List of national birds

This is a list of national birds. Most species in the list are officially designated. Some species hold only an "unofficial" status.

National birds

Country Name of bird Scientific name Official status Picture Ref.
 Angola Red-crested turaco Tauraco erythrolophus Yes RedcrestedTuraco [1]
 Anguilla Zenaida dove Zenaida aurita Yes Zenida aurita1 1 barbados [2]
 Antigua and Barbuda Magnificent frigatebird Fregata magnificens Yes Male Frigate bird [3]
 Argentina Rufous hornero Furnarius rufus Yes Flickr - Dario Sanches - JOÃO-DE-BARRO (Furnarius rufus) (5) [4]
 Aruba "Shoco" (Burrowing Owl). Proposed as national bird, but recognized as Aruba's "national symbol" in 2012 Athene cunicularia arubensis Yes Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia) (2261438123) [5]
"Prikichi" (Brown-throated Parakeet). Officially recognized as the national bird in 2017 Aupsittula pertinax arubensis Yes [6]
 Australia Emu Dromaius novaehollandiae No Emoe [7]
 Austria Barn swallow Hirundo rustica Yes Hirundo rustica0 [8]
 Bahamas American flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber Yes Caribbean flamingo [9]
 Bahrain White-eared bulbul Pycnonotus leucotis Yes White-eared bulbul (Pycnonotus leucotis mesopotamia) Jordan [10]
 Bangladesh Oriental magpie-robin (Doyel Pakhi) Copsychus saularis Yes Oriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis)- Male at Kolkata I IMG 3003 [11]
 Belarus White stork Ciconia ciconia No WhiteStorkGaulsh02 [12]
 Belgium Common kestrel Falco tinnunculus Yes Common Kestrel 1 [13]
 Belize Keel-billed toucan Ramphastos sulfuratus Yes Ramphastos sulfuratus -Belize Zoo-6a-2c [14]
 Bermuda Bermuda petrel Pterodroma cahow No Bermuda Petrel From The Crossley ID Guide Eastern Birds, crop [15]
 Bhutan Common raven Corvus corax Yes Corvus corax (NPS) [16]
 Bolivia Andean condor Vultur gryphus Yes Colca-condor-c03 [17]
 Botswana Kori bustard Ardeotis kori Yes Ardeotis kori Etosha [18][19]
 Brazil Rufous-bellied thrush Turdus rufiventris Yes Sabiá laranjeira, crop [20]
 British Virgin Islands Mourning dove Zenaida macroura Yes Mourning Dove 2006 [21]
 Cambodia Giant ibis Thaumatibis gigantea Yes ThaumantibisGiganteaGronvold [22]
 Cayman Islands Grand Cayman parrot Amazona leucocephala caymanensis Yes Amazona leucocephala -in tree-4cp [23]
 Chile Andean condor Vultur gryphus Yes Condor flying over the Colca canyon in Peru [24]
 China Red-crowned crane. Proposed as national bird by State Forestry Administration in 2007 (awaiting State Council approval). Grus japonensis No Crane japan2 [25][26]
 Colombia Andean condor Vultur gryphus Yes Colca-condor-c03 [27]
 Costa Rica Clay-colored thrush Turdus grayi Yes Turdus-grayi-001 [28]
 Croatia Common nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos No Nachtigall (Luscinia megarhynchos)-2 [29]
 Cuba Cuban trogon Priotelus temnurus Yes Cubaanse Trogon [30]
 Denmark Mute swan Cygnus olor Yes Swan.spreads.wings.arp [31]
 Dominica Imperial amazon Amazona imperialis Yes Amazona imperialis -Roseau -Dominica -aviary-6a-3c [32]
 Dominican Republic Palmchat Dulus dominicus Yes Dulus dominicus [33]
 Ecuador Andean condor Vultur gryphus Yes Colca-condor-c03 [34]
 El Salvador Turquoise-browed motmot Eumomota superciliosa Yes Guardabarranco [35]
 Estonia Barn swallow Hirundo rustica Yes Landsvale [36]
