List of spiral galaxies

A spiral galaxy is a type of galaxy characterized by a central bulge of old Population II stars surrounded by a rotating disc of younger Population I stars. A spiral galaxy maintains its spirals arms due to density wave theory.

Spiral galaxies

Below is a list of notable spiral galaxies with their own articles. The classification column refers to the galaxy morphological classification used by astronomers to describe galaxy structure.

Designation Picture Classification Constellation Apparent Magnitude
Comet Galaxy CometGalaxy S Sculptor 18.7
ESO 97-G13, Circinus Galaxy Circinus.galaxy.750pix S Circinus 11
ESO 510-G13 Warped galaxy Sa: pec sp Hydra 13.4
IC 342 IC342 RGB2 SAB(rs)cd Camelopardalis 9.1
IC 1296 SBbc Lyra 14.8
IC 2163 NGC2207+IC2163 SB(rs)c pec Canis Major 11.6
IC 4970 NGC 6872 and IC 4970 SA0 pec Pavo 12.7
LEDA 100170, Dwingeloo 1

Dwingeloo 1 (WISE)

SB(s)cd Cassiopeia 8.3
M31, Andromeda M31bobo SA(s)b Andromeda 4.36
M33, Triangulum Galaxy M33 SA(s)cd Triangulum 6.3
M51a, Whirlpool Galaxy Messier51 sRGB SA(s)bc pec Canes Venatici 9.0
M58 M58 3.6 5.8 8.0 microns spitzer SAB(rs)b Virgo 10.5
M61 A hungry starburst galaxy SAB(rs)bc Virgo 10.2
M63, Sunflower Galaxy M63 SA(rs)bc Canes Venatici 9.3
M64, Black Eye Galaxy Blackeyegalaxy (R)SA(rs)ab Coma Berenices 9.4
M65 Messier object 065 SAB(rs)a Leo 10.3
M66 Sig05-016 SAB(s)b Leo 9.7
M74 PESSTO Snaps Supernova in Messier 74 SA(s)c Pisces 9.95
M77 Messier 77 spiral galaxy by HST (R)SA(rs)b Cetus 9.6
M81 Messier 81 HST SA(s)ab Ursa Major 7.9
M83 Messier object 083 SAB(s)c Hydra 8.2
M88 M88s SA(rs)b Coma Berenices 10.4
M90 Messier object 090 SAB(rs)ab Virgo 10.3
M91 Messier91 SBb(rs) Coma Berenices 11.0
M94 Messier object 094 SA(r)ab Canes Venatici 9.0
M95 Messier95 spitzer SB(r)b Leo 11.4
M96 NGC 3368 ESO SAB(rs)ab Leo 10.1
M98 M98 SAB(s)ab Coma Berenices 11
M99, Coma Pinwheel Galaxy M99atlas SA(s)c Coma Berenices 10.4
M100 Spiral Galaxy M100 SAB(s)bc Coma Berenices 10.1
M101, Pinwheel Galaxy M101 hires STScI-PRC2006-10a SAB(rs)cd Ursa Major 8.3
M104, Sombrero Galaxy M104 ngc4594 sombrero galaxy hi-res SA(s)a Virgo 9.0
M106 Messier 106-1 SAB(s)bc Canes Venatici 9.1
M108 M108 SB(s)cd Ursa Major 10.7
M109 Messier object 109 SB(rs)bc Ursa Major 10.6
Maffei 2 Maf2atlas SAB(rs)bc Cassiopeia 16.0
Milky Way Milkyway pan SB N/A N/A
NGC 1 NGC1map SA(s)b Pegasus 13.65
NGC 2 NGC 0002 2MASS Sab Pegasus +15.0
NGC 17 Hubble Interacting Galaxy NGC 17 (2008-04-24) Sc Cetus 15.3
NGC 47 NGC 0047 2MASS| SB(rs)bc Cetus 13.5
NGC 247 GALEX-NGC247 SAB(s)d Cetus 9.9
NGC 253, Sculptor Galaxy Ngc253 2mass barred spiral SAB(s)c Sculptor 8.0
NGC 300 Composite Image of NGC 300 SA(s)d Sculptor 9.0
NGC 514 NGC 0514 I FUV g2006 SAB(rs)c Pisces 12.2
NGC 625 NGC 625 GALEX SB(s)m Phoenix 11.7
NGC 772 NGC772 SN2003hl SN2003iq 6223 Dahl SA(s)b Aries 11.1
NGC 891 NGC891 SA(s)b Andromeda 10.8
NGC 1032 N1032s S0/a Cetus 12.6
NGC 1042 N1042s SAB(rs)cd Cetus 14.0
NGC 1055 NGC 1055 I FUV g2006 SBb:II-III: spindle Cetus 11.6
NGC 1087

