Livistona chinensis

Livistona chinensis, the Chinese fan palm[2] or fountain palm,[3] is a species of subtropical palm tree of east Asia. It is native to southern Japan, Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands, southeastern China and Hainan. It is also reportedly naturalized in South Africa, Mauritius, Réunion, the Andaman Islands, Java, New Caledonia, Micronesia, Hawaii, Florida, Bermuda, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic.[1][2]

Livistona chinensis can attain heights of about 9 to 15 m (30 to 50 ft) and a spread of 4 m (12 ft). The leaves are fan shaped.[2]

Livistona chinensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Livistona
L. chinensis
Binomial name
Livistona chinensis
  • Chamaerops biroo Siebold ex Mart.
  • Latania chinensis Jacq.
  • Livistona japonica Nakai ex Masam.
  • Livistona oliviformis (Hassk.) Mart.
  • Livistona subglobosa (Hassk.) Mart.
  • Saribus chinensis (Jacq.) Blume
  • Saribus oliviformis Hassk.
  • Saribus subglobosus Hassk.
Livistona chinensis MHNT.BOT.2017.10.17
Livistona chinensis - MHNT


The palm is cultivated as an ornamental tree in gardens and conservatories.[4]

This plant can become a weed, or in some ecosystems an invasive species, in places such as Bermuda,[4] Hawaii,[5]Florida wetlands and on some Caribbean Islands.


  1. ^ a b c "Livistona chinensis". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Chinese Fan Palm". Palm Trees. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Livistona chinensis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Chinese Fan Palm". Department of Environment and Natural Resources (Bermuda). Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  5. ^ "GDP by State". BEA, U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved 2013-08-01.
Belle Isle Conservatory

The Anna Scripps Whitcomb Conservatory (commonly and locally known as the Belle Isle Conservatory) is a greenhouse and a botanical garden located on Belle Isle, a 982-acre island park located in the Detroit River between Detroit, Michigan and Windsor, Ontario near the Canada–United States border. The park itself consists of 13 acres of preserved land for the conservatory and its botanical garden.Opened in 1904, the Anna Scripps Whitcomb Conservatory is the oldest continually-running conservatory in the United States. It is named for Anna Scripps Whitcomb, who left her collection of 600 orchids to Detroit in 1955.

Caryobruchus gleditsiae

Caryobruchus gleditsiae is a species of beetle in the family Chrysomelidae (formerly Bruchidae). It lives in North and Central America and develops inside the seeds of palm trees. Adults grow to a maximum length of 11 mm (0.43 in), the size depending on the size of the seed it grew up in. The species was first described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1763 Centuria Insectorum.

Cerataphis brasiliensis

The Palm Aphid, (Cerataphis brasiliensis), is an aphid in the superfamily Aphidoidea in the order Hemiptera. It is a true bug and sucks sap from plants.

Chavez Ravine Arboretum

The Chavez Ravine Arboretum, in Elysian Park, just north of Dodger Stadium, at 929 Academy Road, Los Angeles, California, contains more than 100 varieties of trees from around the world, including what are believed to be the oldest and largest Cape Chestnut, Kauri, and Tipu trees in the United States. Admission to the arboretum is free.

The Arboretum was founded in 1893 by the Los Angeles Horticultural Society, and planting of rare trees continued through the 1920s. Most of the original trees are still standing. The Arboretum was declared a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument in 1967.

Trees in the Arboretum include:

Acacia dealbata

Acer (maple)

Acer campestre (field maple)

Acer negundo (box elder)

Acer paxii

Acer saccharinum (silver maple)

Aesculus x carnea

Afrocarpus gracilior

Agathis robusta

Alnus rhombifolia (white alder)

Angophora costata (rose apple)

Araucaria bidwillii (bunya pine)

Archontophoenix cunninghamiana (king palm)

Baphia chrysophylla


Bauhinia forficata (Brazilian orchid tree)

Bauhinia variegata (orchid tree)

Betula nigra (black birch)

Brachychiton (bottletree)

Brachychiton acerifolius (Illiwarra flame tree)

Brachychiton acerifolius (Herman hybrid)

