Lists of countries and territories

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This is a list of many lists of countries and territories by various definitions, including FIFA countries, federations, and fictional countries. A country or territory is a geographical area, either in the sense of nation (a cultural entity) or state (a political entity).[1]


The characteristics of the human population:


Exports by country map copy2
Map of amount of exports per country

The production, distribution and consumption of goods and services:

Gross domestic product

The value of goods and services produced within a country:

Industrial output



The physical, chemical, and biotic factors that act upon an ecosystem:


The Earth and its features:

Human rights

Internet Censorship and Surveillance World Map
Internet censorship and surveillance by country (2018)[2][3][4][5][6]

International standards


Military Expenditures as percent of GDP 2017
Map of military expenditures as a percentage of GDP by country, 2017.[7]


Welcome to the United States sign at the Peace Arch
Name of a country

The label for the country:


The process by which groups, often governments, make decisions:


National symbols




  1. ^ The Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition, with online updates as of September 2008. Entry "1. country"
  2. ^ "Freedom on the Net 2018" (PDF). Freedom House. November 2018. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  3. ^ OpenNet Initiative "Summarized global Internet filtering data spreadsheet", 8 November 2011 and "Country Profiles", the OpenNet Initiative is a collaborative partnership of the Citizen Lab at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto; the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University; and the SecDev Group, Ottawa
  4. ^ Due to legal concerns the OpenNet Initiative does not check for filtering of child pornography and because their classifications focus on technical filtering, they do not include other types of censorship.
  5. ^ "Internet Enemies", Enemies of the Internet 2014: Entities at the heart of censorship and surveillance, Reporters Without Borders (Paris), 11 March 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
  6. ^ Internet Enemies Archived 2012-03-23 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Borders (Paris), 12 March 2012
  7. ^ 2017 data from: "Military expenditure (% of GDP). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute ( SIPRI ), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security". World Bank. Retrieved 2019-03-08.

External links


A country is a region that is identified as a distinct entity in political geography. A country may be an independent sovereign state or part of a larger state, as a non-sovereign or formerly sovereign political division, or a geographic region associated with sets of previously independent or differently associated people with distinct political characteristics. Regardless of the physical geography, in the modern internationally accepted legal definition as defined by the League of Nations in 1937 and reaffirmed by the United Nations in 1945, a resident of a country is subject to the independent exercise of legal jurisdiction. There is no hard and fast definition of what regions are countries and which are not.

Countries can refer both to sovereign states and to other political entities, while other times it can refer only to states. For example, the CIA World Factbook uses the word in its "Country name" field to refer to "a wide variety of dependencies, areas of special sovereignty, uninhabited islands, and other entities in addition to the traditional countries or independent states".[Note 1]

ISO 3166

ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions.

ISO 3166-2

ISO 3166-2 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for identifying the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1. The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country subdivision code. It was first published in 1998.

The purpose of ISO 3166-2 is to establish an international standard of short and unique alphanumeric codes to represent the relevant administrative divisions and dependent territories of all countries in a more convenient and less ambiguous form than their full names. Each complete ISO 3166-2 code consists of two parts, separated by a hyphen:

The first part is the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code of the country;

The second part is a string of up to three alphanumeric characters, which is usually obtained from national sources and stems from coding systems already in use in the country concerned, but may also be developed by the ISO itself.Each complete ISO 3166-2 code can then be used to uniquely identify a country subdivision in a global context.

As of 26 November 2018 there are 4,965 codes defined in ISO 3166-2. For some countries, codes are defined for more than one level of subdivisions.

ISO 3166-3

ISO 3166-3 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for country names which have been deleted from ISO 3166-1 since its first publication in 1974. The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 3: Code for formerly used names of countries. It was first published in 1999.

Each former country name in ISO 3166-3 is assigned a four-letter alphabetic code. The first two letters are the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code of the former country, while the last two letters are allocated according to the following rules:

If the country changed its name, the new ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code is used (e.g., Burma changed its name to Myanmar, whose new alpha-2 code is MM), or the special code AA is used if its alpha-2 code was not changed (e.g., Byelorussian SSR changed its name to Belarus, which has kept the same alpha-2 code).

If the country merged into an existing country, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code of this country is used (e.g., the German Democratic Republic merged into Germany, whose alpha-2 code is DE).

If the country was divided into several parts, the special code HH is used to indicate that there is no single successor country (e.g., Czechoslovakia was divided into the Czech Republic and Slovakia), with the exception of Serbia and Montenegro, for which XX is used to avoid duplicate use of the same ISO 3166-3 code, as the alpha-2 code CS had twice been deleted from ISO 3166-1, the first time due to the split of Czechoslovakia and the second time due to the split of Serbia and Montenegro.Besides the former country name and its ISO 3166-3 code, each entry in ISO 3166-3 also contains its former ISO 3166-1 codes, its period of validity, and the new country names and ISO 3166-1 codes used after its deletion from ISO 3166-1.

After a country is deleted from ISO 3166-1, its alpha-2 and alpha-3 codes will be transitionally reserved for a transitional period of at least fifty years. After the expiration of the transitional period, these codes are free to be reassigned.

If a country changes its name without any territorial change, its ISO 3166-1 numeric code remains the same. For example, when Burma was renamed Myanmar without territorial change in 1989, its alphabetic codes were changed, but its numeric code 104 has remained the same.

