List of political entities in the 4th century

Political entities in the 3rd centuryPolitical entities in the 5th centuryPolitical entities by year

This is a list of political entities in the 4th century (301–400) AD.

Political entities

World in 400 CE
Map of the world in 400 AD
Name Capital(s) State type Existed Location
Sao civilisation Various Tribal city states 6th century BC – 16th century AD Africa: Central
Garamantes Garama Tribal confederation/empire 500 BC – 700 AD Africa: North
Kingdom of Aksum Aksum Kingdom c.100 – c.940 AD Africa: Northeast
Blemmyes Tribal Kingdom 600 BC – 8th century AD Africa: Northeast
Kush Kerma; Napata; Meroe Kingdom 1070 BC – 350 AD Africa: Northeast
Makuria Dongola Kingdom 340 – 1312 AD Africa: Northeast
Nobatia Pachoras Kingdom 350 – 650 AD Africa: Northeast
Gaetulia Tribal confederation c. 350 BC – 550 AD Africa: Northwest
Mauretania Julia Caesara Kingdom/client kingdom 285 BC – 431 AD Africa: Northwest
Ghana Empire Koumbi Saleh Empire c. 400 – 1235 AD Africa: West
Maya Various Kingdom City States 2000 BC – 900AD Americas: Central
Zapotec Various Kingdom City States 700 BC – 1521 AD Americas: Central
Pueblo Various Tribal chiefdoms 12th century BC – 14th century AD Americas: North
Teotihuacan Empire Teotihuacan Empire 100 BC – 8th century AD Americas: North
Moche Moche-Trujillo United Independent Polities 100 – 800 AD Americas: South
Nazca Various Tribal chiefdom's 100 BC – 800 AD Americas: South
Tiwanaku empire Tiwanaku Empire 300 – 1000 AD Americas: South
Byzantine Empire Constantinople Empire 395 – 1453 AD Europe: Balkans, Asia: West; Africa: Northeast
Getae Tribal kingdom 7th century BC – 4th century AD Europe: Balkans
Paeonia Principality/kingdom/client 535 BC – 681 AD Europe: Balkans
Airgíalla Clogher Tribal federation/kingdom 331 – 1590 AD Europe: British Isles
Cai Tribal kingdom 25 – 871 AD Europe: British Isles
Ce Tribal kingdom 1st century – 900 AD Europe: British Isles
Connacht Tribal chiefdom/kingdom c. 10th century BC – 1474 AD Europe: British Isles
Cornovii Tribal kingdom 4th century BC – 343 AD Europe: British Isles
Dumnonia Isca Dumnoniorum Dukedom/principality 290 – 875 AD Europe: British Isles
Fortriu Tribal kingdom 1 – 850 AD Europe: British Isles
Iverni Ivernis Tribal federated chiefdoms 500 BC – 400 AD Europe: British Isles
Meath Dublin Kingdom 1st century – 1173 AD Europe: British Isles
Osraige Kilkenny Kingdom 150 – 1185 AD Europe: British Isles
Pictland Kingdom 250 BC – 850 AD [3] Europe: British Isles
Cimmerian Bosporus Panticapaeum Kingdom/client 480 BC – 370 AD Europe: East
Gelonia Gelonos Tribal kingdom 5th century BC – 5th century AD Europe: East
Huns Nomadic confederation 1st century – 370 AD Europe: East; Asia: Central
Magyar Tribal confederation/principality 1100 BC – 895 AD Europe: East
Sarmatians Tarki (Makhachkala) Tribal confederation 450BC – 400 AD Europe: East
Venedae Tribal confederation 400 BC – 7th century AD Europe: East
Roman Empire Rome, Constantinople Empire 27 BC – 1453 AD Europe: South, West, Balkans, British Isles; Africa: North; Asia: West
San Marino San Marino Republic 301 AD – present Europe: South
Alamannia Kingdom 213 AD – 496 AD Europe: West
Armorica Kingdom/dukedom 343 – 1532 AD Europe: West
Franks Various Tribal confederation 210 – 481 AD Europe: West
Saxons (Continental) Tribal confederation 5th century BC – 754 AD Europe: West
Suebi Tribal confederation 60 BC – 409AD Europe: West
Vandals Tribal chiefdoms 2nd century BC – 409 AD Europe: West
Western Roman Empire Mediolanum, Ravenna Empire 395 – 476 AD Europe: South, West, Balkans, British Isles; Africa: North
Caspiane Tribal Kingdom/client 650 BC – 387 AD Eurasian: Caucasus
Caucasian Albania Kabalak, Partav Kingdom/client 65 BC – 628 AD Eurasian: Caucasus
Iberia Various Kingdom 302 BC – 580 AD Eurasian: Caucasus
Lazica Phasis Kingdom/client 1st century BC – 7th century AD Eurasian: Caucasus
Adiabene Arbela Kingdom/client 15 – 310 AD Asia: West
Armenia Van Kingdom 553 BC – 428AD Asia: West
Carmania Kingdom/client 600 BC – 651 AD Asia: West
