This is a list of national birds. Most species in the list are officially designated. Some species hold only an "unofficial" status.
|Country||Name of bird||Scientific name||Official status||Picture||Ref.|
|Angola||Red-crested turaco||Tauraco erythrolophus||Yes|||
|Anguilla||Zenaida dove||Zenaida aurita||Yes|||
|Antigua and Barbuda||Magnificent frigatebird||Fregata magnificens||Yes|||
|Argentina||Rufous hornero||Furnarius rufus||Yes|||
|Aruba||"Shoco" (Burrowing Owl). Proposed as national bird, but recognized as Aruba's "national symbol" in 2012||Athene cunicularia arubensis||Yes|||
|"Prikichi" (Brown-throated Parakeet). Officially recognized as the national bird in 2017||Aupsittula pertinax arubensis||Yes|||
|Austria||Barn swallow||Hirundo rustica||Yes|||
|Bahamas||American flamingo||Phoenicopterus ruber||Yes|||
|Bahrain||White-eared bulbul||Pycnonotus leucotis||Yes|||
|Bangladesh||Oriental magpie-robin (Doyel Pakhi)||Copsychus saularis||Yes|||
|Belarus||White stork||Ciconia ciconia||No|||
|Belgium||Common kestrel||Falco tinnunculus||Yes|||
|Belize||Keel-billed toucan||Ramphastos sulfuratus||Yes|||
|Bermuda||Bermuda petrel||Pterodroma cahow||No|||
|Bhutan||Common raven||Corvus corax||Yes|||
|Bolivia||Andean condor||Vultur gryphus||Yes|||
|Botswana||Kori bustard||Ardeotis kori||Yes|||
|Brazil||Rufous-bellied thrush||Turdus rufiventris||Yes|||
|British Virgin Islands||Mourning dove||Zenaida macroura||Yes|||
|Cambodia||Giant ibis||Thaumatibis gigantea||Yes|||
|Cayman Islands||Grand Cayman parrot||Amazona leucocephala caymanensis||Yes|||
|Chile||Andean condor||Vultur gryphus||Yes|||
|China||Red-crowned crane. Proposed as national bird by State Forestry Administration in 2007 (awaiting State Council approval).||Grus japonensis||No|||
|Colombia||Andean condor||Vultur gryphus||Yes|||
|Costa Rica||Clay-colored thrush||Turdus grayi||Yes|||
|Croatia||Common nightingale||Luscinia megarhynchos||No|||
|Cuba||Cuban trogon||Priotelus temnurus||Yes|||
|Denmark||Mute swan||Cygnus olor||Yes|||
|Dominica||Imperial amazon||Amazona imperialis||Yes|||
|Dominican Republic||Palmchat||Dulus dominicus||Yes|||
|Ecuador||Andean condor||Vultur gryphus||Yes|||
|El Salvador||Turquoise-browed motmot||Eumomota superciliosa||Yes|||
|Estonia||Barn swallow||Hirundo rustica||Yes|||
|Faroe Islands||Eurasian oystercatcher||Haematopus ostralegus||Yes|||
|Finland||Whooper swan||Cygnus cygnus||No|||
|France||Gallic rooster||Gallus gallus||No|||
|Germany||Golden eagle||Aquila chrysaetos||No|||
|Gibraltar||Barbary partridge||Alectoris barbara||Yes|||
|Greece||Little owl||Athene noctua||No|||
|Grenada||Grenada dove||Leptotila wellsi||Yes|||
|Guatemala||Resplendent quetzal||Pharomachrus mocinno||Yes|||
|Haiti||Hispaniolan trogon||Priotelus roseigaster||Yes|||
|Honduras||Scarlet macaw||Ara macao||Yes|||
|Hungary||Saker falcon||Falco cherrug||Yes|||
|India||Indian peacock||Pavo cristatus||Yes|||
|Indonesia||Javan hawk-eagle||Nisaetus bartelsi||Yes|||
|Iran||Common nightingale||Luscinia megarhynchos||Yes|||
|Iraq||Chukar partridge||Alectoris chukar||Yes|||
|Ireland||Northern lapwing||Vanellus vanellus||No|||
|Italy||Italian sparrow||Passer italiae||Yes|||
|Jamaica||Doctor bird||Trochilus polytmus||Yes|||