NGC1087 - SDSS DR14

SAB(rs)c Cetus 12.2
NGC 1090 NGC1090 - SDSS DR14 SB(rs)bc Cetus[1] 12.5
NGC 1097 Coiled Galaxy R'_1:)SB(r'l)bSy1 Fornax 10.2
NGC 1232 NGC891 SAB(rs)c Eridanus 10.9
NGC 1300 Hubble2005-01-barred-spiral-galaxy-NGC1300 (R')SB(s)bc Eridanus 11.4
NGC 1309


Eridanus 12.0
NGC 1365 PIA07901 (R')SBb(s)b Fornax 10.3
NGC 1512 NGC 1512 SB(r)ab Horologium 11.1
NGC 1532 ESO - Ngc1532 gendler (by) SB(s)b pec Eridanus 10.7
NGC 1637 NGC 1637 SAB(rs)c Eridanus 11.5
NGC 2207 NGC2207+IC2163 SAB(rs)bc pec Canis Major 12.2
NGC 2403 NGC 2403HST SAB(s)cd Camelopardalis 8.9
NGC 2442 Ngc2442 potw SAB(s)bc pec Volans 11.2
NGC 2541 NGC 2541GALEX SA(s)cd Lynx[2] 12.3
NGC 2683 N2683s SA(rs)b Lynx 10.6
NGC 2715

NGC 2715 DSS

SABc Camelopardalis[3] 12[4]
NGC 2841 NGC2841 3.6 5.8 8.0 microns spitzer SA(r)b Ursa Major 10.1
NGC 2903 NGC 2903 GALEX SB(s)d Leo 9.7
NGC 2976 NGC2976 3.6 5.8 8.0 microns spitzer SAc pec Ursa Major 10.8
NGC 2997 NGC 2997 ESO SA(s)c Antlia 10.1
NGC 3054 NGC3054-hst-606 SAB(r)bc Hydra 12.6
NGC 3079 NGC 3079 (captured by the Hubble Space Telescope) SB(s)c Ursa Major 11.5
NGC 3109 NGC 3109 2MASS SB(s)m Hydra 10.4
NGC 3184 NGC3184 3.6 5.8 8.0 microns spitzer SA(s)b Ursa Major 9.6
NGC 3223 Sb Antlia 12
NGC 3310 NGC 3310 SAB(r)bc pec Ursa Major 11.2
NGC 3314 Galactic Silhouettes SBbc/SAab Hydra 12.5
NGC 3370 NGC 3370 Hi SA(s)c Leo 12.3
NGC 3486 NGC3486-hst-R814GB450 Sb Leo Minor[5] 11.0[5]
NGC 3521 Ngc3521-hst-R814GB450 SABbc Leo[5] 10[5]
NGC 3596 NGC 3596 2MASS SAB(rs)c Leo 12.0
NGC 3628 NGC 3628 Anttler SAb pec Leo 14.0
NGC 3642


Ursa Major 10.8
NGC 3877 NGC 3877 hst 08602 555 Sc Ursa Major 12.1
NGC 3949 NGC 3949 SA(s)bc Ursa Major 11.5
NGC 3953 NGC3953 SB(r)bc Ursa Major 10.8
NGC 3981