Corduene Principality/Kingdom/client 800 BC – 653 AD Asia: West
Gardman Parisos Principality/Kingdom/client 66 – 428 AD Asia: West
Ghassanid Balka, Harith, Petra, Sideir Kingdom/client 220 – 712 AD Asia: West
Hadhramaut Kingdom 700 BC – 320 AD Asia: West
Kindah Qaryat Dhāt Kāhil Tribal kingdom 2nd century BC – 525 AD Asia: West
Lakhmids Al-Hirah Kingdom 300 – 602 AD Asia: West
Sasanian Persian Empire Estakhr, Ctesiphon Empire 224 – 637 AD Asia: West, South
Zabdicene Principality/client 780 BC – 5th century AD Asia: West
Afrighids Kath Kingdom/client 305 – 995 AD Asia: Central
Fergana Khokand Kingdom 220 BC – 590 AD Asia: Central
Kangju Tribal Federation 280 BC – 585 AD Asia: Central
Kingdom of Shule Kashgar Kingdom/client 80 – 850 AD Asia: Central
Khotan Khotan Kingdom 56 – 1006 AD Asia: Central
Kucha Kucha Buddhist Kingdom 46 – 658 AD Asia: Central
Rouran Khaganate Confederation 330 – 555 AD Asia: Central, East
Sumpa Tribal chiefdom/client 1600 BC – 7th century AD Asia: Central
Tuyuhun Fuqi Nomadic kingdom 285 – 670 AD Asia: Central
Xionites Tribal federation 320 – late 5th century AD Asia: Central
Anuradhapura Anuradhapura Kingdom 377 BC – 1017 AD Asia: South
Ay Aykudi Kingdom 4th century BC – 12th century AD Asia: South
Chera Kingdom Kingdom 5th century BC – 1102 AD Asia: South
Gupta Empire Pataliputra Empire 320 – 620 AD Asia: South
Indo-Scythians Sigal, Taxila, Mathura Kingdom 200 BC – 400 AD Asia: South
Kamarupa Various Kingdom 350 – 1140 AD Asia: South
Kushan Empire Various Empire 30 – 375 AD Asia: South, Central
Mushika Ezhimalai Kingdom 3rd century BC – 4th century AD Asia: South
Pallava Empire Kanchi Empire 250 BC – 800 AD Asia: South
Pundra Pundravardhana Kingdom 1300 BC – 550 AD Asia: South
Rajarata Various Kingdom 377 BC – 1310 AD Asia: South
Ruhuna Magama Principality 200 BC – 450 AD Asia: South
Satavahana Empire Vatsagulma Empire 250 – 500 AD Asia: South
Vanga Gange Kingdom 1300 BC – 580 AD Asia: South
Western Ganga dynasty Kolar, Talakad Kingdom 350 – 1000 AD Asia: South
Western Satraps Ozone, Barygaza Kingdom 35 – 405 AD Asia: South
Champa Various Kingdom 192 – 1832 AD Asia: Southeast
Chi Tu Kingdom 100 BC – 7th century AD Asia: Southeast
Funan Various Kingdom 60 – 550 AD Asia: Southeast
Gangga Negara Gangga Negara Kingdom 2nd – 11th centuries AD Asia: Southeast
Langkasuka Kedah, Pattani Kingdom 100 – 1516 AD Asia: Southeast
Melayu Kingdom Jambi Kingdom 4th – 13th centuries AD Asia: Southeast
Pyu city-states Sri Ksetra Federated city states 250 BC – 1085 AD Asia: Southeast
Tarumanagara Sundapura Kingdom 358 – 669 AD Asia: Southeast
Thaton Kingdom Thaton Kingdom 300 BC – 1085 AD Asia: Southeast
Cheng Han Chengdu Kingdom 304 – 347 AD Asia: East, China
Chouchi Lüeyang Principality 184 – 511 AD Asia: East, China
Duan Tribal chiefdom/dukedom 250 – 338 AD Asia: East, China
Former Zhao Lishi Kingdom 304 – 329 AD Asia: East, China
Khitans Shangjing Kingdom/client 388 – 1211 AD Asia: East, China
Northern Liang Jiankang Kingdom/client 397 – 460 AD Asia: East, China
Northern Wei Shengle Empire 386 – 585 AD Asia: East, China
Western Qin Yongshicheng Kingdom 385 – 431 AD Asia: East, China
Japan Various Empire 660 BC – present Asia: East, Japan
Baekje Various Kingdom 18 BC – 660 AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Buyeo Buyeoseong Kingdom 189 BC – 494 AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Dongye Chiefdom 3rd century BC – 5th century AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Gaya confederacy Gaya Confederacy 42 – 562 AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Goguryeo Various Kingdom 37 BC – 668 AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Okjeo Tribal state 2nd century BC – 5th century AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Samhan Confederacy 1st century BC – 4th century AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Siljik Kingdom 102 – 6th century AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Silla Gyeongju Kingdom 55 BC – 935 AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula

