Litchfield, New Hampshire

Litchfield is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 8,271 at the 2010 census,[1] with an estimated population in 2017 of 8,502.[2]

Litchfield, New Hampshire
Aaron Cutler Memorial Library
Aaron Cutler Memorial Library
Flag of Litchfield, New Hampshire

Official seal of Litchfield, New Hampshire

Location in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 42°50′39″N 71°28′47″W / 42.84417°N 71.47972°WCoordinates: 42°50′39″N 71°28′47″W / 42.84417°N 71.47972°W
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
Incorporated1734 in Massachusetts, 1749 in New Hampshire
 • TypeTown Meeting
 • Board of SelectmenSteven Webber, Chair
Kurt Schaefer, Vice Chair
Brent Lemire
F. Robert Leary
Kevin Lynch
 • Town AdministratorTroy Brown
 • Total15.4 sq mi (40.0 km2)
 • Land15.1 sq mi (39.1 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)  2.27%
127 ft (39 m)
 • Total8,271
 • Density540/sq mi (210/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
Area code(s)603
FIPS code33-42260
GNIS feature ID0873648


Prior to European settlement, the area was populated by the Abenaki.[3] They were skilled with fishing and were adept in agriculture as well. The New Hampshire Archaeological Society has located over 30 Native American sites along the shore of the Merrimack River in Litchfield, with artifacts several thousands of years old being uncovered.[4]

Map of old Dunstable 1846
Extent of Old Dunstable (dashed line), which included much of modern-day Litchfield

Most of Litchfield was part of the large town known as Dunstable, which was organized in the 1600s and included land along both sides of the disputed New Hampshire-Massachusetts boundary, and out of which were carved several towns and cities in both states. The area which became Litchfield was originally known as "Naticook". In 1656, William Brenton was granted land which included much of present-day Litchfield.[5] The name was changed to "Brenton's Farm" in 1729, after William Brenton, colonial governor of Rhode Island. The town was first incorporated into Massachusetts on July 4, 1734.[6] The first town meeting was held on Monday, July 29, 1734, at 1 pm at the house of Aquila Underwood to choose town officers.[7] After Brenton's death in 1749, the land was granted to another group of settlers and named "Litchfield" after George Henry Lee, Earl of Lichfield. Litchfield was incorporated into the Province of New Hampshire on June 5, 1749.[6]

Wiseman Claget moved to his substantial estates here shortly before the Revolution. He was involved in the temporary government serving as the only Solicitor General, the post being abolished shortly before his death in 1784.

Litchfield lacks any major population center or central village. Historically farmland, the town featured steep population growth starting in the 1970s along with the rest of southern New Hampshire as a bedroom community and exurb for Greater Boston. The original town hall was located along NH 3A in the east-central portion of the town; the current town hall lies at the town's geographic center at the intersection of Hillcrest Road and Albuquerque Avenue. There are no large commercial districts in the town, though a few small industrial parks, convenience stores, and small restaurants dot the landscape.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 15.4 square miles (40 km2), of which 15.1 sq mi (39 km2) is land and 0.3 sq mi (0.78 km2) is water, comprising 2.27% of the town. The highest point in Litchfield is the summit of Rocky Hill, located in the Litchfield State Forest, at 357 feet (109 m) above sea level. The town is bordered to the north by Manchester, to the east by Londonderry in Rockingham County, to the south by Hudson, to the west by Merrimack, and to the extreme southwest by Nashua, with the Merrimack River separating Litchfield from both Merrimack and Nashua. There is no bridge connecting Litchfield and Merrimack; the closest river crossings are to the south between Nashua and Hudson, and to the north between Manchester and Bedford.

There are two islands in the Merrimack River within the borders of Litchfield. The islands have been called "Minnewawa" and "Nunnehaha", the Naticook Islands, and Reed's Islands.[8][9] The northern island is located within Litchfield, while the southern island is essentially split down the middle by the boundary between Litchfield and Merrimack, forming the only land border between the two towns.[10] Merrimack owns both islands.[10]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20178,502[2]2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 7,360 people, 2,357 households, and 2,031 families residing in the town. The population density was 487.5 people per square mile (188.2/km²). There were 2,389 housing units at an average density of 158.3 per square mile (61.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.72% White, 0.53% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.

There were 2,357 households out of which 53.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.3% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.8% were non-families. 9.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.12 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the town, the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 37.8% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 3.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $73,302, and the median income for a family was $76,931. Males had a median income of $46,809 versus $33,488 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,203. About 2.2% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.