A Galactic Gem NGC 3981

Crater 11
NGC 3982 NGC 3982 - Hubble space telescope, 2003 SAB(r)b Ursa Major 12.0
NGC 4013 NGC 4013HSTFull SAb Ursa Major 19.2
NGC 4027 NGC 4027 SB(s)dm Corvus 11.7
NGC 4088 NGC 4088 2MASS SAB(rs)bc Ursa Major 11.2
NGC 4216 Ngc4216 SAB(s)b Virgo 11.0
NGC 4314 NGC 4314HST1998-21-b-full SBa [6] Coma Berenices
NGC 4395 Ngc4395 SA(s)m Canes Venatici[5] 10.6
NGC 4414 NGC 4414 (NASA-med) SA(rs)c Coma Berenices 11.0
NGC 4565 Needle Galaxy 4565.jpeg SA(s)b Coma Berenices 10.42
NGC 4618 NGC 4618 I FUV g2006 SB(rs)m Canes Venatici 11.2
NGC 4625 NGC 4625 I FUV g2006 SAB(rs)m pec Canes Venatici 13.2
NGC 4631 NGC 4631 I FUV g2006 SB(s)d Canes Venatici 9.8
NGC 4725 NGC 4725 SAB(r)ab pec Coma Berenices 10.1
NGC 4911 NGC 4911 Sb [6] Coma Berenices Unknown
NGC 4945 NGC 4945 SB(s)cd Centaurus 9.3
NGC 5005 NGC5005 SAB(rs)bc Canes Venatici 10.6
NGC 5033 NGC5033 SA(s)c Canes Venatici 10.8
NGC 5068 NGC 5068 GALEX SB(s)d Virgo 10.5
NGC 5078 NGC5078 SA(s)a Hydra 11.8
NGC 5091 Phot-20d-99-hires Sb pec sp Centaurus 13.9
NGC 5164 NGC 5164 2MASS SBb Ursa Major 14.1
NGC 5257 SAB(s)b pec Virgo 12.9
NGC 5258 Hubble Interacting Galaxy NGC 5257 (2008-04-24) SA(s)b pec Virgo 12.9
NGC 5474 NGC 5474 I FUV g2006 SA(s)cd pec Ursa Major 11.3
NGC 5624 S Virgo 14.6
NGC 5713 NGC 5713 I FUV g2006 SAB(rs)bc pec Virgo 12.1
NGC 5921 NGC5921 SB(r)bc Serpens Caput 11.5
NGC 6744 Ngc 6744 SAB(r)bc Pavo 9.14
NGC 6745 NGC 6745 S Lyra 13.3
NGC 6872 NGC 6872 and IC 4970 SAB(rs)c Pavo 12.7
NGC 6946 SpiralGalaxy NGC6946 SAB(rs)cd Cepheus 9.6
NGC 7217 NGC 7217 Hubble (R)SA(r)ab Pegasus 11.0
NGC 7318 NGC 7318 SB(s)bc pec Pegasus 14.4 / 13.9
NGC 7331 NGC 7331 zoomed SA(s)b Pegasus 10.4
NGC 7479 NGC 7479 SB(s)c Pegasus 11.6
NGC 7742 Seyfert Galaxy NGC 7742 SA(r)b Pegasus 12.4
NGC 7752 N7753s cropped SAB(rs)bc Pegasus 12.8
NGC 7793 NGC 7793SpitzerFull SA(s)d Sculptor 10.0
NGC 7814 NGC 7814 Hubble WikiSky SA(S)ab Pegasus 11.6
UGC 10214, Tadpole Galaxy UGC 10214HST SB(s)c pec Draco 14.4


  1. ^ Normandin, George (2002). "Barred Spiral Galaxy NGC 1090". Retrieved Dec. 26, 2006
  2. ^ Matthews, Doug & Betts, Charles (2003). "NGC 2541". Retrieved Dec. 26 2006.
  3. ^ Frommert, Hartmut. "NGC 2715" Archived 2005-02-22 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on December 26, 2006.
  4. ^ Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg. "VizieR Detailed Page". Retrieved on December 26, 2006.
  5. ^ a b c d e Celestia version 1.4.1. Laurel, Chris, 2006.
  6. ^ a b SIMBAD service at Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg. "SIMBAD". Retrieved on April 9, 2013.

See also

ESO 269-57

ESO 269-57 is a large spiral galaxy located about 150 million light-years away in the constellation Centaurus. ESO 269-57 has a diameter of about 200,000 light-years. It is part of group of galaxies known as GG 342.

List of galaxies

The following is a list of notable galaxies.

There are about 51 galaxies in the Local Group (see list of nearest galaxies for a complete list), on the order of 100,000 in our Local Supercluster and an estimated number of about one to two trillion in all of the observable universe.

The discovery of the nature of galaxies as distinct from other nebulae (interstellar clouds) was made in the 1920s. The first attempts at systematic catalogues of galaxies were made in the 1960s, with the Catalogue of Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies listing 29,418 galaxies and galaxy clusters, and with the Morphological Catalogue of Galaxies, a putatively complete list of galaxies with photographic magnitude above 15, listing 30,642. In the 1980s, the Lyons Groups of Galaxies listed 485 galaxy groups with 3,933 member galaxies. Galaxy Zoo is a project aiming at a more comprehensive list: launched in July 2007, it has classified over one million galaxy images from The Sloan Digital Sky Survey, The Hubble Space Telescope and the Cosmic Assembly Near-Infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey.There is no universal naming convention for galaxies, as they are mostly catalogued before it is established whether the object is or isn't a galaxy. Mostly they are identified by their celestial coordinates together with the name of the observing project (HUDF, SDSS, 3C, CFHQS, NGC/IC, etc.)

