List of most-produced aircraft

This is a list of the most-produced aircraft types whose numbers exceed or exceeded 5,000. Any and all types of aircraft qualify, including airplanes, airships, balloons, gliders (sailplanes), helicopters, etc.

Most-produced aircraft

  • Each aircraft listed is a piston-engined monoplane unless otherwise described.
  • "C" indicates civilian use; "M" indicates military use. Use only one according to original designed purpose of the aircraft, or "best deduction".
  • Role is generally either the original designed role of the aircraft or a "best deduction" based on what role dominated production, disregarding minor variants. Aircraft may be categorized as "Multirole" if no particular role was dominant.
  • Nation column indicates only the original designer / producer nation.
  • Production period column shows overall production date span of all types included in "Numbers produced" column, disregarding production hiatuses and changes in manufacturer, while including close variants and licensed production.
  • Entries involving aircraft still in production are shown on a  pale-green background .
Name C / M Type / Role Number
Nation Production  period Notes
Start End
Cessna 172 C Utility / trainer 44,000+[1] United States 1956 present Also built in France by Reims Aviation.
Ilyushin Il-2 M Ground-attack 36,183 Soviet Union 1941 1945 Most-produced combat aircraft; most-produced low-wing aircraft; most-produced aircraft for many decades until Cessna 172 surpassed it in the 2000s
Messerschmitt Bf 109 M Fighter 34,852 Germany 1936 1958 Most-produced fighter and single-seat aircraft. Also built in Hungary, Romania, Spain, Czechoslovakia and Switzerland.
Piper PA-28 series C Utility / trainer 32,778+ United States 1960 present Sold as Cherokee, Cherokee Warrior, Cherokee Pathfinder, Warrior, Archer, Dakota, Cadet, and Pilot.
Cessna 150 / 152 C Utility / trainer 31,500+ United States 1958 1986 Most-produced two-seat civil aircraft. Both types also built in France. 23,949[?+] 150s; 7,584[?+] 152s
Cessna 182 C Utility 23,237+ United States 1956 present Also built in France.
Supermarine Spitfire/Seafire M Fighter 22,685 United Kingdom 1938 1948 20,351 of total were land-based Spitfires. The first Seafires were Spitfires modified with tailhooks.
Piper J-3 Cub C Utility / trainer 20,191[2] United States 1938 1947 Most-produced fabric-covered monoplane. Includes military variants such as L-4, O-59, TG-8 and NE. 150 built in Canada
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 M Fighter 20,051 Germany 1939 1945 64 produced in post-WWII France as the "NC 900".
Polikarpov Po-2 M Biplane, multirole 20,000[3] to
Soviet Union 1928 1952[4] Most-produced biplane. Used for training, reconnaissance, liaison, and ground-attack. Also built in Poland.
Consolidated B-24 Liberator M Heavy bomber 18,482[5] United States 1940 1945 Most-produced heavy bomber and multi-engine aircraft. Includes 962 built by Douglas,[6] 6,792 by Ford Motor Company and 966 by North American. Does not include related PB4Y-2 Privateer.[5]
Antonov An-2 / An-3 C Biplane, utility / agricultural 18,000+ Soviet Union 1947 present Longest production run for any airplane. Most-produced transport. Also built in China and Poland.
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 M Jet fighter 18,000+ Soviet Union 1947 1950s Most-produced jet. 3,454 built in Czechoslovakia; 727 in Poland; an unknown number in China.
Mil Mi-8/Mi-17 M Helicopter, utility 17,000+ Soviet Union 1961 present Most-produced helicopter.
Beechcraft Bonanza C Utility 17,000+ United States 1947 present Longest continuous production of any airplane in history.[7][8][9]
Yakovlev Yak-9 M Fighter 16,769[10] Soviet Union 1942 1948
Douglas DC-3 C Airliner / transport 16,079 United States 1935 1952 Most-produced aircraft originally designed as an airliner, but only 607 of the airliner variant were built. 15,472 military transports such as C-47, R4D, and Dakota were built, including in the Soviet Union and Japan.
Bell UH-1 "Huey" Iroquois M Helicopter, utility 16,000+ United States 1959 1987
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt M Fighter 15,660[11] United States 1942 1945
North American P-51 Mustang M Fighter 15,586 United States 1940 1951 Excludes F-82 and other derivatives.
North American T-6 Texan M Trainer 15,495 United States 1937 1950s Includes SNJ and Harvard. Also built in Canada.
Junkers Ju 88 M Multirole 15,183


