List of places used in the names of chemical elements

40 of the 118 chemical elements have names associated with, or specifically named for, places around the world or among astronomical objects. 32 of these have names tied to the Earth and the other 8 have names connected to bodies in the Solar System. The first tables below list the terrestrial locations (excluding the entire Earth itself, taken as a whole) and the last table lists astronomical objects which the chemical elements are named after.[1]

Terrestrial locations

Location Element Symbol Z Coordinates
 
Europe Europium Eu 63
Magnesia, a district in Greece Magnesium Mg 12 39°25′N 22°50′E / 39.417°N 22.833°E
Manganese Mn 25
Cyprus Copper Cu 29
France (ancient name Gaul) Francium Fr 87
Gallium Ga 31
Lutetia, Latin name for Paris Lutetium Lu 71 48°51′N 2°21′E / 48.85°N 2.35°E
Germany Germanium Ge 32
Hesse, a state in Germany Hassium Hs 108
Darmstadt, a city in Germany Darmstadtium Ds 110 49°50′N 8°34′E / 49.833°N 8.567°E
River Rhine Rhenium Re 75
Strontian, a village in Scotland Strontium Sr 38 56°41′N 5°34′W / 56.683°N 5.567°W
Scandinavia Scandium Sc 21
Hafnia, Latin name for Copenhagen Hafnium Hf 72 55°41′N 12°34′E / 55.683°N 12.567°E
Thule (perhaps Iceland or Greenland) Thulium Tm 69
Holmia, Latin name for Stockholm Holmium Ho 67 59°20′N 18°47′E / 59.333°N 18.783°E
Ytterby, a village in Sweden Yttrium Y 39 59°25′35″N 18°21′13″E / 59.42639°N 18.35361°E
Terbium Tb 65
Erbium Er 68
Ytterbium Yb 70
Poland Polonium Po 84
Ruthenia, Latin name for Russia Ruthenium Ru 44
Moscow Oblast, Russia Moscovium Mc 115 55°42′N 36°58′E / 55.700°N 36.967°E
Dubna, a town in Russia Dubnium Db 105 56°44′N 37°10′E / 56.733°N 37.167°E
Americas (some sources say the United States specifically)[2][3][4][5] Americium Am 95
California, a state in the United States Californium Cf 98
Berkeley, California, a city in the United States Berkelium Bk 97 37°52′N 122°16′W / 37.867°N 122.267°W
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, in the United States Livermorium Lv 116 37°41′N 121°43′W / 37.683°N 121.717°W
Tennessee, a state in the United States Tennessine Ts 117
Japan (Nihon} Nihonium Nh 113

Terrestrial locations (Indirect connotation)

Location Element Symbol Z Coordinates
Belur, India[6] Beryllium Be 4 13°9′46.44″N 75°51′25.56″E / 13.1629000°N 75.8571000°E
India[7] Indium In 49

Astronomical objects

Astronomical object Element Symbol Z
Sun Helium He 2
Mercury* Mercury* Hg 80
Moon Selenium Se 34
Pallas (asteroid) Palladium Pd 46
Earth Tellurium Te 52
Ceres (dwarf planet) Cerium Ce 58
Uranus Uranium U 92
Neptune Neptunium Np 93
Pluto (dwarf planet) Plutonium Pu 94

* - The element mercury was named directly for the deity, with only indirect naming connection to the planet (see etymology of mercury).

40 elements have names connected to places, with 31 found around the world (not counting the planet as a whole), and 9 among bodies in the Solar System. Countries with elements named for them are colored in, as with US states having this honor. Other locations are indicated with lines if smaller, or are enclosed if larger. Inset at the bottom is a diagram of outer space. The Sun, Moon and half of the planets along with two asteroids and Pluto are the 9 with connections to element names. The other half of the planets (Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn) do not have any connection. The connection to Mercury is an indirect one. The connection with beryllium to India is likewise indirect. (Inset graphic is adapted from the Pioneer plaque.)

