairs to the extent permitted by the Local Government Act 1995. The Local Government Act 1995 also makes provision for regional local governments, established by two or more local governments for a particular purpose.There are three classifications of local government in Western Australia:

City – predominantly urban, some larger regional centres

Town – predominantly inner urban, plus Port Hedland

Shire – predominantly rural or outer suburban areasThe Shire of Christmas Island and the Shire of Cocos (Keeling) Islands are Federal external territories and covered by the Indian Ocean Territories Administration of Laws Act which allows the Western Australian Local Government Act to apply "on-Island" as though it were a Commonwealth act. Nonetheless, Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are not part of Western Australia.

Historically, two types of local government existed – municipalities, which represented towns or condensed urban areas, and road districts, which represented all other regions. For instance, the Perth Road District was the precursor to the City of Stirling. Only a few cities – Perth, Fremantle, Subiaco, South Perth and Nedlands – existed prior to 1961. On 1 July 1961, all road districts became shires, and all municipalities became towns.

Local government in Australia

Local government in Australia is the third tier of government in Australia administered by the states and territories, which in turn are beneath the federal tier. Local government is not mentioned in the Constitution of Australia and two referenda in the 1970s and 1980s to alter the Constitution relating to local government were unsuccessful. Every state government recognises local government in their respective constitutions. Unlike Canada or the United States, there is only one level of local government in each state, with no distinction such as cities and counties.

The local governing body is generally referred to as a council, and the territories governed are collectively referred to as "local government areas"; however, terms such as "city" or "shire" also have a geographic interpretation. In August 2016 there were 547 local councils in Australia.Despite the single level of local government in Australia, there are a number of extensive areas with relatively low populations which are not a part of any local government area. Powers of local governments in these areas may be exercised by special purpose bodies established outside the general legislation, as with Victoria's alpine resorts, or directly by state governments. The area covered by local councils in Australia ranges from as small as 1.5 km2 (0.58 sq mi) for the Shire of Peppermint Grove in metropolitan Perth, to the Shire of East Pilbara in the Pilbara region of Western Australia, which covers 380,000 km2 (150,000 sq mi), an area larger than Germany or Japan.

Shire of Torres

The Shire of Torres is a local government area located in Far North Queensland, Australia, covering large sections of the Torres Strait Islands and the northern tip of Cape York Peninsula north of 11°S latitude. It holds two distinctions—it is the northernmost Local Government Area in Australia, and is the only one to abut an international border – it is at one point just 73 kilometres (45 mi) from Papua New Guinea. It is administered from Thursday Island.

The Hills

The Hills may refer to:

The Hills (TV series), an American reality television series

The Hills: New Beginnings, its upcoming sequel series

Neighborhoods within the Santa Monica Mountains in Los Angeles, CaliforniaBel Air, Los Angeles

Beverly Hills

Hollywood HillsThe Hills, Texas, a village within Texas

Adelaide Hills, a section of the Mount Lofty Ranges in Australia

Hills District, a district within Sydney, Australia

The Hills Shire, a local government area within Sydney

"The Hills" (song), a 2015 song by The Weeknd

Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

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