|Japan||Green pheasant||Phasianus versicolor||Yes|||
|Jordan||Sinai rosefinch||Carpodacus synoicus||Yes|||
|Kenya||Lilac-breasted roller||Coracias caudatus||No|||
|Latvia||White wagtail||Motacilla alba||Yes|||
|Liberia||Garden bulbul||Pycnonotus barbatus||Yes|||
|Lithuania||White stork||Ciconia ciconia||Yes|||
|Malta||Blue rock thrush||Monticola solitarius||Yes|||
|Mexico||Golden eagle||Aquila chrysaetos||Yes|||
|Mongolia||Saker falcon||Falco cherrug||Yes|||
|Montserrat||Montserrat oriole||Icterus oberi||Yes|||
|Myanmar||Grey peacock-pheasant||Polyplectron bicalcaratum||No|||
|Namibia||African fish eagle||Haliaeetus vocifer||Yes|||
|Nepal||Himalayan monal||Lophophorus impejanus||Yes|||
|Netherlands||Black-tailed godwit||Limosa limosa||No|||
|New Zealand||Kiwi||Apteryx mantelli||No|||
|Nicaragua||Turquoise-browed motmot||Eumomota superciliosa||Yes|||
|Nigeria||Black crowned crane||Balearica pavonina||Yes|||
|North Korea||Northern goshawk||Accipiter gentilis||Yes|||
|Norway||White-throated dipper||Cinclus cinclus||Yes|||
|Pakistan||Chukar partridge||Alectoris chukar||Yes|||
|Shaheen falcon (Heritage bird)||Falco peregrinus peregrinator||No|||
|Palestine||Palestine sunbird||Cinnyris oseus||No|||
|Panama||Harpy eagle||Harpia harpyja||Yes|||
|Papua New Guinea||Raggiana bird-of-paradise||Paradisaea raggiana||Yes|||
|Paraguay||Bare-throated bellbird||Procnias nudicollis||Yes|||
|Peru||Andean cock-of-the-rock||Rupicola peruvianus||Yes|||
|Philippines||Philippine eagle||Pithecophaga jefferyi||Yes|||
|Poland||White-tailed eagle (national bird)||Haliaeetus albicilla||Yes|||
|White stork (national bird)||Ciconia ciconia||No|||
|Puerto Rico||Puerto Rican spindalis||Spindalis portoricensis||Yes|||
|Saint Helena||Saint Helena plover||Charadrius sanctaehelenae||Yes|||
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||Brown pelican||Pelecanus occidentalis||Yes|||
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||St Vincent parrot||Amazona guildingii||Yes|||
|Scotland||Golden eagle||Aquila chrysaetos||No|||
|Griffon vulture||Gyps fulvus||Yes|||
|Singapore||Crimson sunbird||Aethopyga siparaja||No|||
|South Africa||Blue crane||Anthropoides paradisea||Yes|||
|Sri Lanka||Sri Lanka junglefowl||Gallus lafayetii||Yes|||
|Swaziland||Purple-crested turaco||Tauraco porphyreolophus||Yes|||
|Sweden||Common blackbird||Turdus merula||Yes|||
|Thailand||Siamese fireback||Lophura diardi||Yes|||
|Trinidad and Tobago||Scarlet ibis||Eudocimus ruber||Yes|||
|Uganda||East African crowned crane||Balearica regulorum gibbericeps||Yes|||
|Ukraine||White stork||Ciconia ciconia||No|||
|United Arab Emirates||Falcon||Falco||Yes|||
|United Kingdom||European robin||Erithacus rubecula||No|||
|United States||Bald eagle||Haliaeetus leucocephalus||Yes|||
|Uruguay||Southern lapwing||Vanellus chilensis||No|||
|Venezuela||Venezuelan troupial||Icterus icterus||Yes|||
|Wales||Red Kite||Milvus milvus||No|||
|Zambia||African fish eagle||Haliaeetus vocifer||Yes|||
|Zimbabwe||African fish eagle||Haliaeetus vocifer||Yes|||
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Australia has never adopted any official faunal or bird emblem, but, by popular tradition, the kangaroo and emu are widely accepted as such.
