List of scandals in India

The following is a list of alleged scams and scandals in India since Independence. It includes political, financial, corporate and others. Entries are arranged in reverse chronological order by year. The noted year is when the alleged scam was first reported or became public knowledge.

Notable scandals

Scam Year Amount (in crores rupees(INR)) Place Person Involved Notes
Uttar Pradesh food grain scam 2003 30[1] Uttar Pradesh Mulayam Singh Yadav Food which the government purchased to give to the poor was instead sold on the open market[2][3][4][5]
Navy War Room Leak scandal 2006 18,000 Defense sector Abhishek Verma, Ravi Shankaran assisted by other defence personnel Arms Dealers Abhishek Verma and Ravi Shankaran compromised senior defense officials working in the Navy War Room located inside Prime Minister's Secretariat in India & obtained sensitive data pertaining to military purchases & ongoing defence acquisitions for securing lucrative multibillion-dollar contracts relating to Scorpene Submarines deal of the Indian Navy worth US$6 billion.[6] Ravi Shakaran fled to United Kingdom in 2006. Red corner Interpol notice was issued for him.[7] Even after 8 years of arduous legal battle in UK Courts, Indian Govt failed in his extradition.[8] Abhishek Verma was granted bail in this case in 2008 by Delhi High Court.[9]
2G case 2008 176,000 National Nira Radiamany telecommunications companies There was No 2G scam according to latest judgement by CBI court. CBI court acquitted all the convicted. A. Raja and M. K. Kanimozhi had been in Tihar Jail for 15 months and 5 months respectively.[10][11]
Common Wealth Games Scam 2010 70,000 New Delhi Suresh Kalamadi, Sheila Dikshit - the then Chief Minister of the State. It is estimated that out of ₹70000 crores spent on the Games, only half of the said amount was spent on Indian sportspersons. The Central Vigilance Commission, involved in probing the alleged corruption in various Commonwealth Games-related projects, has found discrepancies in tenders – like payment to non-existent parties, will-ful delays in execution of contracts, over-inflated price and bungling in purchase of equipment through tendering – and misappropriation of funds.
Abhishek Verma arms deals scandal 2012 80,000 Defense sector Abhishek Verma, Anca Verma Defense scandal caused by an American attorney who turned whistleblower[12] after hacking into emails and documents retained on the US based servers of Billionaire[13][14] arms dealer Abhishek Verma who is globally known as 'Lord of War'[15] and his wife former Miss Universe Romania Anca Verma's global weapons companies SIG SAUER and GANTON.[16] Leaked documents were sent to Indian politicians Arvind Kejriwal & Prashant Bhushan who released these to the press[17] as a result CBI and Enforcement Directorate arrested Abhishek and his wife Anca in multiple cases of defense sector purchases related corruption[18] & money laundering[19] aggregating to US$12 billion (₹80,000 crores).[20][21] After an arduous trial lasting 5 years, the arms dealer couple were exonerated by courts in 2017 from all corruption and money laundering charges.[22][23]
Uttar Pradesh NRHM scam 2012 10,000 Uttar Pradesh Babu Singh Kushwaha Babu Singh Kushwaha and IAS Pradeep Shukla behind bars for their involvement in NHRM scam.[24][25][26][27][28][29][30]
Indian coal allocation scam[31] 2012 185,591 National Coal ministry under United Progressive Alliance government. Sriprakash Jaiswal coal blocks allotted, not auctioned, leading to estimated losses as per the Comptroller and Auditor General of India[32][33][34] Supreme Court cancels all 214 coal blocks allocations since 1993. Government to e-auction the coal blocks now.[35]
Saradha Group financial scandal 2013 40,000 West Bengal Kunal Ghosh, Sudipto Sen, Madan Mitra, Mukul Roy and many more[36][37][38] Financial scam caused by the collapse of a Ponzi scheme run by Saradha Group, a consortium of over 200 private companies that was believed to be running collective investment schemes popularly but incorrectly referred to as chit funds.[39][40][41][42] As a result of this scam (Odisha and W.B),[43][44] Rajya Sabha MP Kunal Ghosh (All India Trinamool Congress) is in jail since November 2013 for interrogations. Odisha MP Ramchandra Hansda (Biju Janata Dal) MLA Pravat Tripathy (Biju Janata Dal) and former Odisha MLAs Subarna Naik (Biju Janata Dal)and Hitesh Kumar Bagarti (Bharatiya Janata Party) have also been arrested for ponzi scam. Rajya Sabha MP from West Bengal Srinjay Bose (All India Trinamool Congress) has also been arrested.[45] West Bengal transport minister and All India Trinamool Congress MLA Madan Mitra was also arrested.[46] [47] Mukul Roy was accused of a role in the Narada and Saradha Scam, but investigations were stalled since joining the BJP.
Punjab National Bank Scam 2018 13,600 Brady House, Mumbai Nirav Modi, Ami Modi, Neeshal Modi, Mehul C Choksi Punjab National Bank Fraud Case relates to alleged fraudulent Letter of Undertaking worth ₹11,600 crore (USD 1.77 billion dollars) that took place at its branch in Brady House, Mumbai, making Punjab National Bank potentially liable for the amount.[48] The fraudulent transactions are allegedly linked to designer and jeweler Nirav Modi of Firestar Diamonds, against whom a complaint has been filed with the Central Bureau of Investigation. The transactions were first noticed by a new employee in the bank.[49]

