Llargues

Llargues (Valencian pronunciation: [ˈʎaɾɣes], "long ones") is the oldest Valencian pilota modality. It is played on the streets, where two teams formed by 3, 4 or 5 players throw each other the ball with the hand try to surpass an imaginary line which changes every game.

There are no professional players, but it is very common in the towns and villages of some regions of the Valencian Community, such as the Marina Alta and Baixa, l'Alacantí, l'Alcoià and the Comtat .

Llargues-polop
Llargues match at the streets of Polop

Playing area

Dani-banca-benidorm
The banca serves and so begins the quinze

The chosen place must be a plain, straight, wide and long street, measuring 70 m at most. If one of the sides is upset the downside will be assigned to the "rest", the same if one of the sides is wider.

Street is limited by two lines: the banca line and the rest line which mark the end of both sides. There is also another line, the fault line which signals the point the ball must surpass when serving, at 40 m from the rest. In case one of the playing teams is clearly stronger they may give some steps, that is, to allow the banca line to be a bit more advanced in order to compensate for the stronger opponent serve.

Spectators may sit on the sidewalks and behind the street end lines.

Ball

Pilota badana
Badana ball

Llargues are played with a badana ball, which can be played without any protection. Since this sport is practiced on the streets and the bounce is very irregular this kind of ball almost does not bounce. They are cheap, so it does not matter if any ball is lost on the roofs, at another street or in any balcony (which happens often). Also, streets have plenty of irregularities such as borders or traffic signals, and many places with a different rebound (walls and doors, ground or gutter lids), that cause strange effects to the trajectory of the ball; those unexpected directions are somehow minimized by the soft rebound of the badana ball since it is made of moulding materials. Another reason to use this ball is its slowness and softness, so that it is proper for amateur or casual players.

The badana ball is made of rags with sheepskin. Weight: 39 g., diameter: 38 mm.

Rules

Two teams formed by 4 or 5 players try to attain a certain score (usually 10 points) by throwing each other a ball with the hand so that the opposing team is not able to send it back. Not so long ago there was another scoring system called "up and down" (a pujar i baixar), where the team who was losing subtracted points to the winner.

Teams wear red and blue T-shirts, with red being the colour of the team allegedly stronger or favoured in the betting.

Players receive a name depending on their position on the street:

  • The banca is in charge of beginning every quinze by serving, from one side of the street.
  • The rest, from the other side of the street, is who usually returns the banca' serve. Both players are the stronger pilotaris.
  • The mitger is in the middle of his midfield, his purpose is sending the ball as far as possible.
  • The punter is in front of the opposing team or into their midfield, he must block the ball or throw it to the non-protected places.

Every point consists of four quinzes: 15, 30, val, and joc. The team who wins the joc scores a point.

Pilota de llargues a Sant Joan d'Alacant 2
The "banca" serves

The quinze begins when the banca serves: From the other side of the banca line the player must send himself the ball and (without any bounce) hit it to throw it so that it surpasses the fault line without touching the ground, then the opposing team may hit it back or block it so that it does not advance further.

In llargues the ball must be hit with the hand when it is in the air or after its first rebound on the ground, to send it to the opposing team's field or behind the line that marks the end of the street. When the player blocks the ball he may touch it with any part of his body (but only after the second bounce), in that case a line is done on the ground (actually, a signal is placed on the sidewalk). It is the basic principle of the games of gain-ground.

The main feature of Llargues are the ratlles (Valencian for lines), the signals set in the place where the ball has been blocked every quinze. The ball may be blocked because it's been thrown to the spectators and hasn't come back to the playing area, or, more likely, because a player has chosen to stop its advance when he realized he can not hit it back properly. In case the ball gets blocked on any roof or balcony the quinze is lost for whoever sent it there.

When a team has got 2 ratlles teams change the fields; they will try to score those pending points. Also, if the banca team gets a val they must change the field, even if they have only one ratlla.

When serving, they try to get direct quinzes or win the pending ratlles. Those ratlles are now the fault line. This way, the farther they have moved the ratlla the more places they have to defend the opponent and the more non-protected areas there will be.

Direct quinzes are scored when:

  • a team send the ball behind the opponent's street end line.
  • or because a fault of the opponent:
    • If the ball bounces twice.
    • If a player touches the ball twice, or a player of the same team touches it after one hit.
    • If the banca player does not reach the fault line.

A palma

A palma is a Llargues variant where the only difference is the serve. Since there are so many good banques, the serving is done a palma (with the palm), that is, the arm is extended long. This way, the serving strike is not so strong and teams are likely to be more equal.

Perxa

The Perxa shares the same rules than the Llargues variant except for the serve. The serve is done from the fault line throwing the ball over a rope (as seen on the Galotxa variant) to a square drawn on the ground.

See also

2008 Vintage Yachting Games – Europe Female

The Europe Female was an event on the 2008 Vintage Yachting Games program at the IJsselmeer, Netherlands. Six out of the seven scheduled race were completed. 10 sailors, on 10 boats, from 6 nations entered.