Brachychiton discolor

Brachychiton populneus (Kurrajong)

Brahea (Hesper palm)

Brahea armata (Mexican blue palm)

Brahea brandegeei

Brahea edulis (Guadalupe palm)

Butia capitata (jelly palm)

Calocedrus decurrens (California incense cedar)

Calodendrum capense (Cape chestnut)

Caryota urens

Castanospermum australe

Casuarina cunninghamiana

Cedrus (cedar)

Cedrus deodara

Cedrus libani

Ceiba (cypress)

Ceiba insignis

Ceiba speciosa (silk floss tree)

Celtis australis

Chamaerops humilis

Chionanthus retusus

Cryptocarya rubra

Cryptomeria japonica

Cupaniopsis anacardioides


Cupressus glabra

Cupressus species

Dalbergia sissoo

Dracaena draco (Canary Islands dragon tree)


Ehretia anacua (sandpaper tree)

Ehretia tinifolia


Eriobotrya deflexa

Eriobotrya japonica (loquat)

Erythrina (coral tree)

Erythrina coralloides (naked coral tree)

Erythrina falcata (Brazilian coral tree)

Erythrina humeana (dwarf kaffirboom)


Eucalyptus camaldulensis (river red gum)

Eucalyptus citriodora

Eucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)

Eucalyptus globulus

Eucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)

Eucalyptus rudis (flooded gum)

Eucalyptus viminalis (manna gum)

Ficus (fig tree)

Ficus microcarpa

Ficus racemosa

Ficus religiosa (sacred fig)

Ficus species

Fraxinus (ash)

Fraxinus uhdei

Fraxinus velutina

Handroanthus impetiginosus (pink lapacho)

Heteromeles arbutifolia

Jacaranda acutifolia

Jubaea chilensis (Chilean wine palm)

Juglans nigra (eastern black walnut)

Lagerstroemia indica (crepe myrtle)

Liquidambar formosana (Chinese sweet gum)

Liriodendron tulipifera


Livistona australis (cabbage-tree palm)

Livistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)

Macadamia ternifolia

Magnolia grandiflora

Metasequoia glyptostroboides (dawn redwood)

Metrosideros excelsa (pōhutukawa)

Nyssa sylvatica (black tupelo)


Phoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)

Phoenix dactylifera (date palm)

Phoenix reclinata

Phoenix reclinata (hybrid)

Phoenix roebelenii x rupicola

Phoenix rupicola (cliff date palm)

Phytolacca dioica (ombú)

Pinus (pine)

Pinus canariensis (Canary Island pine)

Pinus edulis (Colorado pinyon)

Pinus halepensis (aleppo pine)

Pinus thunbergii (Japanese black pine)

Pittosporum (cheesewood)

Pittosporum phillyraeoides

Pittosporum tenuifolium (black matipo)

Pittosporum undulatum

Plinia cauliflora (jabuticaba)

Podocarpus totara

Psidium guajava (apple guava)

Quercus (oak)

Quercus agrifolia (coast live oak)

Quercus alba (white oak)

Quercus cerris (turkey oak)

Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak)

Quercus macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus palustris (pin oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Quercus suber (cork oak)

Quercus virginiana (southern live oak)

Rhapidophyllym hystrix (needle palm)

Rhapis excelsa (broadleaf lady palm)

Rhodosphaera rhodanthema

Rhopalostylis baueri

Rhus integrifolia


Sabal causiarum (Puerto Rican hat palm)

Sabal species

Salix babylonica (weeping willow)

Schinus (pepper tree)

Schinus molle (Peruvian pepper)

Schinus polygamus (Cabrera Hardee peppertree)

Sequoiadendron giganteum

Syagrus romanzoffiana (queen palm)

Taxodium distichum

Tipuana tipu

Toona ciliata


Trachycarpus fortunei (windmill palm)

Trachycarpus wagnerianus

Tristaniopsis laurina (water gum)

Trithrinax acanthocoma

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Umbellularia californica (California bay laurel)


Washingtonia filifera (desert fan)

Washingtonia robusta (Mexican fan palm)

Zelkova serrata (Japanese zelkova)

Fanling Lodge

Fanling Lodge (Chinese: 港督粉嶺別墅) is an official residence of the Chief Executive of Hong Kong, which serves as a country house and occasionally hosts official functions. Built in 1934 as a summer residence for the then Governor of Hong Kong, Fanling Lodge was granted a Grade I historic building status in 2014, amid concerns about its inclusion within a new town development plan.