The bank said that two of its employees at the branch were involved in the scam, when the bank's core banking system was bypassed to raise to overseas branches of other Indian banks, including Allahabad Bank, Axis Bank, and Union Bank of India, using the international financial communication system, SWIFT.Three Jewellers - Gitanjali Gems Ltd and its subsidiaries Gili and Nakshatra are also under the scanner of investigation agencies.[50][51][52]

2010s

2018

  • On 18 February 2018 it was stated in a CBI FIR that Rotomac had cheated a consortium of seven banks by siphoning off bank loans of Rs.2,919 crore. Including interest, the amount comes to Rs.3,695 crore. The agency FIR added that Rotomac had diverted the sanctioned loans to another "fake company", from where the money was routed back to Rotomac.[95]

2017

  • Agd chopper scam - Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Raman Singh's son in the multimillion-dollar deal., SC asked to provide documents[96]
  • Noida Ponzi scheme- The officials of special investigation team (SIT) constituted to probe the alleged Ponzi scam being run by Anubhav Mittal, managing director of Ablaze Info Solution Private Limited, have now concentrated their probe on suspicious transactions involving a core group of nearly 200 big gold and diamond dealers.[97]
  • Maharashtra scholarship scam - A probe into allegations of swindling of government scholarships meant for backward class students has revealed that hundreds of institutes across the state pocketed several thousand crores by adopting different ploys since 2010.[98]
  • On 5 April 2017, the CBI registered six separate cases against Winsome Diamonds and Jewellery Limited and Forever Precious Jewellery and Diamonds Limited, and their chief promoter Jatin Mehta for allegedly cheating three government banks to the tune of ₹1,530 Crore.[99]
  • Adani group, Reliance ADAG, Essar accused of cheating in Rs 290 billion scam[100]

2015

.[101]

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2000s

2009

2008

2006

2004

2003

  • HUDCO scam[409]
  • Andhra Pradesh Social Welfare scholarship scam [410]

2002

2001

  • Operation West End - It was done in order to make the murky defense deals public. The special correspondents of the magazine filmed several corrupt defense officials and politicians of ruling National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government including Bhartiya Janta Party. Bangaru Laxman, the BJP's president was sentenced to four year of rigorous imprisonment and a fine of ₹1 lakh was imposed as well.
  • Ketan Parekh securities scam/UTI scam – 320 million (US$4.5 million)[85]- Ketan Parekh convicted for two years.
  • Calcutta Stock Exchange scam[416]

2000

1990s

1998

1997

1996

1995

  • Meghalaya forest scam – 3 billion (US$42 million)[391]
  • Preferential allotment scam – 50 billion (US$700 million)[85]
  • Yugoslav Dinar Scam – 4 billion (US$56 million)[85]
  • Purulia arms drop case

1994

1992

1990

1980s

1989

1987

1981

1970s

1976

  • Kuo oil scandal – 22 million (US$310,000)[429]

1974

1971

1960s

1965

  • Kalinga tubes scandal[429]

1964

1960

  • Teja loan scandal – 220 million (US$3.1 million)[417]

1950s

1956

  • BHU funds misappropriation – 5 million (US$70,000)[417]

1951

1940s

See also

Further reading

  • Shourie, A. (2006). Indian controversies. New Delhi: Rupa & Co.

