This is a list of offshore wind farms within the national maritime boundaries of the United Kingdom. The name of the wind farm is the name used by the energy company when referring to the farm; it is usually related to the name of the nearest town on shore. There are currently c.6-7GW of offshore wind in the UK, with a further 4-5GW having secured development contracts.
|Barrow||90||30 × Vestas V90-3.0MW||England||2006 July||£123m||35.9%||15–20||7||Ørsted||[w 1]|
|Beatrice||10||2 × REpower 5M||Scotland||2007 July||£35m||20%||45||23||SSE and Talisman Energy||[w 2]|
|Beatrice extension||588||84||Scotland||2019 July||£2,600 million||45||23||SSE and Talisman Energy|||
|Blyth Offshore||4||2 × Vestas V66-2MW||England||2000 December||£4m||6–11||1.6||E.ON|
|Burbo Bank||90||25 × Siemens SWP 3.6–107||England||2007 September||£90m||32–35%||0–6||7||Ørsted||[w 3]|
|Burbo Bank Extension||258||32 × Vestas V164 8.0 MW||England||2017 April||6–13||Ørsted|
|Dudgeon||402||67 × Siemens SWT-6.0–154||England||2017 October||£1,500m||48%||Equinor, Statkraft|||
|European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre||93||11 × Vestas V164-8MW||Scotland||2018 September||32||3||European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre||[w 4]|
|Greater Gabbard||504||140 × Siemens SWT-3.6–107||England||2012 September||£1,500m||42.2%||20–32||23||SSE Renewables||[w 5]|
|Gunfleet Sands 1 & 2||172||48 × Siemens SWP-3.6–107||England||2010 April||£300m||36.6%||2–15||7||Ørsted||[w 6]|
|Gunfleet Sands 3 – Demonstration Project||12||2 × Siemens SWT-6.0 120||England||2013 April||£51m||31.1%||5–12||8||Ørsted||[w 7]|
|Gwynt y Môr||576||160 × Siemens SWT-3.6 107||Wales||2015 June||>£2,000m||31.7%||20||17||RWE Npower, Stadtwerke München, GIB, Siemens||[w 8]|
|Humber Gateway||219||73 × Vestas V112 3.0MW||England||2015 June||£736m||41.1%||15||10||E.ON||[w 9]|
|Hywind Scotland||30||5 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 6MW||Scotland||2017 October||NOK2 billion (£152m)||95–120||25||Equinor, Masdar|
|Kentish Flats||140||30 × Vestas V90-3.0MW, 15 Vestas V112-3.3MW||England||2005 October||£121.5m||31.3%, 42.9%||3–5||10||Vattenfall||[w 10]|
|Lincs||270||75 × Siemens SWT-3.6–120||England||2013 September||£1,000m||42%||10–15||8||Centrica, Siemens, Ørsted||[w 11]|
|London Array||630||175 × Siemens SWT-3.6||England||2013 April||£1,800m||41.1%||0–25||20||Ørsted, E.ON UK Renewables, Masdar||[w 12]|
|Lynn and Inner Dowsing||194||54 × Siemens SWP-3.6–107||England||2009 March||£300m||34.9%||6–11||5||Centrica 50%
|Methil||7||1 × Samsung 7 MW||Scotland||2013 October||5||0.05||Samsung, 2-B Energy||[w 14]|
|North Hoyle||60||30 × Vestas V80-2MW||Wales||2003 December||£80m||31.5%||5–12||7||Npower (UK) (RWE)||[w 15]|
|Ormonde||150||30 × REpower 5MW||England||2012 August||£552m||39.5%||17–22||9.5||Vattenfall||[w 16]|
|Race Bank||580||91 × Siemens SWT-6.0–154||England||2018 February||Ørsted|||
|Rampion||400||116 × Vestas V112-3.45MW||England||2018 April||£1,300m||13||E.ON|||
|Rhyl Flats||90||25 × Siemens SWP 3.6–107||Wales||2009 December||£198m||32.9%||4–15||8||Npower (UK) (RWE)||[w 17]|
|Robin Rigg||180||60 × Vestas V90-3.0MW||Scotland||2010 April||£396m||35.1%||0–12||11||E.ON||[w 18]|
|Scroby Sands||60||30 × Vestas V80-2MW||England||2004 March||£75.5m||30.7%||0–8||2.5||E.ON||[w 19]|
|Sheringham Shoal||317||88 × Siemens SWT-3.6–107||England||2012 September||£1,100m||40.7%||12–24||17||Equinor 50%
|Teesside||62||27 × Siemens SWT-2.3||England||2013 August||£200m||34.8%||7–15||1.5||EDF-EN|||