40 elements have names connected to places, with 31 found around the world (not counting the planet as a whole), and 9 among bodies in the Solar System. Countries with elements named for them are colored in, as with US states having this honor. Other locations are indicated with lines if smaller, or are enclosed if larger. Inset at the bottom is a diagram of outer space. The Sun, Moon and half of the planets along with two asteroids and Pluto are the 9 with connections to element names. The other half of the planets (Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn) do not have any connection. The connection to Mercury is an indirect one. The connection with beryllium to India is likewise indirect. (Inset graphic is adapted from the Pioneer plaque.)

See also

References

  1. ^ Page of Kevin A. Boudreaux and Angelo State university
  2. ^ [1] - "The element was named after the United States of America."
  3. ^ [2] - "Four other countries have elements named after them: francium for France, germanium for Germany, polonium for Poland, and americium for the United States."
  4. ^ [3] - "Americium (95 Am): Named for (the United States of) America, the land where the element was discovered during the course of the Manhattan Project, the US-led World War II programme that would develop the first atomic bomb."
  5. ^ [4] - "The element is named after America, especially the United States of America."
  6. ^ Olivelle, Patrick (2006), Between the Empires, Society in India 300 BCE to 400 CE, page 463, Oxford University Press.
  7. ^ https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/prac.18630900122
List of chemical compounds with unusual names

Chemical nomenclature, replete as it is with compounds with complex names, is a repository for some very peculiar and sometimes startling names. A browse through the Physical Constants of Organic Compounds in the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (a fundamental resource) will reveal not just the whimsical work of chemists, but the sometimes peculiar compound names that occur as the consequence of simple juxtaposition. Some names derive legitimately from their chemical makeup, from the geographic region where they may be found, the plant or animal species from which they are isolated or the name of the discoverer.

Some are given intentionally unusual trivial names based on their structure, a notable property or at the whim of those who first isolate them. However, many trivial names predate formal naming conventions. Trivial names can also be ambiguous or carry different meanings in different industries, geographic regions and languages.

Godly noted that "Trivial names having the status of INN or ISO are carefully tailor-made for their field of use and are internationally accepted". In his preface to Chemical Nomenclature, Thurlow wrote that "Chemical names do not have to be deadly serious". A website in existence since 1997 and maintained at the University of Bristol lists a selection of "molecules with silly or unusual names" strictly for entertainment. These so-called silly or funny trivial names (of course depending on culture) can also serve an educational purpose. In an article in the Journal of Chemical Education, Dennis Ryan argues that students of organic nomenclature (considered a "dry and boring" subject) may actually take an interest in it when tasked with the job of converting funny-sounding chemical trivial names to their proper systematic names.The collection listed below presents a sample of trivial names and gives an idea how chemists are inspired when they coin a brand new name for a chemical compound outside of systematic naming. It also includes some examples of systematic names and acronyms that accidentally resemble English words.

List of chemical elements

This is a list of the 118 chemical elements which have been identified as of 2019. A chemical element, often simply called an element, is a species of atoms which all have the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei (i.e., the same atomic number, or Z).Perhaps the most popular visualization of all 118 elements is the periodic table of the elements, a convenient tabular arrangement of the elements by their chemical properties that uses abbreviated chemical symbols in place of full element names, but the simpler list format presented here may also be useful. Like the periodic table, the list below organizes the elements by the number of protons in their atoms; it can also be organized by other properties, such as atomic weight, density, and electronegativity. For more detailed information about the origins of element names, see List of chemical element name etymologies.

List of people whose names are used in chemical element names

Below is the list of people whose names are used in chemical element names. Of the 118 chemical elements, 19 are connected with the names of 20 people. 15 elements were named to honor 16 scientists. Four other elements have indirect connection to the names of non-scientists. Only gadolinium and samarium occur in nature; the rest are synthetic.

Periodic table forms
Sets of elements
Elements
History
See also

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