Germany 1939 1945 Luftwaffe multirole bomber, heavy fighter and reconnaissance aircraft.
Hawker Hurricane M Fighter 14,583 United Kingdom 1937 1944 Also built in Canada.
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 M Jet fighter 13,996 Soviet Union 1959 2006 Most-produced supersonic aircraft. Also built in India, China and Czechoslovakia.
Waco CG-4 M Glider, military 13,903+ United States 1942 1945 Most-produced glider. Many licensed manufacturers.
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk M Fighter 13,738[13] United States 1939 1944
Chotia Weedhopper C Ultralight 13,000+ United States 1977 present Most-produced ultralight.
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress M Heavy bomber 12,731 United States 1937 1945 3,000 built by Douglas,[6] also produced by Lockheed Vega.
Vought F4U Corsair M Fighter 12,571 United States 1941 1952 Many built as Goodyear FG or Brewster F3A.[14] Longest production run of any U.S. piston-engined fighter.
Grumman F6F Hellcat M Fighter 12,275 United States 1942 1945
Vultee BT-13 Valiant M Trainer 11,537 United States 1939 1947
Vickers Wellington M Medium bomber 11,462[15] United Kingdom 1936 1945
Petlyakov Pe-2 M Dive bomber 11,427 Soviet Union 1939 1945 Most-produced dive bomber of any type – a twin-engined design.
Avro 504 M Biplane, bomber / trainer 11,303[16] United Kingdom 1913 1940[17] Most-produced World War I aircraft design. Includes Japanese and Soviet production
Avro Anson M Multirole 11,020[18] United Kingdom 1935 1952 Also built in Canada.[18]
Mitsubishi A6M Zero M Fighter 10,939 Japan 1940 1945
Piper Pacer C Utility / trainer 10,610[19][20] United States 1950 1964 Includes PA-20 Pacer and PA-22 Tri-Pacer and Colt.
Boeing 737 C Jet airliner 10,550+[21] United States 1967 present Most-produced large jet-powered civilian aircraft. Includes military variants such as C-40 and P-8.[21]
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 M Jet fighter 10,367 Soviet Union 1951 1986 Also built in Poland and China; many built as the Shenyang J-5 / JJ-5.
Polikarpov I-16 M Fighter 10,292[22]
Soviet Union 1934 1943 Also manufactured in Spain and China
Piper PA-18 Super Cub C Utility / trainer 10,222[23] United States 1949 1983 Includes military variants such as L-18 and L-21.
Lockheed P-38 Lightning M Fighter 10,037 United States 1941 1945 Two-engined twin-boom design.
Aeronca Champion C Utility / trainer 10,000+ United States 1946 2019[24] Includes military L-16. Several changes in manufacturer.
DFS SG 38 Schulgleiter M Glider, trainer 10,000~[25] Germany 1938 1944
North American B-25 Mitchell M Medium bomber 9,984 United States 1939 1945
Lavochkin La-5 M Fighter 9,920 Soviet Union 1942 1944
North American F-86 Sabre / FJ Fury M Jet fighter 9,860 United States 1947 1956 Also built in Australia and Canada.
Grumman TBF Avenger M Torpedo bomber 9,836[26][27] United States 1941 1945 Includes 7,546 built as TBM Avenger by General Motors.[27]
Bell P-39 Airacobra M Fighter 9,584 United States 1938 1944
Cessna 210 C Utility 9,240[?+] United States 1957 [?1985]
Beechcraft Model 18 C Utility 9,000+ United States 1937 1970 Includes military variants such as C-45, AT-7, and SNB.
Airbus A320 family C Jet airliner 8,806+[28] Multi-national 1988 present Includes the A318 / A319 / A320 / A321. Built in France, Germany, China, and United States.
Airspeed Oxford M Trainer 8,751[3] United Kingdom 1937 1945 Several manufacturers.
Yakovlev Yak-1 M Fighter 8,734[29] Soviet Union 1940 1944
Boeing-Stearman Model 75 M Biplane, trainer 8,584[30] United States 1934 1942
Cessna 206 C Utility 8,509+ or 7,783+ United States 1962 present Includes models 205 and 207
SPAD S.XIII M Biplane, fighter 8,472 France 1917 1918 Most-produced World War I fighter aircraft design.
La Mouette Atlas C Hang glider 8,000+ France 1979 present
Grumman F4F Wildcat M Fighter 7,885[31] United States 1937 1943 Includes about 5,600 built as FM Wildcat by General Motors.[32]
Piper PA-32 C Utility 7,842+ United States 1965 2007 Enlarged PA-28 sold as Cherokee Six and Saratoga.
Breguet 14 M Reconnaissance 7,800 France 1916 1928 2,300 built after the end of WWI.
de Havilland Mosquito M Multirole 7,781 United Kingdom 1940 1950 Also built in Australia and Canada.
Fairchild PT-19 M Trainer 7,700+[33] United States 1938 1948 Includes variants PT-23 and PT-26. Also built in Canada and Brazil.
Cessna 120 and 140 C Utility / trainer 7,664[34][35] United States 1946 1950 Developed into Cessna 150.
Republic F-84 Thunderjet M Jet fighter-bomber 7,524 United States 1946 1953 Excludes swept-wing F-84F / RF-84F derivatives.
Douglas DB-7 (A-20 Havoc) M Multirole 7,478[36] United States 1938 1944 Includes 380 built by Boeing.[37]
Avro Lancaster M Heavy bomber 7,377 United Kingdom 1942 1945 Includes 430 built under licence in Canada.
