List of tallest buildings in Chicago

Chicago, the third-largest city in the United States, is home to 1,315 completed high-rises,[1] 44 of which stand taller than 600 feet (183 m). The tallest building in the city is the 108-story Willis Tower (formerly the Sears Tower), which rises 1,451 feet (442 m) in the Chicago Loop and was completed in 1974.[2][3] Sears Tower was the tallest building in the world from its completion, and remained the tallest building in the United States until May 10, 2013.[4] The second-, third- and fourth-tallest buildings in Chicago are the Trump International Hotel & Tower, the Aon Center and 875 North Michigan Avenue, respectively. Of the ten tallest buildings in the United States, four are located in Chicago.[5] Chicago leads the nation in the twenty tallest women-designed towers in the world, thanks to contributions by Jeanne Gang and Natalie de Blois. As of February 2013, Chicago had 105 buildings at least 500 feet (152 m) tall.[6]

Chicago is the birthplace of the skyscraper.[7][8] The Home Insurance Building, completed in 1885, is regarded as the world's first skyscraper. This building used the steel-frame method, innovated in Chicago. It was originally built with 10 stories, an enormous height in the 1800s, to a height of 138 feet (42 m), making it the tallest building in the world at that time. It was later expanded to 12 stories with a height of 180 feet (55 m). The building was demolished in 1931.[9][10] New York City then began building skyscrapers as Chicago had done, and the two cities were virtually the only cities in the world with huge skylines for many decades. Chicago has always played a prominent role in the development of skyscrapers and three past buildings have been the tallest building in the United States. Being the inventor of the skyscraper, Chicago went through a very early high-rise construction boom that lasted from the early 1920s to the late 1930s, during which 11 of the city's 91 tallest buildings were constructed. The city then went through an even larger building boom that has lasted from the early 1960s. The tallest buildings are concentrated in various downtown districts such as the Loop, Streeterville, River North, the South Loop, and the West Loop. Other high-rises extend north along the waterfront into North Side districts such as the Gold Coast, Lincoln Park, Lakeview, Uptown and Edgewater. Some high-rises also extend south from downtown along the waterfront to South Side districts such as Kenwood, Hyde Park, and South Shore.

Several new skyscrapers were constructed in the city throughout the 2000s, including the Trump International Hotel and Tower. As of August 2016 there were 67 skyscrapers under construction in Chicago.[11]

Field Museum of Natural HistoryOne Museum ParkShedd AquariumThe ColumbianHilton ChicagoRenaissance Blackstone HotelOne Financial Place311 South Wacker DriveSpertus Institute200 South Wacker DriveWillis TowerChicago Board of TradeCongress Plaza Hotel111 South Wacker DriveFranklin Center North TowerKluczynski Federal BuildingAuditorium BuildingField BuildingCNA CenterCitadel CenterMetropolitan TowerChase TowerThree First National PlazaSanta Fe BuildingOne South DearbornMid-Continental PlazaBuckingham FountainRichard J. Daley CenterLegacy TowerUniversity Club of ChicagoLaSalle-Wacker Building300 North LaSalleUnited BuildingPittsfield BuildingLeo Burnett BuildingThe Heritage at Millennium ParkCrain Communications BuildingKemper BuildingMichigan Plaza SouthOne Prudential PlazaJay Pritzker PavilionTrump Tower ChicagoTwo Prudential PlazaAon CenterBlue Cross Blue Shield TowerAqua340 on the ParkThe BuckinghamPark TowerThe TidesOlympia CentreOuter Drive EastThe Shoreham875 North Michigan AvenueWater Tower PlaceNorth Harbor TowerHarbor PointThe Parkshore400 East Ohio Street401 East OntarioOnterie CenterNorth Pier ApartmentsLake Point TowerNavy Pier
The 2010 Chicago skyline as seen from the Adler Planetarium (Use cursor to identify buildings)
Tallest buildings in Chicago
Tallest buildings in Chicago
Chicago-00
A plethora of towers in downtown Chicago, looking northeast towards Lake Michigan

Tallest buildings

This list ranks Chicago skyscrapers that stand at least 550 feet (168 m) tall, based on standard height measurement. This height includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year of completion.

