A stock character is a dramatic or literary character representing a type in a conventional manner and recurring in many works. The following list labels some of these archetypes and stereotypes, providing distinctive examples.
|Absent-minded professor||An absent-minded scientific genius||Professor Calculus, Professor Keenbean, Emmett Brown, Professor Branestawm|
|Angry Black Woman||An assertive, opinionated, loud, and "sassy" black woman (typically African-American) with a sharp tongue, often depicted as nagging and emasculating a male character||Sapphire in Amos 'n' Andy, Wilhelmina Slater in Ugly Betty, Aunt Esther in Sanford and Son|
|Antihero||A protagonist lacking conventional heroic qualities, such as morality, courage, or idealism||Huckleberry Finn, Han Solo, Snake Plissken|
|Author surrogate||A character sharing the traits of its author or creator||Jon Arbuckle, Ralphie Parker|
|Bad boy||A roguish macho||Charlie Harper, Jim Stark in Rebel Without a Cause|
|Battle-axe||An old,domineering, brash and brazen woman||Agnes Skinner, Thelma Harper|
|Black knight||An evil fighter antagonist||Darth Vader, Mordred|
|Boy next door||An average and nice guy||John Truett in Meet Me in St Louis, George Gibbs in Our Town|
|Bug-eyed monster||A staple evil alien||Formics|
|Cat lady||An old woman overly concerned with her cats||Arabella Figg, Crazy Cat Lady|
|Contender||A competitive underdog||Rocky Balboa, Terry Malloy|
|Criminal||Often a thief. Has a strange gait, slouched posture and devious facial expression. Usually wears black and white stripes.||Flynn Rider|
|Crone||A malicious old woman, often occult or witch-like||Baba Yaga, Wicked Witch of the West|
|Damsel in distress||A noble Lady in need of rescue, traditionally from dragons||Princess Peach, Princess Buttercup, Andromeda, Princess Zelda|
|Dandy||A young man more interested in fashion and leisure than business and politics. prominent in Victorian writings.||Lord Byron, Dorian Gray|
|Dark Lady||A dark, malicious or doomed woman||Lady Macbeth, Miss Trunchbull, Annie Wilkes|
|Dark Lord||An evil, very powerful, often godlike or near-immortal sorcerer||Crimson King, Ganondorf, Morgoth, Sauron, Voldemort, White Witch|
|Elderly martial arts master||A wise, powerful man teaching his powerful craft to a young student, often needs to be avenged||Keisuke Miyagi, Pai Cheng-Tien in Snake in the Eagle's Shadow, Pai Mei|
|Everyman||An ordinary individual||C.C. Baxter in The Apartment, Everyman|
|Fall guy||A scapegoat||Alex Parrish (season 1), Wilmer Cook|
|Farmer's daughter||A desirable and naive young woman, also described as being an "open-air type" and "public-spirited"||Crushinator|
|Femme fatale||A beautiful but mischievous and traitorous woman||Ruth Wonderly, Poison Ivy, Salome|
|Final girl||A "last girl standing" in a horror film||Laurie Strode, Sally Hardesty, Lila Crane|
|Gentleman thief||A sophisticated and well-mannered thief||Arsène Lupin, A. J. Raffles, Simon Templar|
|Girl next door||An average girl with a wholesome conduct||Winnie Cooper, Betty Cooper|
|Grande dame||French for "great lady"; a flamboyant woman, prone to extravagant and eccentric fashion; usually a stereotype of an elderly high society socialite||Constance in Gosford Park, Princess Dragomiroff in Murder on the Orient Express; Lady Bracknell in The Importance of Being Earnest|
|Hag||A wizened old woman, often a malicious witch||Witch in Hansel and Gretel, Baba Yaga|
|Harlequin||A clown or professional fool||Till Eulenspiegel|
|Hooker with a heart of gold||A prostitute with heart and intrinsic morality||Nancy in Oliver Twist, Fantine, Inara Serra|
|Hopeless Romantic||A loving, passionate character that often finds love at first sight, is obsessive over a romantic partner, usually views life differently, very optimistic|
|Hotshot||A reckless character known for taking risks||Martin Riggs, Pete Mitchell in Top Gun|
|Idiot savant||A person with extraordinary but narrow intelligence and some form of social or developmental disability||Shaun Murphy in The Good Doctor, Raymond "Rain Man" Babbitt|
|Ingenue||A young woman who is endearingly innocent and wholesome||Ophelia, Cosette, Snow White|
|Jock (athlete)||A male athlete who is often muscular, but not very smart||Luke Ward|
|Knight-errant||A noble Knight on a Quest||Galahad, Sir Gawain, Percival|
|Little Green Men||Little humanoid extraterrestrials with green skin and antennae on their heads; known familiarly in science fiction fandom as LGM||The Great Gazoo; Martians in Martians, Go Home|