 Faroe Islands Eurasian oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus Yes Austernfischer01 [37]
 Finland Whooper swan Cygnus cygnus No Singschwan [38]
 France Gallic rooster Gallus gallus No Rooster03 [39]
 Germany Golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos No Aquila chrysaetos Flickr [40]
 Gibraltar Barbary partridge Alectoris barbara Yes Alectoris barbara Tenerife [41]
 Greece Little owl Athene noctua No Mochuelo Común ( Athene noctua )(1) [42]
 Grenada Grenada dove Leptotila wellsi Yes Grenadadove1 [43]
 Guatemala Resplendent quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno Yes Quetzal01 [44]
 Guyana Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin Yes Opisthocomus hoazin [45]
 Haiti Hispaniolan trogon Priotelus roseigaster Yes Hispaniolan Trogon (Priotelus roseigaster) (8082799519) [46]
 Honduras Scarlet macaw Ara macao Yes Ara macao -Yucatan, Mexico-8a [47]
 Hungary Saker falcon Falco cherrug Yes Falco cherrug (Marek Szczepanek) [48]
 Iceland Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus Yes Falco rusticolus white cropped [49]
 India Indian peacock Pavo cristatus Yes Pfau imponierend [50]
 Indonesia Javan hawk-eagle Nisaetus bartelsi Yes Javan Hawk Eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi) (464508083) [51]
 Iran Common nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos Yes Nachtigall (Luscinia megarhynchos)-2 [52]
 Iraq Chukar partridge Alectoris chukar Yes Alectoris-chukar-001 [53]
 Ireland Northern lapwing Vanellus vanellus No Northern-Lapwing-Vanellus-vanellus [54]
 Israel Hoopoe Upupa epops Yes Upupa epops (Ramat Gan)002 [55]
 Italy Italian sparrow Passer italiae Yes Italian Sparrow male and female [56]
 Jamaica Doctor bird Trochilus polytmus Yes Trochilus polytmus [57]
 Japan Green pheasant Phasianus versicolor Yes Phasianus versicolor in field [58]
 Jordan Sinai rosefinch Carpodacus synoicus Yes Carpodacus synoicus male(01) [59]
 Kenya Lilac-breasted roller Coracias caudatus No Lilac Roller [60]
 Latvia White wagtail Motacilla alba Yes White-Wagtail [61]
 Liberia Garden bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus Yes Pycnonotus tricolor Bwindi NP, Uganda [59]
 Lithuania White stork Ciconia ciconia Yes Ciconia ciconia 1 [62]
 Luxembourg Goldcrest Regulus regulus Yes Regulus regulus0 [63]
 Malta Blue rock thrush Monticola solitarius Yes Monticola solitarius philippensis [64]
 Mexico Golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos Yes GoldenEagle-Nova [65]
 Mongolia Saker falcon Falco cherrug Yes Falco cherrug (Marek Szczepanek) [66]
 Montserrat Montserrat oriole Icterus oberi Yes Icterus oberi [67]
 Myanmar Grey peacock-pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum No Polyplectron bicalcaratum -Birmingham Nature Centre, England-8a [68]
 Namibia African fish eagle Haliaeetus vocifer Yes African fish eagle just caught fish [69][70]
   Nepal Himalayan monal Lophophorus impejanus Yes Monal I IMG 4002 [71]
 Netherlands Black-tailed godwit Limosa limosa No Limosa limosa (Uitkerke) [72]
 New Zealand Kiwi Apteryx mantelli No TeTuatahianui [73]
 Nicaragua Turquoise-browed motmot Eumomota superciliosa Yes Motmot1 [74]
 Nigeria Black crowned crane Balearica pavonina Yes Black crowned crane [75]
 North Korea Northern goshawk Accipiter gentilis Yes Accipiter gentilis -owned by a falconer in Scotland -upper body-8a [76]
