List of highest-attended concerts

The record for biggest concert attendance is held by Vasco Rossi (left) for a ticketed concert and Rod Stewart (right) for a free concert.

Vasco Rossi 2
Rod stewart 05111976 12 400

This page lists the highest-attended concerts of all time. The oldest 100,000-crowd concert reported to Billboard Boxscore is Grateful Dead's gig at the Raceway Park, Englishtown, New Jersey on September 3, 1977. The concert was attended by 107,019 people, which remains the largest ticketed concert in the United States to date. Frank Sinatra, Tina Turner, and Paul McCartney broke the record respectively in Maracanã Stadium. With an audience of over 184,000 people on April 21, 1990, McCartney held the record for 27 years. Italian singer Vasco Rossi surpassed McCartney's record with his solo concert on July 1, 2017. The concert was a celebration of his 40 years of career.

Although the attendance numbers of free concerts are known to be exaggerations,[1] several concerts have been reported to have a million audience or more. According to the Guinness World Records, Rod Stewart's show in Copacabana Beach, Rio de Janeiro, remains the highest-attended free concert with an estimated 3.5 million audience.

Highest-attended concerts

 • Indicates the concert was the highest-attended of all time up to that point

Single-artist concerts

The following are the highest-attended single-artist's ticketed concerts (excluding music festivals) with attendance of 100,000 people or more.

Date Artist Venue City Title Attendance Ref.
July 1, 2017 Vasco Rossi  • Enzo Ferrari Park Modena Modena Park 2017 220,000 [2]
July 31, 1999 Glay  • Makuhari Messe Chiba Glay Expo'99 Survival 200,000 [3]
April 21, 1990 Paul McCartney  • Maracanã Stadium Rio de Janeiro The Paul McCartney World Tour 184,000 [4]
January 16, 1988 Tina Turner  • Maracanã Stadium Rio de Janeiro Break Every Rule World Tour 180,000 [5][6]
January 26, 1980 Frank Sinatra  • Maracanã Stadium Rio de Janeiro Frank Sinatra Live 175,000 [5][7]
September 10, 2005 Luciano Ligabue Aeroporto di Reggio Emilia Reggio Emilia Campovolo 165,264 [8]
July 19, 1988 Bruce Springsteen Radrennbahn Weissensee Berlin Tunnel of Love Express Tour 160,000 [9]
September 20, 1997 U2 Aeroporto di Reggio Emilia Reggio Emilia PopMart Tour 150,000 [10]
March 20, 1981 Queen Estádio do Morumbi São Paulo The Game Tour 131,000 [11]
August 29, 1987 Madonna Parc de Sceaux Paris Who's That Girl World Tour 130,000 [12]
August 5, 1995 The Rolling Stones Strahov Stadium Prague Voodoo Lounge Tour 126,742 [13]
September 11, 1988 Michael Jackson Aintree Racecourse Liverpool Bad World Tour 125,000 [14]
September 7, 1996 Michael Jackson Letná Park Prague HIStory World Tour 125,000 [15]
August 10, 1996 Oasis Knebworth Park Stevenage (What's the Story) Morning Glory? Tour 125,000 [16]
August 11, 1996 125,000
August 1, 2003 Robbie Williams Knebworth Park Stevenage 2003 Tour 125,000 [18]
August 2, 2003 125,000
August 3, 2003 125,000
March 21, 1981 Queen Estádio do Morumbi São Paulo The Game Tour 120,000 [19]
July 25, 1982 The Rolling Stones Roundhay Park Leeds The Rolling Stones European Tour 1982 120,000 [20]
August 9, 1986 Queen Knebworth Park Stevenage Magic Tour 120,000 [21]
November 6, 1993 Madonna Maracanã Stadium Rio de Janeiro The Girlie Show World Tour 120,000 [22]
September 20, 1996 Michael Jackson Bemowo, Airport Warsaw HIStory World Tour 120,000 [23]
July 15, 1987 U2 Santiago Bernabéu Stadium Madrid The Joshua Tree Tour 115,000 [24]
September 3, 1977 Grateful Dead  • Raceway Park Englishtown Terrapin Station Tour 107,019 [25]
November 25, 2017 Ricky Martin Zócalo Mexico City Ricky Martin Live at Zócalo in Mexico City 100,000 [26]