|Thanet||300||100 × Vestas V90-3.0MW||England||2010 September||£900m||32.8%||20–25||11||Vattenfall||[w 21]|
|Walney||367||102 Siemens SWP 3.6–107||England||2010 February||£630m||40.5%, 43.8%||19–30||14||Ørsted, SSE, OPW||[w 22]|
|Walney Extension||659||47 × Siemens SWT-7.0-154, 40 × MHI Vestas V164-8.25 MW||England||2018 September||Ørsted|||
|Westermost Rough||210||35 Siemens SWT-6.0–154||England||2015 May||£370m||42.9%||15||10||Ørsted, Marubeni, GIB||[w 23]|
|West of Duddon Sands||389||108 Siemens SWP 3.6–120||England||2014 October||£1,600m||44.2%||17–24||15||Ørsted, Scottish Power||[w 24]|
This is a list of offshore wind farms currently under construction.
|East Anglia One||714||102||2020|||
|Hornsea One||1218||174||England||2020||£||25-30||120||Ørsted (company) and Global Infrastructure Partners|||
|Hornsea Two||1386||165||England||2022||£||25-30||120||Ørsted (company) and Global Infrastructure Partners|||
The Barrow Offshore Wind Farm is a 30 turbine 90MW capacity offshore wind farm in the East Irish Sea approximately 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) south west of Walney Island, near Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, England.
Construction of the wind farm took place between 2005 and 2006. The farm is operated by Barrow Offshore Wind Limited, owned by Dong Energy.Beatrice Wind Farm
The Beatrice Offshore Wind Farm now known as Beatrice Offshore Windfarm Ltd (BOWL) project, is a wind farm close to the Beatrice oil field in the Moray Firth, part of the North Sea 13 km off the north east coast of Scotland.Burbo Bank Offshore Wind Farm
The Burbo Bank Offshore Wind Farm is a 348 MW offshore wind farm located on the Burbo Flats in Liverpool Bay on the west coast of the UK in the Irish Sea. It consists of an original 90 MW wind farm commissioned in 2007 and a 258 MW extension completed in 2017.
The wind farm was developed in the 2000s by SeaScape Energy, which was acquired by DONG Energy (now Ørsted A/S) in 2005. A 25 turbine installation using Siemens Wind Power 3.6 MW turbines was constructed from 2005, and officially opened in 2007. A further 32 8 MW turbines were constructed in 2016–17.Clyde Wind Farm
The Clyde Wind Farm is a 522 megawatt (MW) wind farm near Abington in South Lanarkshire, Scotland.European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre
The European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre (EOWDC) is an offshore wind test and demonstration facility located around 3 kilometres off the east coast of Aberdeenshire, in the North Sea, Scotland. It was developed by the European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre consortium. The scheme consists of 11 wind turbines with an installed capacity of 93.2 megawatts. It is located between Blackdog and Bridge of Don near Aberdeen. First power was generated in July 2018, with full commissioning following in September 2018.Greater Gabbard wind farm
Greater Gabbard is a 504 MW wind farm on sandbanks 23 kilometres (14 mi) off the coast of Suffolk in England at a cost of £1.5 billion. Onshore construction activities commenced in early July 2008 at Sizewell. It was completed on 7 September 2012 with all of the Siemens SWT3.6–107 turbines connected.A 336 MW extension of the project called Galloper Wind Farm was commissioned in April 2018.Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm
Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm is a 172 MW wind farm about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) off the Clacton-on-Sea coast in the Northern Thames Estuary.