Bell 206 JetRanger C Helicopter, utility / trainer 7,340+ United States 1966 2017 Also made in Canada and Italy. Most produced civilian helicopter.
Heinkel He 111 M Medium bomber 7,300 Germany 1935 1944 Also built in Spain as the CASA C.2111.
Yakovlev UT-2 M Trainer 7,243 Soviet Union 1936 1944
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver M Dive bomber 7,140 United States 1940 1945 900 built as A-25; 1,194 built in Canada.[38] Most-produced single-engine dive bomber.
de Havilland Tiger Moth C Biplane, trainer 7,105 United Kingdom 1931 1944 Also built in Canada and Australia.
Polikarpov R-5 M Reconnaissance / bomber 7,000 Soviet Union 1928 1937
Piper PA-23 C Utility / trainer 6,976[39] United States 1952 1981 Sold as Apache and Aztec.
Beechcraft Baron C Utility 6,884+[40] United States 1961 present Includes 55, 56, 58, and sub-variants such as military T-42; excludes Travel Air.[40]
Curtiss JN-4 M Biplane, trainer 6,813 United States 1915 1927
Polikarpov I-15 M Biplane, fighter 6,750[41] Soviet Union 1933 1940 Also built in Spain.
Tupolev SB M Bomber 6,656 Soviet Union 1936 1941 Also built in Czechoslovakia.
Ilyushin Il-28 M Medium bomber 6,635+ Soviet Union 1949 1955 Also built in China and Czechoslovakia.
Yakovlev Yak-18 M Trainer 6,630+[42] Soviet Union 1946 1960s Also produced in Hungary and China. Production claims vary from 6,168 including 125 Yak-18P and 25 -18PM[43] to 6,630 excluding P and PM.[42] Both exclude unrelated Yak-18T.
Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star M Jet trainer 6,557 United States 1948 1959 Also built in Canada by Canadair.
Yakovlev Yak-7 M Fighter / trainer 6,399[44] Soviet Union 1940 1943
Airco DH.4 M Biplane, Bomber 6,295[45] United Kingdom 1916 1926 1,449 in the UK[46] and 4,846 (as the DH-4) in the US[47]
Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-3 M Fighter 6,258 Soviet Union 1941 1942
Ilyushin Il-10 M Ground-attack 6,226 Soviet Union 1944 1954 Also built in Czechoslovakia as the Avia B-33 / CB-33.
Cessna 180 C Utility 6,193[48] United States 1953 1981 Developed into Cessna 182.
Handley Page Halifax M Heavy bomber 6,176[49] United Kingdom 1940 1946
Messerschmitt Bf 110 M Heavy / night fighter 6,150 Germany 1936 1945 Twin-engined design. Most sources state 6,000 to 6,150 produced.
Junkers Ju 87 M Dive bomber 6,000 Germany 1935 1944
Robinson R44 C Helicopter, utility / trainer 5,979+ United States 1993 present Most produced reciprocating-engine helicopter
Sopwith 1½ Strutter M Biplane, multirole 5,939 United Kingdom 1917 1918 Majority built in France for French use.
Douglas SBD Dauntless M Dive bomber / scout 5,938[50] United States 1940 1944 Includes A-24 Banshee variant.[50]
Bristol Beaufighter M Heavy fighter 5,928 United Kingdom 1940 1946 Also built in Australia.
Nakajima Ki-43 M Fighter 5,919[51] Japan 1942 1945
Yokosuka K5Y M Biplane, trainer 5,770[3] Japan 1934 1945
Lavochkin La-7 M Fighter 5,753 Soviet Union 1944 1946
Cessna 310 C Utility / trainer 5,737[52] United States 1954 1980
Antonov A-1 M Glider, trainer 5,700 Soviet Union 1930 1940s
ERCO Ercoupe C Utility / trainer 5,685 United States 1940 1969 First civil aircraft with a nose wheel landing gear. Several changes in manufacturer.
Cirrus SR22 C Utility / trainer 5,503+[53][54] United States 2001 present Most-produced aircraft made of composite material; most-produced aircraft with production period starting in the 21st century. Developed from Cirrus SR20.
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 M Jet fighter 5,500[55] Soviet Union 1953 1991 World's first mass-produced supersonic aircraft. 2,500 built in Soviet Union. Also built in China (~3,000) and Czechoslovakia.
Sopwith Camel M Biplane, fighter 5,497 United Kingdom 1917 1918
Mil Mi-2 M Helicopter, utility 5,497 Soviet Union 1965 1985 Built in Poland.
Cessna AT-17 Bobcat M Trainer 5,422 United States 1939 1943
Bristol F.2 Fighter M Biplane, fighter 5,329 United Kingdom 1916 1927 WWI two-seat fighter.
Martin B-26 Marauder M Medium bomber 5,288 United States 1941 1945
Stinson 108 C Utility / trainer 5,260[56] United States 1946 1950
Ilyushin Il-4 M Medium bomber 5,256 Soviet Union 1942 1944
Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5 M Biplane, fighter 5,205 United Kingdom 1917 1918
McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II M Jet fighter-bomber 5,195[57] United States 1958 1981 Includes 127 built in Japan by Mitsubishi.[57]
Cessna 170 C Utility / trainer 5,174[58] United States 1948 1956 Developed into Cessna 172.
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 M Jet fighter 5,047 Soviet Union 1967 1985 Most produced variable-sweep aircraft
Yakovlev Yak-12 M Multirole STOL 5,000+ Soviet Union 1946 1968 Also build in Poland and China (The Chinese-produced name is Shenyang Type 5; production figure unknown?).
Grunau Baby IIb C Sailplane 5,000~[59] Germany 1932 [?]


