List of mountain ranges

This is a list of mountain ranges on Earth and a few other astronomical bodies. First, the highest and longest mountain ranges on Earth are listed, followed by more comprehensive alphabetical lists organized by continent. Ranges in the oceans and on other celestial bodies are listed afterwards.

Physical World Map 2004-04-01.jpeg
Physiographic world map with mountain ranges and highland areas in brown, pink, and gray

Mountain ranges on Earth

By height

  1. Himalayas – Asia: Nepal, India, China, Pakistan, Bhutan; highest point: Everest, 8848 meters above sea level.
  2. Karakoram (part of Greater Himalayas) – Asia: Pakistan, China, India; highest point: K2, 8611 meters above sea level.
  3. Hindu Kush (part of Greater Himalayas) – Asia: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India; highest point: Tirich Mir, 7708 meters above sea level.
  4. Pamirs (part of Greater Himalayas) – Asia: Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, China, Afghanistan; highest point: Kongur Tagh, 7649 meters above sea level, a peak included in the "Eastern Pamirs" [1] more often than in the Kunlun Mountains, as Kongur Tagh and the Kunlun range are separated by the large Yarkand River valley; no valley of such significance separates the Pamirs and Kongur Tagh, just political boundaries.
  5. Hengduan Mountains (part of Greater Himalayas) – Asia: China, Myanmar; highest point: Mount Gongga, 7556 meters above sea level.
  6. Tian Shan – Asia: China, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan; highest point: Jengish Chokusu, 7439 meters above sea level.
  7. Kunlun (part of Greater Himalayas) – Asia: China; highest point: Liushi Shan, 7167 meters above sea level.
  8. Nyenchen Tanglha (part of Greater Himalayas) – Asia; China; highest point: Mount Nyenchen Tanglha, 7162 meters above sea level.
  9. Andes – South America: Argentina, Chile, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; highest point: Aconcagua, 6962 meters above sea level.
  10. Alaska Range – North America: United States; highest point: Denali, 6194 meters above sea level.

All of the Asian ranges above have been formed in part over the past 35 to 55 million years by the collision between the Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate. The Indian Plate is still particularly mobile and these mountain ranges continue to rise in elevation every year; of these the Himalayas are rising most quickly; the Kashmir and Pamirs region to the north of the Indian subcontinent is the point of confluence of these mountains which encircle the Tibetan Plateau on three sides.

By prominence

See List of peaks by prominence (ranking the mountain ranges as well).

By length

  1. Mid-ocean ridge – 40,389 km (25,097 mi)
  2. Andes – 7,000 km (4,300 mi)
  3. Rocky Mountains – 4,830 km (3,000 mi)
  4. Great Dividing Range – 3,700 km (2,300 mi)
  5. Transantarctic Mountains – 3,500 km (2,200 mi)
  6. Kunlun Mountains – 3,000 km (1,900 mi)
  7. Ural Mountains – 2,500 km (1,600 mi)
  8. Atlas Mountains – 2,500 km (1,600 mi)
  9. Appalachian Mountains – 2,414 km (1,500 mi)
  10. Himalayas – 2,400 km (1,500 mi)
  11. Altai Mountains – 2,000 km (1,200 mi)
  12. Kjølen – c. 1,700 km (1,100 mi)
  13. Carpathian Mountains – 1,700 km (1,100 mi)
  14. Barisan Mountains – c. 1,700 km (1,100 mi)
  15. Coast Mountains – 1,600 km (990 mi)
  16. Qin Mountains – 1,600 km (990 mi)
  17. Western Ghats – 1,600 km (990 mi)
  18. Serra do Mar – 1,500 km (930 mi)
  19. Taurus Mountains – 1,500 km (930 mi)
  20. Zagros Mountains – 1,500 km (930 mi)
  21. Sierra Madre Occidental – 1,500 km (930 mi)
  22. Mantiqueira Mountains/Espinhaço Mountains – 1,320 km (820 mi)
  23. Caucasus Mountains – 1,200 km (750 mi)
  24. Vindhya Range – 1,200 km (750 mi)
  25. Alps – 1,200 km (750 mi)
  26. Apennines – 1,200 km (750 mi)
  27. Drakensberg – 1,125 km (700 mi)
  28. Cascade Mountains – 1,100 km (680 mi)
  29. Annamite Range – 1,100 km (680 mi)
  30. Brooks Range – 1,100 km (680 mi)
  31. U.S. Interior Highlands
  32. Aravalli Range – 692 km (430 mi)
  33. Dinaric Mountains – 645 km (401 mi)
  34. Balkan Mountains – 530 km (330 mi)
  35. Southern Alps – 500 km (310 mi)