The 108MW Gunfleet Sands 1 wind farm gained planning consent in 2003/4; in 2006 Dong Energy (now Ørsted) acquired the project and submitted an application for a second 64MW windfarm Gunfleet Sands 2 adjacent to the first, which received consent in 2008. Construction of both wind farms using Siemens Wind Power SWT-3.6-107 took place between 2008 and 2010.
In 2010 planning began on a demonstration project Gunfleet Sands 3, used to test Siemens' 6MW wind turbine model; two 6MW turbines were installed in 2013.Gwynt y Môr
Gwynt y Môr (English: Sea Wind) is a 576-megawatt (MW) offshore wind farm located off the coast of North Wales and is the fourth largest operating offshore windfarm in the world. The farm has 160 wind turbines of 150 metres (490 ft) tip height above mean sea level.Planning consent for the project was granted on 3 December 2008. The project has a value of 2 billion Euros, of which 1.2 billion Euros were spent on turbines and electrical connections. Construction began in 2012, power production started in September 2013, construction phase ended in November 2014, and final commissioning occurred in June 2015.Kentish Flats Offshore Wind Farm
The Kentish Flats Offshore Wind Farm is a wind farm located off the coast of Kent, England on a large, flat and shallow plateau just outside the main Thames shipping lanes. The wind farm is operated by Vattenfall.Lists of offshore wind farms by country
Lists of offshore wind farms by country include:
List of offshore wind farms in China
List of offshore wind farms in Denmark
List of offshore wind farms in Germany
List of offshore wind farms in Japan
List of offshore wind farms in the Netherlands
List of offshore wind farms in Sweden
List of offshore wind farms in the United Kingdom
List of offshore wind farms in the United StatesLondon Array
The London Array is a 175 turbine 630 MW Round 2 offshore wind farm located 20 km off the Kent coast in the outer Thames Estuary in the United Kingdom. It is the second largest offshore wind farm on Earth, after the Walney Extension.
Construction of phase 1 of the wind farm began in March 2011 and was completed by mid 2013, being formally inaugurated by the Prime Minister, David Cameron on 4 July 2013.
The second phase of the project was refused planning consent in 2014 due to concerns over the impact on sea birds.Lynn and Inner Dowsing Wind Farms
The Lynn and Inner Dowsing wind farms are a pair of round 1 wind farms located in the North Sea, in the shallow waters at the entrance to The Wash off the coast of Lincolnshire, England. The wind farms were developed as a single unit after planning consent was given in 2003. Construction work began in 2006 and was completed in 2009.
The farm has a maximum output of 194MW from 54 Siemens Wind Power 3.6-107 turbines with a generating capacity of 194 MW. The capacity factor of the farm has been 31 to 36%.North Hoyle Offshore Wind Farm
North Hoyle Offshore Wind Farm is Wales' first offshore wind farm, and the UK's first major offshore renewable power project. Situated in Liverpool Bay, it commenced operation in 2003.
The first of the UK's Round 1 offshore wind farms, North Hoyle covers an area of 10 square kilometres (3.9 sq mi), and is located approximately 7.5 kilometres (4.7 mi) off the coast of North Wales, between the towns of Rhyl and Prestatyn. The Round 1 projects were intended to act as testbeds; building the UK's understanding of offshore wind power, whilst in total also providing well over 1,000 MW of green generating capacity for the UK. All of the Round 1 offshore wind farms were limited to a maximum area of 10 square kilometres (3.9 sq mi), and no more than 30 wind turbines.
The wind farm's 30 Vestas V80 Offshore wind turbines are each rated at 2 MW capacity, giving a maximum project output of 60 MW. At the time of installation this was the most powerful wind farm in the UK, producing sufficient electricity annually to power 50,000 homes.