See also

List of political entities in the 4th century
Preceded by
3rd century
Political entities
of the 4th century
Succeeded by
5th century
4th century BC

The 4th century BC started the first day of 400 BC and ended the last day of 301 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period.

This century marked the height of Classical Greek civilization in all of its aspects. By the year 400 BC Greek philosophy, art, literature and architecture had spread far and wide, with the numerous independent Greek colonies that had sprung up throughout the lands of the eastern Mediterranean.

Arguably the most important series of political events in this period were the conquests of Alexander, bringing about the collapse of the once formidable Persian Empire and spreading Greek culture far into the east. Alexander dreamed of an east/west union, but when his short life ended in 323 BC, his vast empire was plunged into civil war as his generals each carved out their own separate kingdoms. Thus began the Hellenistic age, a period characterized by a more absolute approach to rule, with Greek kings taking on royal trappings and setting up hereditary successions. While a degree of democracy still existed in some of the remaining independent Greek cities, many scholars see this age as marking the end of classical Greece.

In India, the Mauryan Empire was founded in 322 BC by Chandragupta Maurya who rapidly expanded his power westwards across central and western India, taking advantage of the disruptions of local powers in the wake of the withdrawal westward by the armies of Alexander.

China in the 4th century BC entered an era of constant warfare known as the Warring States period. The period saw the rapid rise of large states (such as Chu) over smaller ones thanks to technological advancement. Though the period has usually been characterized by historians as being excessively violent compared to the Spring and Autumn period, it was also punctuated by several cultural and social growths through the expansion of several different sects of Confucianism and Taoism, and the formulation of Legalist thought.

List of political entities in the 4th century BC

This is a list of sovereign states or polities that existed in the 4th century BC.

Outline of ancient history

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to ancient history:

Ancient history – study of recorded human history from the beginning of writing at about 3000 BC until the Early Middle Ages. The times before writing belong either to protohistory or to prehistory. The span of recorded history is roughly 5,000 – 5,500 years, beginning with Sumerian cuneiform, the oldest form of writing discovered so far. Although the ending date of ancient history is disputed, currently most Western scholars use the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD or the coming of Islam in 632 AD as the end of ancient history.

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