|Loathly lady||A woman who appears to be hideous, often cursed||The Wife of Bath's Tale|
|Lovers||Main characters who deeply and truly fall romantically in love, despite the blocking effect of other characters; often moonstruck, star-crossed lovers that are strongly fraternizing with the enemy||Romeo & Juliet; Tony and Maria in West Side Story|
|Mad scientist||An insane or highly eccentric scientist, often villainous or amoral||Dr. Victor Frankenstein, Dr. Henry Jekyll, Dr. Moreau, Rotwang, Davros|
|Magical Negro||A black man with special insight or mystical powers coming to the aid of the white protagonist||Bagger Vance, John Coffey in Green Mile, Dick Hallorann in The Shining, Uncle Remus in Song of the South|
|Mammy archetype||A rotund, homely, and matronly black woman||Aunt Jemima, Mammy in Gone with the Wind, Aunt Chloe in Uncle Tom's Cabin, Louise in Forrest Gump, Calpurnia in To Kill a Mockingbird, Mammy Two Shoes in the Tom and Jerry series|
|Manic Pixie Dream Girl||Usually static characters who have eccentric personality quirks and are unabashedly girlish||Sam in Garden State, Summer in 500 Days of Summer|
|Mary Sue||An idealized and seemingly perfect fictional character, often considered a stand-in for the author||Wesley Crusher, Bella Swan|
|Miles Gloriosus||A boastful soldier (originally from the comic theatre of ancient Rome)||Falstaff, Baron Munchausen, Volstagg|
|Mother's boy||A man who is excessively attached to his mother||Private Frank Pike, Howard Wolowitz in The Big Bang Theory, Eddie Kaspbrak in Stephen King's It, John Candy in Only the Lonely, Norman Bates in Psycho, Buster Bluth in Arrested Development (TV series)|
|Nerd||A socially-impaired, obsessive, or overly-intellectual person, often interested in doing well in school (academically and in terms of behavior)||Martin Prince, Steve Urkel, Sheldon Cooper|
|Nice guy||A male character of wholesome morals, agreeable personality and usually modest means who may struggle with finding females willing to date him||Jon Arbuckle, John McTavish, Marty Piletti|
|Noble savage||An idealized indigene or otherwise wild outsider with noble characteristics||Chingachgook, Hawkeye, Tarzan, Winnetou|
|Outlaw||A romanticized, often charismatic or social bandit||Robin Hood, Han Solo, Billy the Kid, Man with No Name|
|Pantomime dame||A pantomime portrayal of female characters by male actors in drag||Widow Twankey|
|Petrushka||A Russian kind of jester|
|Princesse lointaine||A romantic love interest and beloved sweetheart and girlfriend for a Knight-errant||Dulcinea|
|Redshirt||An expendable character who dies soon after being introduced; this refers to characters from the original Star Trek television series, often from the security or engineering departments of the starship, who wore the red variation of the Starfleet uniform and whose purpose in the narrative was to serve as cannon fodder||Star Trek|
|Rightful king||A usurped, just ruler whose return or triumph restores peace||Aragorn, Aslan, King Arthur, Richard the Lionheart (in the Robin Hood mythos), Pastoria|
|Senex iratus||A father figure and comic archetype who belongs to the alazon or impostor group in theater, manifesting himself through his rages and threats, his obsessions and his gullibility||Pantalone in Commedia dell'arte; Frank Costanza in Seinfeld|
|Shrew||A woman given to violent, scolding, particularly nagging treatment||Kate in The Taming of the Shrew, Lois in Malcolm in the Middle|
|Sinnekins||Pairs of devilish characters who exert their perfidious influence on the main character||Flotsam and Jetsam, Hotep and Huy in The Prince of Egypt|
|Soubrette||A character who is vain, girlish, mischievous, lighthearted, coquettish, and gossipy||Susanna in The Marriage of Figaro|
|Southern belle||A young woman of the American Old South's upper class||Elsie Stoneman, Scarlett O'Hara, Blanche Dubois, Blanche Maxwell in Mandingo, Lara Lee Candie-Fitzwilly in Django Unchained, Mistress Epps in 12 Years a Slave|
|Space Nazis||Nazi-like antagonists in science fiction works||Patterns of Force, Iron Sky, Galactic Empire (Star Wars)|
|Spear carrier||A minor character who appears in several scenes, but mostly in the background||Momo in Avatar: The Last Airbender|
|Straight man||A sidekick to a funny person who makes his partner look all the more ridiculous by being completely serious.||Kermit the Frog, Jim Halpert, Oliver Hardy, Bud Abbott|