  1. ^ Flight International, June 20, 2017, p. 24.
  2. ^ Peperell 1987, p. 30
  3. ^ a b c Angelucci & Matricardi 1977, p. 280.
  4. ^ a b "Soviet Polikarpov U-2 bomber, trainer; Polikarpov Po-2 bomber, trainer". Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  5. ^ a b Wegg 1990, p. 49.
  6. ^ a b Francillon 1988, p. 580.
  7. ^ Beechcraft (18 July 2015). "Beechcraft Bonanza". Beechcraft Company Facebook Page. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  8. ^ Clark, Anders (25 June 2015) "The Beechcraft A36 Bonanza" paragraph 4. Disciples of Flight. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  9. ^ Perdue, Scott (1 May 2007). "The Bonanza hits 60 Strong and Fast! Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine" paragraph 4. Plane and Pilot Magazine. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  10. ^ Gunston & Gordon 1997, p. 77.
  11. ^ Bull 2004, p. 267.
  12. ^ Kay, Anthony L. (2004). Junkers Aircraft & Engines: 1913 to 1945. Pavilion Books. ISBN 0851779859. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  13. ^ Murphy & McNiece 2009, p. 83.
  14. ^ Swanborough & Bowers 1976, pp. 404-407.
  15. ^ Vickers Wellington Manual, page 29. Haynes Publishing, 2012. ISBN 978-0-85733-230-1
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^ a b Fredriksen 2001, p. 36.
  19. ^ Peperell 1987, p. 79
  20. ^ Peperell 1987, p. 83
  21. ^ a b "Boeing Commercial Airplanes – Orders and Deliveries – 737 Model Summary". Boeing. October 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  22. ^ "Soviet Polikarpov I-16 Rata fighter". Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  23. ^ Peperell 1987, p. 71
  24. ^ "American Champion Aircraft Corporation: Champ". American Champion Aircraft Corporation. Retrieved 5 June 2019. Discontinued: was a great run!
  25. ^ National Museum of the United States Air Force. "Schneider Schulgleiter SG 38". Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  26. ^ Angelucci & Matricardi 1977, p. 283.
  27. ^ a b Swanborough & Bowers 1976, p. 236.
  28. ^ "Orders & Deliveries". 31 January 2018. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  29. ^ Gunston & Gordon 1997, p. 66.
  30. ^ "Boeing Historical Snapshot: Stearman Kaydet Trainer". Boeing. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  31. ^ Hickman, Kennedy. "World War II: Grumman F4F Wildcat." at Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  32. ^ Swanborough & Bowers 1976, pp. 209-210.
  33. ^ "Warbird Alley: Fairchild PT-19 / PT-23 / PT-26 Cornell". Retrieved 2016-08-07.
  34. ^ Plane and Pilot: 1978 Aircraft Directory, page 22. Werner & Werner Corp Publishing, 1978. ISBN 0-918312-00-0
  35. ^ Christy, Joe: The Complete Guide to the Single-Engine Cessnas – 3rd Edition, pages 12–17. TAB Books, 1979. ISBN 0-8306-2268-3
  36. ^ Francillon 1988, p. 293.
  37. ^ Francillon 1988, pp. 275, 279, 293.
  38. ^ Swanborough & Bowers 1976, pp. 151-152.
  39. ^ Simpson 1991, pp.243-244
  40. ^ a b "Beechcraft Serialization - 1945 thru 2017" (PDF). Beechcraft Aircraft. 10 September 2018. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  41. ^ Polikarpov fighters at Retrieved 8 October 2012.
  42. ^ a b Gordon, Komissarov & Komissarov 2005, pp. 267, 269.
  43. ^ Gunston & Gordon 1997, pp. 113–115.
  44. ^ Gunston & Gordon 1997, p. 70.
  45. ^ Jackson 1987, pp. 54, 58.
  46. ^ Jackson 1987, p. 54.
  47. ^ Jackson 1987, p. 58.
  48. ^ Simpson 1991, pp 99-100
  49. ^ Angelucci & Matricardi 1977, p. 284.
  50. ^ a b Francillon 1988, p. 576.
  51. ^ Angelucci & Matricardi 1977, p. 282.
  52. ^ Simpson 1991, pp. 106-107
  53. ^ General Aviation Manufacturers Association (January 2008). "2007 General Aviation Statistical Databook & Industry Outlook" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
  54. ^ General Aviation Manufacturers Association (2018). "2017 Annual Report" (PDF). Retrieved 4 March 2018. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  55. ^ Karsten Palt. "Mikojan Gurewitsch / Mikoyan Gurevich MiG-19". Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  56. ^ Wegg 1990, pp. 143–144.
  57. ^ a b Francillon 1990, p. 464.
  58. ^ Simpson 1991, p. 97
  59. ^ "Deutsches Museum – Flugwerft Schleißheim: Grunau Baby IIb (German)". Retrieved 2008-08-08.