 Norway White-throated dipper Cinclus cinclus Yes Cinclus cinclus R(ThKraft) [77]
 Pakistan Chukar partridge Alectoris chukar Yes Chukarhuhn Weltvogelpark Walsrode 2010 [78]
Shaheen falcon (Heritage bird) Falco peregrinus peregrinator No FalcoAtricepsKeulemans [79]
 Palestine Palestine sunbird Cinnyris oseus No Nectarinia osea2 [80]
 Panama Harpy eagle Harpia harpyja Yes DirkvdM big bird [81]
 Papua New Guinea Raggiana bird-of-paradise Paradisaea raggiana Yes Raggiana Bird-of-Paradise wild 5 [82]
 Paraguay Bare-throated bellbird Procnias nudicollis Yes Procnias nudicollis [83]
 Peru Andean cock-of-the-rock Rupicola peruvianus Yes Rupicola peruviana (male) -San Diego Zoo-8a [84]
 Philippines Philippine eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi Yes Sir Arny(Philippine Eagle) [85]
 Poland White-tailed eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus albicilla Yes White-tailed Eagle Head detail [86][87]
White stork (national bird) Ciconia ciconia No Ciconia ciconia - 01 [88]
 Puerto Rico Puerto Rican spindalis Spindalis portoricensis Yes Spindalis portoricensis by Mike's Birds [89]
 Saint Helena Saint Helena plover Charadrius sanctaehelenae Yes Charadrius sanctaehelenae (1) [90]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Brown pelican Pelecanus occidentalis Yes Pelecanus Occidentalis KW 1 [91]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines St Vincent parrot Amazona guildingii Yes Amazona guildingii -Botanical Gardens -Kingstown -Saint Vincent-8a-4c [92]
 Scotland Golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos No GoldenEagle-Nova [93]
 Serbia Eagle Yes Aquila chrysaetos Flickr [94]
Griffon vulture Gyps fulvus Yes Gyps fulvus 01 by Line1 [95]
 Singapore Crimson sunbird Aethopyga siparaja No Crimson sunbird [96]
 South Africa Blue crane Anthropoides paradisea Yes Paradieskranich Anthropoides paradisea Tiergarten-Nuernberg-1 [97][98]
 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka junglefowl Gallus lafayetii Yes Thimindu 2009 09 04 Yala Sri Lanka Junglefowl 1 [99]
 Swaziland Purple-crested turaco Tauraco porphyreolophus Yes Purple-crested Turaco (Gallirex porphyreolophus) (32424422866) [97]
 Sweden Common blackbird Turdus merula Yes Turdus merula -garden wall-8 [100]
 Thailand Siamese fireback Lophura diardi Yes Lophura diardi -Florida, USA -captive-8a [101]
 Trinidad and Tobago Scarlet ibis Eudocimus ruber Yes Eudocimus ruber (portrait) [102]
Cocrico Ortalis ruficauda Yes Rufous-vented Chachalaca (Ortalis ruficauda) (4090120788) [102]
 Uganda East African crowned crane Balearica regulorum gibbericeps Yes Crested Crane, Bunyonyi, Uganda [103]
 Ukraine White stork Ciconia ciconia No Ringed white stork [104]
 United Arab Emirates Falcon Falco Yes Falco peregrinus -Nova Scotia, Canada -eating-8 [105]
 United Kingdom European robin Erithacus rubecula No Erithacus rubecula with cocked head [106][107]
 United States Bald eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Yes Bald eagle closeup 16x9 [108]
 Uruguay Southern lapwing Vanellus chilensis No Vanellus-chilensis-001 [109]
 Venezuela Venezuelan troupial Icterus icterus Yes Common Troupial - Nashville Zoo [110]
 Wales Red Kite Milvus milvus No Red Kite, Spain [111]
 Zambia African fish eagle Haliaeetus vocifer Yes African fish eagle just caught fish [97][112]
 Zimbabwe African fish eagle Haliaeetus vocifer Yes Hvidhovedet afrikansk ørn2 [97]