Hahajima (母島, meaning Mother Island) is the second-largest island of the Ogasawara Islands (informally Bonin Islands) south of the Japanese main island chain. It is about 21 km2 (8 sq mi) in area with a population of 440.

The highest points are Chibusayama, (literally Breast Mountain), approximately 462 metres (1,516 ft), and Sakaigatake, 443 metres (1,453 ft). The largest island of the group, Chichijima is located approximately 50 km (31 mi) to the north. Together with nearby smaller islands like Anejima and Imōtojima and Mukōjima, Hahajima forms the Hahajima Rettō (母島列島), or in former times, the "Baily Group".

The island is within the political boundaries of Ogasawara Village, Ogasawara Subprefecture, Tokyo, Japan.

Jardin de l'État

The Jardin de l'État, formerly known as the Jardin du Roy, is a historic botanical garden on the island of Réunion, found in the capital Saint-Denis.

Planted with trees and spices taken from outside the island by Pierre Poivre, the garden is home to a natural history museum opened in August 1855. The garden was built from 1767 to 1773.

The garden's golden era came at the beginning of the 19th century, when its plants were tended to by famous botanists such as Joseph Hubert, Nicolas Bréon and Jean-Michel-Claude Richard. At that time the garden housed 2000 species. 7000 of its plants were distributed to the islanders in 1825 as part of a scheme to improve the colonial agriculture.

Today, the garden's main entrance faces the historic Rue de Paris. In the garden itself a bust of Pierre Poivre and a Wallace fountain.

List of invasive plant species in Florida

Numerous variety of plants have been introduced to Florida, and many of them have become invasive species.


Livistona is a genus of palms (family Arecaceae), native to southern, southeastern and eastern Asia, Australasia, and the Horn of Africa. They are fan palms, the leaves with an armed petiole terminating in a rounded, costapalmate fan of numerous leaflets.Livistona is closely related to the genus Saribus, and for a time Saribus was included in Livistona. Recent studies, however, have advocated separating the two groups.Livistona species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Batrachedra arenosella (recorded on L. subglobosa) and Paysandisia archon.

Kho (L. speciosa) is the tree of Khao Kho District in Thailand.

Livistona boninensis

Livistona boninensis is a species of flowering plant in the family Arecaceae (palms), native to the Bonin Islands of Japan. It has been introduced into the Volcano Islands, also Japanese.

Megasoma anubis

Megasoma anubis is a species of beetles belonging to the family Scarabaeidae.

Okinawa (city)

Okinawa (沖縄市, Okinawa-shi, Japanese: [okinaɰa]) is the second-largest city in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, following Naha, the capital city. It is located in the central part of the island of Okinawa, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of Naha.

As of December 2012, the city has an estimated population of 138,431 and a population density of 2,625.12 persons per km². The total area is 49.00 km².

Orto Botanico "Pietro Castelli" dell'Università di Messina

The Orto Botanico "Pietro Castelli" dell'Università di Messina (8000 m²), also known as the Orto botanico di Messina, is a botanical garden operated by the University of Messina and located at Piazza 20 Settembre, Messina, Sicily, Italy.

The university's first botanical garden was established in 1638 by Pietro Castelli, but destroyed by the Spanish along with the rest of the university in 1678. Although in 1889 the garden was reestablished on the banks of the river Portalegni, this second version was ruined by the earthquake of 1908, and most of its site then devoted to building construction.