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2011 Indian anti-corruption movement

The Indian anti-corruption movement, commencing in 2011, was a series of demonstrations and protests across India intended to establish strong legislation and enforcement against perceived endemic political corruption. The movement was named among the "Top 10 News Stories of 2011" by Time magazine.The movement gained momentum from 5 April 2011, when anti-corruption activist Anna Hazare began a hunger strike at the Jantar Mantar in New Delhi. The chief legislative aim of the movement was to alleviate corruption in the Indian government through introduction of the Jan Lokpal Bill. Another aim, spearheaded by Ramdev, was the repatriation of black money from Swiss and other foreign banks.

Grievances of mass protesters focussed on legal and political issues, including political corruption, kleptocracy, and other forms of corruption. The movement was primarily one of non-violent civil resistance, featuring demonstrations, marches, acts of civil disobedience, hunger strikes, and rallies, as well as the use of social media to organise, communicate, and raise awareness. The protests were nonpartisan and most protesters were hostile to attempts made by political parties to use them to strengthen their own political agendas.

2015 Cash for Vote Scam

The 2015 cash-for-votes scam was a political scandal, the second scandal of its kind since the 2008 cash-for-votes scandal. The 2015 political scandal started off when the Telugu Desam Party Leaders of Telangana state were caught in a video footage, aired in the media, offering bribes to a nominated MLA for his vote in the 2015 elections of the Telangana Legislative Council. The Telugu Desam MLA Revanth Reddy was arrested by the Telangana Police when he was offering Rs. 50 lakhs to the nominated MLA Elvis Stephenson. Reddy was then presented before the court of justice and sent to jail. Similarly, the phone conversation, which was quoted as the voice of N. Chandrababu Naidu, the Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister, with the same nominated MLA was aired in the news media.The Telugu Desam party alleged that the scandal, was a political vendetta, doctored by the Telangana State Government under the direction of K. Chandrashekhar Rao, the Chief Minister of Telangana, alongside the YSR Congress Party. In a further development, The High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad for the States of Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana, granted bail to Revanth Reddy and two other co-accused due to lack of substantial evidence.

2G spectrum case

The 2G spectrum case was a $40 billion alleged scam by the politicians and government officials under the United Progressive Alliance (Congress) coalition government in India. The Union Government of that time was accused of undercharging mobile telephone companies for frequency allocation licenses, which they used to create 2G spectrum subscriptions for cell phones. The Government chose NM Rothschild and Sons to design a first-of-its-kind e-auction mechanism in the world, a US$2.27 billion landmark deal. The difference between the money collected and that mandated to be collected was estimated by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India at ₹1.76 trillion (US$24 billion), based on 2010 3G and BWA spectrum-auction prices. In a charge sheet filed on 2 April 2011 by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), the loss was pegged at ₹3,098,455 million (US$43 billion). In a 19 August 2011 reply to the CBI, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) said that the government had gained over ₹30 billion (US$420 million) by selling 2G spectrum.On 2 February 2012, the Supreme Court of India ruled on a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) related to the 2G spectrum allocation. The court declared the allotment of spectrum "unconstitutional and arbitrary", cancelling the 122 licenses issued in 2008 under A. Raja, the Minister of Communications & IT from 2007 to 2009, the primary official accused. According to the court, Raja "wanted to favour some companies at the cost of the public exchequer" and "virtually gifted away important national asset[s]." The zero-loss theory was discredited on 3 August 2012 when, after a Supreme Court directive, the Government of India revised the base price for 5-MHz 2G spectrum auctions to ₹140 billion (US$1.9 billion), raising its value to about ₹28 billion (US$390 million) per MHz (near the Comptroller and Auditor General estimate of ₹33.5 billion (US$470 million) per MHz).According to some analysts, many corruption scandals including the 2G spectrum case, the coal mining scam, Adarsh Housing Society scam and the Commonwealth Games scam were major factors behind the Indian National Congress-led UPA government's massive defeat in the 2014 Lok Sabha election. The severity of the corruption charges led to a loss of trust between Congress and the party. Time magazine listed the India's Telecoms Scandal as one of the Top 10 abuses of power.On 21 December 2017, the special court in New Delhi acquitted all accused in the 2G spectrum case including prime accused A Raja and Kanimozhi. This verdict was based on the fact that CBI could not find any evidence against the accused in those 7 years. As per the judgement, "Some people created a scam by artfully arranging a few selected facts and exaggerating things beyond recognition to astronomical levels." On 19 and 20 March 2018, the Enforcement Directorate and CBI respectively filed appeals against this verdict in the Delhi High Court.