See also

References

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Bald eagle

The bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is a bird of prey found in North America. A sea eagle, it has two known subspecies and forms a species pair with the white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla). Its range includes most of Canada and Alaska, all of the contiguous United States, and northern Mexico. It is found near large bodies of open water with an abundant food supply and old-growth trees for nesting.

The bald eagle is an opportunistic feeder which subsists mainly on fish, which it swoops down and snatches from the water with its talons. It builds the largest nest of any North American bird and the largest tree nests ever recorded for any animal species, up to 4 m (13 ft) deep, 2.5 m (8.2 ft) wide, and 1 metric ton (1.1 short tons) in weight. Sexual maturity is attained at the age of four to five years.

Bald eagles are not actually bald; the name derives from an older meaning of the word, "white headed". The adult is mainly brown with a white head and tail. The sexes are identical in plumage, but females are about 25 percent larger than males. The beak is large and hooked. The plumage of the immature is brown.

The bald eagle is both the national bird and national animal of the United States of America. The bald eagle appears on its seal. In the late 20th century it was on the brink of extirpation in the contiguous United States. Populations have since recovered and the species was removed from the U.S. government's list of endangered species on July 12, 1995 and transferred to the list of threatened species. It was removed from the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in the Lower 48 States on June 28, 2007.

List of U.S. county birds

This is a list of official birds of United States counties and county-level governments organized by state.

List of animals representing first-level administrative country subdivisions

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List of national animals

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142 (74%) countries have designated at least one national animal symbol;

71 (37%) countries have more than one national animal symbol.

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List of national religions, redirect to List of state-established religions

List of national supreme courts, a list of supreme courts by country.

List of national theatres Several countries have one or more national theatres. This component in the name of a theatre indicates that the funding is not only a concern of private investors or the local city, but of the national or federal budget.

List of national sports, redirect to National sport. A national sport is a sport or game that is considered to be an intrinsic part of the culture of a nation.

Lists of national symbols

These are themes of lists of national symbols.

List of national flags

List of national colours

Gallery of country coats of arms

List of national anthems

List of national animals

List of national birds

Floral emblem

List of national founders

List of national fruits

List of national instruments (music)

List of national poets

List of national trees

List of national dances

National symbols of Ecuador

National symbols of Ecuador are the representative symbols that are used by Ecuador to represent the nation, reflecting different aspects of the cultural life and history. The official symbols or emblems of Ecuador are established by law and part of the Political Constitution of Ecuador.

National symbols of Peru

National symbols of Peru are the symbols that are used in Peru to represent what is unique about the nation, reflecting different aspects of the cultural life and history. The national symbols of Peru are established by law and part of the Political Constitution of Peru (Article 49).

Pelican

Pelicans are a genus of large water birds that make up the family Pelecanidae. They are characterised by a long beak and a large throat pouch used for catching prey and draining water from the scooped-up contents before swallowing. They have predominantly pale plumage, the exceptions being the brown and Peruvian pelicans. The bills, pouches, and bare facial skin of all species become brightly coloured before the breeding season. The eight living pelican species have a patchy global distribution, ranging latitudinally from the tropics to the temperate zone, though they are absent from interior South America and from polar regions and the open ocean.

Long thought to be related to frigatebirds, cormorants, tropicbirds, and gannets and boobies, pelicans instead are now known to be most closely related to the shoebill and hamerkop, and are placed in the order Pelecaniformes. Ibises, spoonbills, herons, and bitterns have been classified in the same order. Fossil evidence of pelicans dates back at least 30 million years to the remains of a beak very similar to that of modern species recovered from Oligocene strata in France. They are thought to have evolved in the Old World and spread into the Americas; this is reflected in the relationships within the genus as the eight species divide into Old World and New World lineages.

Pelicans frequent inland and coastal waters, where they feed principally on fish, catching them at or near the water surface. They are gregarious birds, travelling in flocks, hunting cooperatively, and breeding colonially. Four white-plumaged species tend to nest on the ground, and four brown or grey-plumaged species nest mainly in trees. The relationship between pelicans and people has often been contentious. The birds have been persecuted because of their perceived competition with commercial and recreational fishing. Their populations have fallen through habitat destruction, disturbance, and environmental pollution, and three species are of conservation concern. They also have a long history of cultural significance in mythology, and in Christian and heraldic iconography.

State bird

A state bird is the insignia of a nation or a state (sub-national entity).

For lists of these animals, see:

List of national birds, national birds on country level

List of Australian bird emblems, for the Australian states

List of Brazilian state birds, for the Brazilian states

List of Indian state birds, for the Indian states

List of U.S. state birds, for the U.S. states

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