  • Angelucci, Enzo; Matricardi, Paolo (1977). World War II Airplanes. 2. Chicago, Illinois: Rand McNally and Company. ISBN 0-528-88171-X.
  • Bull, Stephen (2004). Encyclopedia of Military Technology and Innovation. Greenwood Publishing. ISBN 1-57356-557-1. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  • Francillon, René (1988). McDonnell Douglas Aircraft Since 1920. I. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-428-4.
  • Francillon, René (1990). McDonnell Douglas Aircraft Since 1920. II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-550-0.
  • Fredriksen, John C. (2001). International Warbirds: An Illustrated Guide to World Military Aircraft, 1914-2000. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1-57607-364-5.
  • Gordon, Yefim; Komissarov, Dmitry; Komissarov, Sergey (2005). OKB Yakovlev: A History of the Design Bureau and its Aircraft. Hinckley, UK: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-203-9.
  • Gunston, Bill; Gordon, Yefim (1997). Yakovlev Aircraft since 1924. London: Putnam. ISBN 0-85177-872-0.
  • Jackson, A. J. (1987). De Havilland Aircraft since 1909 (Third ed.). London: Putnam. ISBN 0-85177-802-X.
  • Murphy, Justin D.; McNiece, Matthew A. (2009). Military Aircraft, 1919-1945. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-85109-498-1.
  • Peperell, Roger W; Smith, Colin M (1987). Piper Aircraft and their Forerunners. Tonbridge, Kent, England: Air-Britain. ISBN 0-85130-149-5.
  • Simpson, R.W. (1991). Airlife's General Aviation. Shrewsbury, England: Airlife Publishing. ISBN 1-85310-194-X.
  • Swanborough, Gordon; Bowers, Peter M. (1976). United States Navy Aircraft since 1911 (2nd ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-968-5.
  • Wegg, John (1990). General Dynamics Aircraft and their Predecessors. London: Putnam. ISBN 0-85177-833-X.

