List of important publications in philosophy

This is a list of important publications in philosophy, organized by field. The publications on this list are regarded as important because they have served or are serving as one or more of the following roles:

  • Foundation – A publication whose ideas would go on to be the foundation of a topic or field within philosophy.
  • Breakthrough – A publication that changed or added to philosophical knowledge significantly.
  • Influence – A publication that has had a significant impact on the academic study of philosophy or the world.

Historical philosophical texts

European and Islamic philosophy

Ancient philosophy

Medieval philosophy

Advancement of learning
Title page of Advancement of Learning by Francis Bacon

Early modern philosophy

Asian philosophy

Indian philosophy


Chinese philosophy

Japanese philosophy

Contemporary philosophical texts

Phenomenology and existentialism

Hermeneutics and deconstruction

Structuralism and post-structuralism

Critical theory and Marxism



Philosophy of biology

Philosophy of chemistry

Philosophy of mind

Philosophy of physics

Philosophy of psychology

Philosophy of religion

Philosophy of science


Ethics and value theory




Business ethics

  • Tibor R. Machan, The Morality of Business: A Profession for Human Wealthcare (2007)


Social philosophy

Philosophy of economics

Philosophy of education

Philosophy of history

Philosophy of law

Political philosophy

Logic, language, and mathematics

Logic and philosophy of logic

Philosophy of language

Philosophy of mathematics

Chinese and Japanese thought

See also


  1. ^ Palmer, John (2 August 2016). "Parmenides (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford University. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  2. ^ Brickhouse, Thomas; Smith, Nicholas. "Plato (427—347 B.C.E.)". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. ISSN 2161-0002. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  3. ^ Hermeticism has philosophical as well as a religious and esoteric aspect.
  4. ^ The Ordinatio, is taken to be Scotus' premier work.
  5. ^ 'New Confucianism is perhaps the most influential form of Confucian philosophy in the twentieth century: The following essay, published on New Year’s Day 1958, is often referred to as the "New Confucian Manifesto" (even though that particular phrase never occurs in it).


Further reading

Index of philosophical literature

This is a list of philosophical literature articles.

List of important publications in pedagogy

This is a list of important publications in pedagogy, organized by field.

Some reasons why a particular publication might be regarded as important:

Topic creator – A publication that created a new topic

Breakthrough – A publication that changed scientific knowledge significantly

Influence – A publication which has significantly influenced the world or has had a massive impact on the teaching of pedagogy.

Lists of important publications in science

This is a list of lists of important publications in different fields of science.

The publications are organized by field.

Outline of philosophy

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to philosophy:

Philosophy – study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. It is distinguished from other ways of addressing fundamental questions (such as mysticism, myth, or the arts) by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. The word "Philosophy" comes from the Greek philosophia (φιλοσοφία), which literally means "love of wisdom".


Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Such questions are often posed as problems to be studied or resolved. The term was probably coined by Pythagoras (c. 570 – 495 BCE). Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation. Classic philosophical questions include: Is it possible to know anything and to prove it? What is most real? Philosophers also pose more practical and concrete questions such as: Is there a best way to live? Is it better to be just or unjust (if one can get away with it)? Do humans have free will?Historically, "philosophy" encompassed any body of knowledge. From the time of Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle to the 19th century, "natural philosophy" encompassed astronomy, medicine, and physics. For example, Newton's 1687 Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy later became classified as a book of physics. In the 19th century, the growth of modern research universities led academic philosophy and other disciplines to professionalize and specialize. In the modern era, some investigations that were traditionally part of philosophy became separate academic disciplines, including psychology, sociology, linguistics, and economics.

Other investigations closely related to art, science, politics, or other pursuits remained part of philosophy. For example, is beauty objective or subjective? Are there many scientific methods or just one? Is political utopia a hopeful dream or hopeless fantasy? Major sub-fields of academic philosophy include metaphysics ("concerned with the fundamental nature of reality and being"), epistemology (about the "nature and grounds of knowledge [and]...its limits and validity"), ethics, aesthetics, political philosophy, logic and philosophy of science.

  • Computing
  • Mathematics
Natural science
Social science

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