OneBennettPark
EssexOnThePark

Tallest buildings by pinnacle height

This list ranks Chicago skyscrapers based on their pinnacle height, which includes radio masts and antennas. Standard architectural height measurement, which excludes antennas in building height, is included for comparative purposes. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

Tallest buildings in Chicago by pinnacle height
Tallest buildings in Chicago by pinnacle height.
Pinn.
Rank
Std.
Rank
Name Pinnacle
height
ft (m)
Standard
height
ft (m)
Floors Year Source
1 1 Willis Tower 1,730 (527) 1,451 (442) 108 1974 [4]
2 4 John Hancock Center 1,500 (457) 1,127 (344) 100 1969 [17]
3 2 Trump International Hotel and Tower 1,389 (423) 1,170 (357) 98 2009 [13]
4 3 Aon Center 1,136 (346) 1,136 (346) 83 1973 [15]
5 5 Franklin Center North Tower 1,007 (307) 887 (270) 61 1989 [19]
6 6 Two Prudential Plaza 995 (303) 995 (303) 64 1990 [21]
7 7 311 South Wacker Drive 961 (293) 961 (293) 65 1990 [23]
8 42 One Prudential Plaza 912 (278) 601 (183) 41 1955 [100]
9 8 900 North Michigan 871 (266) 871 (266) 66 1989 [27]
10 9 Water Tower Place 859 (262) 859 (262) 74 1976 [29]

Tallest under construction or proposed

Under construction

This lists buildings that are under construction in Chicago as of January 2019 and are planned to rise at least 300 feet (91 m). Buildings whose construction is on-hold are also included. A floor count of 30 stories is used as the cutoff for buildings whose heights have not yet been released by their developers. The "Year" category denotes when the building is expected to be completed.

Name Height*
ft (m)
Floors* Year*
(est.)
Notes
Vista Tower 1,198 (365) 101 2020 Will become the third-tallest building in Chicago, and the tallest building in the world designed by a woman, upon completion.[162]
One Chicago Square East Tower 969 (295) 78 2022 [163]
NEMA Chicago 892 (272) 76 2019 Formerly known as One Grant Park.[164]
110 North Wacker Drive 800 (244) 51 2021 [165][166]
Wolf Point East Tower 660 (201) 60 2019 [167]
Essex on the Park 620 (189) 56 2019 [168]
One Chicago Square West Tower 574 (174) 49 2022 [169]
The Paragon Chicago 515 (157) 46 2019 Formerly known as 1326 South Michigan.[170][171]
202 West Hill 426 (130) 39 2019 [172]
717 South Clark 315 (96) 31 2019 Approved, construction permit issued February 2019.[173][174]
1101 S. Wabash 306 (93) 30 2019 Will become a co-shared Hilton Homewood Suites and Hilton Garden Inn.[175]

Proposed

This lists buildings that are proposed for construction in Chicago and that are planned to rise at least 300 feet (91 m). A floor count of 50 stories is used as the cutoff for buildings whose heights have not yet been released by their developers. The "Year" category denotes when construction of the building is expected to begin.

Name Height*
ft (m)
Floors* Year*
(est.)
Notes
Tribune East Tower 1,422 (433) 116 2019 Would become the second-tallest building in Chicago upon completion.[176][177]
400 Lake Shore Drive South Tower 1,100 (335) 76 Currently stalled due to objections from Alderman Brendan Reilly.[178][179]
Lakeshore East I Tower 950 (289) 80 [180] [181]
400 Lake Shore Drive North Tower 850 (259) 65 Currently stalled due to objections from Alderman Brendan Reilly.[182][183]
1000M 832 (254) 73 2019 Approved April 21, 2016; formerly known as 1000 South Michigan.[184]
113 East Roosevelt (Phase II) >829 (>253) 76 Approved November 19, 2015.[185]
Wolf Point South Tower 813 (248) 60 2020 Salesforce.com has been announced as the anchor tenant.[186][187]
130 North Franklin 700 (214) 48 [188][189]
725 West Randolph 680 (207) 58 2019 Approved in July 2018.[190][191]
195 North Columbus 650 (198) 60 2019 Formerly known as Lakeshore East Site O.[192]
Southbank Building A 598 (182) 51 [193]
900 West Randolph 570 (174) 51 Zoning application filed October 11, 2017 [194]
Lakeshore East J Tower 550 (168) 50 [195]
300 North Michigan 523 (159) 47 [196]
Lakeshore East KL Tower 438 (134) 40 [197]
Southbank Building B 418 (127) 38 [198]
Southbank Building E 416 (127) 38 [199]
322 North Clark 395 (120) 32 2019 Approved August 2016.[200][201]

