List of species native to Thailand

The wildlife of Thailand includes its flora and fauna and their natural habitats.

Fauna

Mammals

Cuon.alpinus-cut
A dhole, an Asiatic wild dog

There are 264 mammal species in Thailand on the IUCN Red List. Of these species, three are critically endangered, 24 are vulnerable, and two are near-threatened. One of the species listed for Thailand is considered to be extinct.[1]

Fish

Reptiles

Birds

Oriental White Eye I- Himachal- IMG 3993
The Oriental white-eye is a very common resident of Thailand.

The birds of Thailand number nearly one thousand species, of which approximately 45 are rare or accidental. At least seven bird species previously found in Thailand have since been made locally extinct, and approximately fifty of Thailand's bird species are globally threatened.[2]

In 1991, it was estimated that 159 resident and 23 migratory species were endangered or vulnerable due to forest clearance, illegal logging, hunting and habitat degradation, especially in the lowlands. The species most affected are large water birds whose wetland habitat has been largely lost to agriculture, and forest species, as deforestation for agriculture and logging have removed and degraded portions of the woodlands.[3]

Insects

Butterflies

There are about 1,100 known butterfly species from Thailand.[4]

Molluscs

There are at least 23 known families, 57 genera and 125 species of land gastropods from Eastern Thailand.[5]

There are at least 8 known species of freshwater gastropods and at least 2 species of freshwater bivalves from the Sakaeo Province in the Eastern Thailand.[6]

Flora

See also

References

  1. ^ This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institution, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.
  2. ^ Lepage, Denis. "Checklist of birds of Thailand". Bird Checklists of the World. Avibase. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  3. ^ Lekagul, Boonsong; Round, Philip (1991) A Guide to the Birds of Thailand 7–19 ISBN 974-85673-6-2
  4. ^ Field Checklist of Butterflies in Thailand
  5. ^ Dumrongrojwattana P., Matchacheep S., Kharmkhaew A., Pimubol T., Phookitsana S., Wongtanapanya A. (PDF file created 22 December 2006). "Pre-checklist of non-marine mollusks from Eastern Thailand. (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Basommatophora; Systellomatophora; Stylommatophora)". 7 pp., pages unnumbered. PDF Archived 2011-08-19 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ (in Thai) Boon-ngam P., Sriyarun J., Tanamai S. & Dumrongrojwattana P. (PDF file created 12 January 2010). "การศึกษาเบืองต้นความหลากชนิดของหอยทากบก และหอยน้ำจืดในจังหวัดสระแก้ว Preliminary taxonomic study of land snail and freshwater mollusk species in Sakaeo Province, Eastern Thailand". 10 pp., pages unnumbered. PDF.

External links

Animal welfare in Thailand

Animal welfare in Thailand relates to the treatment of animals in fields such as agriculture, hunting, medical testing and the domestic ownership of animals. It is distinct from animal conservation.

Index of Thailand-related articles K to N

This is a list of articles related to Thailand, sorted by alphabetical order. It represents the majority of articles contained within the Thailand category. For a list of key articles arranged by topic, see Outline of Thailand.

Those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages listed here by clicking on the related changes link in the sidebar.

Index of Thailand-related articles 0 to J

Index of Thailand-related articles K to N

Index of Thailand-related articles O to S

Index of Thailand-related articles T to Z

List of amphibians of Thailand

The following is a list of amphibians of Thailand. There are more than 160 species recorded.

List of birds of Thailand

The birds of Thailand included 1057 species as of early 2018. Of them, more than 100 are rare or accidental, two have been introduced by humans, and nine have been extirpated. Sixty-four of the country's species are globally threatened.The birds of Thailand are mainly typical of the Indomalaya ecozone, with affinities to the Indian subcontinent to the west, and, particularly in Southern Thailand, with the Sundaic fauna to the southeast. The northern mountains are outliers of the Tibetan Plateau, with many species of montane birds, and in winter the avifauna is augmented by migrants from the eastern Palearctic and Himalayas. That Thailand's habitats are contiguous with those of neighbouring countries explains the low number of endemic species.

In 1991, it was estimated that 159 resident and 23 migratory species were endangered or vulnerable due to forest clearance, illegal logging, hunting and habitat degradation, especially in the lowlands. The species most affected are large water birds whose wetland habitat has been largely lost to agriculture, and forest species, as deforestation for agriculture and logging have removed and degraded portions of the woodlands.This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) are those of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2018 edition. The designations as accidental, introduced, and extirpated, and the notes of worldwide population status such as "critically endangered", are from Bird Checklists of the World. The notes of status in Thailand, such as "winter visitor", are from Lekagul and Round (1991). Species with no indicated status are resident or partially resident non-rarities.

List of butterflies of Thailand

This is a list of butterflies of Thailand. About 1,100 species are known from Thailand.

List of non-marine molluscs of Thailand

The non-marine mollusks of Thailand are a part of the molluscan fauna of Thailand (the wildlife of Thailand). A number of species of non-marine mollusks are found in the wild in Thailand.

There is known at least 23 families, 57 genera and 125 species of land gastropods from Eastern Thailand.There is known at least 8 species of freshwater gastropods and at least 2 species of freshwater bivalves from the Sakaeo Province in the Eastern Thailand.Many of the freshwater species are traditionally used as food.

Summary table of number of species

List of reptiles of Thailand

The following is a list of reptiles of Thailand. There are more than 400 species recorded.

Wildlife of Phitsanulok Province

The Phitsanulok Province of Thailand is home to a plethora of animal and plant species, including a number of endangered, vulnerable and near threatened species. Indigenous animal species include a variety of mammals (including endangered tigers and the vulnerable Asiatic black bear), crabs, reptiles, amphibians, fish, insects, and over 190 species of birds.

Indigenous plant life include numerous species of flowering plants including the endangered phayom, Hopea ferrea and Dalbergia oliveri, the vulnerable Hopea odorata and Sumatran pine, and a variety of conifers and clubmosses. Near threatened birds include the Siamese fireback and Oriental darter. The Siamese fireback has been nominated to be the national bird of Thailand.

Wildlife conservation is just beginning to be realized in the province. Plans for sustainable development are being implemented, and over the last 30 years, more and more land has been set aside as protected areas. The protected areas in Phitsanulok include the province's four national parks.

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