This is a list of mountain ranges on Earth and a few other astronomical bodies. First, the highest and longest mountain ranges on Earth are listed, followed by more comprehensive alphabetical lists organized by continent. Ranges in the oceans and on other celestial bodies are listed afterwards.
Physiographic world map with mountain ranges and highland areas in brown, pink, and gray
Pamirs (part of Greater Himalayas) – Asia: Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, China, Afghanistan; highest point: Kongur Tagh, 7649 meters above sea level, a peak included in the "Eastern Pamirs"  more often than in the Kunlun Mountains, as Kongur Tagh and the Kunlun range are separated by the large Yarkand River valley; no valley of such significance separates the Pamirs and Kongur Tagh, just political boundaries.
All of the Asian ranges above have been formed in part over the past 35 to 55 million years by the collision between the Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate. The Indian Plate is still particularly mobile and these mountain ranges continue to rise in elevation every year; of these the Himalayas are rising most quickly; the Kashmir and Pamirs region to the north of the Indian subcontinent is the point of confluence of these mountains which encircle the Tibetan Plateau on three sides.
The Arizona transition zone is a diagonal northwest-by-southeast region across central Arizona. The region is a transition from the higher elevation Colorado Plateau to the northeast in Northeast Arizona and the Basin and Range region of southwest and south regions of lower elevation deserts.
Northwest Arizona transitions to the higher elevation Mojave Desert of southern California, Nevada and Utah, with an indicator species of Joshua trees and other species, and southwestwards regions of the Sonoran Desert, along the Lower Colorado River Valley; in Arizona's south, all of central and eastern desert Sonoran Desert regions merge southwards into Sonora Mexico. The transition zone includes the Mogollon Rim and the White Mountains and extends into western New Mexico.
In the Arizona ecoregion section, the Arizona transition zone is the major section of the EPA designated, Level III ecoregion, Arizona/New Mexico Mountains ecoregion. The other two outlier subregions to the transition zone in Arizona, are the Kaibab Plateau of the North Rim of the Grand Canyon, and associated ranges of the Chuska Mountains region of the northeast Arizona and northwest New Mexico.
This list of mountain and hill ranges in Germany contains a selection of the main mountain and hill regions in Germany.
In addition the list shows the highest (German) mountain in the range together with its height above sea level (taken as Normalnull (NN)) and the federal state in which its highest elevation is located. If the highest feature extends into neighbouring states, it is possible, that there are higher summits located there.
The same hill or mountain may be listed more than once; for example the Zugspitze, Germany’s highest mountain, belongs to the Alps, the Bavarian Alps, the Northern Limestone Alps and the Wetterstein Mountains.
A list of mountain ranges in Kyrgyzstan includes 158 mountain ranges in Central Tien-Shan (16), North Tien-Shan (19), Internal Tien-Shan (48), West Tien-Shan (30), South Tien-Shan (41), and Pamir-Alay (4).
This is a list of mountain ranges in the state of Montana. Montana is the fourth largest state in the United States and is well known for its mountains. The name "Montana" means mountain in the Spanish language. Representative James Mitchell Ashley (R-Ohio), suggested the name when legislation organizing the territory was passed by the United States Congress in 1864. Ashley noted that a mining camp in the Colorado Territory had already used the name, and Congress agreed to use the name for the new territory.According to the United States Board on Geographic Names, there are at least 100 named mountain ranges and sub-ranges in Montana. However, mountain ranges have no official boundaries, and there is no official list of mountain ranges in the state.
There are at least 63 named mountain ranges in the United States of America state of Washington. Names, elevations and coordinates from the U.S. Geological Survey, Geographic Names Information System. Some of the ranges extend into neighboring states of Idaho and Oregon and British Columbia, Canada.
The following table lists the major mountain ranges of the U.S. State of Colorado. All of these ranges can be considered subranges of the Rocky Mountains.
As given in the table, topographic elevation is the vertical distance above the reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface. The topographic prominence of a summit is the elevation difference between that summit and the highest or key col to a higher summit. The topographic isolation of a summit is the minimum great-circle distance to a point of equal elevation.
All elevations in this article include an elevation adjustment from the National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929 (NGVD 29) to the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88). For further information, please see this United States National Geodetic Survey note. If an elevation or prominence is calculated as a range of values, the arithmetic mean is shown.