List of nearest galaxies

This is a list of known galaxies within 3.59 megaparsecs (11.7 million light-years) of the Solar System, in ascending order of distance.

This encompasses all of the about 50 Local Group galaxies, and some that are members of neighboring galaxy groups, the M81 Group and the Centaurus A/M83 Group, and some that are currently not in any defined galaxy group.

The list aims to reflect current knowledge: not all galaxies within the 3.59 Mpc radius have been discovered. Nearby dwarf galaxies are still being discovered, and galaxies located behind the central plane of the Milky Way are extremely difficult to discern. It is possible for any galaxy to mask another located beyond it.

Intergalactic distance measurements are subject to large uncertainties. Figures listed are composites of many measurements, some of which may have had their individual error bars tightened to the point of no longer overlapping with each other.

List of spirals

This list of spirals includes named spirals that have been described mathematically.

Lists of astronomical objects

This is a list of lists, grouped by type of astronomical object.

Lists of galaxies

This is a list of lists of galaxies.

NGC 3041

NGC 3041 is an intermediate barred spiral galaxy located in the constellation Leo. It is designated as SAB(rs)c in the galaxy morphological classification scheme. It was discovered by William Herschel on 23 March 1784. The galaxy is approximately 77 million light years away from earth.

NGC 468

NGC 468 is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces. With its distance being approximately 209 million lightyears from earth, it was discovered by John Frederick William Herschel in 1827.

NGC 469

NGC 469 is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces. With its distance being approximately 167 million light-years from Earth, it was discovered by Albert Marth in 1864.

NGC 470

NGC 470 is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces. Its distance being approximately 91 million lightyears from earth, it was discovered by Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel in 1784. The galaxy also weakly interacts with NGC 474.

NGC 472

NGC 472 is a spiral galaxy located roughly 220 million lightyears from earth in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered on August 29, 1862 by Heinrich Louis d'Arrest.

NGC 5001

NGC 5001 is a barred spiral galaxy located in the constellation Ursa major. It is designated as SB in the galaxy morphological classification scheme. It was discovered by John Herschel on 1 May 1831. It is at a distance of 130 million parsecs from the earth.

NGC 681

NGC 681 (also known as the Little Sombrero Galaxy) is an intermediate spiral galaxy in the constellation of Cetus, located approximately 66.5 million light-years from Earth. The name Little Sombrero Galaxy is a reference to a much larger and earlier observed sombrero-like galaxy designated M104, or the Sombrero Galaxy.

Spiral galaxy

Spiral galaxies form a class of galaxy originally described by Edwin Hubble in his 1936 work The Realm of the Nebulae and, as such, form part of the Hubble sequence. Most spiral galaxies consist of a flat, rotating disk containing stars, gas and dust, and a central concentration of stars known as the bulge. These are often surrounded by a much fainter halo of stars, many of which reside in globular clusters.

Spiral galaxies are named by their spiral structures that extend from the center into the galactic disc. The spiral arms are sites of ongoing star formation and are brighter than the surrounding disc because of the young, hot OB stars that inhabit them.

Roughly two-thirds of all spirals are observed to have an additional component in the form of a bar-like structure, extending from the central bulge, at the ends of which the spiral arms begin. The proportion of barred spirals relative to their barless cousins has likely changed over the history of the Universe, with only about 10% containing bars about 8 billion years ago, to roughly a quarter 2.5 billion years ago, until present, where over two-thirds of the galaxies in the visible universe (Hubble volume) have bars.Our own Milky Way is a barred spiral, although the bar itself is difficult to observe from the Earth's current position within the galactic disc. The most convincing evidence for the stars forming a bar in the galactic center comes from several recent surveys, including the Spitzer Space Telescope.Together with irregular galaxies, spiral galaxies make up approximately 60% of galaxies in today's universe. They are mostly found in low-density regions and are rare in the centers of galaxy clusters.

Active nuclei
Energetic galaxies
Low activity
See also

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