List of people whose names are used in chemical element names

Below is the list of people whose names are used in chemical element names. Of the 118 chemical elements, 19 are connected with the names of 20 people. 15 elements were named to honor 16 scientists. Four other elements have indirect connection to the names of non-scientists.[1] Only gadolinium and samarium occur in nature; the rest are synthetic.

Table

The following 19 elements are connected to the names of people. Seaborg and Oganessian were the only two who were alive at the time of being honored with having elements named after them. The four non-scientists in this table are connected with elements that were not named to honor the individual directly, but rather were named for a place or thing which in turn had been named for these people. Samarium was named for the mineral samarskite from which it was isolated. Americium, berkelium and livermorium were named after places that had been named for them. The cities of Berkeley, California and Livermore, California are the locations of the University of California Radiation Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, respectively.

Element Individual(s)
Z Name Symbol Discovery Immediate namesake Name Specialty Lifespan Nationality
62 Samarium Sm 1879 the mineral samarskite

Vasili Samarsky-Bykhovets

Mining engineer 1803–1870 Russian
64 Gadolinium Gd 1886 the mineral gadolinite

Johan Gadolin

Scientist 1760–1852 Finnish
95 Americium Am 1944 the continents of the Americas

Amerigo Vespucci

Explorer 1454–1512 Italian
96 Curium Cm 1944

Marie Curie
Pierre Curie

Scientist
Scientist
1867–1934
1859–1906
Polish-French
French
97 Berkelium Bk 1949 the city Berkeley, California

George Berkeley

Philosopher 1685–1753 Irish
99 Einsteinium Es 1952

Albert Einstein

Scientist 1879–1955 German-Swiss
100 Fermium Fm 1952

Enrico Fermi

Scientist 1901–1954 Italian-American
101 Mendelevium Md 1955

Dmitri Mendeleev

Scientist 1834–1907 Russian
102 Nobelium No 1958

Alfred Nobel

Scientist 1833–1896 Swedish
103 Lawrencium Lr 1961

Ernest Lawrence

Scientist 1901–1958 American
104 Rutherfordium Rf 1964

Ernest Rutherford

Scientist 1871–1937 New Zealand-British
106 Seaborgium Sg 1974

Glenn T. Seaborg

Scientist 1912–1999 American
107 Bohrium Bh 1981

Niels Bohr

Scientist 1885–1962 Danish
109 Meitnerium Mt 1982

Lise Meitner

Scientist 1878–1968 Austrian-Swedish
111 Roentgenium Rg 1994

Wilhelm Röntgen

Scientist 1845–1923 German
112 Copernicium Cn 1996

Nicolaus Copernicus

Scientist 1473–1543 Polish-German
114 Flerovium Fl 1998

Georgy Flyorov

Scientist 1913–1990 Russian
116 Livermorium Lv 2000 the city Livermore, California and
the Lawrence Livermore Lab[2]

Robert Livermore

Land owner 1799–1858 English-Mexican
118 Oganesson Og 2002

Yuri Oganessian

Scientist 1933– Russian

Other connections

Other element names have been proposed but failed to gain official international recognition. These include columbium (Cb), hahnium (Ha), joliotium (Jl), and kurchatovium (Ku), names connected to Christopher Columbus, Otto Hahn, Irène Joliot-Curie, and Igor Kurchatov (more at the article on element naming controversies).

Also, mythological entities have had a significant impact on the naming of elements. Helium, titanium, selenium, palladium, promethium, cerium, europium, mercury, thorium, uranium, neptunium and plutonium are all given names connected to mythological deities. With these five, that connection is indirect:

  • helium: named for the Sun where it was discovered, being associated with the deity Helios,
  • Iridium: named for the Greek goddess Iris,
  • tellurium: named for the Roman goddess of the earth, Tellus Mater,
  • niobium: named for Niobe, a character of Greek mythology
  • vanadium, named for Vanadis, another name for Norse goddess Freyja
  • selenium: named for the Moon being associated with the deity Selene,
  • palladium: named for the then-recently discovered asteroid Pallas which had been named for the deity Pallas Athena,
  • cerium: named for the then-recently discovered asteroid Ceres which had been named for the deity Ceres,
  • europium: named for the continent that had been named after the deity Europa.

Titanium is unique in the list above in that it refers to a group of deities rather than any particular individual. So Helios, Selene, Pallas, and Prometheus actually have two elements named in their honor.

And for elements given a name connected with a group, there is also xenon, named for the Greek word ξένον (xenon), neuter singular form of ξένος (xenos), meaning 'foreign(er)', 'strange(r)', or 'guest'.[3][4] Its discoverer William Ramsay intended this name to be an indication of the qualities of this element in analogy to the generic group of people.

See also

References

  1. ^ Kevin A. Boudreaux. "Derivations of the Names and Symbols of the Elements". Angelo State University.
  2. ^ There is an implied connection between Livermorium and Ernest Lawrence since the element is named for the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory.
  3. ^ Anonymous (1904). Daniel Coit Gilman; Harry Thurston Peck; Frank Moore Colby (eds.). The New International Encyclopædia. Dodd, Mead and Company. p. 906.
  4. ^ Staff (1991). The Merriam-Webster New Book of Word Histories. Merriam-Webster, Inc. p. 513. ISBN 0-87779-603-3.
List of chemical elements

This is a list of the 118 chemical elements which have been identified as of 2019. A chemical element, often simply called an element, is a species of atoms which all have the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei (i.e., the same atomic number, or Z).Perhaps the most popular visualization of all 118 elements is the periodic table of the elements, a convenient tabular arrangement of the elements by their chemical properties that uses abbreviated chemical symbols in place of full element names, but the simpler list format presented here may also be useful. Like the periodic table, the list below organizes the elements by the number of protons in their atoms; it can also be organized by other properties, such as atomic weight, density, and electronegativity. For more detailed information about the origins of element names, see List of chemical element name etymologies.

List of places used in the names of chemical elements

40 of the 118 chemical elements have names associated with, or specifically named for, places around the world or among astronomical objects. 32 of these have names tied to the Earth and the other 8 have names connected to bodies in the Solar System. The first tables below list the terrestrial locations (excluding the entire Earth itself, taken as a whole) and the last table lists astronomical objects which the chemical elements are named after.

List of scientists whose names are used in physical constants

Some of the constants used in science are named after great scientists. By this convention, their names are immortalised. Below is the list of the scientists whose names are used in physical constants.

Lists of scientists

This page contains links to lists of scientists.

Periodic table forms
Sets of elements
Elements
History
See also

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