List of national animals

This is a list of national animals. As of 2009, a total of 231 national animal symbols exist globally. Of the 192 countries in the world:[1]

  • 142 (74%) countries have designated at least one national animal symbol;
  • 71 (37%) countries have more than one national animal symbol.

National animals

Martial eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus)
Balearica Pavonina

See also

References

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Atlantic blue marlin

The Atlantic blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) is a species of marlin endemic to the Atlantic Ocean. It is closely related to, and usually considered conspecific with, the Indo-Pacific blue marlin, then simply called blue marlin. Some authorities still consider both species distinct.

The Atlantic blue marlin (hereafter, blue marlin) feeds on a wide variety of organisms near the surface. It uses its bill to stun, injure, or kill while knifing through a school of fish or other prey, then returns to eat the injured or stunned fish. Marlin is a popular game fish. The relatively high fat content of its meat makes it commercially valuable in certain markets. It is the national fish of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas and is featured on its coat of arms.

Blue marlin are distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical waters of the Atlantic Ocean. A bluewater fish that spends the majority of its life in the open sea far from land, the blue marlin preys on a wide variety of marine organisms, mostly near the surface, often using its bill to stun or injure its prey.

Females can grow up to four times the weight of males. The maximum published weight is 818 kg (1,803 lb) and length 5 m (16.4 ft).Adult blue marlin have few predators apart from killer whales, sharks, and humans. They are sought after as a highly prized game fish by anglers and are taken by commercial fishermen, both as a directed catch and as bycatch in major industrial tuna fisheries. Blue marlin are currently considered a threatened species by the IUCN due to overfishing, particularly in the international waters off the coast of Portugal where they migrate to breed in the June/July months.Some other historic English names for the blue marlin are Cuban black marlin, ocean gar, and ocean guard.

Formosan black bear

The Formosan black bear (臺灣黑熊, Ursus thibetanus formosanus), also known as the white-throated bear, is a subspecies of the Asiatic black bear. Formosan black bears are endemic to Taiwan. In 2001, they were voted the most representative wildlife of Taiwan in a half-year-long countrywide voting campaign. They are also the largest land animals and the only native bears (Ursidae) in Taiwan.Because of severe exploitation and habitat degradation in recent decades, populations of wild Formosan black bears have been declining. This species was listed as "endangered" under Taiwan's Wildlife Conservation Act (Traditional Chinese: 野生動物保育法) in 1989. Their geographic distribution is restricted to remote, rugged areas at elevations of 1,000–3,500 metres (3,300–11,500 ft).

List of mascots

This is a list of mascots. A mascot is any person, animal, or object thought to bring luck, or anything used to represent a group with a common public identity, such as a school, professional sports team, society, military unit, or brand name.

List of national birds

This is a list of national birds. Most species in the list are officially designated. Some species hold only an "unofficial" status.

List of national symbols of the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man

Symbols of the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man is a list of the national symbols of the United Kingdom, its constituent countries (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland), and the British Crown dependencies (the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man). Each separate entry has its own set of unique symbols.

List of official city birds

The following is an incomplete list of official city birds, organized by country.

Lists of national institutions and symbols

A nation is a people or group of peoples; a political state.

Lists of nation as a stateList of sovereign states

United Nations member statesTransnational lists with nation or national in the name

List of national and international moving associations

List of national and international statistical services

List of national animals, a list of national animals.

List of national anthems, This aims to be a complete list of national anthems

List of national archives, a central archive maintained by a nation.

List of national airlines, a redirect to the section "List of national flag carriers" in the article Flag carrier, considered to be a "flag carrier", either by designation as a national airlines either officially or based on history and whether it is state-owned.

List of national birds, a list of national birds, most official, but some unofficial

List of national border changes since World War I

List of national capitals, a list of national capitals of the world.

List of national coats, redirect to Gallery of country coats of arms, emblem serving a similar purpose of each of the countries in the list of countries

List of national constitutions, list of existing or former national constitutions by country, semi-recognized countries, and by codification.

List of national dances, This is a list of national dances. This may be a formal or informal designation. Not all nations officially recognize a national dance or dances.

List of National Days, a redirect to the section List of National Days in the article National Day

List of national defense industries, is a list of nations and organizations that currently produce modern weapons around the world.

List of national flags, redirect to List of sovereign states

List of national flags depicting a cross

List of national flowers, redirect to Floral emblem

List of national football teams, redirect to National football team which is a disambiguation page.

List of women's national football teams, redirects to List of women's national association football teams

Lists of national men's football teams

List of men's national association football teams

List of national governments, a list of the offices of heads of state, heads of government, cabinet, and legislature, of sovereign states.

List of National Hockey League statistical leaders by country, a redirect toList of NHL statistical leaders by country, This is a list of National Hockey League statistical leaders by country of birth, sorted by total points

List of national law enforcement agencies, a redirect to the Category:National law enforcement agencies

List of national leaders, redirect to List of current heads of state and government

List of national legislatures, redirect to list of legislatures by country, whether parliamentary or congressional, that act as a plenary general assembly of representatives with the power to legislate.

List of national libraries, a list of national libraries of the world.

List of national mottos, lists state and national motto s for the world's independent states.

List of national newspapers, a list of national newspapers as described at newspaper types.

List of national netball teams

List of national parks, a list of national park s ordered by nation. Nearly 100 countries around the world have lands classified as a "national park".

List of national parks in the Alps

List of national poets, a national poet or national bard is a poet held by tradition and popular acclaim.

List of national poetries National poetry, This is a list of articles about poetry in a single language or produced by a

List of national religions, redirect to List of state-established religions

List of national supreme courts, a list of supreme courts by country.

List of national theatres Several countries have one or more national theatres. This component in the name of a theatre indicates that the funding is not only a concern of private investors or the local city, but of the national or federal budget.

List of national sports, redirect to National sport. A national sport is a sport or game that is considered to be an intrinsic part of the culture of a nation.

Lists of national symbols

These are themes of lists of national symbols.

List of national flags

List of national colours

Gallery of country coats of arms

List of national anthems

List of national animals

List of national birds

Floral emblem

List of national founders

List of national fruits

List of national instruments (music)

List of national poets

List of national trees

List of national dances

National symbols of Ecuador

National symbols of Ecuador are the representative symbols that are used by Ecuador to represent the nation, reflecting different aspects of the cultural life and history. The official symbols or emblems of Ecuador are established by law and part of the Political Constitution of Ecuador.

National symbols of Peru

National symbols of Peru are the symbols that are used in Peru to represent what is unique about the nation, reflecting different aspects of the cultural life and history. The national symbols of Peru are established by law and part of the Political Constitution of Peru (Article 49).

State bird

A state bird is the insignia of a nation or a state (sub-national entity).

For lists of these animals, see:

List of national birds, national birds on country level

List of Australian bird emblems, for the Australian states

List of Brazilian state birds, for the Brazilian states

List of Indian state birds, for the Indian states

List of U.S. state birds, for the U.S. states

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