Canceled or distressed

This lists buildings designed to rise at least 500 feet (152 m) that were designed and proposed for construction in Chicago, yet were never built.

Name Height*
ft (m)
Floors* Year*
(est.)
Notes
Chicago World Trade Center 2,500 (762) 210 - Cancelled in the 1990s.[202]
7 South Dearborn 2,000 (610) 112 - Approved in 1999 and cancelled in 2000. One South Dearborn was built on the site instead.
Chicago Spire 2,000 (610) 150 - The original plan has been cancelled. Chicago Magazine showcased several proposals for the site.[203]
Miglin-Beitler Skyneedle 2,000 (610) 125 - Proposed in 1988 and cancelled in the 1990s.[204]
Old Chicago Main Post Office Twin Towers 2,000 (610) 120 - Proposed July 21, 2011 and approved July 18, 2013; cancelled December 2014.
Waldorf-Astoria Hotel and Residence Tower 1,358 (414) 111 - Proposed in 2009 and cancelled in 2012.
Mandarin Oriental, Chicago 928 (283) 74 - Cancelled in 2009.

* Table entries with dashes (—) indicate that information regarding expected building heights, floor counts or dates of completion has not yet been released.

Timeline of tallest buildings

Chicago Board Of Trade Building
Current Chicago Board of Trade Building
Chicago Masonic Temple Building
Masonic Temple

This is a list of buildings that once held the title of tallest building in Chicago. Of all the buildings that have held the title, only Willis Tower has also held the title of world's tallest building.

Name Years as tallest Height
ft (m)
Floors Notes
First Holy Name Cathedral[A] 1854–1869 245 (75) 1 [205]
Saint Michael's Church 1869–1885 290 (88) 1 [206]
Chicago Board of Trade Building[B] 1885–1895 322 (98) 10 [207]
Masonic Temple Building 1895–1899[C] 302 (92) 21 [208]
Montgomery Ward Building[D] 1899–1922 394 (120) 22 [209]
Wrigley Building 1922–1924 438 (134) 30 [210]
Chicago Temple Building 1924–1930 568 (173) 23 [131]
Chicago Board of Trade Building 1930–1965 605 (184) 44 [98]
Richard J. Daley Center 1965–1969 648 (198) 32 [73]
John Hancock Center 1969–1973 1,127 (344) 100 [17]
Aon Center 1973–1974 1,136 (346) 83 [15]
Willis Tower 1974–present 1,451 (442) 108 [4]

See also

Notes

A. ^ This building was destroyed by the Great Chicago Fire in 1871, and replaced by the current cathedral of the same name in 1875.
B. ^ The clock tower on this building was removed in 1895, allowing a shorter building to become the tallest in the city.
C. ^ The Masonic Temple, built in 1892, became the tallest in Chicago three years later when the Board of Trade Building had its clock tower removed.
D. ^ This building is currently 282 feet (86 m) tall, following the removal of a pyramid top and sculpture.

References

General
  • "Tallest Buildings in Chicago". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-06-25.
Specific
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External links

155 North Wacker

155 North Wacker is a 48-story skyscraper located in Chicago, Illinois designed by Goettsch Partners and was developed by the John Buck Company. It stands 638 feet (195 m). It has received LEED silver pre-certification. The construction started in 2007 and was completed in 2009.

