List of states of Mexico

The states of Mexico are first-level administrative territorial entities of the country of Mexico, which officially is named United Mexican States. There are 31 states and one federal entity in Mexico.[1] Mexico City is a federal entity with a level of autonomy comparable to that of a state, but is not a state itself.[2]

The states are further divided into municipalities.

Mexico states map small

List

States of Mexico
State Official Name:

Estado Libre y Soberano de (English: "Free and Sovereign State of") :

Flag Capital Largest city Area[3] Population (2010)[4] Order of Admission
to Federation
Date of Admission
to Federation
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes Flag of Aguascalientes.svg Aguascalientes Aguascalientes 5,618 km2 (2,169 sq mi) 1,184,996 24 1857-02-05[5]
Baja California Baja California Flag of Baja California.svg Mexicali Tijuana 71,446 km2 (27,585 sq mi) 3,155,070 29 1952-01-16[6]
Baja California Sur Baja California Sur Flag of Baja California Sur.svg La Paz La Paz 73,922 km2 (28,541 sq mi) 637,026 31 1974-10-08[7]
Campeche Campeche Flag of Campeche.svg San Francisco de Campeche San Francisco de Campeche 57,924 km2 (22,365 sq mi) 822,441 25 1863-04-29[8]
Chiapas Chiapas Flag of Chiapas.svg Tuxtla Gutiérrez Tuxtla Gutiérrez 73,289 km2 (28,297 sq mi) 4,796,580 19 1824-09-14[9]
Mexico City Ciudad de México Flag of Mexican Federal District.svg 1,495 km2 (577 sq mi) 8,918,653
Chihuahua Chihuahua Flag of Chihuahua.svg Chihuahua Ciudad Juárez 247,455 km2 (95,543 sq mi) 3,406,465 18 1824-07-06[9]
Coahuila1 4 Coahuila de Zaragoza Flag of Coahuila.svg Saltillo Saltillo 151,563 km2 (58,519 sq mi) 2,748,391 16 1824-05-07[9]
Colima6 Colima Flag of Colima.svg Colima Manzanillo 5,625 km2 (2,172 sq mi) 650,555 23 1856-09-12[10][11]
Durango Durango Flag of Durango.svg Victoria de Durango Victoria de Durango 123,451 km2 (47,665 sq mi) 1,632,934 17 1824-05-22[9]
Guanajuato Guanajuato Flag of Guanajuato.svg Guanajuato León 30,608 km2 (11,818 sq mi) 5,486,372 2 1823-12-20[9]
Guerrero Guerrero Flag of Guerrero.svg Chilpancingo de los Bravo Acapulco 63,621 km2 (24,564 sq mi) 3,388,768 21 1849-10-27[12]
Hidalgo Hidalgo Flag of Hidalgo.svg Pachuca Pachuca 20,846 km2 (8,049 sq mi) 2,665,018 26 1869-01-16[13]
Jalisco Jalisco Flag of Jalisco.svg Guadalajara Guadalajara 78,599 km2 (30,347 sq mi) 7,350,682 9 1823-12-23[9]
México México Flag of Mexico (state).svg Toluca de Lerdo Ecatepec de Morelos 22,357 km2 (8,632 sq mi) 15,175,862 1 1823-12-20[9]
Michoacán Michoacán de Ocampo Flag of Michoacan.svg Morelia Morelia 58,643 km2 (22,642 sq mi) 4,351,037 5 1823-12-22[9]
Morelos Morelos Flag of Morelos.svg Cuernavaca Cuernavaca 4,893 km2 (1,889 sq mi) 1,777,227 27 1869-04-17[14]
Nayarit Nayarit Flag of Nayarit.svg Tepic Tepic 27,815 km2 (10,739 sq mi) 1,084,979 28 1917-01-26[15]
Nuevo León4 Nuevo León Flag of Nuevo Leon.svg Monterrey Monterrey 64,220 km2 (24,800 sq mi) 4,653,458 15 1824-05-07[9]
Oaxaca Oaxaca Flag of Oaxaca.svg Oaxaca de Juárez Oaxaca de Juárez 93,793 km2 (36,214 sq mi) 3,801,962 3 1823-12-21[9]
Puebla Puebla Flag of Puebla.svg Puebla de Zaragoza Puebla de Zaragoza 34,290 km2 (13,240 sq mi) 5,779,829 4 1823-12-21[9]
Querétaro Querétaro de Arteaga Flag of Queretaro.svg Santiago de Querétaro Santiago de Querétaro 11,684 km2 (4,511 sq mi) 1,827,937 11 1823-12-23[9]
Quintana Roo Quintana Roo Flag of Quintana Roo.svg Chetumal Cancún 42,361 km2 (16,356 sq mi) 1,325,578 30 1974-10-08[16]
San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí Flag of San Luis Potosi.svg San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí 60,983 km2 (23,546 sq mi) 2,585,518 6 1823-12-22[9]
Sinaloa Sinaloa Flag of Sinaloa.svg Culiacán Culiacán 57,377 km2 (22,153 sq mi) 2,767,761 20 1830-10-14[17]
Sonora2 Sonora Flag of Sonora.svg Hermosillo Hermosillo 179,503 km2 (69,306 sq mi) 2,662,480 12 1824-01-10[9]
Tabasco5 Tabasco Flag of Tabasco.svg Villahermosa Villahermosa 24,738 km2 (9,551 sq mi) 2,238,603 13 1824-02-07[9]
Tamaulipas4 Tamaulipas Flag of Tamaulipas.svg Ciudad Victoria Reynosa 80,175 km2 (30,956 sq mi) 3,268,554 14 1824-02-07[9]
Tlaxcala Tlaxcala Flag of Tlaxcala.svg Tlaxcala Vicente Guerrero 3,991 km2 (1,541 sq mi) 1,169,936 22 1856-12-09[18]
Veracruz Veracruz de
Ignacio de la Llave
Flag of Veracruz.svg Xalapa Veracruz 71,820 km2 (27,730 sq mi) 7,643,194 7 1823-12-22[9]
Yucatán3 Yucatán Flag of Yucatan.svg Mérida Mérida 39,612 km2 (15,294 sq mi) 1,955,577 8 1823-12-23[9]
Zacatecas Zacatecas Flag of Zacatecas.svg Zacatecas Zacatecas 75,539 km2 (29,166 sq mi) 1,490,668 10 1823-12-23[9]