Andimuthu Raja

Andimuthu Raja (born 26 October 1963) is an Indian politician from the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) political party. He was a member of the 15th Lok Sabha representing the Nilgiris constituency of Tamil Nadu and had been elected to house for four times since 1996. Raja is an advocate by profession and he did his masters from Government Law College in Tiruchirappalli. He is an important leader of the DMK party. Raja was born in Velur in Perambalur District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Raja was first elected to Parliament as a member of Lok Sabha in 1996 from the Perambalur constituency and was reelected from the same constituency in 1999 and 2004 elections and from Nilgris constituency in 2009. He was Minister of State for Rural development from 1996 to 2000, Minister of State, Health and Family Welfare from September 2000 to May 2004 and a cabinet minister for Environment and Forests from May 2004 to May 2007. He became the cabinet minister for Communication and Information Technology from May 2007, following the resignation of Dayanidhi Maran. Raja was investigated in the 2G Spectrum case, along with two other members of the DMK, Dayanidhi Maran and Kanimozhi. All three were acquitted in 2017.

Bofors scandal

The Bofors scandal was a major weapons-contract political scandal that occurred between India and Sweden during the 1980s and 1990s, initiated by Indian National Congress (Congress party) politicians and implicating the Indian prime minister, Rajiv Gandhi, and several other members of the Indian and Swedish governments who were accused of receiving kickbacks from Bofors AB, a bank principally financed by the Wallenberg family's Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken, for winning a bid to supply to India their 155 mm field howitzer. The scandal relates to illegal kickbacks paid in a US$1.4-billion deal between the Swedish arms manufacturer Bofors with the government of India for the sale of 410 field howitzer guns, and a supply contract almost twice that amount. It was the biggest arms deal ever in Sweden, and money marked for development projects was diverted to secure this contract at any cost. The investigations revealed flouting of rules and bypassing of institutions.On 16 April 1987, a Swedish newspaper broke out a story based on a whistleblower in the Swedish police, alleging that the reputed Swedish artillery manufacturer Bofors had paid kickbacks to people in several countries, including Sweden and India, to secure a Rs 1,500-crore contract. This had been done the previous year for a deal to supply 410 155-mm calibre howitzer guns for the Indian army. However, none of the newspapers in India were aware of this. In May 1986, a broadcast by a Swedish radio station revealed that bribes of Rs. 60 crore had been paid by Bofors to Indian politicians, members of the Congress party and bureaucrats. This was picked up by a young journalist from The Hindu, Chitra Subramaniam, who happened to be in Sweden at that time, covering another story. The scale of the corruption was far worse than any that Sweden and India had seen before and directly led to the defeat of Gandhi's ruling Indian National Congress party in the November 1989 general elections. The Swedish company paid ₹640 million (US$8.9 million) in kickbacks to top Indian politicians and key defence officials.The case came into light during Vishwanath Pratap Singh's tenure as defence minister, and was revealed through investigative journalism tipped off by a Reuters news revelation on Swedish radio, followed up by a team led by N. Ram of the newspaper The Hindu. The journalist who secured the over 350 documents that detailed the payoffs was Chitra Subramaniam reporting for The Hindu. Later the articles were published in The Indian Express and The Statesman when The Hindu stopped publishing stories about the Bofors scandal under immense government pressure and Chitra Subramaniam moved to the two newspapers. In an interview with her, published in The Hoot in April 2012 on the 25th anniversary of the revelations, Sten Lindstrom, former chief of Swedish police, discussed why he leaked the documents to her and the role of whistle-blowers in a democracy.