By continental area



  1. Alagalla Mountain Range, Sri Lanka
  2. Alborz, Iran
  3. Al Hajar Mountains, Oman, United Arab Emirates
  4. Altai Mountains, Russia, China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan
  5. Annamite Range, Laos, Viet Nam
  6. Anti-Lebanon, Lebanon, Syria, Israel
  7. Arfak Mountains, Indonesia
  8. Aravalli Range, India
  9. Asir Mountains, Saudi Arabia
  10. Barisan Mountains, Indonesia
  11. Caraballo, Philippines
  12. Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia
  13. Carmel Mountains, Israel
  14. Caucasus, Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkey
  15. Chersky Range, Siberia
  16. Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh
  17. Cordillera Central, Philippines
  18. Crocker Range, Malaysia
  19. Dieng Volcanic Complex, Indonesia
  20. Dzhugdzhur Mountains, Siberia
  21. Eastern Ghats, India
  22. Fansipan, Vietnam
  23. Gydan Mountains
  24. Haraz Mountains, Yemen
  25. Hijaz Mountains
  26. Himalaya, Nepal, Bhutan, China, India, Pakistan
    1. Mahabharat Range or Lesser Himalaya
    2. Siwalik Range or Churia Hills, Subhimalaya
  27. Hindu Kush, Afghanistan, Pakistan
  28. Japanese Alps, Japan
    1. Akaishi Mountains
    2. Hida Mountains
    3. Kiso Mountains
  29. Jayawijaya Mountains, Indonesia
  30. Kabir Kuh, Iran, Iraq
  31. Karakoram, Pakistan, China, India
  32. Khingan Mountains, China
    1. Greater Khingan
    2. Lesser Khingan
  33. Khibinsky Mountains, Russia
  34. Kirthar Mountains, Pakistan
  35. Knuckles Mountain Range, Sri Lanka
  36. Koryak Mountains Siberia
  37. Kunlun Mountains, China (Tibet)
  38. Kuray Mountains, Russia
  39. Mount Lebanon Range, Lebanon
  40. Owen Stanley Range, Papua New Guinea
  41. Pamir Mountains, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, China
  42. Safed Koh, Afghanistan, Pakistan
  43. Salt Range, Pakistan
  44. Sayan Mountains, Siberia
  45. Sivalik Hills range of outer Himalayas, India
  46. Sierra Madre, Philippines
  47. Sikhote Alin Mountains, Siberia
  48. Stanovoi Range, Siberia
  49. Sudirman Range, Indonesia
  50. Sulaiman Mountains, Pakistan, Iran
  51. Taurus Mountains, Turkey
  52. Toba Kakar Range, Afghanistan, Pakistan
  53. Tian Shan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
  54. Taiwan Mountains, Taiwan
  55. Tengger Mountains, Indonesia
  56. Titiwangsa Mountains, Malaysia
  57. Ural Mountains, Russia
  58. Verkhoyansk Range, Russia
  59. Western Ghats, India
  60. Zagros Mountains, Iran, Iraq
  61. Zambales Mountains, Philippines
  62. Zamboanga Cordilleras, Philippines


