This is a list of monarchs of Tonga since 1845, after the constitutional role of the monarch was established. Tonga is the only sovereign indigenous monarchy in Oceania. The first monarch was George Tupou I.
|King of Tonga|
since 18 March 2012
|Heir apparent||Tupoutoʻa ʻUlukalala|
|First monarch||George Tupou I|
|Formation||4 December 1845|
|Residence||Royal Palace, Nukuʻalofa|
Three days before his coronation on 1 August 2008, then-King George Tupou V announced that he would relinquish most of his powers and be guided by his Prime Minister's recommendations on most matters.
|Name||Lifespan||Reign start||Reign end||Notes||Family||Image|
|George Tupou I||4 December 1797 – 18 February 1893 (aged 95)||4 December 1845||18 February 1893||Son of Tupoutoʻa, 17th Tuʻi Kanokupolu||Tupou|
|George Tupou II||18 June 1874 – 5 April 1918 (aged 43)||18 February 1893||5 April 1918||Double Great-grandson of George Tupou I||Tupou|
|Sālote Tupou III||13 March 1900 – 16 December 1965 (aged 65)||5 April 1918||16 December 1965||Daughter of George Tupou II||Tupou|
|Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV||4 July 1918 – 10 September 2006 (aged 88)||16 December 1965||10 September 2006||Son of Sālote Tupou III||Tupou|
|George Tupou V||4 May 1948 – 18 March 2012 (aged 63)||11 September 2006||18 March 2012||Son of Tāufaʻahau Tupou IV||Tupou|
|Tupou VI||12 July 1959||18 March 2012||Incumbent||Son of Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV||Tupou|
Aliʻi in the Hawaiian language refers to the hereditary line of rulers, the noho aliʻi, of the Hawaiian Islands. Aliʻi has a similar meaning in the Samoan language and other Polynesian languages, and is a cognate of the Māori word "ariki".George Tupou
George Tupou can refer to:
George Tupou I (1797–1893), king of Tonga
George Tupou II (1874–1918), king of Tonga
George Tupou V (1948–2012), king of TongaHistory of Tonga
The history of Tonga is recorded since the century after 900 BC, when seafarers associated with the Lapita diaspora first settled the islands which now make up the Kingdom of Tonga. Along with Fiji and Samoa, the area served as a gateway into the rest of the Pacific region known as Polynesia. Ancient Tongan mythologies recorded by early European explorers report the islands of 'Ata and Tongatapu as the first islands having been hauled to the surface from the deep ocean by Maui.List of kingdoms and royal dynasties
Monarchism is a movement that supports the monarchy as a form of government.Prime Minister of Tonga
The prime minister of Tonga (historically referred to as the premier) is the country's head of government. Tonga is a monarchy with the king, currently Tupou VI, as head of state.. The current prime minister is ʻAkilisi Pōhiva, in office since 30 December 2014.
The office of prime minister was established by the Constitution of 1875, whose article 51 stipulates that the prime minister and other ministers are appointed and dismissed by the King.Timeline of Tongan history
This is a timeline of Tongan history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Tonga and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Tonga. See also the list of monarchs of Tonga and list of Prime Ministers of Tonga.
Tupou family tree
Heads of state and government of Oceania
|Heads of state|
|Heads of government|