|Superhero||An unrealistically powerful hero dedicated to protecting the public||Superman, Spider-Man, Batman, Avengers, X-Men|
|Supersoldier||A soldier who operates beyond human limits or abilities||Captain America, Soldier, Master Chief in Halo|
|Supervillain||Antithesis to the Superhero||Lex Luthor, The Joker, Dr. Doom|
|Swashbuckler||A joyful, noisy, and boastful Renaissance era swordsman or pirate||Peter Blood, Zorro, Dread Pirate Roberts, Captain Jack Sparrow|
|Tomboy||A girl with boyish and/or manly behavior||Arya Stark, Jo March, George Kirrin, Merida|
|Tortured artist||A character who is in constant torment due to frustrations with art and other people||Brian Topp, Vincent van Gogh in Lust for Life|
|Town drunk||A male in a small town who is drunk more often than sober||Barney Gumble, Haymitch Abernathy, Otis Campbell|
|Tragic hero||A hero with a major flaw that leads to his or her eventual death and downfall||Sigurd, Boromir, Orpheus, Anakin Skywalker, Jay Gatsby, Charles Foster Kane, George Amberson Minafer|
|Tragic mulatto||A mulatto who is sad or suicidal because he or she fails to fit in with white or black people||Judy Kovacs in the episode Are You Now or Have You Ever Been in the television series Angel, Eliza, Cassy, and Emmeline in Uncle Tom's Cabin, Peola Johnson in Imitation of Life (1934 film)|
|Übermensch||A (often only seemingly) perfect human being, especially the DC Comics character Superman||Superman, Captain America|
|Vice||An allegorical evil part in medieval morality plays|
|Village idiot||A person known locally for ignorance or stupidity; this character often turns out to be very brave and good, and sometimes, underestimated (see Wise fool)||Neville Longbottom, Patrick Star|
|Villain||An evil character in a story||Snidely Whiplash, Fu Manchu, The Master, Lord Voldemort, Palpatine, Professor Moriarty, Count Dracula|
|Whisky priest||A priest or ordained minister who shows clear signs of moral weakness, while at the same time teaching a higher standard||Father Callahan, Elmer Gantry, Samuel Parris, Harry Powell|
|White hunter||White big-game hunters in Africa||Allan Quatermain, Kraven the Hunter|
|Wise fool||A fool with an attribute of wisdom||Shakespearean fool, such as in King Lear, Stańczyk|
|Wise old man||An elderly character who provides wisdom to the protagonist||Obi-Wan Kenobi, Albus Dumbledore, Yoda, Gandalf, Keisuke Miyagi|
|Yokel||An unsophisticated country person||Rose Nylund, Cletus Spuckler, Eb Dawson in Green Acres, Goober Pyle, Ezekiel in Total Drama|
|Youxia||A Chinese type of the Knight-errant||Li Mu-Bai, Fong Sai-yuk|
This is a list of stock characters that are used in military fiction.
The Arrogant Pilot (aka Flyboy): this character arrives on base after the premise of the story has been established. The arrogant pilot, along with his distinguished training and combat record are gossiped about before he appears. Is disliked by fellow military due to his overconfidence and initially not trusted by fellow pilots. Traces of this stock character are apparent throughout the manga Area 88, and the Tom Cruise and Val Kilmer characters in the film Top Gun, who are notably parodied in the comedy Hot Shots! by Charlie Sheen and Cary Elwes, respectively. Panther Caroso of the Star Fox series can also be considered an Arrogant Pilot. This is parodied by Squadron Commander Flashheart in Blackadder Goes Forth, and alluded to by Lord Flashheart in Blackadder the Second.
The Bitter War Veteran: man who fought as a soldier during a war; he usually leaves home a naïve young man, experiences the horrors of war, and returns home embittered and deranged. He often has flashbacks and nightmares about the war. Examples include John Rambo, of First Blood and its sequels, Cliff Hudson of Dead Rising, Lieutenant Dan Taylor from Forrest Gump and Travis Bickle from Taxi Driver.
The Captain: mercenary or retired soldier (whose rank is often self-bestowed). He constantly extolls his bravery and strength with impossible stories that even he doesn't believe. Ronald Speirs from Band of Brothers is the real-life example of this stock character. Another examples of this is Leroy Jethro Gibbs from NCIS.
The Crazy General: high-ranking general who goes crazy and starts a war, or worse, such as General Jack D. Ripper does in Dr. Strangelove. This includes most of the generals depicted in M*A*S*H; Colonel Maddox in 1941; General Melchett in Blackadder Goes Forth; and General Shepherd in Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2.