  1. Alps
    1. Eastern Alps, Austria, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovenia, Switzerland
      1. Central Eastern Alps, Austria, Italy, Slovenia, Switzerland
        1. Bergamo Alps, Italy
        2. Hohe Tauern, Austria, Italy
          1. Ankogel Group
          2. Defereggen Mountains
          3. Grossglockner
          4. Goldberg Group
          5. Granatspitz Group
          6. Hafner Group
          7. Kreuzeck Group
          8. Rieserferner Group
          9. Schober Group
          10. Venediger Group
        3. Kitzbühel Alps, Austria
        4. Niedere Tauern, Austria
        5. Ötztal Alps, Austria, Italy
        6. Rhaetian Alps, Austria, Italy, Switzerland
          1. Albula Range
          2. Bernina Range
          3. Bregaglia Range
          4. Livigno Range
          5. Oberhalbstein Range
          6. Plessur Range
          7. Samnaun Alps
          8. Sesvenna Range
          9. Silvretta
        7. Stubai Alps, Austria, Italy
        8. Tux Alps, Austria
        9. Verwall Alps, Austria
        10. Zillertal Alps, Austria, Italy
      2. Northern Limestone Alps, Austria, Germany
        1. Allgäu Alps, Austria, Germany
        2. Berchtesgaden Alps, Austria, Germany, France
        3. Dachstein, Austria
        4. Ennstaler Alpen, Austria
        5. Karwendel, Austria, Germany
        6. Lechtal Alps, Austria
        7. Totes Gebirge, Austria
        8. Wetterstein, Austria, Germany
        9. Wilden Kaiser, Austria
      3. Rätikon, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland
      4. Southern Limestone Alps, Austria, Italy, Slovenia, Switzerland
        1. Adamello-Presanella, Italy
        2. Brenta Group, Italy
        3. Carnic Alps, Austria, Italy
        4. Dolomites, Italy
        5. Julian Alps, Italy, Slovenia
        6. Kamnik Alps, Austria, Slovenia
        7. Karawanken, Austria, Slovenia
        8. Ortler Alps, Italy, Switzerland
    2. Western Alps (France, Italy, and Switzerland)
      1. Bernese Alps, Switzerland
      2. Cottian Alps, France, Italy
      3. Glarus Alps, Switzerland
      4. Graian Alps, France, Italy, Switzerland
        1. Mont Blanc Group, France, Italy
        2. Vanoise, France
        3. Gran Paradiso, France, Italy
      5. Lepontine Alps, Italy, Switzerland
      6. Ligurian Alps, France, Italy
      7. North-Eastern Swiss Alps, Switzerland
      8. Pennine Alps, Italy, Switzerland
      9. Dauphiné Alps, France
      10. Maritime Alps, France, Italy
      11. Prealps, France, Italy
        1. Provence Prealps, France
          1. Dentelles de Montmirail, France
        2. Savoy Prealps, France
      12. Savoie Alps, France Switzerland
      13. Urner Alps, Switzerland
  2. Apennines, Italy, San Marino
  3. Balkan Mountains range, mainly Bulgaria, smaller part in Serbia
    1. Botev Peak, Central Balkan Mountains, Bulgaria
    2. Midžor, Western Balkan Mountains, Bulgaria, Serbia
    3. Vrachanski Balkan, Bulgaria
  4. Black Forest, Germany
  5. Cantabrian Mountains, Spain
    1. Picos de Europa
    2. Basque Mountains
  6. Carpathian Mountains, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Ukraine
    1. Western Carpathians
      1. Tatra Mountains, Poland, Slovakia
      2. Western Beskids and Central Beskids
    2. Eastern Carpathians
      1. Lower Beskids
      2. Eastern Beskids
      3. Moldavian-Muntenian Carpathians
    3. Southern Carpathians
      1. Făgăraș Mountains group
      2. Retezat-Godeanu Mountains group
      3. Poiana Ruscă Mountains
      4. Banat Mountains
    4. Apuseni Mountains
      1. Bihor Mountains
  7. Caucasus Mountains, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia
  8. Dinaric Alps, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia
    1. Prokletije
  9. Scanderberg Range, Albania
  10. Gennargentu, Italy
  11. Harz, Germany
  12. Ireland mountains
    1. MacGillycuddy's Reeks, Ireland
    2. Wicklow Mountains, Ireland
    3. Mourne Mountains, Ireland
  13. Jura mountains, France, Switzerland
  14. Karelides, Finland
  15. Lake District, England
  16. Măcin Mountains, Romania
  17. Massif Central, France
  18. Olympus Range
    1. Mount Olympus
  19. Owl Mountains
  20. Ore Mountains (Erzgebirge), Czech Republic, Germany
  21. Pennines, England
  22. Pindus Mountains, mainly Greece, smaller parts in Albania
  23. Pyrenees, Andorra, France, Spain
  24. Rila-Rhodope mountain massif, mainly Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Greece
    1. Rila, Bulgaria
    2. Pirin, Bulgaria
    3. Slavyanka (mountain)
    4. Osogovo-Belasitsa mountain range
      1. Osogovo
      2. Belasitsa
      3. Vlahina
      4. Malashevska mountain
      5. Plačkovica
      6. Ogražden
    5. Rhodope Mountains, mainly Bulgaria, Greece
      1. Western Rhodopes
      2. Eastern Rhodopes
  25. Rhön Mountains, Germany
  26. Šar range, Albania, Kosovo, North Macedonia
    1. Šar Mountains
    2. Mount Korab
    3. Mount Bistra
    4. Stogovo
    5. Dešat
    6. Jablanica
    7. Galičica
  27. Scandinavian Mountains, Finland, Norway, Sweden
    1. Setesdalsheiene
    2. Jotunheimen
    3. Rondane
    4. Dovrefjell
    5. Trollheimen
    6. Kjolen mountains
    7. Saltfjellet
    8. Svecofennides
    9. Lyngen Alps
  28. Scottish Highlands
    1. Grampian mountains, Scotland
      1. Ben Nevis
    2. Cairngorms, Scotland
  29. Sierra Morena, Spain
  30. Sistema Bético, Spain
  31. Sistema Central, Portugal, Spain
    1. Sierra de Guadarrama
  32. Sistema Ibérico, Spain
  33. Srednogorie mountain system, Bulgaria
    1. Vitosha, Bulgaria
    2. Sredna Gora, Bulgaria
  34. Strandzha, Bulgaria, Turkey
  35. Świętokrzyskie Mountains, Poland
  36. Sudetes, Czech Republic, Germany, Poland
    1. Ślęża Masiff
    2. Lusatian Mountains
    3. Ještěd ridge
    4. Jizera Mountains
    5. Kaczawskie Mountains
    6. Krkonoše
    7. Rudawy Janowickie
    8. Krkonoše foothills
    9. Wałbrzyskie Mountains
    10. Stone Mountains
    11. Owl Mountains
    12. Bardzkie Mountains
    13. Stołowe Mountains
    14. Orlicke Mountains
    15. Bystrzyckie Mountains
    16. Golden Mountains
    17. Śnieżnik Mountains
    18. Opawskie Mountains
    19. Hrubý Jeseník
    20. Low Jeseník
  37. Šumava, Austria, Czech Republic, Germany
  38. Swabian Alb, Germany
  39. Serra de Tramuntana, Spain
  40. Ural Mountains, Russia
  41. Vogelsberg Mountains, Germany
  42. Vosges mountains, France
  43. Wales mountains
    1. Black Mountains
    2. Brecon Beacons
    3. Snowdonia
  44. West Vardar/Pelagonia mountain range, North Macedonia, Greece
    1. Baba Mountain
    2. Jakupica
    3. Nidže
    4. Kožuf

