List of monarchs of Tonga

This is a list of monarchs of Tonga since 1845, after the constitutional role of the monarch was established. Tonga is the only sovereign indigenous monarchy in Oceania. The first monarch was George Tupou I.

King of Tonga
Coat of arms of Tonga
Ulukalala Lavaka Ata
Tupou VI
since 18 March 2012
StyleHis Majesty
Heir apparentTupoutoʻa ʻUlukalala
First monarchGeorge Tupou I
Formation4 December 1845
ResidenceRoyal Palace, Nukuʻalofa

2008 cession of powers

Three days before his coronation on 1 August 2008, then-King George Tupou V announced that he would relinquish most of his powers and be guided by his Prime Minister's recommendations on most matters.[1]

Lists of earlier monarchs of Tonga

  • Tuʻi Tonga, rulers of Tonga from c. 950 to c. 1470.
  • Tuʻi Haʻatakalaua, rulers of Tonga from c. 1470 to c. 1800.
  • Tuʻi Kanokupolu, rulers of Tonga from c. 1800 to the present day. George Tupou I, the first king of Tonga, was the 19th Tuʻi Kanokupolu.

List of monarchs of Tonga (1845–present)

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
George Tupou I4 December 1797 – 18 February 1893 (aged 95)4 December 184518 February 1893Son of Tupoutoʻa, 17th Tuʻi KanokupoluTupouGeorge Tupou I, c. 1880s
George Tupou II18 June 1874 – 5 April 1918 (aged 43)18 February 18935 April 1918Double Great-grandson of George Tupou ITupouGeorge Tupou II of Tonga
Sālote Tupou III13 March 1900 – 16 December 1965 (aged 65)5 April 191816 December 1965Daughter of George Tupou IITupouSalote Tupou III of Tonga in coronation robe-crop
Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV4 July 1918 – 10 September 2006 (aged 88)16 December 196510 September 2006Son of Sālote Tupou IIITupouTupoutoʻa Tungī
George Tupou V4 May 1948 – 18 March 2012 (aged 63)11 September 200618 March 2012Son of Tāufaʻahau Tupou IVTupouUSMC-110802-M-AI118-010 (cropped)
Tupou VI12 July 1959 (age 59)18 March 2012IncumbentSon of Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IVTupouUlukalala Lavaka Ata

Royal Standard

Royal Standard of Tonga

Royal Standard of Tonga

See also


  1. ^ "Tonga's king to cede key powers", BBC, 29 July 2008

External links

  • Tonga – history of Tonga-monarchy and royal genealogy

Aliʻi in the Hawaiian language refers to the hereditary line of rulers, the noho aliʻi, of the Hawaiian Islands. Aliʻi has a similar meaning in the Samoan language and other Polynesian languages, and is a cognate of the Māori word "ariki".

George Tupou

George Tupou can refer to:

George Tupou I (1797–1893), king of Tonga

George Tupou II (1874–1918), king of Tonga

George Tupou V (1948–2012), king of Tonga

History of Tonga

The history of Tonga is recorded since the century after 900 BC, when seafarers associated with the Lapita diaspora first settled the islands which now make up the Kingdom of Tonga. Along with Fiji and Samoa, the area served as a gateway into the rest of the Pacific region known as Polynesia. Ancient Tongan mythologies recorded by early European explorers report the islands of 'Ata and Tongatapu as the first islands having been hauled to the surface from the deep ocean by Maui.

List of kingdoms and royal dynasties

Monarchism is a movement that supports the monarchy as a form of government.

Prime Minister of Tonga

The prime minister of Tonga (historically referred to as the premier) is the country's head of government. Tonga is a monarchy with the king, currently Tupou VI, as head of state.. The current prime minister is ʻAkilisi Pōhiva, in office since 30 December 2014.

The office of prime minister was established by the Constitution of 1875, whose article 51 stipulates that the prime minister and other ministers are appointed and dismissed by the King.

Timeline of Tongan history

This is a timeline of Tongan history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Tonga and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Tonga. See also the list of monarchs of Tonga and list of Prime Ministers of Tonga.

Tupou family tree
Tuʻi Haʻatakalaua line
Tuʻi Tonga line
Tuʻi Kanokupolu line
Kalolaine Fusimatalili
George Tupou I
Fīnau Kaunanga
Fifita Vavʻau
Tēvita ʻUnga
Sālote Mafile‘o Pilolevu
Fusipala Taukiʻonetuku
Fatafehi Toutaitokotaha
Lavinia Veiongo
George Tupou II
ʻAnaseini Takipō
Viliami Tungī Mailefihi
Sālote Tupou III
Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV
Halaevalu Mataʻaho
George Tupou V
Tupou VI
Tonga articles
Heads of state and government of Oceania
Heads of state
Heads of government

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