Between 2004 and 2010, the capacity factor was between 33 and 36%.Independent surveys carried out for the operators of North Hoyle have shown that the wind farm is very popular among holidaymakers and local residents. An opinion poll carried out in 2003, after its construction, showed that 73% of people expressed support for the project and only 5% opposed it.North Hoyle was developed, built and is operated by RWE npower renewables (formerly National Wind Power); npower renewables also own the neighbouring Rhyl Flats and Gwynt y Môr offshore wind farms.Rampion Wind Farm
Rampion is an offshore wind farm development by E.ON, off the Sussex coast in the UK. The wind farm has a capacity of 400 MW (originally 700 MW were planned). The wind farm was commissioned in April 2018.Rhyl Flats
Rhyl Flats Offshore Wind Farm is a 25 turbine wind farm approximately 8 km north east of Llandudno in North Wales. It is Wales' second offshore wind farm and the third offshore wind farm to be built within Liverpool Bay. It has a maximum rated output of 90 MW.Robin Rigg Wind Farm
Robin Rigg Wind Farm, Scotland's first offshore wind farm, was constructed by E.ON at Robin Rigg in the Solway Firth, a sandbank midway between the Galloway and Cumbrian coasts. The windfarm first generated power for test purposes on 9 September 2009. The wind farm was completed on 20 April 2010.Scroby Sands Wind Farm
The Scroby Sands Wind Farm is a wind farm located on the Scroby Sands sandbank in the North Sea, 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) off the coast of Great Yarmouth in eastern England, United Kingdom. It was commissioned in March 2004 by Powergen Renewables Offshore, a division of E.ON UK. It has a nameplate capacity of 60 megawatts and is able to produce power to supply 41,000 households. Between 2005 and 2010, its capacity factor was between 26 and 32%.The farm consists of 30 wind turbines, located in water from 13 to 20 metres (43 to 66 ft) deep. Each turbine has three 40-metre (130 ft) blades that rotate around a centre-point some 60 metres (200 ft) above the mean sea level. The hollow 4.5-metre (14.8 ft) diameter steel masts that carry the turbines are piled as much as 30 metres (98 ft) into the sea bed, to provide stability on a substrate of shifting sands.
The wind turbines were designed and manufactured by a Danish firm, Vestas. Each turbine has a capacity of 2 megawatts. Turbines were installed by the Danish offshore wind farms services provider A2SEA.Thanet Wind Farm
The Thanet Wind Farm (also sometimes called Thanet Offshore Wind Farm) is an offshore wind farm 7 miles (11 km) off the coast of Thanet district in Kent, England. On commissioning it was the world's largest offshore wind farm. It has a nameplate capacity (maximum output) of 300 MW and it cost £780–900 million (US$1.2–1.4 billion). Thanet is one of fifteen Round 2 wind projects announced by the Crown Estate in January 2004 but the first to be developed. It was officially opened on 23 September 2010, when it overtook Horns Rev 2 as the biggest offshore wind farm in the world. It has since been overtaken by many others (medio 2017 it ranks 14th).Walney Wind Farm
Walney Wind Farms are a group of offshore wind farms 9 miles (14 km) west of Walney Island off the coast of Cumbria, in the Irish Sea, England. The group, operated by Ørsted (formerly Dong Energy), consists of Walney Phase 1, Phase 2 and the Walney Extension.
The extension has a capacity of 659 MW making it the world's largest offshore wind farm.The wind farms were developed by Walney (UK) Offshore Windfarms Limited, a partnership between DONG Energy and Scottish and Southern Energy. The farms, which are immediately northwest of the West of Duddon Sands Wind Farm and west of Ormonde Wind Farm, are in water depths ranging from 19m to 23m and cover an area of approximately 73 km2.
Both of the first phases have 51 turbines giving a nameplate capacity of 367 MW. Until September 2012 it was the world's largest operational offshore wind farm, and regained this title when the expansion completed in September 2018. The first two phases were expected to generate about 1,300 GW·h/year of electricity, with a load factor of 43%. The Walney Extension opened in September 2018 with a further 87 turbines capable of generating 659 megawatts.
|Onshore wind farms|
|Offshore wind farms|