The kiwi, represents New Zealand, but it has no official status as a symbol.
The bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is a bird of prey found in North America. A sea eagle, it has two known subspecies and forms a species pair with the white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla). Its range includes most of Canada and Alaska, all of the contiguous United States, and northern Mexico. It is found near large bodies of open water with an abundant food supply and old-growth trees for nesting.
The bald eagle is an opportunistic feeder which subsists mainly on fish, which it swoops down and snatches from the water with its talons. It builds the largest nest of any North American bird and the largest tree nests ever recorded for any animal species, up to 4 m (13 ft) deep, 2.5 m (8.2 ft) wide, and 1 metric ton (1.1 short tons) in weight. Sexual maturity is attained at the age of four to five years.
Bald eagles are not actually bald; the name derives from an older meaning of the word, "white headed". The adult is mainly brown with a white head and tail. The sexes are identical in plumage, but females are about 25 percent larger than males. The beak is large and hooked. The plumage of the immature is brown.
The bald eagle is both the national bird and national animal of the United States of America. The bald eagle appears on its seal. In the late 20th century it was on the brink of extirpation in the contiguous United States. Populations have since recovered and the species was removed from the U.S. government's list of endangered species on July 12, 1995 and transferred to the list of threatened species. It was removed from the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in the Lower 48 States on June 28, 2007.List of U.S. county birds
This is a list of official birds of United States counties and county-level governments organized by state.List of animals representing first-level administrative country subdivisions
This is a list of animals that represent first-level administrative country subdivisions.List of national animals
This is a list of national animals. As of 2009, a total of 231 national animal symbols exist globally. Of the 192 countries in the world:
142 (74%) countries have designated at least one national animal symbol;
71 (37%) countries have more than one national animal symbol.List of official city birds
The following is an incomplete list of official city birds, organized by country.Lists of national institutions and symbols
A nation is a people or group of peoples; a political state.
Lists of nation as a stateList of sovereign states
United Nations member statesTransnational lists with nation or national in the name
List of national and international moving associations
List of national and international statistical services
List of national animals, a list of national animals.
List of national anthems, This aims to be a complete list of national anthems
List of national archives, a central archive maintained by a nation.
List of national airlines, a redirect to the section "List of national flag carriers" in the article Flag carrier, considered to be a "flag carrier", either by designation as a national airlines either officially or based on history and whether it is state-owned.
List of national birds, a list of national birds, most official, but some unofficial
List of national border changes since World War I
List of national capitals, a list of national capitals of the world.
List of national coats, redirect to Gallery of country coats of arms, emblem serving a similar purpose of each of the countries in the list of countries
List of national constitutions, list of existing or former national constitutions by country, semi-recognized countries, and by codification.
List of national dances, This is a list of national dances. This may be a formal or informal designation. Not all nations officially recognize a national dance or dances.
List of National Days, a redirect to the section List of National Days in the article National Day
List of national defense industries, is a list of nations and organizations that currently produce modern weapons around the world.
List of national flags, redirect to List of sovereign states
List of national flags depicting a cross
List of national flowers, redirect to Floral emblem
List of national football teams, redirect to National football team which is a disambiguation page.
List of women's national football teams, redirects to List of women's national association football teams
Lists of national men's football teams
List of men's national association football teams
List of national governments, a list of the offices of heads of state, heads of government, cabinet, and legislature, of sovereign states.
