List of style guides

A style guide or style manual is a set of standards for the writing and design of documents, either for general use or for a specific publication, organization or field. The implementation of a style guide provides uniformity in style and formatting within a document and across multiple documents. A set of standards for a specific organization is often known as "house style". Style guides are common for general and specialized use, for the general reading and writing audience, and for students and scholars of various academic disciplines, medicine, journalism, the law, government, business, and industry.

International

Several basic style guides for technical and scientific communication have been defined by international standards organizations. These are often used as elements of and refined in more specialized style guides that are specific to a subject, region or organization. Some examples are:

  • EN 15038, Annex D – European Standard for Translation Services
  • ISO 8 – Presentation of periodicals
  • ISO 18 – Contents lists of periodicals
  • ISO 31 – Quantities & units
  • ISO 214 – Abstracts for publication & documentation
  • ISO 215 – Presentation of contributions to periodicals and other serials[1]
  • ISO 690 – Bibliographic references – Content, form & structure
  • ISO 832 – Bibliographic references – Abbreviations of typical words
  • ISO 999 – Index of a publication
  • ISO 1086 – Title leaves of a book
  • ISO 2145 – Numbering of divisions & subdivisions in written documents
  • ISO 5966 – Presentation of scientific & technical reports
  • ISO 6357 – Spine titles on books & other publications
  • ISO 7144 – Presentation of theses & similar documents
  • ISO 9241 – Ergonomics of Human System Interaction

Australia

  • Style Manual: For Authors, Editors and Printers Snooks & Co for the Department of Finance and Administration. 6th ed. ISBN 0-7016-3648-3.

Canada

  • The Canadian Style: A Guide to Writing and Editing: by Dundurn Press in co-operation with Public Works and the Government Services Canada Translation Bureau. ISBN 1-55002-276-8.

Newspapers

  • CP Stylebook: Guide to newspaper style in Canada maintained by the Canadian Press. ISBN 0-920009-38-7.
  • The Globe and Mail Style Book: Originally created to help writers and editors at the Globe and Mail present clear, accurate and concise stories. ISBN 0-7710-5685-0

European Union

United Kingdom

General

For legal documents

For journalism

For the computer industry (software and hardware)

  • Acorn Technical Publications Style Guide, by Acorn Computers. Provides editorial guidelines for text in RISC OS instructional publications, technical documentation, and reference information.[7]
  • RISC OS Style Guide[8] by RISC OS Open Limited. Provides design guidelines, help and dialogue box phrasing examples for the software user interface.

United States

In the United States, both corporate and journalistic forms of mass communication rely on styles provided in the Associated Press Stylebook (AP).[9] A classic grammar style guide, which is designed to complement the AP Stylebook, is The Elements of Style. Together, these two books are referenced more than any other general style book for U.S. third-person writing used across most professions.

For general writing

For legal documents

For academic papers

For journalism

For electronic publishing

For business

For the computer industry (software and hardware)

  • Apple Style Guide], published online by Apple Inc. Provides editorial guidelines for text in Apple instructional publications, technical documentation, reference information, training programs, and the software user interface.[12] An earlier version was the Apple Publications Style Guide[13][14]
  • Google Developer Documentation Style Guide., published online by Google.[15] Provides a set of editorial guidelines for anyone writing developer documentation for Google-related projects.
  • Microsoft Writing Style Guide, published online by Microsoft Corporation.[16] Provides a style standard for technical documentation including use of terminology, conventions, procedure, design treatments, and punctuation and grammar usage. Before 2018, Microsoft published a book, the Microsoft Manual of Style for Technical Publications.
  • The IBM Style Guide: Conventions for Writers and Editors, 2011, and Developing Quality Technical Information: A Handbook for Writers and Editors, 2014, from IBM Press.
  • The Yahoo! Style Guide, 2010.
  • Read Me First! A Style Guide for the Computer Industry, by Sun Technical Publications, 2nd ed., 2003.