The Drill Sergeant: harsh, bitter and sarcastic, this character will either be loved or hated (or in some cases killed) for his iron will. Often his constant ordering and rigorous training might turn out to be for the good; an example of this is Career Sergeant Zim from Starship Troopers, or it can be done intentionally, such as Gunnery Sergeant Hartman from Full Metal Jacket. A real life example of this character type is Herbert Sobel from Band of Brothers.
The Major (or Jolly War Veteran): lovable, awkward, and more than a bit daft. He is usually a veteran of one of the World Wars, and frequently sings old military songs (melancholy or dance-tune are typical). Military aphorisms and lingo pepper his speech. A comedic streak of alcoholism sometimes adds tragic charm to the Major. Examples include the Major from Soap or Fawlty Towers, and almost every hare in Redwall, although they tend to have more active and serious military roles. A "drunken major" features prominently in Vile Bodies by Evelyn Waugh.
The Military Man: typically career military (although there are retired variations). Harsh, unforgiving, authoritarian, and usually associated with the negative aspects of the military, e.g., Major Frank Burns of M*A*S*H or Sarge of Red vs. Blue.
The Idealistic Lieutenant: more seasoned than the Raw Recruit, the Lieutenant is nonetheless fairly young. He has to learn that what worked in Officer's Training School isn't necessarily going to fly in the field, and that lesson costs a couple of defeats that nearly break his faith in himself as a leader. A good example is Lt. Nate Fick from Generation Kill, Matthew Baker from the Brothers in Arms series or Lt. Myron Goldman from the TV series Tour of Duty A comic example is George St.Barleigh in Blackadder Goes Forth.
The Pompous War Colonel: more shown in comedy, this kind of character is very nostalgic about his war days (often overlaps The Major). In fact, even if there is no war at all, he still treats everyone as if they were all in his military and makes them do silly war things. The British version, best exemplified by David Ley's Colonel Blimp, often served in a Colonial unit and has little or no military education. Examples include Colonel Hathi of The Jungle Book and Fowler of Chicken Run.
The Incompetent Enlisted Man: enlisted soldier who is good-hearted and likeable, but cannot do anything right. Often ends up performing undesirable menial tasks. He often earns the audience's sympathy, but fails to advance himself in the army. Examples include Lou Costello in some Abbott and Costello films; Corporal Upham in Saving Private Ryan; Sad Sack; Private Snafu; and the title character of Private Benjamin. And Beetle Bailey, naturally.
The Incompetent Officer: usually from a wealthy background, the incompetent officer is usually senior to the hero and an antagonist. Normally has an inflated view of his own abilities, leading his men into numerous disasters, e.g., Sir Henry Simmerson and numerous others in the Sharpe series of novels. A real-life example is Norman Dike, who was portrayed in Band of Brothers.
The Raw Recruit: young, naive and impressionable, the Raw Recruit has to learn how to live with military discipline and understand the reasons behind the way the military works. He often ends up in a position of leadership (as an Idealistic Lieutenant) by the end of the story. Juan Rico of Starship Troopers is such a character. They may have a "tragic" death towards the end of the movie, particularly if they show the protagonist a picture of a fiancée or wife they "have back home". A parody of this character is Dead Meat from the comedy Hot Shots!, whose obviously impending doom is played for laughs. "Soap" MacTavish from Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare also fits this category, becoming a Captain in the sequel.
The Solid Noncom: almost always a sergeant; takes the Raw Recruit under his wing while advising the Idealistic Lieutenant through his moments of self-doubt. He often comes from Brooklyn or the Great Plains (if American) or Scotland (if British), e.g., Joe "Red" Hartsock from the Brothers in Arms series or SGT Zeke Anderson from Tour of Duty
The Rough Sergeant: basically the stereotypical sergeant seen in many movies, but this can apply to any soldier with this attitude. The rough soldiers usually are still in action but are liked by many of the troops they are with, but usually die by the end. When these soldiers die, it is usually put in a very dramatic form. Examples of this character are Kat in All Quiet on the Western Front or SGT Elias and SSG Barnes in Platoon or Gaz in Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare.Outline of science fiction
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to science fiction:
Science fiction – a genre of fiction dealing with the impact of imagined innovations in science or technology, often in a futuristic setting. or depicting space exploration. Exploring the consequences of such innovations is the traditional purpose of science fiction, making it a "literature of ideas".Stock character
A stock character is a stereotypical fictional character in a work of art such as a novel, play, film, or a movie whom audiences recognize from frequent recurrences in a particular literary tradition. Stock characters are archetypal characters distinguished by their flatness. As a result, they tend to be easy targets for parody and to be criticized as clichés. The presence of a particular array of stock characters is a key component of many genres. The point of the stock character is to move the story along by allowing the audience to already understand the character.