North America

  1. Alángup Qáqai
  2. Alexandrine Range
  3. Amitsorssûp Qulâ
  4. Barth Range
  5. Brages Range
  6. Crown Prince Frederick Range
  7. Daly Range
  8. Didrik Pining Range
  9. Ejnar Mikkelsen Range
  10. Ellemands Range
  11. Fynske Alps
  12. Giesecke Range
  13. Gronau Nunataks
  14. Grønne Range
  15. H. H. Benedict Range
  16. Halle Range
  17. Haug Range
  18. Heywood Range
  19. Hjelm Range
  20. Kangerluluk Range
  21. Knud Rasmussen Range
  22. Lacroix Range
  23. Lemon Range
  24. Lilloise Range
  25. Lindbergh Range
  26. Mols Range
  27. Murchison Range
  28. Musk Ox Mountains
  29. Norlund Alps
  30. Pentamerus Range
  31. Pictet Range
  32. Prince of Wales Range
  33. Princess Caroline Mathilde Alps
  34. Princess Elizabeth Alps
  35. Qârusuit Range
  36. Qivssakatdlagfik
  37. Queen Louise Land
  38. Rold Range
  39. Roosevelt Range
  40. Schweizerland
  41. Sioraq Range (Sioraq Fjelde)
  42. Stauning Alps
  43. Svinhufvud Range
  44. Tågefjeldene
  45. Watkins Range
  46. Wiedemann Range
  1. Adam Range
  2. Adamant Range
  3. Alsek Ranges, British Columbia, Alaska, Yukon
  4. Anvil Range, Yukon
  5. Arctic Cordillera, northeastern Canada
  6. Asulkan Range
  7. Badshot Range
  8. Baffin Mountains
  9. Battle Range
  10. Beaufort Range
  11. Belcher Mountains, Hudson Bay
  12. Big Bend Ranges, British Columbia
  13. Big Salmon Range, Yukon
  14. Blackwelder Mountains
  15. Blue Mountains
  16. Bonanza Range
  17. Bonnet Plume Range, Yukon
  18. Bonnington Range
  19. Britannia Range
  20. British Empire Range
  21. British Mountains, Yukon
  22. Bruce Mountains
  23. Byam Martin Mountains
  24. Cadwallader Range
  25. Camelsfoot Range
  26. Cameron Range
  27. Canadian Rockies
  28. Cantilever Range
  29. Cariboo Mountains
  30. Cascade Range
  31. Cayoosh Range
  32. Challenger Mountains
  33. Chilcotin Ranges
  34. Clachnacudainn Range
  35. Clendinning Range
  36. Coast Mountains, Alaska, Yukon, British Columbia
  37. Columbia Mountains, Canada and U.S.
  38. Conger Range
  39. Coquitlam Range
  40. Crease Range
  41. Cunningham Mountains
  42. Dawson Range
  43. Dickson Range
  44. Douglas Ranges
  45. Douro Range
  46. Duncan Ranges
  47. Elk River Mountains
  48. Everett Mountains
  49. Fannin Range
  50. Franklin Range
  51. Garfield Range
  52. Garibaldi Ranges
  53. Genevieve Range
  54. Glenyon Range, Yukon
  55. Goat Range
  56. Gowlland Range
  57. Grinnell Range
  58. Grogan Morgan Range
  59. Haddington Range
  60. Haihte Range
  61. Ha-Iltzuk Icefield
  62. Halifax Range
  63. Hankin Range
  64. Hartz Mountains (Nunavut)
  65. Hermit Range
  66. Hess Mountains, Yukon
  67. Homathko Icefield
  68. Ilgachuz Range
  69. Inglefield Mountains
  70. Innuitian Mountains
  71. Insular Mountains, British Columbia
  72. Itcha Range
  73. Jeffries Range
  74. Joy Range
  75. Karmutzen Range
  76. Kaumajet Mountains, Labrador, Canada
  77. Kettle River Range, Washington and British Columbia
  78. Kiglapait Mountains, Labrador
  79. Kitimat Ranges
  80. Kluane Ranges, Yukon
  81. Knorr Range, Yukon
  82. Kokanee Range
  83. Kootenay Ranges, British Columbia
    1. Vermilion Range
    2. Stanford Range
    3. Beaverfoot Range
  84. Krag Mountains
  85. Krieger Mountains
  86. Lardeau Range
  87. Lillooet Icecap
  88. Lillooet Ranges
  89. MacDonald Range, British Columbia
  90. McKay Range
  91. Monashee Mountains, British Columbia and Washington
  92. Nadaleen Range, Yukon
  93. Nelson Range
  94. Newcastle Range
  95. Niut Range
  96. Norns Range
  97. North Shore Mountains
  98. Ogilvie Mountains
  99. Osborn Range
  100. Pelham Range
  101. Pelly Mountains, Yukon
  102. Pierce Range
  103. Precipitous Mountains
  104. Premier Range
  105. Prince of Wales Mountains
  106. Prince of Wales Range
  107. Princess Margaret Range
  108. Purity Range
  109. Queen Charlotte Mountains, British Columbia
  110. Quesnel Highland
  111. Rainbow Range
  112. Refugium Range
  113. Richardson Mountains, Yukon
  114. Rocky Mountains, western United States and Canada
  115. Rocky Mountain Foothills, British Columbia and Alberta
  116. Ruby Range
  117. Saint Elias Mountains, southern Alaska, Yukon and British Columbia
  118. San Christoval Range
  119. Sawtooth Range (Nunavut)
  120. Scoresby Hills
  121. Selamiut Range
  122. Selkirk Mountains, British Columbia, Idaho and Washington
  123. Selwyn Mountains, Yukon
  124. Seymour Range
  125. Shulaps Range
  126. Shuswap Highland
  127. Sir Donald Range
  128. Sir Sandford Range
  129. Somerset Range
  130. Sophia Range
  131. Spearhead Range
  132. Spectrum Range
  133. St. Cyr Range, Yukon
  134. Stokes Range
  135. Sutton Range
  136. Swiss Range
  137. Tantalus Range
  138. Thorndike Peaks
  139. Tochquonyalla Range
  140. Torngat Mountains
  141. Treuter Mountains
  142. United States Range
  143. Valhalla Ranges
  144. Valkyr Range
  145. Vancouver Island Ranges, British Columbia
  146. Victoria and Albert Mountains
  147. Waddington Range