181 West Madison Street

181 West Madison Street is a skyscraper located in Chicago. Built in 1990, the building is 680 feet (207 m) tall and contains 50 floors. It is architect Cesar Pelli's first and only completed tower in the city.

The glassy office tower's most distinctive feature is its recessed crown. The top of the building is illuminated white at the corners, as well as other various colors depending on the holiday.

In 1989, the same combination of developer (The Beitler Company) and architect envisioned the Miglin-Beitler Skyneedle nearby. The 2,000 foot (610 m) and 125-story building would have been the tallest skyscraper in the world if completed, but plans were scrapped because of a sluggish real estate market.

401 East Ontario

401 East Ontario is a 515 ft (157m) tall skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. It was completed in 1990 and has 51 floors. It is tied with One Financial Place as the 78th tallest building in Chicago.

500 West Madison

500 West Madison is a 42 story, 588-foot (180 m) skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. Located between Clinton and Canal Streets on Madison Street, the structure was designed by the architecture firm Murphy/Jahn in a late modernist style. The building, previously named the Northwestern Atrium Center and Citigroup Center, was constructed between 1984 and 1987 on the air rights obtained by the destruction of the head house of the 1911 North Western Station. The building contains retail and offices, and is connected to the platforms of Ogilvie Transportation Center.

55 East Erie Street

55 East Erie is an all-residential skyscraper in Chicago. It is at 647 feet (197 m). Designed by Fujikawa Johnson & Associates and Searl & Associates Architects, the 56 story building was completed in 2004 and is the fourth-tallest all-residential building in the United States after Trump World Tower in New York City, One Museum Park in Chicago, and the nearby 340 on the Park completed in 2007 in Chicago.

The design called for flying buttresses around the mechanical penthouse, which were eventually dropped. Early on, the building was envisioned as much taller in order to house a Mandarin Oriental hotel, but a deal was never struck.

55 East Erie has 194 residential units, including seven floors of split story penthouse homes. The building also features four “Skyhomes,” each a unique four story townhome with its own elevator. Amenities for residents include a swimming pool, fitness center, men's and women's locker rooms each with their own steam room, and a hospitality room.

Chicago Place

Chicago Place is a mixed-use high-rise on the 700 block of North Michigan Avenue (between Huron and Superior) in Chicago along the Magnificent Mile anchored by Saks Fifth Avenue. According to the Chicago Tribune, as of February 2009, the mall portion has been closed and is now a T-Mobile Store as well as offices. Above that is a tower containing condominiums.

FOUR40

425 South Financial Place (formerly known as FOUR40 prior to 2017) is a 515 ft (157 m) tall skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. It was completed in 1985 and has 40 floors. Skidmore, Owings & Merrill designed the building, which is tied with 401 East Ontario as the 78th tallest building in Chicago.

425 South Financial Place houses the Chicago Stock Exchange. The highly acclaimed restaurant Everest and a boutique hotel are located on the top floor.

Harbor Point (skyscraper)

Built in 1972, Harbor Point Condominiums is a residential and commercial building in Chicago, Illinois, United States, on Lake Michigan. It was the first original condominium building in the city.

Hyatt Center

Hyatt Center is an American office tower in Chicago completed in 2005. The 48-story skyscraper stands at 679 feet (207 m) on 71 South Wacker Drive. It is owned by the Irvine Company.

The 1,765,000 square foot (164,000 m²) building contains 65,000 cubic yards (50,000 m³) of concrete and 12,000 tons of structural steel. It took about 2,700 truckloads to excavate the building's foundation, and 1,300,000 man hours over nearly two years to finish. Twenty-eight high speed elevators serve Hyatt Center.

The building features extensive landscape design by Chicago's Hoerr Schaudt Landscape Architects, both inside and outside, from bamboo groves, complete with fountains, lining the modern lobby to lush green grass in raised curved stone planters on the building's south side. The Hyatt Center also contains art panels by Keith Tyson and a trompe l'oeil mural by Ricci Albenda.

The anchor tenants of the building include Hyatt Hotels Corporation - floors 10 through 17 - and Mayer Brown LLP - floors 32,33 and 36-43. The floor 2 cafe is available to all tenants and registered guests.