Notes:

  1. Joined the federation with the name of Coahuila y Texas.
  2. Joined the federation with the name of Estado de Occidente also recognized as Sonora y Sinaloa.
  3. Joined the federation as República Federada de Yucatán[19] (English: Federated Republic of Yucatán) formed by the current states of Yucatan, Campeche and Quintanà Roo. Became independent in 1841 constituting the second Republic of Yucatán and definitively rejoined in 1848.
  4. States of Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and Coahuila became independent de facto in 1840 to form the República del Río Grande (English: Republic of the Rio Grande); never consolidated its independence because independent forces were defeated by the centralist forces.[20]
  5. The State of Tabasco seceded from Mexico on two occasions, the first on February 13, 1841, rejoining again on December 2, 1842. And the second time was from November 9, 1846 to December 9, 1846
  6. Inc the remote Revillagigedo Islands, which are federally administered.

See also

References

  1. ^ Agren, David (29 January 2015). "Mexico City officially changes its name to – Mexico City". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  2. ^ El Diario de México. "La Ciudad de México no será estado, sino entidad federal autónoma" (in Spanish). Retrieved February 29, 2016.
  3. ^ "INEGI". Archived from the original on 2011-07-23.
  4. ^ Censo 2010 Archived 2011-04-06 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Calendario de Eventos Cívicos - Febrero". Archived from the original on 2010-04-11.
  6. ^ "Transformación Política de Territorio Norte de la Baja California a Estado 29".
  7. ^ "Secretaria de Educación Publica". Archived from the original on 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  8. ^ "Secretaria de Educación Publica". Archived from the original on 2011-10-26.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Las Diputaciones Provinciales" (PDF) (in Spanish). p. 15.
  10. ^ "Portal Ciudadano de Baja California".
  11. ^ "Universidad de Colima". Archived from the original on 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  12. ^ "Erección del Estado de Guerrero". Archived from the original on 2007-10-17. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  13. ^ "Congreso del Estado Libre y Soberano de Hidalgo". Archived from the original on 2008-07-24. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  14. ^ "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México". Archived from the original on 2011-07-18.
  15. ^ "Gobierno del Estado de Tlaxcala". Archived from the original on 2010-02-18. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  16. ^ "Gobierno del Estado de Quintana Roo". Archived from the original on 2011-08-17. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  17. ^ "500 años de México en documentos".
  18. ^ "Portal Gobierno del Estado de Tlaxcala". Archived from the original on 2009-12-27.
  19. ^ "La historia de la República de Yucatán".
  20. ^ "República de Río Grande, el País que no pudo ser" (in Spanish).
Mexico States of Mexico
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