  148. Wernecke Mountains, Yukon
  149. Windy Range
  150. Winston Churchill Range, Alberta
  1. Adirondack Mountains, New York
  2. Alaska Range, Alaska
  3. Aleutian Range, Alaska
    1. Chigmit Mountains, Alaska
    2. Neacola Mountains, Alaska
  4. Amargosa Range, California
  5. Appalachian Mountains, Eastern United States
    1. Allegheny Mountains
    2. Appalachian (Allegheny) Plateau
    3. Catskill Mountains
    4. Blue Ridge Mountains
      1. Great Smoky Mountains
    5. Green Mountains, Vermont
    6. Talladega Mountains, Alabama
    7. White Mountains, New Hampshire
  6. Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma
  7. Bears Paw Mountains, Montana
  8. Beaver Lake Mountains, Utah
  9. Big Snowy Mountains, Montana
  10. Black Hills, South Dakota and Wyoming
  11. Black Mountains, Utah
  12. Blue Mountains, Oregon and Washington
  13. Brooks Range, northern Alaska
    1. Baird Mountains, Alaska
    2. Davidson Mountains, Alaska
    3. De Long Mountains, Alaska
    4. Endicott Mountains, Alaska
    5. Franklin Mountains, Alaska
    6. Phillip Smith Mountains, Alaska
    7. Romanzof Mountains, Alaska
    8. Schwatka Mountains, Alaska
    9. Shubelik Mountains, Alaska
    10. Waring Mountains, Alaska
  14. Bull Mountains, Montana
  15. Capitan Mountains, New Mexico
  16. Cascade Range, Western Canada and US
  17. Castle Mountains, Montana
  18. Cedar Mountains, Utah
  19. Chalk Buttes, Montana
  20. Chinati Mountains, Texas
  21. Chisos Mountains, Texas
  22. Chugach Mountains, Alaska
    1. Granite Range, Alaska
    2. Robinson Mountains, Alaska
  23. Coast Mountains, Alaska, Yukon, British Columbia
  24. Columbia Mountains, Canada and U.S.
    1. Monashee Mountains, British Columbia and Washington
      1. Kettle River Range, Washington and British Columbia
    2. Purcell Mountains, British Columbia and Montana
    3. Selkirk Mountains, British Columbia, Idaho and Washington
  25. Coso Range, California
  26. Cricket Mountains, Utah
  27. Davis Mountains, Texas
  28. Delamar Mountains, Nevada
  29. Delaware Mountains, Texas
  30. Desert Range, Nevada
  31. Driftless Area, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Iowa
    1. Ocooch Mountains, Wisconsin
  32. East Desert Range, Nevada
  33. East Humboldt Range, Nevada
  34. Franklin Mountains, Texas
  35. Gila Mountains, Arizona
  36. Guadalupe Mountains, Texas
  37. Highwood Mountains, Montana
  38. Huron Mountains, Michigan
  39. Judith Mountains, Montana
  40. Klamath Mountains, California and Oregon
    1. Marble Mountains, California
    2. Northern Yolla-Bolly Mountains, California
    3. Salmon Mountains, California
    4. Scott Mountains, California
    5. Siskiyou Mountains, Oregon and California
    6. Trinity Alps, California
    7. Trinity Mountains, California
  41. Lake Range, Nevada
  42. Little Rocky Range, Montana
  43. Little Snowy Mountains, Montana
  44. Little Wolf Mountains, Montana
  45. Mineral Mountains, Arizona
  46. Mineral Mountains, Utah
  47. Nulato Hills, Alaska
  48. North Moccasin Mountains, Montana
  49. Olympic Mountains, Washington
  50. Oquirrh Mountains, Utah
  51. Oregon Coast Range, Oregon
  52. Organ Mountains, New Mexico
  53. Ortiz Mountains, New Mexico
  54. Pahranagat Range, Nevada
  55. Panamint Range, California
  56. Pavant Range, Utah
  57. Peninsular Ranges, California and México
    1. Laguna Mountains, California
    2. San Jacinto Mountains, California
    3. Santa Ana Mountains, California
      1. Elsinore Mountains
    4. Temescal Mountains, California
  58. Pinaleno Mountains, Arizona
  59. Porcupine Mountains, Western Upper Peninsula of Michigan
  60. Pryor Mountains, Montana
  61. Rocky Mountains, western United States and Canada
    1. Absaroka Range, Montana and Wyoming
    2. Beartooth Mountains, Montana and Wyoming
    3. Bighorn Mountains, Montana and Wyoming
    4. Bitterroot Range, Montana and Idaho
      1. Beaverhead Mountains, Montana and Idaho
      2. Bitterroot Mountains, Montana and Idaho
      3. Centennial Mountains, Montana and Idaho
      4. Coeur d'Alène Mountains, Montana and Idaho
      5. Saint Joe Mountains, Idaho
    5. Boise Mountains, Idaho
    6. Boulder Mountains, Idaho
    7. Boulder Mountains, Montana
    8. Bridger Mountains, Wyoming
    9. Bridger Range, Montana
    10. Cabinet Mountains, Montana
    11. Clearwater Mountains, Idaho
    12. Crazy Mountains, Montana
    13. Elk Mountains, Colorado
    14. Elkhorn Mountains, Montana
    15. Flathead Range, Montana
    16. Front Range, Colorado
    17. Gallatin Range, Montana
    18. Garnet Range, Montana
    19. Granite Mountains, Wyoming
    20. Green Mountains, Wyoming
    21. Gros Ventre Range, Wyoming
    22. Henry Mountains, Utah
    23. John Long Mountains, Montana
    24. La Sal Mountains, Utah
    25. Laramie Mountains, Wyoming
    26. Lemhi Range, Idaho
    27. Lewis Range, Montana
    28. Livingston Range, Montana
    29. Madison Range, Montana
    30. Medicine Bow Mountains, Colorado and Wyoming