Ballon au poing

The ballon au poing is a popular team sport in Picardy (France). This game is played by teams of six. It is a game of gain-ground.

This sport must not be confused with the fistball.

To be able to hit the ball, players surround their hand and their wrist with a strip of canvas or leather.

The teams are separated on the ground by a line ( la corde - the rope) which is mobile during the party. This new limit is shown by a chasse.

The purpose of the game is to gain ground by moving the rope. To do it, we try to make the ball "die" in the opposite camp.

Points mark by 15, 30, 40 and game.

Each 15 August at the Parc de la Hotoie ( Amiens ), the city receives the final stages of Ballon au poing.

Europe (dinghy)

The Europe is a one-person dinghy designed in Belgium in 1960 by Alois Roland as a class legal Moth dinghy. The design later changed into its own one-design class.

The dinghy is ideal for sailors weighing 50–75 kilos. The hull is made of fibre glass and weighs 45 kg, fully rigged 60 kg. The dinghy is tapering in the stem and round in the bottom. The sail is made of dacron. The mast is made of carbon fibre and specially designed to the sailor. A soft mast is best for light sailors, while heavier sailors use stiffer masts. Sails are also specially designed according to mast stiffness and crew weight.

The Europe was introduced as an Olympic class in the 1992 Summer Olympics as the women's single-handed dinghy. It was replaced by the Laser Radial in the 2008 Summer Olympics.

Since 2008 the Europe is one of the Vintage Yachting Classes at the Vintage Yachting Games.

Gain-ground (game)

Games of gain-ground are team sports which are played with a small ball or a balloon. They are often outdoors on a "ballodrome" but can also be played indoors.

Among these games, longue paume and real tennis are the most well-known because they are played with rackets. The rules change a little depending on the game but the basic rules remain identical from one game to the other.

Games of gain-ground are characterized in particular by the use of "chasses". Chasses indicate the limit between both teams or in real tennis a limit to score a point. Points are counted as in tennis: 15, 30, 40 and set.

Handball International Championships

The Handball International Championships are yearly held competitions where many countries and regions play the handball sports derived from the Jeu de paume.

It is organized by the International Ball game Confederation, and there are three official varieties (International fronton, International game, and Llargues), but local modalities are also played.

Handball International Championships, 2007

The 2007 edition of the Handball International Championships was the VII European Championship (in French Championnat d’Europe des Jeux de Paume), organized by the

International Ball game Confederation, and was held at the Belgian cities of Nivelles and Buizingen during September 21 and 23.

The playing countries were Belgium, France, Italy, Netherlands and the Valencian Pilota Squad representing Spain.

Each own has its local variety: Belgian Balle pelote, Dutch Frisian handball, French Longue paume, Italian Pallone, and Valencian pilota.

Belgian players are professionals of their sport. There are also professional Valencian pilotaris, but in Escala i corda and Raspall, not in Llargues.

The varieties of the Handball sports derived from the old Jeu de paume that were played were International fronton, International game and Llargues.

The matches of International International fronton (1-walled) were played at the Turncentrum Start 65 of Buizingen, and the matches of International game and Llargues were played at the Parc de la Dodaine of Nivelles. Access to the matches was free.

International game

The International game (Valencian: joc internacional, IPA: [ˈdʒɔk ˌinteɾnasi.oˈnal]) is a ball game modality that joins up many sports allegedly derived from the Jeu de paume. It's played in the Handball International Championships by teams from the Americas and Europe.

Jaume Morales Moltó

Jaume Morales Moltó (Altea 21 June 1973), sporting nickname Tato, is a Valencian pilota professional player in the ValNet company team. He plays as mitger (midfield) of the Escala i corda variant with a unique and unorthodox style due to his early experiences as a player, playing the Llargues variant in the streets. He is a member of the Valencian Pilota Squad.

José Cabanes

José Cabanes (El Genovés 1981) is a professional Valencian pilota player, known as Genovés II because his father is Genovés I. He plays for the ValNet company as a dauer on Escala i corda matches, but he can be also seen in exhibition matches of Llargues, Galotxa, or Frontó (In summer 2005 he went with Álvaro to Paris to play a friendly match against Basque pilotaris). He is a member of the Valencian Pilota Squad.

He began playing seriously at the pilota schools. In 1998 he debuted at the trinquet of Vilamarxant. He won twice the Escala i corda Lliga Caixa Popular, and in 2002 he played for the first time the Trofeu Individual Bancaixa, the most difficult competition, and reached three eliminatories.

Nowadays, Genovés II is regarded as the number two of the pilota world, being the strongest player Álvaro. Their matches are longed by fans, and many towns contract them for exhibition matches on party days. At first, some fans did not recognize him as the son of Genovés I, but he got all respect in 2004, at the final match of the Escala i corda Trofeu Individual Bancaixa: He was winning Álvaro by an amazing score (15-55), but failed at doing the last joc and lost (60-55). The very next year, the final match was played by them, and Álvaro won again (60-45).