Free concerts

The following are free concerts with reported attendance of one million people or more. It also includes multi-artist festivals which may not be directly comparable with single-artist concerts. Attendance numbers for many of the kinds of events listed here rely on estimations from the promoters and are known to be exaggerations.[1]

Date Headlining artist Location City Event Attendance Ref.
December 31, 1994 Rod Stewart  • Copacabana Beach Rio de Janeiro New Year's Eve 3,500,000 [27]
September 6, 1997 Jean-Michel Jarre State University of Moscow Moscow The 850th Anniversary of Moscow 3,500,000 [28]
July 14, 1990 Jean-Michel Jarre  • La Défense Paris Bastille Day 2,000,000 [29]
September 28, 1991 AC/DC, Pantera, Metallica, The Black Crowes, E.S.T. Tushino Airfield Moscow Monsters of Rock 1,600,000 [30][31]
July 2, 2005 Various artists Philadelphia Museum of Art Philadelphia Live 8 1,500,000 [32]
February 18, 2006 The Rolling Stones Copacabana Beach Rio de Janeiro A Bigger Bang 1,500,000 [33][34]
April 5, 1986 Jean-Michel Jarre  • Downtown Houston Houston Rendez-vous Houston 1,300,000 [35][36]
September 20, 2009 Various artists Plaza de la Revolución Havana Paz Sin Fronteras II 1,100,000 [37][38]

See also


  1. ^ a b Dwyer, Jim (July 23, 2008). "Great Lawn: A Bubble of History Bursts". The New York Times. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
  2. ^ Gottfried, Gideon (June 29, 2017). "Rossi Sets Record In Italy". Pollstar. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "10年ぶりの『GLAY EXPO』をWOWOWで独占生中継!". Oricon (in Japanese). September 18, 2014. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  4. ^ "Arts and Media/Music Feats & Facts/Solo Rock Show Crowd". Guinness World Records. May 25, 2006. Archived from the original on May 25, 2006. Retrieved December 9, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  5. ^ a b "A record 180,000 turn out for Tina". Chicago Sun-Times. January 18, 1988. Archived from the original on December 16, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  6. ^ Company, Johnson Publishing (February 8, 1988). "Jet". Retrieved December 15, 2017 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ Russell, Alan (October 1, 1986). "Guinness Book of World Records 1987". Sterling. Retrieved December 15, 2017 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ "Italian Singer Ligabue Sets First U.S. Tour". Billboard. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  9. ^ "Springsteen going over Berlin Wall". Chicago Sun-Times. July 13, 1988. Archived from the original on December 10, 2017. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  10. ^ "'U2: The Ultimate Music Guide' – on sale now - NME". NME. April 29, 2009. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  11. ^ Henke, James (June 11, 1981). "Queen Holds Court in South America". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 9, 2009.
  12. ^ Bassets, Luis (August 31, 1987). "Madonna convocó en París a 130.000 personas". El País (in Spanish). Madrid: Jesús de Polanco. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
  13. ^ "Boxscore Top 10 Concert Grosses" (PDF). Billboard. August 19, 2017. p. 10. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  14. ^ Wright, Jade (June 27, 2009). "Michael Jackson Liverpool's gig in 1988: Unique star, unique date". liverpoolecho. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  15. ^ "Michael Jackson Statue Plans Draw Protests by Czechs". CBS News. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  16. ^ "No maybe about it, Manchester's Oasis definitely were supersonic". Retrieved December 9, 2017 – via The Belfast Telegraph.
  17. ^ Savage, Mark (August 10, 2016). "Oasis at Knebworth: 20 years since Britpop's biggest gigs". BBC. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  18. ^ Hamilton, James (August 3, 2003). "Robbie gigs make music history and traffic misery". The Sunday Herald. Archived from the original on December 9, 2017. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  19. ^ Henke, James (June 11, 1981). "Queen Holds Court in South America". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 9, 2009.
  20. ^ "Andy Kershaw: The Rolling Stones Guide To Painting And Decorating". Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  21. ^ Michaels, Sean (February 21, 2012). "Queen's show goes on as Adam Lambert replaces Freddie Mercury". The Guardian. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  22. ^ "Madonna Concert Draws 120,000". The Buffalo News. November 8, 1993. Archived from the original on November 29, 2017. Retrieved November 29, 2017.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  23. ^ "Polish bishop sees Michael Jackson's visit as a sign of decline". Presbyterian Record. December 1, 1996. Archived from the original on December 9, 2017. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  24. ^ Gallardo, David (July 15, 2017). "U2 en el Bernabéu: 30 años de un delirio donde se colaron 40.000 personas". El País. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  25. ^ "Billboard Top Boxoffice" (PDF). Billboard. September 17, 2017. p. 39. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  26. ^ "Ricky Martin's Concert in Mexico City Draws More Than 100,000". Billboard. November 28, 2017. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  27. ^ "Arts and Media/Music Feats & Facts/Huge Free Gig". Guinness World Records. May 25, 2006. Archived from the original on May 25, 2006. Retrieved December 14, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  28. ^ "JEAN-MICHEL'S UP FOR THE CUP; Rock Star Jean-Michel Jarre Recalls His Friendship with Princess Diana and Picks His France 98 Winners". The Mirror. Archived from the original on December 16, 2017. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
  29. ^ McWhirter, Norris (December 14, 1993). "The Guinness Book of Records 1993". Bantam Books. Retrieved December 14, 2017 – via Google Books.
  30. ^ Smith, Nathan (August 9, 2012). "No Fences: Garth Brooks & the Fuzzy Math of 10 Mega-Concerts". Retrieved December 14, 2017.
  31. ^ Publicity, Brian Bumbery. "Metallica's "Black Album" Sets New Sales Record". Retrieved December 14, 2017.
  32. ^ Sarah Lyall (July 3, 2005). "Musical Cry to Help Africa's Poor Is Heard Around Globe". Retrieved April 24, 2016.
  33. ^ Rohter, Larry (February 19, 2006). "The Stones Rock 1.5 Million in Rio Days Before Carnival". The New York Times. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  34. ^ "Rolling Stones hold giant Rio gig". BBC. February 19, 2006. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
  35. ^ CNN, Jonathan Hawkins,. "The tragic triumph of the world's largest concert". CNN. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
  36. ^ Hughes, Alex; Reader, Keith (March 11, 2002). "Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture". Routledge. Retrieved December 14, 2017 – via Google Books.
  37. ^ "Hundreds of thousands attend Cuba 'peace concert'". CNN. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
  38. ^ "Juanes' Cuba Concert Details Announced". Billboard. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
(What's the Story) Morning Glory? Tour