      1. Snowy Range, Wyoming
    31. Mosquito Range, Colorado
    32. Owl Creek Mountains, Wyoming
    33. Pioneer Mountains, Idaho
    34. Pioneer Mountains, Montana
    35. Red Mountains, Wyoming
    36. Salish Mountains, Montana
    37. Salmon River Mountains, Idaho
    38. Salt River Range, Wyoming
    39. San Juan Mountains, Colorado
    40. Sangre de Cristo Mountains, Colorado and New Mexico
    41. Sawatch Range, Colorado
    42. Sawtooth Range, Idaho
    43. Shoshone Range, Idaho
    44. Smoky Mountains, Idaho
    45. Soldier Mountains, Idaho
    46. Swan Range, Montana
    47. Tenmile Range, Colorado
    48. Teton Range, Wyoming
    49. Tobacco Root Mountains, Montana
    50. Uinta Mountains, Utah, Colorado, and Wyoming
    51. Wasatch Range, Utah
      1. Bear River Mountains, Utah and Idaho
    52. Washburn Range, Wyoming
    53. White Cloud Mountains, Idaho
    54. Whitefish Range, Montana and British Columbia
    55. Wind River Range, Wyoming
    56. Wyoming Range, Wyoming
  62. Ruby Mountains, Nevada
  63. Sacramento Mountains, New Mexico
  64. Saint Elias Mountains, southern Alaska, Yukon and British Columbia
    1. Brabazon Range, Alaska
    2. Fairweather Range, Alaska
  65. San Andres Mountains, New Mexico
  66. San Francisco Mountains, Utah
  67. San Francisco Peaks, Arizona
  68. Sandia–Manzano Mountains, New Mexico
    1. Manzano Mountains, New Mexico
    2. Sandia Mountains, New Mexico
  69. Sawtooth Mountains, Minnesota
  70. Schell Creek Range, Nevada
  71. Selenite Range, Nevada
  72. Seward Peninsula ranges, Alaska
    1. Bendeleben Mountains, Alaska
    2. Darby Mountains, Alaska
    3. Kigluaik Mountains, Alaska
    4. York Mountains, Alaska
  73. Sheep Range, Nevada
  74. Shoshone Mountains, Nevada
  75. Shoshone Range, Nevada
  76. Sierra Nevada, California and Nevada
  77. Snake Range, Nevada
  78. South Moccasin Mountains, Montana
  79. Spring Mountains, Nevada
  80. Star Range, Utah
  81. Superstition Mountains, Arizona
  82. Sutter Buttes, California
  83. Texas Hill Country, Texas
  84. Toiyabe Range, Nevada
  85. Transverse Ranges, California
    1. Chalk Hills, California
    2. Little San Bernardino Mountains, California
    3. Pine Mountain Ridge, California
    4. Puente Hills, California
    5. San Bernardino Mountains, California
    6. San Emigdio Mountains, California
    7. San Gabriel Mountains, California
    8. San Jose Hills, California
    9. San Rafael Hills, California
    10. San Rafael Mountains, California
    11. Santa Monica Mountains, California
    12. Santa Susana Mountains, California
    13. Santa Ynez Mountains, California
    14. Shandin Hills, California
    15. Sierra Pelona Mountains, California
    16. Simi Hills, California
    17. Tehachapi Mountains, California
    18. Topatopa Mountains, California
  86. Tushar Mountains, Utah
  87. U.S. Interior Highlands, Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahoma
    1. Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas and Oklahoma
    2. Ozark Plateau, Missouri, Arkansas, and Oklahoma
      1. Boston Mountains, Arkansas
      2. St. Francois Mountains, Missouri
  88. Uwharrie Mountains, North Carolina
  89. Virginia Mountains, Nevada
  90. West Humboldt Range, Nevada
  91. West Mountains, Idaho
  92. White Mountains, Alaska
  93. White Mountains, Arizona
  94. White Mountains, California
  95. Wichita Mountains, Oklahoma
  96. Wolf Mountains, Montana
  1. Peninsular Ranges, California and México
    1. Sierra de Juarez, México
    2. Sierra de la Giganta, México
    3. Sierra de la Laguna, México
    4. Sierra de San Borja, México
    5. Sierra de San Francisco, México
    6. Sierra San Pedro Martir, Baja California, México
  2. Sierra Madre de Chiapas, México, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador
  3. Sierra Madre del Sur, México
  4. Sierra Madre Occidental, México
    1. Sierra Huichola, México
    2. Sierra Tarahumara, México
  5. Sierra Madre Oriental, México
    1. Sierra del Burro, México
    2. Sierra del Carmen, México
  6. Sierra Norte de Puebla, México
  7. Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt (Sierra Nevada), México
  8. Tuxtla Mountains, México
  1. Cerros de Escazú, Costa Rica
  2. Cordillera de Guanacaste, Costa Rica
  3. Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica and Panamá
  4. Cordillera de Tilarán, Costa Rica
  5. Cordillera Isabelia, Nicaragua, Honduras
  6. Cordillera Los Maribios, Nicaragua
  7. Cordillera Central, Costa Rica
  8. Maya Mountains, Belize
  9. Sierra de Chinajá, Guatemala
  10. Sierra de Chuacús, Guatemala
  11. Sierra de los Cuchumatanes, Guatemala
  12. Sierra del Merendón, Guatemala and Honduras
  13. Sierra Madre de Chiapas, México, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador
  1. Blue Mountains, Jamaica
  2. Cordillera Central, Dominican Republic
  3. Dry Harbour Mountains, Jamaica
  4. John Crow Mountains, Jamaica
  5. Massif du Nord, Haïti
  6. Mocho Mountains, Jamaica

