List of islands of England

This is a list of islands of England (excluding the mainland which is itself a part of the island of Great Britain), as well as a table of the largest English islands by area and by population.

List of islands

Offshore and inshore islands

St Martins - aerial photo
St Martin's, The Isles of Scilly

To group islands by geographical region, sort the table by "Island Group/Location" (click the icon by the column heading).

Name Island Group/Location
Annet Isles of Scilly
Asparagus Island Cornwall
Baker's Island Langstone Harbour
Birnbeck Island Severn Estuary
Black Nab Saltwick Bay, Whitby
Brownsea Island Poole Harbour
Bryher Isles of Scilly
Burgh Island Devon
Burnt Island Isles of Scilly
Burntwick Island Medway Estuary
Burrow Island Portsmouth Harbour
Canvey Island Thames Estuary
Chapel Island Islands of Furness
Cindery Island Essex
Cobmarsh Island Essex
Coquet Island Northumberland
Crow Island Isles of Scilly
Deadman's Island Medway Estuary
Denny Island Bristol Channel
Drake's Island Devon
Dova Haw Islands of Furness
English Island Isles of Scilly
Foulness Island Essex
Foulney Island Islands of Furness
Fowley Island Chichester Harbour
Furzey Island Poole Harbour
Gigger's Island Poole Harbour
Godrevy Island Cornwall
Gorregan Isles of Scilly
Great Arthur Isles of Scilly
Great Cob Island Essex
Great Ganinick Isles of Scilly
Great Ganilly Isles of Scilly
Great Innisvouls Isles of Scilly
Great Mew Stone Devon
Green Island Isles of Scilly
Green Island Poole Harbour
Gugh Isles of Scilly
Gull Island Hampshire
Guther's Island Isles of Scilly
Gweal Isles of Scilly
Hanjague Isles of Scilly
Havengore Island Essex
Havergate Island Suffolk
Hayling Island Chichester Harbour
Headin Haw Islands of Furness
Hedge-end Island Essex
Hilbre Island Wirral
Horsea Island Portsmouth Harbour
Horsey Island Essex
Inner Farne Farne Islands
Lindisfarne Northumberland
Little Arthur Isles of Scilly
Little Eye Wirral
Little Ganinick Isles of Scilly
Little Ganilly Isles of Scilly
Little Innisvouls Isles of Scilly
Longships Land's End
Long Island Poole Harbour
Long Island Langstone Harbour
Looe Island Cornwall
Lower Horse Essex
Lundy Bristol Channel
Menawethan Isles of Scilly
Merrick Island Isles of Scilly
Mersea Island Essex
Middle Eye Wirral
Mullion Island Cornwall
New England Island Essex
Nornour Isles of Scilly
North Binness Island Langstone Harbour
Northey Island Essex
Old Harry Rocks Dorset
Osea Island Essex
Outer Trial Bank Lincolnshire
Pewit Island Essex
Pewit Island Portsmouth Harbour
Piel Island Islands of Furness
Pilsey Island Chichester Harbour
Plumb Island Isles of Scilly
Portsea Island Hampshire
Potton Island Essex
Puffin Island Isles of Scilly
Ragged Island Isles of Scilly
Ramsey Island Islands of Furness
Read's Island River Humber
Roa Island Islands of Furness
Rosevear Isles of Scilly
Round Island Isles of Scilly
Round Island Poole Harbour
Rushley Island Essex
Scolt Head Island Norfolk
St Agnes Isles of Scilly
St Clement's Isle Cornwall
St Helen's Isles of Scilly
St Martin's Isles of Scilly
St Mary's Isles of Scilly
St Michael's Mount Cornwall
St Mary's Island Tyne and Wear
Samson Isles of Scilly
Sheep Island Islands of Furness
Isle of Sheppey Thames Estuary
Skipper's Island Essex
South Binness Island Langstone Harbour
Staple Island Farne Islands
Steep Holm Bristol Channel
Stert Island Somerset
Stony Island Isles of Scilly
Teän Isles of Scilly
Thatcher Rock Devon
Thorney Island Chichester Harbour
Toll's Island Isles of Scilly
Tresco Isles of Scilly
Two Tree Island Thames Estuary
Wallasea Island Essex
Walney Island Islands of Furness
Wamses Island Farne Islands
Whale Island Portsmouth Harbour
White Island Isles of Scilly
Whitton Island River Humber
Isle of Wight English Channel

Inland islands

There are numerous islands within freshwater lakes and rivers in England. They are most numerous in the Lake District but other concentrations occur within the Norfolk Broads, some major reservoirs and principal rivers.