Cash-for-votes scandal

The cash-for-votes scandal was an Indian political scandal allegedly masterminded by then Opposition Party Bharatiya Janata Party politician Sudheendra Kulkarni in which the United Progressive Alliance, the majority-holding parliamentary-party alliance of India led by Sonia Gandhi, allegedly bribed Bhartiya Janta Party MPs in order to survive a confidence vote on 22 July 2008. The vote in the Lok Sabha arose after the Communist Party of India (Marxist)-led Left Front withdrew support from the government, who wanted to pursue an Indo-US nuclear deal.

Corruption in India

Corruption is an issue that adversely affects India's economy of central, state and local government agencies. Not only has it held the economy back from reaching new heights, but rampant corruption has stunted the country's development. A study conducted by Transparency International in 2005 recorded that more than 62% of Indians had at some point or another paid a bribe to a public official to get a job done.

In a study conducted in 2008, Transparency International reported that about 50% of Indians had first hand experience of paying bribes or using contacts to get services performed by public offices.Although, Transparency International's 2018 Corruption Perception Index ranks the country 78th place out of 180 countries reflecting steady decline in perception of corruption among people.The largest contributors to corruption are entitlement programs and social spending schemes enacted by the Indian government. Examples include the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act and the National Rural Health Mission. Other areas of corruption include India's trucking industry which is forced to pay billions of rupees in bribes annually to numerous regulatory and police stops on interstate highways.The media has widely published allegations of corrupt Indian citizens stashing millions of rupees in Swiss banks. Swiss authorities denied these allegations, which were later proven in 2015–2016. The Indian media is largely controlled by extremely corrupt politicians and industrialists who play a major role by misleading the public with incorrect information and use the media for mud-slinging at political and business opponents.The causes of corruption in India include excessive regulations, complicated tax and licensing systems, numerous government departments with opaque bureaucracy and discretionary powers, monopoly of government controlled institutions on certain goods and services delivery, and the lack of transparent laws and processes. There are significant variations in the level of corruption and in the government's efforts to reduce corruption across different areas of India.

Harshad Mehta

Harshad Mehta was an Indian stockbroker, well known for his wealth and for having been charged with numerous financial crimes that took place in the Securities Scam of 1992.Of the 27 criminal charges brought against him, he was only convicted of four, before his death at age 47 in 2001. It was alleged that Mehta engaged in a massive stock manipulation scheme financed by worthless bank receipts, which his firm brokered in "ready forward" transactions between banks. Mehta was convicted by the Bombay High Court and Supreme Court of India for his part in a financial scandal valued at ₹ 4999 Crores which took place on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). The scandal exposed the loopholes in the Indian banking system, Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) transaction system and SEBI further introduced new rules to cover those loopholes. He was tried for 9 years, until he died in late 2001.

Indian black money

In India, black money is funds earned on the black market, on which income and other taxes have not been paid. Also, the unaccounted money that is concealed from the tax administrator is called black money. The black money is accumulated by the criminals, smugglers, hoarders, tax-evaders and other anti-social elements of the society. Around 22000 crores of rupees are supposed to have been accumulated by the criminals for vested interests, though writ petitions in the supreme court estimate this to be even larger, at ₹90 lakh crores.The total amount of black money deposited in foreign banks by Indians is unknown. Some reports claim a total of US$1.06 - $1.4 trillions is held illegally in Switzerland. Other reports, including those reported by the Swiss Bankers Association and the Government of Switzerland, claim these reports are false and fabricated, and the total amount held in all Swiss bank accounts by citizens of India is about US$2 billion. In February 2012, the director of India's Central Bureau of Investigation said that Indians have US$500 billion of illegal funds in foreign tax havens, more than any other country. In March 2012, the government of India clarified in its parliament that the CBI director's statement on $500 billion of illegal money was an estimate based on a statement made to India's Supreme Court in July 2011.In March 2018, it was revealed that the amount of Indian black money currently present in Swiss and other offshore banks is estimated to be ₹90 lakh crores or US$1500 billion.