South America

The longest mountain range in the world (above sea level) is the Andes, consisting of several subranges.

Other ranges in South America include:


  1. Great Dividing Range, Australia
  2. Hunter Mountains, New Zealand
  3. Kaikoura Ranges, New Zealand
  4. Kaweka Range, New Zealand
  5. MacDonnell Ranges, Australia
  6. Ruahine Range, New Zealand
  7. Southern Alps, New Zealand
  8. Tararua Range, New Zealand



Extraterrestrial mountain ranges

The Moon

By IAU convention, lunar mountain ranges are given Latin names.


See also


  1. ^ N. O. Arnaud; M. Brunel; J. M. Cantagr4=P. Tapponnier (1993). "High cooling and denudation rates at Kongur Shan, Eastern Pamir (Xinjiang, China)". Tectonics. 12 (3): 1335–1346. doi:10.1029/93TC00767.
  2. ^ Ocean Facts, National Ocean Service
Arizona transition zone

The Arizona transition zone is a diagonal northwest-by-southeast region across central Arizona. The region is a transition from the higher elevation Colorado Plateau to the northeast in Northeast Arizona and the Basin and Range region of southwest and south regions of lower elevation deserts.

Northwest Arizona transitions to the higher elevation Mojave Desert of southern California, Nevada and Utah, with an indicator species of Joshua trees and other species, and southwestwards regions of the Sonoran Desert, along the Lower Colorado River Valley; in Arizona's south, all of central and eastern desert Sonoran Desert regions merge southwards into Sonora Mexico. The transition zone includes the Mogollon Rim and the White Mountains and extends into western New Mexico.

In the Arizona ecoregion section, the Arizona transition zone is the major section of the EPA designated, Level III ecoregion, Arizona/New Mexico Mountains ecoregion. The other two outlier subregions to the transition zone in Arizona, are the Kaibab Plateau of the North Rim of the Grand Canyon, and associated ranges of the Chuska Mountains region of the northeast Arizona and northwest New Mexico.

List of mountain and hill ranges in Germany

This list of mountain and hill ranges in Germany contains a selection of the main mountain and hill regions in Germany.

In addition the list shows the highest (German) mountain in the range together with its height above sea level (taken as Normalnull (NN)) and the federal state in which its highest elevation is located. If the highest feature extends into neighbouring states, it is possible, that there are higher summits located there.

The same hill or mountain may be listed more than once; for example the Zugspitze, Germany’s highest mountain, belongs to the Alps, the Bavarian Alps, the Northern Limestone Alps and the Wetterstein Mountains.

The ranges are listed in alphabetical order.

List of mountain ranges in Kyrgyzstan

A list of mountain ranges in Kyrgyzstan includes 158 mountain ranges in Central Tien-Shan (16), North Tien-Shan (19), Internal Tien-Shan (48), West Tien-Shan (30), South Tien-Shan (41), and Pamir-Alay (4).

List of mountain ranges in Montana

This is a list of mountain ranges in the state of Montana. Montana is the fourth largest state in the United States and is well known for its mountains. The name "Montana" means mountain in the Spanish language. Representative James Mitchell Ashley (R-Ohio), suggested the name when legislation organizing the territory was passed by the United States Congress in 1864. Ashley noted that a mining camp in the Colorado Territory had already used the name, and Congress agreed to use the name for the new territory.According to the United States Board on Geographic Names, there are at least 100 named mountain ranges and sub-ranges in Montana. However, mountain ranges have no official boundaries, and there is no official list of mountain ranges in the state.

List of mountain ranges in Washington

There are at least 63 named mountain ranges in the United States of America state of Washington. Names, elevations and coordinates from the U.S. Geological Survey, Geographic Names Information System. Some of the ranges extend into neighboring states of Idaho and Oregon and British Columbia, Canada.

List of mountain ranges of Arizona

There are 210 named mountain ranges in Arizona.This list also includes mountain ranges that are mostly in New Mexico and Sonora, Mexico, that extend into Arizona.

List of mountain ranges of California

The following list comprises the mountain ranges of U.S. State of California designated by the United States Board on Geographic Names and cataloged in the Geographic Names Information System.

List of mountain ranges of Colorado

The following table lists the major mountain ranges of the U.S. State of Colorado. All of these ranges can be considered subranges of the Rocky Mountains.

As given in the table, topographic elevation is the vertical distance above the reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface. The topographic prominence of a summit is the elevation difference between that summit and the highest or key col to a higher summit. The topographic isolation of a summit is the minimum great-circle distance to a point of equal elevation.

All elevations in this article include an elevation adjustment from the National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929 (NGVD 29) to the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88). For further information, please see this United States National Geodetic Survey note. If an elevation or prominence is calculated as a range of values, the arithmetic mean is shown.

List of mountain ranges of Greenland

This is a list of mountain ranges of Greenland.

List of mountain ranges of Nevada

These are the named mountain ranges in Nevada. Some of them are quite small but still constitute distinct biomes.

List of mountain ranges of New Mexico

This is a list of mountain ranges in the U.S. state of New Mexico, listed alphabetically, and associated landforms.

–Alamo Hueco Mountains

–Animas Mountains

–Brazos Mountains

–Brokeoff (Breakup) Mountains

–Brushy (Teethy) Mountains

–Caballo Mountains

–Canyon Creek Mountains

–Capitan Mountains

–Cebolleta Mountains

–Cedar Mountain Range

–Chupadera Mountains

–Chuska Mountains

–Cimarron (Cinnamon) Range

–Cookes Range

–Cornudas Mountains

–Crosby Mountains

–Datil Mountains

–Diablo Range

–Doña Ana Mountains

–East Potrillo Mountains

–Elk Mountains

–Fernando Mountains

–Florida Mountains

–Fra Cristobal Range

–Franklin Mountains

–Gallinas Mountains

–Gallo Mountains

–Good Sight Mountains

–Guadalupe Mountains

–Guadalupe Mountains (Hidalgo County)

–Hueco Mountains

–Jarilla Mountains

–Jemez Mountains

–Jerky Mountains

–Jicarilla Mountains

–Kelly Mountains

–Ladron Mountains

–Little Burro Mountains

–Little Hatchet Mountains

–Long Canyon Mountains

–Los Pinos Mountains

–Luera Mountains

–Magdalena Mountains

–Mangas Mountains

–Manzanita Mountains

–Manzano Mountains

–Mimbres Mountains (Black Range)