José María Sarasol

José María Sarasol Soler (El Genovés 1970), Sarasol II, is a Valencian pilota professional player. His brother Enric was Sarasol I. He has been member of the Valencian Pilota Squad for 11 years and has deserved to be awarded as the Best Player at the Argentina'02 Handball International Championships.

For many years, he as a mitgercode: cat promoted to code: ca and his brother as a dauercode: cat promoted to code: ca were a strong team at the trinquets when playing the Escala i corda variant, until Enric's retirement.

Sarasol II keeps playing for the ValNet company.

List of Valencian pilotaris

This is a list of relevant Valencian pilotaris, that is, players of Valencian pilota.

This list is ordered by varieties, but it should be taken into account that the only two professional modalities are Escala i corda and Raspall. So, for example, good Galotxa players used to change to Escala i corda, and retired players move to less demanding varieties as Valencian fronto.

For a complete list of professional Escala i corda players see ValNet, the company that contracts all of them.

List of ball games

This is a list of ball games which are popular games or sports involving some type of ball or similar object. Ball sports are not sports in the true sense, but are instead considered to be games. These ball games can be grouped by the general objective of the game, sometimes indicating a common origin either of a game itself or of its basic idea:

el pro*Bat-and-ball games, such as cricket and baseball.

Racquet and ball games, such as tennis, squash, racquetball and ball badminton.

Hand and ball-striking games, such as various handball codes, rebound handball and 4 square.

Goal games, such as forms of hockey (except ice hockey which uses a hockey puck), basketball and all forms of football or lacrosse.

Net games, such as volleyball and sepak.

Longue paume

Longue paume, or jeu de longue paume, is an outdoor version of jeu de paume, an ancestor of modern lawn tennis. Hundreds of years ago it was quite popular, particularly in France. It is a game of gain-ground as Balle à la main

It was part of the Paris 1900 Summer Olympics, but its medal status is disputed. Today, the sport is most played in the region of Picardy. The governing body of the sport is the Fédération Française de Longue Paume, with its headquarters in Amiens.

Pasqual Sanchis Moscardó

Pasqual Sanchis Moscardó (born 1963 in El Genovés) was a Valencian pilota professional player known as Pigat II. Son of the Raspall player Pigat I and brother of Pigat III, Pasqual has been a renowned "dauer" in the Escala i corda variety. He retired in 2000, but he keeps working for the Valencian Pilota Federation as the coach of the Valencian Pilota Squad, where he was a relevant player in the International Championships. Pigat II is also a technical assistant of the pilota company ValNet, and a "trinqueter" of some trinquets.

Silvia Zennaro

Silvia Zennaro (born October 26, 1989) is an Italian sailor. She placed 22nd in the Laser Radial event at the 2016 Summer Olympics.

Valencian pilota

Valencian pilota (Valencian: pilota valenciana [piˈlɔta valensiˈana] "Valencian ball") is a traditional handball sport played in the Valencian Country. Its origins are not known.

Rules variations within the generic Pilota Valenciana category are frequent from area to area but the common trait is that the ball is struck with a bare, or almost bare, hand (only minimal protection is applied in some versions of the sport). The general rule involves two teams made from two up to five players each (the numbers depend on the particular version played). Exceptionally, individual matches are also played (mostly in Escala i corda and Raspall) between the most renowned players.

The second characteristic is that it is not played against a wall. Instead, similar to modern tennis, two individuals or teams are placed face to face separated either by a line on the ground or a net in all of modern modalities except for the frontó.

A distinctive trait of Valencian pilota is that the spectators are often seated or standing very close to the court which means that they may be hit by the ball and thus become an (unwilling) part of the game.

Vicente Grau Juan

Vicente Grau Juan (born 6 April 1968 in València) is a professional Valencian pilota player known as Grau. He plays mainly Escala i corda matches and is one of the best mitgers (midfield) playing for the ValNet company, due to his fast and strong ball-strikes (bot-de-braç and volea), he has been the first mitger who won the Trofeu Individual Bancaixa, a competition for dauers. He has been a recurrent member of the Valencian Pilota Squad, attaining many prizes, specially the World's best player twice.

Álvaro Navarro Serra

Álvaro Navarro Serra (Faura, 1973), simply known as Álvaro, is one of the main Valencian pilota professional players. He is one of the most reputed dauers due to his strong left hand and his professionality, and has got to be a member of the Valencian Pilota Squad. Now he is one of the stars of the ValNet company.

Álvaro began playing Galotxa variant, but he is mostly known by his Escala i corda career, where he is the absolute ruler, both in Circuit Bancaixa teams and in Trofeu Individual Bancaixa one-on-one matches.

On 2001 Álvaro led the Valencian Pilota Squad in the European Championship hold in the Netherlands, where the Valencians won the frontó and International game. He has also tripped to the Basque Country to play against renowned Basque pilotaris such as Agirre.

On October 9, 2005, Álvaro was awarded with the Golden Medal for Sports efforts by Francesc Camps, the president of the Generalitat Valenciana.

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