Pakistan is home to of many mountains like northern and western mountains above 7,000 metres (22,970 ft). Five of the world's fourteen mountains taller than 8,000 metres (26,000 ft) ("eight-thousanders") are in Pakistan, four of which are near Concordia.
Most of Pakistan's high peaks are located in the Karakoram range, the highest of which is K2 8611 meter long (8,611 metres (28,251 ft)), the second-highest peak on earth. The highest peak of Himalayan range in Pakistan is Nanga Parbat (8,126 metres (26,660 ft)), which is the ninth-highest peak of the world.
Following are the mountain ranges that are fully or partially included in Pakistan:
Karakoram, including the world's second-highest peak, K2 (8,611 m or 28,251 ft)
Himalayas; second highest peak in Pakistan is Nanga Parbat (8,126 metres (26,660 ft))
Passu Cones; Situated along the Karakoram Highway in Upper Hunza (6,106 metres (20,033 ft)).
Hindu Kush; highest peak is Tirich Mir (7,690 metres (25,230 ft)).
Hindu Raj in northern Pakistan, part of the eastern Hindu Kush.
Safēd Kōh, starting from Tora Bora on the border with eastern Afghanistan west of the Khyber Pass.
Sulaiman Mountains; highest peak is Takht-e-Sulaiman (3,487 metres (11,440 ft)).
Spin Ghar Mountains; highest peak is Mount Sikaram (4,761 metres (15,620 ft))
Salt Range, a hill system in the Punjab Province that is abundant in salt; highest peak is Sakaser (1,522 metres (4,993 ft))
Margalla Hills in Punjab whose highest peak is Tilla Charouni (1,604 metres (5,262 ft))
Toba Kakar Range, a southern offshoot of the Hindu Kush in Balochistan
Makran Range, a semi-desert coastal strip in the south of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan near the coast of the Arabian Sea. The narrow coastal plain rises very rapidly into several mountain ranges. Of its 1,000-kilometre (620 mi) extent, about 750 kilometres (470 mi) is in Pakistan
Ras Koh Range
Kirthar Range, located along the Balochistan and Sindh provincial border. It runs north-south for about 300 kilometres (186 mi) from the Mula River in east-central Balochistan south to Cape Muari (Cape Monze) west of Karachi on the Arabian Sea. The Hill Station of Sindh at Gorakh, in Kirthar Mountains Range, off Dadu, at the height of 5,688 feet (1,734 m), averaging 5,500 feet (1,700 m), is one of the two large plateaus in the Sindh segment of Kirthar mountains.
Laurentides - Located in southern Quebec, Canada, north of the St. Lawrence River and Ottawa River, rising to a highest point of 1166 metres (3,825 ft)
Appalaches - Physiographic region consisting of thirteen provinces of which a few are in Quebec: the Atlantic Coast Uplands, Eastern Newfoundland Atlantic, Maritime Acadian Highlands, Maritime Plain, Notre Dame And Megantic Mountains, Western Newfoundland Mountains, Saint Lawrence Valley, New England province
Monts Chic-Chocs - Located in the central Gaspé Peninsula in Quebec, Canada, rising to a highest point of 1,268 metres (4,160 ft) at Mont Jacques-Cartier
Collines Montérégiennes - Linear chain of isolated hills in Montreal and the Montérégie, between the Laurentians and the Appalachians
Monts Torngat - Located on the Labrador Peninsula at the northern tip of Newfoundland and Labrador and eastern Quebec (part of the Arctic Cordillera), rising to a highest point of 1,652 m (5,420 ft) at Mount Caubvick (highest point of the province).
The Sleeping Woman, sometimes also The Dead Woman, is a name or nickname for certain mountain formations located in different places in the world that are said to look like a reclining or deceased woman in the local tradition.
Mountains are listed according to various criteria:
List of mountains by elevation
List of highest mountains greater than 7,200 metres (23,622 ft) above sea level
List of most prominent mountains
List of peaks by prominence
Summits farthest from the Earth's center
Lists of highest points restricted to a specific geographic area
List of countries by highest point
List of islands by highest point
Lists of mountains by region sorted by country or province
Seven Summits, the highest peak on each continent
List of mountain types sorted by geological origin
List of mountain ranges organized into mountain ranges
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