–Mogollon Mountains

–Mule Mountains

–Nacimiento Mountains

–Organ Mountains

–Ortiz Mountains

–Oscura Mountains

–Peloncillo Mountains

–Picacho Mountains

–Pinos Altos Range

–Pyramid Mountains

–Rincon Mountains

–Robledo Mountains

–Sacramento Mountains

–Saliz Mountains

–San Andres Mountains

–San Augustin Mountains

–San Francisco Mountains

–San Luis Mountains

–San Mateo Mountains (Cibola County)

–San Mateo Mountains (Socorro County)

–San Pedro Mountains (Rio Arriba County)

–San Pedro Mountains (Santa Fe County)

–Sandia Mountains

–Sangre de Cristo Mountains

–Sawtooth Mountains

–Sierra Aguilada

–Sierra Blanca

–Sierra de las Uvas

–Sierra Rica

–Socorro Mountains

–South Mountain

–Taos Mountains

–Tres Hermanas

–Tularosa Mountains

–Tusas Mountains

–Turkey Mountains

–Vera Cruz Mountains

–Victorio Mountains

–West Potrillo Mountains

–Zuni Mountains

List of mountain ranges of Pakistan

Pakistan is home to of many mountains like northern and western mountains above 7,000 metres (22,970 ft). Five of the world's fourteen mountains taller than 8,000 metres (26,000 ft) ("eight-thousanders") are in Pakistan, four of which are near Concordia.

Most of Pakistan's high peaks are located in the Karakoram range, the highest of which is K2 8611 meter long (8,611 metres (28,251 ft)), the second-highest peak on earth. The highest peak of Himalayan range in Pakistan is Nanga Parbat (8,126 metres (26,660 ft)), which is the ninth-highest peak of the world.

Following are the mountain ranges that are fully or partially included in Pakistan:

Karakoram, including the world's second-highest peak, K2 (8,611 m or 28,251 ft)

Himalayas; second highest peak in Pakistan is Nanga Parbat (8,126 metres (26,660 ft))

Passu Cones; Situated along the Karakoram Highway in Upper Hunza (6,106 metres (20,033 ft)).

Hindu Kush; highest peak is Tirich Mir (7,690 metres (25,230 ft)).

Hindu Raj in northern Pakistan, part of the eastern Hindu Kush.

Safēd Kōh, starting from Tora Bora on the border with eastern Afghanistan west of the Khyber Pass.

Sulaiman Mountains; highest peak is Takht-e-Sulaiman (3,487 metres (11,440 ft)).

Spin Ghar Mountains; highest peak is Mount Sikaram (4,761 metres (15,620 ft))

Salt Range, a hill system in the Punjab Province that is abundant in salt; highest peak is Sakaser (1,522 metres (4,993 ft))

Margalla Hills in Punjab whose highest peak is Tilla Charouni (1,604 metres (5,262 ft))

Toba Kakar Range, a southern offshoot of the Hindu Kush in Balochistan

Makran Range, a semi-desert coastal strip in the south of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan near the coast of the Arabian Sea. The narrow coastal plain rises very rapidly into several mountain ranges. Of its 1,000-kilometre (620 mi) extent, about 750 kilometres (470 mi) is in Pakistan

Ras Koh Range

Chagai Range

Kirthar Range, located along the Balochistan and Sindh provincial border. It runs north-south for about 300 kilometres (186 mi) from the Mula River in east-central Balochistan south to Cape Muari (Cape Monze) west of Karachi on the Arabian Sea. The Hill Station of Sindh at Gorakh, in Kirthar Mountains Range, off Dadu, at the height of 5,688 feet (1,734 m), averaging 5,500 feet (1,700 m), is one of the two large plateaus in the Sindh segment of Kirthar mountains.

List of mountain ranges of Quebec

Laurentides - Located in southern Quebec, Canada, north of the St. Lawrence River and Ottawa River, rising to a highest point of 1166 metres (3,825 ft)

Appalaches - Physiographic region consisting of thirteen provinces of which a few are in Quebec: the Atlantic Coast Uplands, Eastern Newfoundland Atlantic, Maritime Acadian Highlands, Maritime Plain, Notre Dame And Megantic Mountains, Western Newfoundland Mountains, Saint Lawrence Valley, New England province

Monts Chic-Chocs - Located in the central Gaspé Peninsula in Quebec, Canada, rising to a highest point of 1,268 metres (4,160 ft) at Mont Jacques-Cartier

Collines Montérégiennes - Linear chain of isolated hills in Montreal and the Montérégie, between the Laurentians and the Appalachians

Monts Torngat - Located on the Labrador Peninsula at the northern tip of Newfoundland and Labrador and eastern Quebec (part of the Arctic Cordillera), rising to a highest point of 1,652 m (5,420 ft) at Mount Caubvick (highest point of the province).

List of mountain ranges of South Africa

This is a list of mountain ranges of South Africa.

List of mountain ranges of Utah

The named mountain ranges of Utah.

List of mountains named The Sleeping Lady

The Sleeping Woman, sometimes also The Dead Woman, is a name or nickname for certain mountain formations located in different places in the world that are said to look like a reclining or deceased woman in the local tradition.

List of peaks by prominence

This is a list of mountain peaks ordered by their topographic prominence.

Lists of mountains

Mountains are listed according to various criteria:

List of mountains by elevation

List of highest mountains greater than 7,200 metres (23,622 ft) above sea level

Topographic prominence

List of most prominent mountains

List of peaks by prominence

Ultra-prominent peak

Summits farthest from the Earth's center

Lists of highest points restricted to a specific geographic area

List of countries by highest point

List of islands by highest point

Lists of mountains by region sorted by country or province

Seven Summits, the highest peak on each continent

List of mountain types sorted by geological origin

List of mountain ranges organized into mountain ranges

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