External links

Cessna 150

The Cessna 150 is a two-seat tricycle gear general aviation airplane that was designed for flight training, touring and personal use.The Cessna 150 is the fifth most produced civilian plane ever, with 23,839 aircraft produced. The Cessna 150 was offered for sale in the 150 basic model, Commuter, Commuter II, Patroller and the aerobatic Aerobat models.

Cessna 152

The Cessna 152 is an American two-seat, fixed tricycle gear, general aviation airplane, used primarily for flight training and personal use. It was based on the earlier Cessna 150, including a number of minor design changes and a slightly more powerful engine running on 100LL aviation gasoline.

The Cessna 152 has been out of production for more than thirty years, but many are still in flying condition and are still in regular use for flight training.

Cessna 172

The Cessna 172 Skyhawk is an American four-seat, single-engine, high wing, fixed-wing aircraft made by the Cessna Aircraft Company. First flown in 1955, more 172s have been built than any other aircraft.Measured by its longevity and popularity, the Cessna 172 is the most successful aircraft in history. Cessna delivered the first production model in 1956 and as of 2015, the company and its partners had built more than 44,000. The aircraft remains in production today.

The Skyhawk's main competitors have been the Beechcraft Musketeer and Grumman AA-5 series (neither currently in production), the Piper Cherokee, and, more recently, the Diamond DA40 and Cirrus SR20.

Fairchild PT-19

The Fairchild PT-19 (company designation Fairchild M62) is an American Fairchild Aircraft monoplane primary trainer aircraft that served with the United States Army Air Forces, RAF and RCAF during World War II. It was a contemporary of the Kaydet biplane trainer and was used by the USAAF during Primary Flying Training. As with other USAAF trainers of the period, the PT-19 had multiple designation(s) based on the powerplant installed.

List of Russian aerospace engineers

This list of Russian aerospace engineers includes the designers of aircraft, rocketry and spacecraft, and developers of auxiliary aerospace technologies from the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation.

See also the Category:Russian aerospace engineers.

List of aircraft

This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). It is an inclusive list rather than an exclusive one, meaning that where an aircraft is known under multiple names, designations, or manufacturers, each of these is listed. Note also that this list should not be considered complete and it is constantly being updated with more aircraft types.

This list does not normally include variants or subtypes of the aircraft themselves (although there is considerable difference among various manufacturers and designation systems as to what constitutes a new aircraft as opposed to a variant of an existing type).

List of aircraft type designators

An aircraft type designator is a two-, three- or four-character alphanumeric code designating every aircraft type (and some sub-types) that may appear in flight planning. These codes are defined by both the International Civil Aviation Organization and the International Air Transport Association. ICAO codes are published in ICAO Document 8643 Aircraft Type Designators

and are used by air traffic control and airline operations such as flight planning. IATA codes are published in Appendix A of IATA's annual Standard Schedules Information Manual (SSIM) and are used for airline timetables and computer reservation systems.

List of civil aircraft

List of civil aircraft is a list of articles on civilian aircraft with descriptions, which excludes aircraft operated by military organizations in civil markings, warbirds, warbirds used for racing, replica warbirds and research aircraft.

List of most-produced rotorcraft

This is a list of the most-produced rotorcraft. Production runs typically include variants and licensed production. Aircraft still in production are highlighted in blue.

Piper J-3 Cub

The Piper J-3 Cub is an American light aircraft that was built between 1938 and 1947 by Piper Aircraft. The aircraft has a simple, lightweight design which gives it good low-speed handling properties and short-field performance. The Cub is Piper Aircraft's most-produced model, with nearly 20,000 built in the United States. Its simplicity, affordability and popularity invokes comparisons to the Ford Model T automobile.

The aircraft is a high-wing, strut-braced monoplane with a large-area rectangular wing. It is most often powered by an air-cooled, flat-4 piston engine driving a fixed-pitch propeller. Its fuselage is a welded steel frame covered in fabric, seating two people in tandem.