In the Lake District

To group islands by lake, sort the table by "Lake" (click the icon by the column heading).

Name Lake
Belle Isle Windermere
Blake Holme Windermere
Cherry Holm Ullswater
Crow Holme Windermere
Deergarth How Island Thirlmere
Derwent Isle Derwent Water
Fir Island Coniston Water
Grass Holme Windermere
Hawes How Island Thirlmere
Hen Holme Windermere
Heron Island Rydal Water
Holme Crag Windermere
Holme Islands Crummock Water
Lady Holme Windermere
Lillies of the Valley Windermere
Ling Holme Windermere
Lingy Holm Ullswater
Little Isle Rydal Water
Lord's Island Derwent Water
Maiden Holme Windermere
Norfolk Island Ullswater
Oak Island Coniston Water
Otter Island Derwent Water
Otterbield Island Derwent Water
Peel Island Coniston Water
Ramp Holme Windermere
Rampsholme Island Derwent Water
Rough Holme Windermere
Scale Island Crummock Water
Silver Holme Windermere
St Herbert's Island Derwent Water
Thompson's Holme Windermere
Unnamed island Elter Water
Unnamed island Grasmere
Wall Holm Ullswater
Watness Coy Devoke Water
Wood Howe Haweswater Reservoir
Woodhouse Islands Crummock Water

In the River Thames

See: Islands in the River Thames

Inland islands elsewhere in England

To group islands by location, sort the table by "Location" (click the icon by the column heading).

Name Location
Newark Island[1] River Trent
Alney Island River Severn
Big Island Carsington Water
Bird Island Stocks Reservoir, Lancashire[2]
Bridgemarsh Island River Crouch, Essex
Denny Island Chew Valley Lake
Flat Island Carsington Water
Haddiscoe Island (or Chedgrave Island) between River Waveney, River Yare and New Cut[3]
Horseshoe Island Carsington Water
Lady Island Hornsea Mere
Millfields Island Carsington Water
Peasholm Island Peasholm Lake, Scarborough
Pleasure Island Hickling Broad, Norfolk
Sailing Club Island Carsington Water[4]
Shiningford Island Carsington Water
Swan Island Hornsea Mere
Willow Island Stocks Reservoir, Lancashire

Largest islands in England

Wight
The Isle of Wight, with Portsea Island and Hayling Island also visible in the top right
Rank Island Area (sq mi) Area (km²)
1 Isle of Wight 118.97 380.15
2 Isle of Sheppey 34.45 89.25
3 Foulness Island 11.31 29.30
4 Portsea Island 9.47 24.54
5 Canvey Island 6.96 18.04
6 Mersea Island 6.92 17.94
7 Hayling Island 6.13 15.89
8 Walney Island 5.12 13.27
9 Wallasea Island 4.11 10.65
10 St Mary's 2.54 6.58
11 Lundy 1.72 4.45
12 Tresco 1.15 2.97
13 St Agnes 0.57 1.48
14 Bryher 0.51 1.34

List of English islands by population

Devonshire pub
Many of the residents of Barrow Island still live in traditional tenement blocks
Rank Island Population (2001 UK census)
1 Portsea Island 147,088
2 Isle of Wight 132,731
3 Isle of Sheppey 37,852
4 Canvey Island 37,473
5 Hayling Island 16,887
6 Walney Island 10,651
7 Mersea Island about 7,200
8 Barrow Island 2,616
9 St Mary's 1,668
10 Thorney Island 1,079
11 Foulness Island 212
12 Tresco 180
13 Lindisfarne 162
14 St Martin's 142
15 Roa Island about 100
16 Bryher 92
17 St Agnes 70
18 St Michael's Mount 35 [5] [2011 Census]
19 Lundy about 28
20 Burgh Island about 12
21 Piel Island 4[6]
22 Gugh 3
Horsey Island unknown[7]
Total 396447

Places called "island" or "isle" that are not islands

Some places in the British Isles are called islands or isles, but are not. Some of these were formerly islands surrounded by marshland. Others are peninsulas or just coastal settlements. They include:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Clean River Trust".
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-10. Retrieved 2010-04-24.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-02-22. Retrieved 2008-05-26.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Photographic image - Carsington Water Map" (JPG). Carsingtonbirdclub.co.uk. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Genuki: St Michael's Mount, Cornwall". Genuki.org.uk. Archived from the original on 7 July 2001. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  6. ^ Riley, Sue. "The king of Piel Island brings a modern approach to the monarchy". Lancashire Life. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  7. ^ "Polling District Order Sheet" (PDF). Tendring District Council. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
Geography of England

