List of villages and towns depopulated of Jews during the Holocaust

Below is a partial list of selected villages and towns (shtetls) depopulated of Jews during the Holocaust. The liquidation actions were carried out mostly by the Nazi Einsatzgruppen and Orpo police as well as auxiliary battalions through mass killings. The German "pacification" units of the Einsatzkommando were paramilitary forces within the Schutzstaffel, under the high command of the Obergruppenführer. The Einsatzgruppen operated primarily in the years 1941–45.



The following Jewish communities in Lithuania were destroyed during the Holocaust. Note that the list includes places in modern, post-1991 Lithuania, some of which were in German-occupied Poland during the war.[1][2][3][4]





See also


  1. ^ Katz, Dovid, ed. (2012). "Map of the Jewish Communities of Lithuania: Links to their Holocaust Fate". Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  2. ^ "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". Vilnius, Lithuania: Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum. 2010. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  3. ^ "International Jewish Cemetery Project: Lithuania". International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  4. ^ Levin, Dov; Rosin, Joseph, eds. (1996). Lithuania: Encyclopedia of the Jewish Communities from their Establishment until after the Shoah of the Second World War. Jerusalem, Israel: Yad Vashem.

Further reading

List of shtetls

See also List of villages and towns depopulated of Jews during the HolocaustThis list of shtetls and shtots (larger towns with significant pre-World War II Jewish populations) is organized by their country.

Some villages that are listed at Yad Vashem have not been included here.


Raciąż [ˈrat͡ɕɔ̃ʂ] is a town in Płońsk County, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland, with 4,585 inhabitants (2004). Its history dates to 10th century.

Between 1857 and 1931, the Jewish population of the town varied between 35% and 45%, which was typical of small shtetls in the region.


A shtetl (Yiddish: שטעטל‎, shtetl, singular; שטעטלעך, shtetlekh, plural) was a small town with a large Jewish population, which existed in Central and Eastern Europe before the Holocaust. Shtetlekh and shtetls were mainly found in the areas that constituted the 19th century Pale of Settlement in the Russian Empire, the Congress Kingdom of Poland, Austrian Galicia and Romania.

In Yiddish, a larger city, like Lviv or Chernivtsi, was called a shtot (Yiddish: שטאָט‎, German: Stadt); a village was called a dorf (דאָרף‎). In official parlance the shtetl was referred to as a "Jewish miasteczko", a type of settlement which originated in the former Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Where Once We Walked

Where Once We Walked (full title: Where Once We Walked: A Guide to the Jewish Communities Destroyed in The Holocaust), compiled by noted genealogist Gary Mokotoff and Sallyann Amdur Sack, is a gazetteer of 37,000 town names in Central and Eastern Europe focusing on those with Jewish populations in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries and most of whose Jewish communities were almost or completely destroyed during The Holocaust.


Łask ([wask]; German: Lask) is a town in central Poland with 17,604 inhabitants (2016). It is the capital of Łask County, and is situated in Łódź Voivodeship (since 1999), previously in Sieradz Voivodeship (1975–1998). The Polish Air Force's 32nd Air Base is located nearby.

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