There are three public schools in Litchfield:


Trolley trips through New England (1900) (14780317352)
A map of the trolley route that ran through Litchfield in the early 20th century

Two New Hampshire state highways cross Litchfield:

  • New Hampshire Route 3A closely parallels the Merrimack River, entering the town from Hudson in the south, and leaving the town into Manchester in the north. It is known as the Charles Bancroft Highway through the town.
  • New Hampshire Route 102 crosses the extreme southeastern corner of town, known as Derry Road locally. It enters Hudson at both borders.

Though the town borders Merrimack on the west, it cannot be directly accessed as there are no bridges across the river. Access to Londonderry, to the east of Litchfield, is primarily via Hillcrest Road, which is the main east-west thoroughfare across central Litchfield.

Litchfield has no air or rail transport within the town limits. The nearest commercial airport is Manchester–Boston Regional Airport along the border of Londonderry and Manchester, which is close to the northern border of Litchfield. The nearest rail service is the Lowell Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail which can be accessed at the Charles A. Gallagher Transit Terminal in Lowell, Massachusetts. The nearest Amtrak stations are Boston's North Station or South Station. There was a trolley that ran through Litchfield in the early 20th century. The trolley has long since been discontinued and fallen into disrepair. There are few remnants left, including a portion of rail trail and a dilapidated trolley bridge within Parker Park.

Government and municipal services

The town of Litchfield operates a waste management and transfer station on Hillcrest Road, located near the geographical center of Litchfield and the "new" town hall and police station. The historical center of Litchfield is on the Charles Bancroft Highway (New Hampshire Route 3A). Today the fire station, the first church in Litchfield, the Litchfield Community Television studio, and the Litchfield Historical Society are located there in and around the old town hall. A new fire station is currently under construction next to the current town hall and police station, after gaining approval in the 2018 town meeting.[13]

Birch Street
A trail in a conservation area in Litchfield

Several public parks, including Roy Memorial Park and the Litchfield State Forest, are open year-round to the public. Municipal parks are managed by the Litchfield Recreation Commission. The state forest is managed by the New Hampshire Department of Natural and Cultural Resources, among other agencies.

The Litchfield Mosquito Control District was featured on Last Week Tonight with John Oliver. The episode featured segments from a televised town meeting from September 17, 2015, which had no members of the public in attendance.[14][15]

The town has several conservation areas, including Moore's Falls, Parker Park, and Stage Crossing. The Litchfield Conservation Commission holds the responsibility of managing these lands for the preservation and proper utilization of natural resources in town. The conservation commission established four trails in August 2018 on the roughly 84 acre Birch Street property, which was purchased in 2015. This property has also been informally called "Fallen Birch Conservation Area."

Notable people


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions: New Hampshire: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  3. ^ Fox, Charles J. (Charles James) (1846). History of the old township of Dunstable: including Nashua, Nashville, Hollis, Hudson, Litchfield, and Merrimac, N.H.; Dunstable and Tyngsborough, Mass. The Library of Congress. Nashua, C. T. Gill.
  4. ^ "Chapter VII: Historic Resources" (PDF). Town of Litchfield Master Plan. 2002. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  5. ^ Fox, Charles J. (Charles James) (1846). History of the old township of Dunstable : including Nashua, Nashville, Hollis, Hudson, Litchfield, and Merrimac, N.H. ; Dunstable and Tyngsborough, Mass. The Library of Congress. Nashua, C. T. Gill.
  6. ^ a b Hurd, D. Hamilton. History of Hillsborough County, New Hampshire. The University of Chicago Libraries. J.W. Lewis & Co. pp. 490–491.
  7. ^ Hurd, Duane Hamilton (1885). History of Hillsborough County, New Hampshire. J. W. Lewis & Company.
  8. ^ "A Brief History of Merrimack, New Hampshire". Merrimack Historical Society. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  9. ^ "The Lower Merrimack River" (PDF). NH Department of Environmental Services. 2016. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  10. ^ a b "NRPC GIS Map". Nashua Regional Planning Commission. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. ^ "Proposed Litchfield Fire Station". Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  14. ^ John Oliver (March 6, 2016). Special Districts: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO) (Video) (YouTube). New York: HBO. Event occurs at 4:06. Retrieved June 4, 2017.
  15. ^ Mosquito Control District Meeting - Sept 17, 2015 (Video) (YouTube). Litchfield, New Hampshire: LitchfieldTV. September 17, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2017.
  16. ^ "CLAGETT, Clifton, (1762 - 1829)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  17. ^ "Spotlight On...Jennifer Simard". Retrieved 2018-10-21.

