List of islands of Indonesia

The islands of Indonesia, also known as the Indonesian archipelago and formerly known as the Indian archipelago, may refer either to the islands comprising the nation-state of Indonesia or to the geographical groups which include its islands. According to the Indonesian Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs, of 17,508 officially listed islands within the territory of the Republic of Indonesia,[1] 16,056 island names have been verified by the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (UNGEGN) as of July 2017.[2]

Indonesia map
Map of Indonesia

History

The exact number of islands comprising Indonesia varies among definitions and sources. According to a geospatial survey conducted between 2007 and 2010 by Badan Koordinasi Survei dan Pemetaan Nasional (Bakorsurtanal), the National Coordinating Agency for Survey and Mapping, Indonesia has 13,466 islands.[3] However, according to earlier survey in 2002 by National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN), the Indonesian archipelago has 18,307 islands, and according to the CIA World Factbook, there are 17,508 islands.[4] The discrepancy of the numbers of Indonesian islands was because that the earlier surveys include "tidal islands"; sandy cays and rocky reefs that appear during low tide and are submerged during high tide. According to estimates made by the government of Indonesia 8,844 islands have been named, with 922 of those permanently inhabited.[5]

Indonesian archipelagic baselines
Modern Wawasan Nusantara the Indonesian archipelagic baselines pursuant to article 47, paragraph 9, of the UNCLOS

Major islands

List of islands

The following islands are listed by province:

Java

Banten

Central Java

Special Capital Region of Jakarta

East Java

West Java

  • Monitor Lizard Island (Pulau Biawak), Indramayu

Sumatra

Aceh

199 islands

North Sumatra

479 islands

West Sumatra

Bengkulu

Lampung

Riau

Riau Islands

about 3,200 islands

Bangka-Belitung Islands

Kalimantan

Central Kalimantan

  • Damar
  • Baning Island
  • Buaya Island
  • Burung Island

East Kalimantan

North Kalimantan

South Kalimantan

West Kalimantan

Sulawesi

Central Sulawesi

North Sulawesi

South Sulawesi

Southeast Sulawesi

Lesser Sunda Islands

Bali

East Nusa Tenggara

[6]

West Nusa Tenggara

Maluku Islands

Maluku

North Maluku

New Guinea

Islands near the Indonesian half of New Guinea island.

West Papua

610 islands, 35 inhabited

Papua

See also

References

  1. ^ Faure, Michael; Faure, Michael G. (2006). Prevention and Compensation of Marine Pollution Damage: Recent Developments in Europe, China and the US. Kluwer Law International B.V. p. 99. ISBN 9789041123381.
  2. ^ (in Indonesian) Dari 17.504 Pulau di Indonesia, 16.056 telah diverifikasi PBB - Eko Prasetya - Merdeka - 19 Agustus 2017.
  3. ^ "Hanya ada 13.466 Pulau di Indonesia". National Geographic Indonesia (in Indonesian). 8 February 2012.
  4. ^ CIA World Factbook
  5. ^ Based on "Seminar Nasional Penetapan Nama Pulau-pulau Kecil Dalam Presektif Sejarah" or "National Seminary of Name for Little Islands from History Side", 16 to 18 July 2008 at Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia
  6. ^ Galapagos islands

Bibliography

Alor Island

Alor (Indonesian: Pulau Alor) is the largest island in the Alor Archipelago and is one of the 92 officially listed outlying islands of Indonesia. It is located at the eastern Lesser Sunda Islands that runs through southeastern Indonesia, which from the west include such islands as Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Komodo, and Flores.

To the east of the island across the Ombai Strait lie the islands of Wetar and Atauro, the latter belonging to East Timor. To the south, across the Strait of Alor, lies the western part of Timor. To the north lies the Banda Sea. To the west lies Pantar and the other islands of the Alor archipelago, and further yet the rest of the Sunda Islands.

Alor Island, as well as the rest of its archipelago, is part of East Nusa Tenggara province.

Beras Basah Island

Beras Basah Island is a small island located in the Straits of Makassar and approximately 10 km east off the coast of Borneo. Administratively, this island is under the City of Bontang government and Province of East Kalimantan. The island is known to be a tourist destination as a dive site that provides tropical underwater life.

Borneo

Borneo (; Malay: Pulau Borneo, Indonesian: Kalimantan) is the third-largest island in the world and the largest in Asia. At the geographic centre of Maritime Southeast Asia, in relation to major Indonesian islands, it is located north of Java, west of Sulawesi, and east of Sumatra.

The island is politically divided among three countries: Malaysia and Brunei in the north, and Indonesia to the south. Approximately 73% of the island is Indonesian territory. In the north, the East Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak make up about 26% of the island. Additionally, the Malaysian federal territory of Labuan is situated on a small island just off the coast of Borneo. The sovereign state of Brunei, located on the north coast, comprises about 1% of Borneo's land area. A little more than half of the island is in the Northern Hemisphere including Brunei and the Malaysian portion, while the Indonesian portion spans both the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

Borneo is home to one of the oldest rainforests in the world.