Editorial style guides on preparing a manuscript for publication

Academic

Communities

  • GLAAD Media Reference Guide, 8th ed., GLAAD College Media Reference Guide, 1st ed., GLAAD Chinese Media Reference Guide, 1st ed. - published by GLAAD to encourage media outlets to use language and practices inclusive of LGBT people. Available as a free download.[19]

Art

  • Association of Art Editors Style Guide[20]

See also

References

  1. ^ "ISO 215:1986 - Documentation -- Presentation of contributions to periodicals and other serials". Iso.org.
  2. ^ "Publications Office — Interinstitutional style guide — Home". Publications.europa.eu.
  3. ^ "English resources: English Style Guide". European Commission.
  4. ^ "BBC News style guide". BBC Academy.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Guardian and Observer style guide: A". Theguardian.com. 23 December 2015.
  7. ^ "Acorn Publications Open Style Guide" (PDF). Riscosopen.org. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  8. ^ "RISC OS Open: Style Guide". Riscosopen.org.
  9. ^ "AP Stylebook: Know these AP Stylebook changes". Myblogeditor.com.
  10. ^ Paolone, Emmy Favilla, Megan. "BuzzFeed Style Guide". BuzzFeed.com.
  11. ^ Library of Congress Catalog Record for The Business Style Handbook. Lccn.loc.gov (2nd ed.).
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). Web.archive.org. 17 February 2015.
  14. ^ [3]
  15. ^ "About this guide - Google Developer Documentation Style Guide". Google Developers.
  16. ^ pallep. "Welcome - Microsoft Style Guide". Docs.microsoft.com.
  17. ^ "Shaw Communications". Members.shaw.ca.
  18. ^ Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers ISBN 978-0-226-11649-5
  19. ^ "GLAAD Media Reference Guide - 10th Edition". Glaad.org. 25 August 2011.
  20. ^ "AAE Style Guide NEW". Web.archive.org. 7 March 2015.

External links

General use of style guides
American English
U.S. government publications
British English
Canadian English
Australian English
International organizations
Academia
Medical journals
Scientific journals
WWW
Council of Science Editors

The Council of Science Editors (CSE) is a United States-based nonprofit organization that supports editorial practice among scientific writers. In 2008, the CSE adopted the slogan "CSE: Education, Ethics, and Evidence for Editors (E4)".

A volunteer Board of Directors leads the Council, with the assistance of several committees. CSE is managed by Kellen Company, located in Wheat Ridge, Colorado.

English writing style

An English writing style is a way of using the English language.

The style of a piece of writing is the way in which features of the language are used to convey meaning, typically but not always within the constraints of more widely accepted conventions of usage, grammar, and spelling.

An individual's writing style may be a very personal thing. Organizations that employ writers or commission written work from individuals may require that writers conform to a standardized style defined by the organization. This allows a consistent readability of composite works produced by many authors, and promotes usability of, for example, references to other cited works.

In many kinds of professional writing aiming for effective transfer of information, adherence to a standardised style of writing helps readers make sense of what the writer is presenting. Many standardised styles are documented in style guides. Some styles are more widely used, others restricted to a particular journal. Adherence to no particular style is also a style in its own right; some may think it undesirable, others not.

Sentence spacing in language and style guides

Sentence spacing guidance is provided in many language and style guides.

The majority of style guides that use a Latin-derived alphabet as a language base now prescribe or recommend the use of a single space after the concluding punctuation of a sentence.

Standard manuscript format

Standard manuscript format is a formatting style for manuscripts of short stories, novels, poems and other literary works. Even with the advent of desktop publishing, making it possible for anyone to prepare text that appears professionally typeset, many publishers still require authors to submit manuscripts within their respective guidelines. Although there is no single set of guidelines, the "standard" format describes formatting that is considered to be generally acceptable.Although publishers guidelines for formatting are the most critical resource for authors, style guides are also key references for authors preparing manuscripts since "virtually all professional editors work closely with one of them in editing a manuscript for publication."Manuscript formatting depends greatly on the type of work that is being written, as well as the individual publisher, editor or producer. Writers who intend to submit a manuscript should determine what the relevant writing standards are, and follow them. Individual publishers' standards will take precedence over style guides.

Style guide

A style guide or manual of style is a set of standards for the writing, formatting and design of documents. It is often called a style sheet, although that term may have other meanings. These standards can be applied either for general use, or be required usage for an individual publication, a particular organization, or a specific field.

A style guide establishes standard style requirements to improve communication by ensuring consistency both within a document, and across multiple documents. Because practices vary, a style guide may set out standards to be used in areas such as punctuation, capitalization, citing sources, formatting of numbers and dates, table appearance and other areas. The style guide may require certain best practices in usage, language composition, visual composition, orthography and typography. For academic and technical documents, a guide may also enforce the best practice in ethics (such as authorship, research ethics, and disclosure), pedagogy (such as exposition and clarity), and compliance (technical and regulatory).

Style guides are specialized in a variey of ways, from the general use of a broad public audience, to a wide variety of specialized uses, such as for students and scholars of various academic disciplines, medicine, journalism, the law, government, business in general, and specific industries. The term house style refers to the individual style manual of a particular publisher or organization.

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