External links

Campbell High School

Campbell High School may refer to:

AustraliaCampbell High School (Australian Capital Territory)United StatesCampbell High School (California), Campbell, California

Campbell High School (Georgia), Smyrna, Georgia

Campbell High School (New Hampshire), Litchfield, New Hampshire

Fort Campbell High School, located on the Tennessee side of Fort Campbell, a major U.S. Army base of the same name that straddles the Kentucky-Tennessee border

James Campbell High School, Ewa Beach, Hawaii

Campbell County High School (Kentucky), Alexandria, Kentucky

Campbell County Comprehensive High School, Jacksboro, Tennessee

Campbell County High School (Wyoming), Gillette, Wyoming

Campbell High School (New Hampshire)

Campbell High School is located in Litchfield, New Hampshire, United States. It is the only high school in the town, with a student population of approximately 550. Newsweek ranked Campbell High School at number 142 out of approximately 15,000 high schools in the United States in its "America's Top Schools 2014" article published in September of that year.

Clifton Clagett

Clifton Clagett (December 3, 1762 – January 25, 1829) was an American lawyer and politician from New Hampshire. He served as a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives, the United States House of Representatives and as a New Hampshire Supreme Court justice.

Dr. Pimple Popper (TV series)

Dr. Pimple Popper is an American reality television series airing on TLC. The series, starring dermatologist and Internet celebrity Dr. Sandra Lee, follows her as she treats patients with unusual cases of facial and skin disorders at her clinic Skin Physicians & Surgeons in the Inland Empire city of Upland, California. The show started with an hour-long special on January 3, 2018 before the first season aired on July 11, 2018.Initially airing at 10:00 p.m. Eastern Time on Wednesdays, Dr. Pimple Popper became the top-rated cable program in its time slot among women between ages 25–54. On August 14, the day before the final episode for Season 1 aired, TLC announced it had renewed the series for a second season, with new episodes set to air in January 2019. Another hour-long special was aired on December 13, 2018, before the second season began on January 3, 2019 with its episodes moved to 9 p.m. Eastern Time on Thursdays.

On May 7, 2019, it was announced that the third season will premiere on July 11, 2019.

Edward Lutwyche Parker

Edward Lutwyche Parker (1785–1850), was a United States Presbyterian clergyman. Rev. Edward L. Parker was a brother -in -law of Rev. Abishai Alden, nephew of Barnabas and Mary Patterson, grandaunt of Key West Mayor Alexander Patterson, grandfather of Eva Patterson Braxton. Eva was a daughter of George and Ida Euphemia Bethel Patterson. Ida was a daughter of Key West (Florida) mayor Winer Bethel.

George Lambert (American politician)

George Lambert (born September 4, 1968, Sanford, Maine) is an American politician from the state of New Hampshire. A member of the Republican Party, Lambert served in the New Hampshire House of Representatives.

He is affiliated with the Free State Project.Lambert unsuccessfully ran for New Hampshire Senate district 18 in the 2014 elections.He considered running for Governor of New Hampshire in the 2014 election.Lambert lives in Litchfield, New Hampshire.

Jack Carney (baseball)

John Joseph Carney (November 10, 1866 – October 19, 1925), also known as Handsome Jack, was a professional baseball player in the late 19th century. He was born in Salem, Massachusetts, United States in 1866, and made his debut with the Washington Nationals on April 24, 1889. His last game, with the Milwaukee Brewers, was on October 4, 1891, and he died in 1925 in Litchfield, New Hampshire. In his three-year career, he also played with the Buffalo Bisons, the Cincinnati Kelly's Killers, and the Cleveland Infants, and his positions were first base and outfield. Carney's best performance was with the Infants in 1890, with whom he had a batting average of .348.

Jack McQuesten

Leroy Napoleon "Jack" McQuesten (1836–1909) was a pioneer in Alaska and Yukon as an explorer, trader, and prospector; he became known as the "Father of the Yukon." Other nicknames included "Yukon Jack," "Captain Jack," "Golden Rule McQuesten," and "Father of Alaska." Together with partners Arthur Harper and Captain Alfred Mayo, he founded Fort Reliance and a wide network of trading posts in the Yukon, often providing a grubstake to prospectors. He was the most successful financially of the trio, becoming a multi-millionaire by 1898 and buying a large Victorian mansion for his family when they moved about that time to Berkeley, California.

