Some of the most important open-access publishing projects or lists of such projects are listed below.
Free, open source software for open access journal publishing is available for those wishing to start up new journals, for example, the Open Journal Systems (OJS) developed by the Public Knowledge Project and HyperJournal developed by volunteers, but now partially funded by the political science faculty of Pisa University. While OJS and HyperJournal are designed for academic publishing, they can be used by anyone; for instance there is a group of grade 8 girls in Vancouver, British Columbia, who use OJS to publish their own peer-reviewed journal.
A repository is different from a journal. It includes peer-reviewed journal articles from many journals self-archived by their authors, as well as other kinds of material. Most repositories are distributed, institutional and cross-disciplinary, and some are central, cross-institutional and discipline-based. Here are some examples of central, discipline-based repositories (For Institutional Repositories, see Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR).
Some notable open access publishers are:
This page contains a representative list of major databases and search engines useful in an academic setting for finding and accessing articles in academic journals, institutional repositories, archives, or other collections of scientific and other articles.
As the distinction between a database and a search engine is unclear for these complex document retrieval systems, see:
the general list of search engines for all-purpose search engines that can be used for academic purposes
the article about bibliographic databases for information about databases giving bibliographic information about finding books and journal articles.Note that "free" or "subscription" can refer both to the availability of the
database or of the journal articles included. This has been indicated as precisely as possible in the lists below.List of open-access journals
This is a list of open-access journals by field. The list contains notable journals which have a policy of full open access. It does not include delayed open access journals, hybrid open access journals, or related collections or indexing services.
True open-access journals can be split into two categories :
diamond or platinum open-access journals, which charge no additional publication, open access or article processing fees
gold open-access journals, which charge publication fees (also called article processing charges, APCs).The list below is focused on open-access journals with no fees. However, some fields like biology and medicine have a stronger tradition of article processing charge, the corresponding journals below then have a footnote indicating such fees.Open Course Library
Open Course Library (OCL) is an effort by the State of Washington to identify and make available digitally, to community and technical college instructors and students across that state, free textbooks, interactive assignments, and videos. Instructional materials can be "a smorgasbord of teaching modules and exercises developed by other open-learning projects. . . Interactive-learning Web sites and even instructional videos on YouTube . . ." However, OCL is not an OER publishing project, although it did contribute to the development of some widely used resources. Goals include: lowering textbook costs for students, providing new resources for faculty to use in their courses; and fully engaging in the global OER or open educational resources discussion.The project was funded by matching grants of $750,000 from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Washington State legislature. In 2009-2010 the affected Washington State student body totaled 470,000 and was increasing. Many of the materials made available are open educational resources or OERs. Specifically, they include syllabi, course activities, readings, and assessments and some are paired with low cost textbooks, costing $30 or less. In subjects across the sciences and humanities, the OCL team created curriculum support for Washington State's most popular 81 courses in the state's 34 community and technical colleges. Instructors were free to use the materials as they wish, in part or an entire course. The project was headed by Cable Green, then eLearning Director for the Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges.
It emerged from a two-year discussion that ultimately produced a Strategic Technology Plan. The plan outlines a unified vision known as Washington Student Completion Initiative.Open access
Open access (OA) is a mechanism by which research outputs are distributed online, free of cost or other barriers, and, in its most precise meaning, with the addition of an open license applied to promote reuse.Academic articles (as historically seen in print-based academic journals) have been the main focus of the movement. Conventional (non-open access) journals cover publishing costs through access tolls such as subscriptions, site licenses or pay-per-view charges. Open access can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non peer-reviewed academic journal articles, conference papers, theses, book chapters, and monographs.Public Knowledge Project
Not to be confused with Public Knowledge, a non-profit in Washington D.C.The Public Knowledge Project is a non-profit research initiative that is focused on the importance of making the results of publicly funded research freely available through open access policies, and on developing strategies for making this possible including software solutions. It is a partnership between the Faculty of Education at the University of British Columbia, the Canadian Centre for Studies in Publishing at Simon Fraser University, the University of Pittsburgh, Ontario Council of University Libraries, the California Digital Library and the School of Education at Stanford University. It seeks to improve the scholarly and public quality of academic research through the development of innovative online environments.Timeline of the open-access movement
The following is a timeline of the international movement for open access to scholarly communication.