Indian coal allocation scam

Coal allocation scam (or Coalgate) is a major political scandal concerning the Indian government's allocation of the nation's coal deposits to public sector enterprise (PSEs) and private companies. In a draft report issued in March 2014, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) office accused the Government of India of allocating coal blocks in an inefficient manner during the period 2004–2009. Over the Summer of 2012, resulting in a Central Bureau of Investigation probe into whether the allocation of the coal blocks was in fact influenced by corruption.The essence of the CAG's argument is that the Government had the authority to allocate coal blocks by a process of competitive bidding, but chose not to. As a result, both public sector enterprises (PSEs) and private firms paid less than they might have otherwise. In its draft report in March the CAG estimated that the "windfall gain" to the allocatees was ₹10,673 billion (US$150 billion). The CAG Final Report tabled in Parliament put the figure at ₹1,856 billion (US$26 billion) On 27 August 2012 Indian prime minister Manmohan Singh read a statement in Parliament rebutting the CAG's report both in its reading of the law and the alleged cost of the government's policies.While the initial CAG report suggested that coal blocks could have been allocated more efficiently, resulting in more revenue to the government, at no point did it suggest that corruption was involved in the allocation of coal. Over the course of 2012, however, the question of corruption has come to dominate the discussion. In response to a complaint by the BJP, the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) directed the CBI to investigate the matte

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s in a First Information Report (FIR), the first step in a criminal investigation. These FIRs accuse them of overstating their net worth, failing to disclose prior coal allocations, and hoarding rather than developing coal allocations. The CBI officials investigating the case have speculated that bribery may be involved.The issue has received massive media reaction and public outrage. During the monsoon session of the Parliament, the BJP's leader Hansraj Ahir protested the Government's handling of the issue demanding the resignation of the prime minister and refused to have a debate in the Parliament. The deadlock resulted in Parliament functioning only seven of the twenty days of the session. The Parliamentary Standing Committee report on Coal and Steel states that all coal blocks distributed between 1993 and 2008 were done in an unauthorized manner and allotment of all mines where production is yet to start should be cancelled. In 2015, Coal auction helped state government earn 80,000 Crore after sales of 11 coal blocks.

Karnataka Wakf Board Land Scam

The Karnataka Wakf Board Land Scam concerns the alleged misappropriation of ₹2,000 billion (US$28 billion) in Indian property funds, made public by a report submitted by the Karnataka State Minorities Commission in 2012.

In March 2012, Anwar Manippady, the Chairman of the Karnataka State Minorities Commission submitted a report to the chief minister of Karnataka state, D.V. Sadananda Gowda, which alleged that 27,000 acres of land controlled by the Karnataka Wakf Board had either been misappropriated or allocated illegally. The value of the land has been estimated at Rs. 2 trillion (short scale) (US$39 billion).The Karnataka Wakf Board is a Muslim charitable trust that manages and oversees property that has typically been donated for the use of the poor. The report commissioned by Manippady alleges that the Karnataka Wakf Board had allowed almost 50% of its land to be misappropriated by politicians and board members, in collusion with the real estate mafia for a fraction of its market value.Manippady has recommended that the government established a committee to investigate corrupt activities on the Wakf Board and appoint a task force to recover properties that have been illegally sold by the Wakf Board. The Income Tax Department has already initiated a probe into this.

Mining scams in India

Mining scam in India (colloquially Indian mining scam) refers to a series of alleged widespread scams in various ore-rich states of India, which has generated controversy. Such issues span encroachment of forest areas, underpayment of government royalties, conflict with tribals regarding land-rights. The spill-over of the effects of legal mining into issues such as Naxalism and the distortion of the Indian political system by mixed politics and mining interests, has gained international attention.The latest scam that has come out is the Coal Mining Scam in which Government has had a presumable conservative loss Rs1.86 trillion (short scale), due to the delayed implementation of competitive bidding process for allotment of coal blocks, says the CAG.

Parshottambhai Solanki

Parshottam Solanki is a Bharatiya Janata Party politician. He is member of Gujarat Legislative Assembly since 1998 representing Bhavnagar Rural constituency. He has served as the Minister of Fishery in the Government of Gujarat. He is alleged to have caused loss of ₹400 crore (US$72.4 million) to the government of Gujarat by granting contracts improperly.

Rafale deal controversy

The Rafale deal controversy is a political controversy in India related to the purchase of 36 multirole fighter aircraft for a price estimated at €7.8 billion by the Defence Ministry of India from France's Dassault Aviation. The origin of the deal lies in the Indian MRCA competition, a multi-billion dollar contract to supply 126 multi-role combat aircraft to the Indian Air Force (IAF).