The Cub was originally intended as a trainer and had great popularity in this role and as a general aviation aircraft. Due to its performance, it was well suited for a variety of military uses such as reconnaissance, liaison and ground control. It was produced in large numbers during World War II as the L-4 Grasshopper. Many Cubs are still flying today. Notably, Cubs are highly prized as bush aircraft.

The aircraft's standard chrome yellow paint has come to be known as "Cub Yellow" or "Lock Haven Yellow".


Russia (Russian: Росси́я, tr. Rossiya, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijə]), or the Russian Federation (Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, tr. Rossiyskaya Federatsiya, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijskəjə fʲɪdʲɪˈratsɨjə]), is a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and North Asia. At 17,125,200 square kilometres (6,612,100 sq mi), it is, by a considerable margin, the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with about 146.79 million people as of 2019, including Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital, Moscow, is one of the largest cities in the world and the largest city in Europe; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. However, Russia recognises two more countries that border it, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, both of which are internationally recognized as parts of Georgia.

The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities and won independence from the Golden Horde by defeating them at Great Stand on the Ugra River in 1480.. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east.Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union.The political system of Russia is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic since 1993. Under Vladimir Putin's rule since 2000, Russia has been criticized by a number of human rights groups, outside observers and political dissidents for its authoritarian rule, unfair human rights record and violations, sham elections, military interventions in Syria and Ukraine, alleged interference in the 2016 American elections and repression of its homosexual population. The Russian government's stated purpose for the law is to protect children from being exposed to homosexuality—content presenting homosexuality as being a norm in society. Putin's controversial actions in Ukraine led to sanctions following the annexation of Crimea in 2014. Russia responded with sanctions against a number of countries, including a total ban on food imports from the United States. It is ranked 138 out of 180 countries in the 2018 Corruption Perceptions Index and 24 of 29 in the 2018 Nations in Transit Report by Freedom House, while being ranked 144th in the 2018 Democracy Index.Russia's economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2018. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the G20, the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the International Investment Bank (IIB) and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

Supermarine Spitfire

The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during, and after World War II. Many variants of the Spitfire were built, using several wing configurations, and it was produced in greater numbers than any other British aircraft. It was also the only British fighter produced continuously throughout the war. The Spitfire continues to be popular among enthusiasts; nearly 60 remain airworthy, and many more are static exhibits in aviation museums throughout the world.

The Spitfire was designed as a short-range, high-performance interceptor aircraft by R. J. Mitchell, chief designer at Supermarine Aviation Works, which operated as a subsidiary of Vickers-Armstrong from 1928. Mitchell pushed the Spitfire's distinctive elliptical wing with cutting-edge sunken rivets (designed by Beverley Shenstone) to have the thinnest possible cross-section, helping give the aircraft a higher top speed than several contemporary fighters, including the Hawker Hurricane. Mitchell continued to refine the design until his death in 1937, whereupon his colleague Joseph Smith took over as chief designer, overseeing the Spitfire's development through its multitude of variants.

During the Battle of Britain, from July to October 1940, the public perceived the Spitfire to be the main RAF fighter, though the more numerous Hurricane shouldered a greater proportion of the burden against Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe. However, Spitfire units had a lower attrition rate and a higher victory-to-loss ratio than those flying Hurricanes because of the Spitfire's higher performance. During the battle, Spitfires were generally tasked with engaging Luftwaffe fighters—mainly Messerschmitt Bf 109E-series aircraft, which were a close match for them.

After the Battle of Britain, the Spitfire superseded the Hurricane to become the backbone of RAF Fighter Command, and saw action in the European, Mediterranean, Pacific, and South-East Asian theatres. Much loved by its pilots, the Spitfire served in several roles, including interceptor, photo-reconnaissance, fighter-bomber, and trainer, and it continued to serve in these roles until the 1950s. The Seafire was a carrier-based adaptation of the Spitfire that served in the Fleet Air Arm from 1942 through to the mid-1950s. Although the original airframe was designed to be powered by a Rolls-Royce Merlin engine producing 1,030 hp (768 kW), it was strong enough and adaptable enough to use increasingly powerful Merlins and, in later marks, Rolls-Royce Griffon engines producing up to 2,340 hp (1,745 kW). As a result, the Spitfire's performance and capabilities improved over the course of its service life.

Accidents / incidents


This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.