List of islands of China

This is a list of islands of China.

List of Chinese characters that mean island

  • Dǎo (島 / 岛) — the most generic character for island in the Chinese language
  • (嶼 / 屿) — mainly used around Fujian in the Min Chinese region
  • Shān () — commonly used in the south
  • Shā () — used in the South China Sea outlying islands or islands in rivers
  • Yán (巖 / 岩) or Yántóu (巖頭 / 岩头) — used around Guangdong and Zhejiang
  • Zhì () — mainly used around Zhejiang; historically written as (屿)
  • Ào (嶴 / 岙) — often used around Zhejiang though it has mostly been replaced by ()
  • Tuó () — often used in Northern China
  • Táng () or () — used in Zhejiang
  • (磯 / 矶) — used around Zhejiang and Shandong
  • Zhōu () — used for many islands in rivers
For archipelago/islands
  • Qúndǎo ([羣島] 群島 / 群岛)
  • Lièdǎo (列島 / 列島)
  • Dǎoqún ([島羣] 島群 / 岛群)

Mainland China

Marginal sea base-point islands

Autonomous and disputed regions

Hong Kong

Macau

Taiwan

(Taiwan has never been under the control of the People's Republic of China- it is administered by the Republic of China, independently of the People’s Republic of China.)

Outlying Islands

See also

Caofeidian

Caofeidian (Chinese: 曹妃甸; pinyin: Cáofēidiàn) is a land reclamation-converted economic development zone in Bohai Bay located in the eponymous district of Tangshan, Hebei Province, China.It hosts a large coal and ore discharging port, which forms one of the prime ports of Northern China, namely (from South to North) Tianjin - Jing Tang - Caofedian - Qinhuangdao - YingKou - Bayuquan - Dalian). Caofedian and Jingtang ports are often referred together as Tangshan port, though Tangshan is actually a large inland city away from the shore.

Geography of China

China has great physical diversity. The eastern plains and southern coasts of the country consist of fertile lowlands and foothills. They are the location of most of China's agricultural output and human population. The southern areas of the country (South of the Yangtze River) consist of hilly and mountainous terrain. The west and north of the country are dominated by sunken basins (such as the Gobi and the Taklamakan), rolling plateaus, and towering massifs. It contains part of the highest tableland on earth, the Tibetan Plateau, and has much lower agricultural potential and population.

Traditionally, the Chinese population centered on the Chinese central plain and oriented itself toward its own enormous inland market, developing as an imperial power whose center lay in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River on the northern plains. More recently, the 18,000 km (11,000 mi) coastline has been used extensively for export-oriented trade, causing the coastal provinces to become the leading economic center.

The People's Republic of China has an area of about 9,600,000 km2 (3,700,000 sq mi). The exact land area is sometimes challenged by border disputes, most notably about Taiwan, Aksai Chin, the Trans-Karakoram Tract, and South Tibet. The area of the People's Republic of China is 9,596,960 km2 (3,705,410 sq mi) according to the CIA's The World Factbook. The People's Republic of China is either the third or fourth largest country in the world, being either slightly larger or slightly smaller than the United States depending on how the area of the United States is measured. Both countries are smaller than Russia and Canada and larger than Brazil.

Green Island, Taiwan

Green Island, also known by other names, is a small volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean about 33 km (21 mi) off the eastern coast of Taiwan. It is 15.092 km2 (5.83 sq mi) at high tide and 17.329 km2 (6.69 sq mi) at low tide, making it the Republic of China's seventh-largest island. The island is administered as Lyudao Township, a rural township of Taitung County and one of the county's two offshore areas (the other being Orchid Island). The island once served as a penal colony for political prisoners during Taiwan's period of martial law, although today it is primarily known as a tourist hotspot.

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