Saradha Group financial scandal

The Saradha Group financial scandal was a major financial scam and alleged political scandal caused by the collapse of a Ponzi scheme run by Saradha Group, a consortium of over 200 private companies that was believed to be running collective investment schemes popularly but incorrectly referred to as chit funds in Eastern India.The group collected around ₹200 to 300 billion (US$4–6 billion) from over 1.7 million depositors before it collapsed in April 2013. In the aftermath of the scandal, the State Government of West Bengal where the Saradha Group and most of its investors were based instituted an inquiry commission to investigate the collapse. The State government also set up a fund of ₹5 billion (US$70 million) to ensure that low-income investors were not bankrupted.The central government through the Income Tax Department and Enforcement Directorate launched a multi-agency probe to investigate the Saradha scam and similar Ponzi schemes.

In May 2014, the Supreme Court of India, inter-state ramifications, possible international money laundering, serious regulatory failures and alleged political nexus, transferred all investigations into the Saradha scam and other Ponzi schemes to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), India's federal investigative agency. Many prominent personalities were arrested for their involvement in the scam including two Members of Parliament (MP) - Kunal Ghosh and Srinjoy Bose, former West Bengal Director General of Police Rajat Majumdar, a top football club official Debabrata Sarkar, Sports and Transport minister in the Trinamool Congress government Madan Mitra.The scam has often been compared to the Sanchayita investment scam, a multi crore rupees scam that occurred in West Bengal in the 1970s, complaints related to which led to the formation of the Prize Chits and Money Circulation Schemes (Banning) Act of 1978.

Sukh Ram

Sukh Ram is an Indian politician who served as the Minister of Communications and Information Technology from 1993 to 1996. He was a member of Lok Sabha from the Mandi constituency of Himachal Pradesh. He won the Vidhan Sabha elections five times and the Lok Sabha elections three times.

Tornado Ponzi scam

This company also followed the same path as Social Trade Ponzi scam, previously it was Webpagelike.com and then migrated into paywaydeal.com

Uttar Pradesh NRHM scam

Uttar Pradesh NRHM Scam is an alleged corruption scandal in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, in which top politicians and bureaucrats are alleged to have siphoned off a massive sum estimated at ₹100 billion (US$1.4 billion) from the National Rural Health Mission, a central government program meant to improve health care delivery in rural areas. At least five people are said to have been murdered in an attempt to coverup large-scale irregularities. Several former ministers of then ruling party, Bahujan Samaj Party have been investigated by the Central Bureau of InvestigationThe NRHM scam came to light after two Chief Medical Officers (the top health functionary of the district) were successively murdered in wealthier localities of the state capital, Lucknow. Dr. Vinod Arya (Oct 2010) and Dr. B. P. Singh (April 2011) were shot dead in broad daylight outside their homes, by motorcycle assassins, using the same weapon. Deputy-CMO Y.S. Sachan, who is thought to have had a role in the murders, was arrested, but died mysteriously while in custody. Subsequently, three other functionaries who were under investigation have also been murdered or died under suspicious circumstances. The CBI referred the case to T D Dogra of AIIMS New Delhi, he examined the scene of occurrence and opined in favour of Suicide.In Feb 2012, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh himself accused the Mayawati government of misusing NRHM funds.

Uttar Pradesh sand mining scandal

The Uttar Pradesh illegal sand mining scam is a political scandal relating to events that occurred in 2012–2017 during the Samajwadi Party (SP) rule. It is being investigated by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on the 2016 orders of Allahabad High Court for allowing illegal mining in 7 districts of Uttar Pradesh – Shamli, Hamirpur, Fatehpur, Siddharthnagar, Deoria, Kaushambi and Saharanpur – in violation of rules and ban by the National Green Tribunal. On 5 january 2019, the CBI raided 14 suspects in 14 locations in 7 cities across Uttar Pradesh and Delhi pertaining to this scam, and incriminating evidence was seized.CBI is likely to investigate former Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav and former minister Gayatri Prasad Prajapati, both of whom were respectively incharge of Uttar Pradesh mining ministry when the Samajwadi Party ruled the state from 2012 to 2017. CBI has filed an FIR agianst 11 suspects, which additionally specifies that the role of then ministers of mining, Yadav and Prajapati, will also be instestigated. According to CBI FIR, Yadav had approved 13 mining leases on a single day in his capacity as Chief Minister-cum-minister for mines.

Alleged scams in India
Financial

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