He was the first president of the Alaskan Order of Yukon Pioneers and also belonged to the Yukon Order of Pioneers. He wrote a memoir, Recollections of Leroy N. McQuesten, Life in the Yukon 1871-1885, which was published posthumously in 1952.

Jennifer Simard

Jennifer Simard is an American actor and singer known primarily for her work in theater.

Joe Asselin

Joe Asselin (born Manchester, New Hampshire, United States) is a Chicago blues and electric blues musician based out of Champaign, Illinois. He has appeared on five releases with the Blues Music Award-nominated Kilborn Alley Blues Band, with three of them being produced by fellow blues musician Nick Moss at his Blue Bella Records label. He was also a part of the International Blues Challenge finalist group the Sugar Prophets from 2011-2013. More recently he has worked with several other Champaign-based local blues, rock, and country bands and released his own solo acoustic album Blue Genes in 2016.

Jonah Jenkins

Jonah Jenkins is an American vocalist known for his work with bands such as Only Living Witness, Miltown, Milligram, and Raw Radar War.

List of New Hampshire locations by per capita income

In 2015 New Hampshire ranked fifth in terms of per capita income in the United States of America, at $34,362 as of the 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-year estimate.

New Hampshire communities by household income

The 234 incorporated cities and towns, and one inhabited township, in New Hampshire ranked by median household income, from 2013-2017 American Community Survey 5-year data (using 2017 dollars).

Quebec – New England Transmission

The Quebec – New England Transmission (officially known in Quebec as the Réseau multiterminal à courant continu (RMCC) and also known as Phase I / Phase II and the Radisson - Nicolet - Des Cantons circuit) is a long-distance high-voltage direct current (HVDC) line between Radisson, Quebec and Sandy Pond in Ayer, Massachusetts. As of 2012, it remains one of only two Multi-terminal HVDC systems in the world (the other one being the Sardinia–Corsica–Italy system, completed in the same year) and is "the only multi-terminal bipole HVDC system in the world where three stations are interconnected and operate under a common master control system".

William Brenton

William Brenton (c. 1610–1674) was a colonial President, Deputy Governor, and Governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and an early settler of Portsmouth and Newport in the Rhode Island colony. Austin and other historians give his place of origin as Hammersmith in Middlesex, England (now a part of London), but in reviewing the evidence, Anderson concludes that his place of origin is unknown. Brenton named one of his Newport properties "Hammersmith," and this has led some writers to assume that the like-named town in London was his place of origin.

William Henry Porter (writer)

William Henry Porter (Sept 19, 1817-May 26, 1861) was an American minister and author.He was born in Rye, New Hampshire, Sept 19, 1817, and was one of the eighteen children of Rev Huntington Porter, formerly

pastor of the church in that place. After a preliminary course of study in Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts, he entered Yale College in 1837, with his twin brother, Charles Henry Porter, who died after completing his Sophomore year. He graduated in 1841.

He studied Theology one year in the Union Theological Seminary in New York City, one year in the Theological Department of Yale College, and a few months at Lynn, Massachusetts, under the instruction of his father. In the Spring of 1844 he was licensed to preach On October 19, 1845 he was ordained as minister of a Presbyterian church in Litchfield, New Hampshire, where he remained as pastor until he was separated from the congregation on October 28, 1848; ceasing thereafter to serve as a minister. From 1854 through 1857 he served as clerk in Boston Custom House.In 1851 he united with the New Jerusalem, or Swedenborgian Society, in Boston, Mass. He published Common and Scriptural Proverbs Compared, 1845, and The Heavenly Union, or New Jerusalem on Earth 1850.

On May 19, 1844, he married Miss Mary Frances, daughter of Hon. Paul Wentworth, of New Hampshire. He had several children, the eldest of whom, a daughter, died in 1850. He died in Roxbury, Massachusetts. May 26, 1861, aged 43.

This article incorporates public domain material from the Yale Obituary Record.

William M. Butterfield

William M. Butterfield (1860–1932) was an American architect from New Hampshire.

Places adjacent to Litchfield, New Hampshire
Municipalities and communities of Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States
Other villages

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