England comprises most of the central and southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain, in addition to a number of small islands of which the largest is the Isle of Wight. England is bordered to the north by Scotland and to the west by Wales. It is closer to continental Europe than any other part of mainland Britain, divided from France only by a 33 km (21 mi) sea gap, the English Channel. The 50 km (31 mi) Channel Tunnel, near Folkestone, directly links England to mainland Europe. The English/French border is halfway along the tunnel.Much of England consists of low hills and plains, with upland and mountainous terrain in the north and west. Uplands in the north include the Pennines, an upland chain dividing east and west, the Lake District, containing the highest mountains in the country, the Cheviot Hills across the Anglo-Scottish border, and the North York Moors near the North Sea. Uplands in the west include Dartmoor and Exmoor in the south west and the Shropshire Hills near Wales. The approximate dividing line between terrain types is often indicated by the Tees-Exe line. To the south of that line, there are larger areas of flatter land, including East Anglia and the Fens, although hilly areas include the Cotswolds, the Chilterns, and the North and South Downs.

The largest natural harbour in England is at Poole, on the south-central coast. Some regard it as the second largest harbour in the world, after Sydney, Australia, although this fact is disputed (see harbours for a list of other large natural harbours).

Great Britain

Great Britain is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. With an area of 209,331 km2 (80,823 sq mi), it is the largest of the British Isles, the largest European island, and the ninth-largest island in the world. In 2011, Great Britain had a population of about 61 million people, making it the world's third-most populous island after Java in Indonesia and Honshu in Japan. The island of Ireland is situated to the west of Great Britain, and together these islands, along with over 1,000 smaller surrounding islands, form the British Isles archipelago.The island is dominated by a maritime climate with quite narrow temperature differences between seasons. Politically, Great Britain is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and constitutes most of its territory. Most of England, Scotland, and Wales are on the island. The term "Great Britain" is often used to include the whole of England, Scotland and Wales including their component adjoining islands; and is also occasionally but contentiously applied to the UK as a whole in some contexts.A single Kingdom of Great Britain resulted from the union of the Kingdom of England (which had already comprised the present-day countries of England and Wales) and the Kingdom of Scotland by the 1707 Acts of Union. In 1801, Great Britain united with the neighbouring Kingdom of Ireland, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, which was renamed the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" after the Irish Free State seceded in 1922.

Islands of Furness

The Islands of Furness are situated to the south-west and east of the Furness Peninsula. Within England, they are the third biggest collection of islands. They are generally quite small, though at 12.99 km2 Walney Island is the eighth biggest in England. Of these, only Walney Island, Barrow Island, Roa Island and Piel Island are inhabited. The majority of the islands lie within the boundary of the Borough of Barrow-in-Furness, with some 15,000 residents constituting 20% of the district's population. They are the largest group of islands between Anglesey in Wales and the Firth of Clyde in Scotland.

The main islands are:

Walney Island - Population 10,651 (Settlements include Biggar, North Scale, North Walney and Vickerstown)

Barrow Island - Population 2,616

Sheep Island - Population 0

Roa Island - Population ~100

Piel Island - Population ~10

Foulney Island - Population 0

Chapel Island - Population 0As well as these, the small islets of Dova Haw, also known as Crab Island and Headin Haw sit in Walney Channel, whilst the old Ramsey Island is now, like Barrow Island, part of the docks system. Chapel, Piel, Foulney and Sheep Islands are tidal and can be walked to at low tide, with appropriate care. Anyone wishing to walk to Piel and Chapel Islands should seek local advice as fast tides and quicksands can be extremely dangerous.

List of islands of the British Isles

This page is a list of the larger islands that form the British Isles, listing area and population data.

The total area of the islands is 314,965 km2. Great Britain accounts for the larger part of this area at 66%, with Ireland accounting for 26%, leaving the remaining 8%—an area of 23,996 km2—comprising thousands of smaller islands. The largest of the other islands are to be found in the Hebrides and Northern Isles to the north, and Anglesey and the Isle of Man between Great Britain and Ireland. Not included are the Channel Islands which are positioned off the coast of France.

There are 187 permanently inhabited islands in total:

Isle of Man: 2

Republic of Ireland: 62 and part of Ireland

United Kingdom: 123 plus Great Britain and part of Ireland

England: 19 and part of Great Britain

Northern Ireland: 1 and part of Ireland

Scotland: 97 and part of Great Britain (as of the 2001 census, 4 had only a sole permanent occupant, and further 20 had a permanent population of fewer than 10)

Wales: 6 and part of Great BritainThe Isle of Man is a Crown dependency.

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