List of National Hockey League statistical leaders by country, a redirect toList of NHL statistical leaders by country, This is a list of National Hockey League statistical leaders by country of birth, sorted by total points
List of national law enforcement agencies, a redirect to the Category:National law enforcement agencies
List of national leaders, redirect to List of current heads of state and government
List of national legislatures, redirect to list of legislatures by country, whether parliamentary or congressional, that act as a plenary general assembly of representatives with the power to legislate.
List of national libraries, a list of national libraries of the world.
List of national mottos, lists state and national motto s for the world's independent states.
List of national newspapers, a list of national newspapers as described at newspaper types.
List of national netball teams
List of national parks, a list of national park s ordered by nation. Nearly 100 countries around the world have lands classified as a "national park".
List of national parks in the Alps
List of national poets, a national poet or national bard is a poet held by tradition and popular acclaim.
List of national poetries National poetry, This is a list of articles about poetry in a single language or produced by a
List of national religions, redirect to List of state-established religions
List of national supreme courts, a list of supreme courts by country.
List of national theatres Several countries have one or more national theatres. This component in the name of a theatre indicates that the funding is not only a concern of private investors or the local city, but of the national or federal budget.
List of national sports, redirect to National sport. A national sport is a sport or game that is considered to be an intrinsic part of the culture of a nation.Lists of national symbols
These are themes of lists of national symbols.
List of national flags
List of national colours
Gallery of country coats of arms
List of national anthems
List of national animals
List of national birds
List of national founders
List of national fruits
List of national instruments (music)
List of national poets
List of national trees
List of national dancesNational symbols of Ecuador
National symbols of Ecuador are the representative symbols that are used by Ecuador to represent the nation, reflecting different aspects of the cultural life and history. The official symbols or emblems of Ecuador are established by law and part of the Political Constitution of Ecuador.National symbols of Peru
National symbols of Peru are the symbols that are used in Peru to represent what is unique about the nation, reflecting different aspects of the cultural life and history. The national symbols of Peru are established by law and part of the Political Constitution of Peru (Article 49).Pelican
Pelicans are a genus of large water birds that make up the family Pelecanidae. They are characterised by a long beak and a large throat pouch used for catching prey and draining water from the scooped-up contents before swallowing. They have predominantly pale plumage, the exceptions being the brown and Peruvian pelicans. The bills, pouches, and bare facial skin of all species become brightly coloured before the breeding season. The eight living pelican species have a patchy global distribution, ranging latitudinally from the tropics to the temperate zone, though they are absent from interior South America and from polar regions and the open ocean.
Long thought to be related to frigatebirds, cormorants, tropicbirds, and gannets and boobies, pelicans instead are now known to be most closely related to the shoebill and hamerkop, and are placed in the order Pelecaniformes. Ibises, spoonbills, herons, and bitterns have been classified in the same order. Fossil evidence of pelicans dates back at least 30 million years to the remains of a beak very similar to that of modern species recovered from Oligocene strata in France. They are thought to have evolved in the Old World and spread into the Americas; this is reflected in the relationships within the genus as the eight species divide into Old World and New World lineages.
Pelicans frequent inland and coastal waters, where they feed principally on fish, catching them at or near the water surface. They are gregarious birds, travelling in flocks, hunting cooperatively, and breeding colonially. Four white-plumaged species tend to nest on the ground, and four brown or grey-plumaged species nest mainly in trees. The relationship between pelicans and people has often been contentious. The birds have been persecuted because of their perceived competition with commercial and recreational fishing. Their populations have fallen through habitat destruction, disturbance, and environmental pollution, and three species are of conservation concern. They also have a long history of cultural significance in mythology, and in Christian and heraldic iconography.State bird
A state bird is the insignia of a nation or a state (sub-national entity).
For lists of these animals, see:
List of national birds, national birds on country level
List of Australian bird emblems, for the Australian states
List of Brazilian state birds, for the Brazilian states
List of Indian state birds, for the Indian states
List of U.S. state birds, for the U.S. states