Greater Sunda Islands

The Greater Sunda Islands are a group of four large islands within the Malay Archipelago, comprising Sumatra, Java, Borneo, and Sulawesi.

Indonesian

Indonesian is anything of, from, or related to Indonesia, an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. It may refer to:

Indonesians, citizens of Indonesia

Native Indonesians, diverse groups of local inhabitants of the archipelago

Indonesian women, overview of women's history and contemporary situations

Indonesian language or Bahasa Indonesia, the official language of Indonesia

Indonesian languages, overview of some of the 700 languages spoken in Indonesia

Indonesian names, customs reflecting the multicultural and polyglot nature of Indonesia

Indonesian culture, a complex of indigenous customs and foreign influences

Indonesian art, various artistic expressions and artworks in the archipelago

Indonesian cinema, a struggling and developing industry

Indonesian literature, literature from Indonesia and Southeast Asia with shared language roots

Indonesian music, hundreds of forms of traditional and contemporary music

Indonesian philosophy, a tradition of abstract speculation by Indonesians

Indonesian cuisine, regional and national styles of cooking

Indonesian geography, an overview of the physical environment of Indonesia

Indonesian history, fundamentally shaped by trade

Indonesian wildlife, fauna and ecosystems of Indonesia

Maluku (province)

Maluku is a province of Indonesia. It comprises the central and southern regions of the Maluku Islands. The main city and capital of Maluku province is Ambon on the small Ambon Island. The total population of this province in 2010 in the census results amounted to 1,533,506 people. Maluku is located in Eastern Indonesia. It is directly adjacent to North Maluku and West Papua in the north, Central Sulawesi, and Southeast Sulawesi in the west, Banda Sea, East Timor and East Nusa Tenggara in the south and Arafura Sea and Papua in the east.

Maluku has two main religions, namely Islam which is adhered to by 49.61% of the population of Maluku and Christianity (both Protestantism and Catholicism) which is embraced by 49.16% of the population of Maluku. Maluku is recorded in the history of the world due to conflict or tragedy of humanitarian crisis and sectarian conflict between Islam and Christianity is better known as the Ambon Tragedy. After 2002, Maluku changed its face to become a friendly and peaceful province in Indonesia, for which the world gave a sign of appreciation in the form of World Peace Gong placed at Ambon City Center.

All the Maluku Islands were part of a single province from 1950 until 1999. In 1999, the northern part of Maluku (then comprising the Maluku Utara Regency, the Halmahera Tengah Regency and the City of Ternate) were split off to form a separate province of North Maluku (Indonesian: Maluku Utara).

Medang Island

Not to be confused with Pulau Medang, Senayang, Lingga Islands

Medang Island (Indonesian: Pulau Medang) is an island off the north coast of Sumbawa, west of Moyo Island, in the Flores Sea. It is actually composed of two islands, Medang Besar and Medang Kecil (big and small). There are coral reefs in this area, with sharks and giant sponges.

Nias

Nias (Indonesian: Pulau Nias, Nias language: Tanö Niha) is an island located off the western coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. Nias is also the name of the archipelago (Kepulauan Nias) of which the island is the centre, but also includes the Batu Islands to the south-east and the small Hinako Islands to the west. Nias Island covers an area of 5,121.3 km2 (1,977.3 sq mi) (including the minor offshore islands). It is mostly a lowland area rising to around 800 m (2,600 ft) above sea level. There were 756,338 inhabitants on the island (including the Batu Islands and minor offshore islands) at the 2010 Census. The latest estimate for January 2014 is 788,132.

Nunukan Island

Nunukan is an island within the Nunukan Regency in North Kalimantan Province of Indonesia.

Prajurit

Prajurit (also spelled Pandjurit) is an islet in Indonesia some 3 kilometers (1.9 mi) off the cost of Sumatra in the Sunda Strait.

The planned Sunda Strait Bridge will utilise the islet.

Sulawesi

Sulawesi, formerly known as Celebes (), is an island in Indonesia. One of the four Greater Sunda Islands, and the world's eleventh-largest island, it is situated east of Borneo, west of the Maluku Islands, and south of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago. Within Indonesia, only Sumatra, Borneo and Papua are larger in territory, and only Java and Sumatra have larger populations.

The landmass of Sulawesi includes four peninsulas: the northern Minahasa Peninsula; the East Peninsula; the South Peninsula; and the Southeast Peninsula. Three gulfs separate these peninsulas: the Gulf of Tomini between the northern Minahasa and East peninsulas; the Tolo Gulf between the East and Southeast peninsulas; and the Bone Gulf between the South and Southeast peninsulas. The Strait of Makassar runs along the western side of the island and separates the island from Borneo.

Sundaland

Sundaland (also called the Sundaic region) is a biogeographical region of Southeastern Asia corresponding to a larger landmass that was exposed throughout the last 2.6 million years during periods when sea levels were lower. It includes the Malay Peninsula on the Asian mainland, as well as the large islands of Borneo, Java, and Sumatra and their surrounding islands.

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