Mokotoff, Gary; Amdur Sack, Sallyann (1991). Where Once We Walked: A Guide to the Jewish Communities Destroyed in the Holocaust (1st ed.). Teaneck, N.J.: Avotaynu. ISBN 0-9626373-1-9. OCLC23652677.
Mokotoff, Gary; Amdur Sack, Sallyann (2002). Where Once We Walked: A Guide to the Jewish Communities Destroyed in the Holocaust. Alexander Sharon (2nd, revised ed.). Bergenfield, N.J.: Avotaynu. ISBN 1-886223-15-7. OCLC488653492.
Yad Vashem (1965). Blackbook of localities whose Jewish population was exterminated by the Nazis. Jerualem, Israel: Yad Vashem. OCLC48650158.
See also List of villages and towns depopulated of Jews during the HolocaustThis list of shtetls and shtots (larger towns with significant pre-World War II Jewish populations) is organized by their country.
Some villages that are listed at Yad Vashem have not been included here.
A shtetl (Yiddish: שטעטל, shtetl, singular; שטעטלעך, shtetlekh, plural) was a small town with a large Jewish population, which existed in Central and Eastern Europe before the Holocaust. Shtetlekh and shtetls were mainly found in the areas that constituted the 19th century Pale of Settlement in the Russian Empire, the Congress Kingdom of Poland, Austrian Galicia and Romania.
In Yiddish, a larger city, like Lviv or Chernivtsi, was called a shtot (Yiddish: שטאָט, German: Stadt); a village was called a dorf (דאָרף). In official parlance the shtetl was referred to as a "Jewish miasteczko", a type of settlement which originated in the former Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Where Once We Walked (full title: Where Once We Walked: A Guide to the Jewish Communities Destroyed in The Holocaust), compiled by noted genealogist Gary Mokotoff and Sallyann Amdur Sack, is a gazetteer of 37,000 town names in Central and Eastern Europe focusing on those with Jewish populations in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries and most of whose Jewish communities were almost or completely destroyed during The Holocaust.
Łask ([wask]; German: Lask) is a town in central Poland with 17,604 inhabitants (2016). It is the capital of Łask County, and is situated in Łódź Voivodeship (since 1999), previously in Sieradz Voivodeship (1975–1998). The Polish Air Force's 32nd Air Base is located nearby.
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