List of wine-producing regions
This list of wine-producing regions catalogues significant growing regions where vineyards are planted. Wine grapes mostly grow between the 30th and the 50th degree of latitude, in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres. Grapes will sometimes grow beyond this range and minor amounts of wine are made in some very unexpected places.
In 2009, the five largest producers of wine in the world were, in order, Italy, France, Spain, the United States and China (see list of wine-producing countries for a complete rank).
- A complete listing of federally defined wine regions, called American Viticultural Areas, is available here.
- Amador County, California (Fiddletown AVA and part of California Shenandoah Valley AVA and Sierra Foothills AVA)
- Central Coast/Monterey
- El Dorado County, California
- Lake County, California
- Livermore Valley
- Mendocino County (Anderson Valley, Cole Ranch, Covelo, Dos Rios, Eagle Peak Mendocino County, McDowell Valley, Mendocino, Pine Ridge, Pine Mountain – Cloverdale Peak, Potter Valley, Redwood Valley, Sanel Valley, Ukiah Valley, Yorkville Highlands)
- Napa County (Napa Valley and part of Los Carneros AVA)
- Ramona Valley
- San Joaquin County
- San Luis Obispo County (Paso Robles)
- Santa Clara County, Santa Clara Valley
- Santa Cruz Mountains
- Santa Ynez Valley
- Sonoma County (Sonoma Valley, Alexander Valley, Dry Creek Valley, Russian River Valley and part of Los Carneros AVA)
- Temecula Valley
- Georgia plateau/Piedmont
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
- North Carolina
- The wine-producing area is mainly in the Dpto. Canelones near the capital Montevideo. For more info, see The Uruguayan wine guide.
- The wine-producing enterprise for Venezuela can be found here.
- Côtes de Sambre et Meuse, between the rivers Sambre et Meuse, since 2004
- Hagelandse wijn, near Rotselaar/Leuven, since 1997
- Haspengouw, Limburg, since 2000
- Heuvelland, since 2005
Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Gazebo at Gröbe’s Villa
- St. Clare’s
- St. Wenceslas’ Vineyard at Prague castle
- Salabka, Troja
Banat wine regions:
Crişana wine regions:
Dobrogea wine regions:
Moldavia wine regions:
Muntenia wine regions:
Oltenia wine regions:
Transylvania wine regions:
- Malokarpatská (Small Carpathians)
- Južnoslovenská (Southern Slovakia)
- Nitrianska (region of Nitra)
- Stredoslovenská (Central Slovakia)
- Tokaj (Tokaj region of Slovakia)
- Východoslovenská (Eastern Slovakia)
- The whole of southern Slovakia
- White wine grapes:
- Altıntaş – Marmara region and Bozcaada
- Beylerce – Bilecik area
- Bornova Misketi – İzmir area
- Emir – Nevşehir (Cappadocia) area
- Hasandede – Ankara and central Anatolia
- Narince – Tokat area
- Rumi, Kabarcık, Dökülgen – Southeastern Anatolia region
- Sultaniye – Aegean region
- Yapıncak – Thracian region
- Red wine grapes
- Adakarası – Marmara region and Avşa Island
- Boğazkere – Elazığ and Diyarbakır areas
- Çalkarası – Çal, Denizli area
- Dimrit – central Anatolia and eastern Aegean region
- Horozkarası, Sergikarası – southeastern Anatolia region
- Kalecik Karası – Ankara area
- Karalahna – Tekirdağ region
- Karasakız – Çanakkale region
- Öküzgözü – Elazığ area
- Papazkarası – Kırklareli area
In Ukraine, at the present time there are seven administrative regions (provinces) in which the wine industry has developed. Given the favorable climatic location, the law of Ukraine allocated 15 wine-growing areas (macrozones), which are the basis for growing certain varieties of grapes, and 58 natural wine regions (microzones). These are located mainly in the following areas.
In the UK, area under vines is small, and whilst viticulture is not a major part of the rural economy, significant planting of new vines has been made in the early 21st century. The greatest concentration of vineyards is found in the south east of England, in the counties of Hampshire, Kent, Surrey, and Sussex.
Regions producing native wines have been present since the Qin Dynasty, with wines being brought to China from Persia. Some of the more famous wine-producing regions are:
With the import of Western wine-making technologies, especially French technology, production of wines similar to modern French wine has begun in many parts of China with the direction of experienced French wine-makers; China is now the sixth largest producer of wine in the world. The following regions produce significant quality of wine:
Indonesia has been producing wine for over 18 years, with North Bali's vineyards producing three main grape varieties: the Belgia, the Alphonse Lavallee and the Probolinggo Biru. The main producer, Hatten Wines, has revolutionized the world of winemaking, with eight wines produced from these three varieties.
Prior to the Iranian Islamic Revolution of 1979, Iran was a producer of wine. While production has stopped, the vineyards continue to exist and their product has been diverted to non-alcoholic purposes.
Also includes wine regions in Israeli-occupied territories.
Republic of Korea
Geographic indications for Australian wine are governed by law. The geographic indication must indicate where the grapes are grown, irrespective of where the wine itself is made. A geographic indication may be "Australia", "South Eastern Australia", a state name, zone, region or subregion if defined.
The zones, regions and subregions in each state are listed below:
New South Wales
- Regions, no zones defined
Adelaide Super Zone includes Mount Lofty Ranges, Fleurieu and Barossa wine zones.
- Regions, no zones defined
- Coal River
- Derwent Valley
- East Coast
- North West
- Pipers River
- Tamar Valley
GI stands for New Zealand Geographical Indication.
- ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations member states.
- ^ a b c d e "The History of Vineyards in Algeria". Atlasian Cellars Meghdir & Sons. 2005. Retrieved 2005-04-07.
- ^ virginiawines.org Archived 2001-09-30 at the Library of Congress Web Archives
- ^ Niagara Escarpment
- ^ http://www.czechtourism.com/a/prague-vineyards/
- ^ "Schweiz Aargau und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
- ^ "Schweiz Bern und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
- ^ "Schweiz – Kt. Freiburg und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
- ^ "Schweiz – Kt. St.Gallen und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
- ^ "Schweiz – Kt. Schaffhausen und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
- ^ "Thurgau – Der Ostschweizer Kanton und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
- ^ "Zürich und seine Weingebiete – Wine of Zurich". www.ernestopauli.ch.
- ^ a b "Grapes grown for wine production in Turkey". Yazgan Winery. 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
- ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-09. Retrieved 2007-11-27.
- ^ a b c d e Chinese Markets for Wines :wines-info Archived 2007-11-27 at the Wayback Machine.
- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-15. Retrieved 2009-06-28.
- ^ "Anseong Culture Tour". City of Anseong.
- ^ Official Site of Korea Tourism Org.: Wine Korea Official Site of Korea Tourism Organization
- ^ "Register of Protected Names Section (a) Australian GI". Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
- ^ "Western Australia's Wine Regions". Western Australia. Retrieved 2010-11-25.
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