Today the garden's trees include Calodendrum capensis, Casuarina torulosa, Chorisia insignis, Dracaena draco, Ficus macrophylla, Ginkgo biloba, Livistona chinensis, Phoenix canariensis, Pinus brutia, Pinus longifolia, Pterocarya caucasica, Trachycarpus excelsius, and Washingtonia filifera. Other plants of interest include Anona cherimolia, Eugenia jambos, Eugenia myrtifolia, Eugenia uniflora, Feijoa sellowiana, Flacourtia indica, Mangifera indica, Nymphaea capensis, Nymphaea alba, Persea gratissima, Pithecoctenium cynanchoides, Pontederia cordata, Psidium guajava, and Psidium cattleianum.

Orto Botanico dell'Università di Bari

The Orto Botanico dell'Università di Bari (10,000 m²), also known as the Orto Botanico di Bari and Hortus Botanicus Barensis, is a botanical garden operated by the University of Bari, and located at via Orabona 4 I-70126 Bari, Apulia, Italy. It is open Monday through Friday mornings.

The garden was established in 1955, opened in 1960, and in 1964 doubled in size. The garden also contains a greenhouse (145 m²), and a herbarium with about 40,000 specimens. Today the garden collections include:

Aizoaceae - Lithops (about 60 taxa) and similar genera (Conophytum, Dinteranthus, and Gibbaeum).

Orchidaceae - 33 taxa from the districts of Puglia Gargano, Murgia North-West, Salento and Valle d'Itria. Genera include Aceras, Barlia, Cephalanthera, Dactylorhiza, Himantoglossum, Ophrys, Orchis, Platanthera, and Serapias.

Ornamental and useful plants - Collections of Cycadaceae, Leguminosae, and Musaceae. About 115 taxa of mainly Italian flora, including Grindelia robusta, Levisticum officinale, and Rumex acetosa.

Palmae - including Arecastrum romanzoffianum, Butia capitata, Chamaerops humilis, Erythea armata, Jubea chilensis, Livistona chinensis, Rhapis humilis, Sabal palmetto, Phoenix roebelenii, Phoenix dactylifera, Phoenix canariensis, Trachycarpus fortunei, and Washingtonia filifera.

Pugliesi plants - regional plants including Campanula garganica, Cistus clusii, and Viola graeca.

Palmenhaus Schönbrunn

The Palmenhaus Schönbrunn is a large greenhouse in Vienna, Austria featuring plants from around the world. It opened in 1882. It is the most prominent of the four greenhouses in Schönbrunn Palace Park, and is also among the largest botanical exhibits of its kind in the world, with around 4,500 plant species.

Red palm mite

Raoiella indica, commonly known as the red palm mite, is a species of mite belonging to the family Tenuipalpidae. A pest of several species of palm in the Middle East and South East Asia, it is now becoming established throughout the Caribbean. The invasion of this species is the biggest mite explosion ever observed in the Americas.

Toshima, Kagoshima

Toshima (十島村, Toshima-mura) is a village consisting of the islands of the Tokara Islands located in the Satsunan Islands of Kagoshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The village office is located in the city of Kagoshima, outside the village.

As of 2013, the village has an estimated population of 688 and a density of 6.79 persons per km2. The total area is 101.35 km2.

Iōjima, Kuroshima and Takeshima and the uninhabited islands of Shōwa Iōjima and Denshima

Wildlife of Lahore District

The wildlife of the Lahore District of Pakistan includes a diverse range of natural and cultivated flora and fauna. The introduced flora of the city of Lahore comes from its cultural heritage as the regional capital of various Indian kingdoms from the 11th century to the early 20th century. Much of the Indian flora was introduced during the reign of Akbar, the third Mughal emperor.

Yonaguni, Okinawa

Yonaguni (与那国町, Yonaguni-chō, Yonaguni: Dunan, Yaeyama: Yunoon, Okinawan: Yunaguni) is a town located entirely on Yonaguni Island in Yaeyama District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. It is the westernmost municipality in Japan, and is known for billfish fishing and as a diving spot. In 1987, divers discovered the Yonaguni Monument, a rock formation that some believe may be man-made.

It is also home to two Ryūkyūan writing systems, pictographic "kaida-di" (also used on Ishigaki and Taketomi islands where it is called "kaida-ji") and the symbols used to indicate family names, "dāhan" (also used on Ishigaki Island where they are called "yāban").


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