One Museum Park

One Museum Park is a skyscraper in Chicago, United States. It was designed by Chicago-based architecture firm Pappageorge Haymes, Ltd. and is located in the Near South Side community area.

Optima Signature

Optima Signature (formerly Optima Chicago Center II) is a residential skyscraper in the Streeterville neighborhood of the Near North Side area in Chicago. The 57-story building is a joint venture between Optima Inc. and DeBartolo Development. It opened for occupancy in June 2017. The building has 490 units.

Pittsfield Building

The Pittsfield Building, is a 38-story skyscraper located at 55 E. Washington Street in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois, United States, that was the city's tallest building at the time of its completion. The building was designated as a Chicago Landmark on November 6, 2002.

River East Center

River East Center is a Chicago skyscraper that is a part of the larger River East complex. The tower, containing 620 condominium units, stands at 644 feet (196 m) with 58 floors, and was completed in 2001. The building, designed by DeStefano + Partners, originally called for spires atop of the roof on all sides that would have significantly raised the official height to 680 feet. As it stands today, River East Center is the third tallest all-residential building in Chicago.

The building shares a common base with the nearby 18 story Embassy Suites Lakefront. The base of River East Center also contains an AMC Theatre, the largest cinema in the city of Chicago with 21 screens.

Skybridge, Chicago

Skybridge is a high-rise luxury condominium located in the West Loop of Chicago. It won the 2003 bronze Emporis Skyscraper Award. The base of the building is home to a Whole Foods grocery store. The building climbs to 38 stories, while the top two are home to the penthouses. The 36th floor contains a workout facility for tenants and a roof-top garden space. The building was designed by Perkins and Will.

The Fordham

The Fordham is one of the tallest residential buildings in Chicago. The 52-story building was completed in 2003 at a height of 574 ft (175 m) and features a château-like roof. It was designed by Solomon, Cordwell, Buenz and Associates and developed by the Fordham Company.

Developer Christopher T. Carley also included townhomes on the eleventh floor of the building. The townhomes face a private courtyard on top of the parking garage and each is equipped with its own elevator.

The Fordham contains some of the most expensive residential units in Chicago with penthouses occupying the top ten floors of the building.

Notable Fordham residents include actor John Cusack.

The Grant

The Grant (formerly One Museum Park West) is the companion structure to One Museum Park in the Near South Side community area (neighborhood) in Chicago, Illinois, USA. It is located at the north end of the Central Station development.

The Parkshore

The Parkshore is a 556 ft (169m) tall skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. It was completed in 1991 and has 56 floors. Barancik Conte designed the building, which is the 53rd tallest in Chicago. The pool on the 56th floor is the highest outdoor pool in Chicago.

Three First National Plaza

Three First National Plaza is a 57-story office tower in Chicago located at 70 West Madison Street. Completed in 1981, the building is one of the tallest in Chicago at 767 feet (234 m). The 1,439,369-square-foot (133,721.8 m2) building was designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill in a sawtooth shape to minimize obstructions it might cause to nearby buildings. The design also allows for thirteen corner offices on lower floors and nine corner offices in the upper regions. The exterior façade is clad in Carnelian granite and features 10-foot-wide bay windows (3.0 m) suggestive of traditional Chicago school architecture.

Three First National Plaza's nine-story atrium used to contain "Large Internal-External Upright Form", a sculpture by Henry Moore. The sculpture was removed and sold in 2016 following a remodel of the lobby. The building features pedway access, and was once connected to Chase Tower by a second-story skywalk.

Waldorf Astoria Chicago

The Waldorf Astoria Chicago, formerly the Elysian Hotel Chicago, is a luxury hotel located at 11 East Walton Street in the Gold Coast area of Chicago, Illinois.

Chicago skyscrapers
Tallest buildings
Selected buildings with
20 or more floors
Chicago Landmark skyscrapers
with 12 or more floors
See also
Timeline of tallest buildings in Chicago
Under construction
Proposed or approved
Cancelled or distressed
Chicago articles
By topic
Lists of tallest buildings in the United States

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