Currently, a few ccTLDs using deleted alpha-2 codes are still active or being phased out. However, alpha-2 codes which were deleted before the popularization of the Domain Name System in the late 1980s and early 1990s were never used for the Internet's country code top-level domains (ccTLDs). Likewise, ISO 3166-2, the ISO standard for country subdivision codes which was first published in 1998, predated the deletion of many alpha-2 codes.

International rankings of Iran

The following are international rankings for Iran: §

List of ISO 3166 country codes

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) created and maintains the ISO 3166 standard – Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions. The ISO 3166 standard contains three parts:

ISO 3166-1 – Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country codes defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. It defines three sets of country codes:

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 – two-letter country codes which are also used to create the ISO 3166-2 country subdivision codes and the Internet country code top-level domains.

ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 – three-letter country codes which may allow a better visual association between the codes and the country names than the 3166-1 alpha-2 codes.

ISO 3166-1 numeric – three-digit country codes which are identical to those developed and maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division, with the advantage of script (writing system) independence, and hence useful for people or systems using non-Latin scripts.

ISO 3166-2 – Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country subdivision code defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces, states, departments, regions) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-3 – Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 3: Code for formerly used names of countries defines codes for country names which have been deleted from ISO 3166-1 since its first publication in 1974.The ISO 3166-1 standard currently comprises 249 countries, 193 of which are sovereign states that are members of the United Nations. Many dependent territories in the ISO 3166-1 standard are also listed as a subdivision of their parent country in the ISO 3166-2 standard.

List of countries by United Nations geoscheme

This is a list of countries by United Nations geoscheme, including some territories and dependencies, non-sovereign states including associated states and entities whose sovereignty is disputed.

The UN created and maintains the M49 – Standard country or area codes for statistical use. The codes are listed from smallest to largest region, left to right.

List of lists of lists

This is a list of articles that are lists of list articles on the English Wikipedia. In other words, each of the articles linked here is an index to multiple lists on a topic. Some of the linked articles are themselves lists of lists of lists. This article is also a list of lists.

Lists of national institutions and symbols

A nation is a people or group of peoples; a political state.

Lists of nation as a stateList of sovereign states

United Nations member statesTransnational lists with nation or national in the name

List of national and international moving associations

List of national and international statistical services

List of national animals, a list of national animals.

List of national anthems, This aims to be a complete list of national anthems

List of national archives, a central archive maintained by a nation.

List of national airlines, a redirect to the section "List of national flag carriers" in the article Flag carrier, considered to be a "flag carrier", either by designation as a national airlines either officially or based on history and whether it is state-owned.

List of national birds, a list of national birds, most official, but some unofficial

List of national border changes since World War I

List of national capitals, a list of national capitals of the world.

List of national coats, redirect to Gallery of country coats of arms, emblem serving a similar purpose of each of the countries in the list of countries

List of national constitutions, list of existing or former national constitutions by country, semi-recognized countries, and by codification.

List of national dances, This is a list of national dances. This may be a formal or informal designation. Not all nations officially recognize a national dance or dances.

List of National Days, a redirect to the section List of National Days in the article National Day

List of national defense industries, is a list of nations and organizations that currently produce modern weapons around the world.

List of national flags, redirect to List of sovereign states

List of national flags depicting a cross

List of national flowers, redirect to Floral emblem

List of national football teams, redirect to National football team which is a disambiguation page.

List of women's national football teams, redirects to List of women's national association football teams

Lists of national men's football teams

List of men's national association football teams

List of national governments, a list of the offices of heads of state, heads of government, cabinet, and legislature, of sovereign states.

List of National Hockey League statistical leaders by country, a redirect toList of NHL statistical leaders by country, This is a list of National Hockey League statistical leaders by country of birth, sorted by total points

List of national law enforcement agencies, a redirect to the Category:National law enforcement agencies

List of national leaders, redirect to List of current heads of state and government

List of national legislatures, redirect to list of legislatures by country, whether parliamentary or congressional, that act as a plenary general assembly of representatives with the power to legislate.

List of national libraries, a list of national libraries of the world.

List of national mottos, lists state and national motto s for the world's independent states.

List of national newspapers, a list of national newspapers as described at newspaper types.

List of national netball teams

List of national parks, a list of national park s ordered by nation. Nearly 100 countries around the world have lands classified as a "national park".

List of national parks in the Alps

List of national poets, a national poet or national bard is a poet held by tradition and popular acclaim.

List of national poetries National poetry, This is a list of articles about poetry in a single language or produced by a

List of national religions, redirect to List of state-established religions

List of national supreme courts, a list of supreme courts by country.

List of national theatres Several countries have one or more national theatres. This component in the name of a theatre indicates that the funding is not only a concern of private investors or the local city, but of the national or federal budget.

List of national sports, redirect to National sport. A national sport is a sport or game that is considered to be an intrinsic part of the culture of a nation.

Outline of Ukraine

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Ukraine:

Ukraine – country in Eastern Europe. Formerly part of the Soviet Union. Ukraine has long been a global breadbasket because of its extensive, fertile farmlands. In 2011, it was the world's third-largest grain exporter with that year's harvest being much larger than average.

Lists of countries by GDP rankings
Purchasing power parity (PPP)
Growth rate
Gross national income (GNI)
Countries by region
Subnational divisions
Blasphemy law by country
Lists of countries by transport rankings

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