(What's the Story) Morning Glory? Tour was a world concert tour by English band Oasis in support of their hugely successful second album (What's the Story) Morning Glory?. The tour, which spanned the UK, Europe, the US and Canada, included 103 shows over a period of several months in 1995 and 1996 amidst twelve different tour legs and several cancelled legs in the US and Australia/New Zealand. The tour started on 22 June 1995 with a pre-Glastonbury festival warm up gig at the Bath Pavilion which featured the debut of new drummer Alan White and several new songs off the album which wasn't to be officially released until early October, and ended on 10 September 1996 at the Nissan Pavilion in Bristow, Virginia, when the band decided to halt touring to focus on the recording of their anticipated third album, Be Here Now.The tour is notable for its UK summer leg of 1996 which consisted of several open-air concerts to record crowds. The tour included such venues as Maine Road in Manchester, Loch Lomond in Scotland, Páirc Uí Chaoimh in Ireland and Knebworth Park in England in which the band played to 250,000 people over two nights. Unprecedented for an open-air concert in the UK at the time, the gig also holds the record for the largest ever ticket demand in history with nearly three million (1 in 20 people) ticket applications.Whilst the tour was taking place, (What's the Story) Morning Glory? had become a worldwide success and Oasis became one of the biggest bands of the era. The Gallagher brothers regularly made tabloid headlines for their frequent fallouts and rockstar lifestyles. The tour had many disruptions and cancellations due to Noel twice walking out of the group, and Liam pulling out of a US leg. When the band broke up for a brief time in late 1996, several US tour dates and the entire Australia and New Zealand leg had to be cancelled. On one such occasion, Oasis were due to perform on MTV unplugged at the Royal Festival Hall in London when Liam pulled out minutes before the group were to take to the stage; citing a sore throat as to why he could not perform. Noel had to take over lead vocals for the entire performance whilst Liam heckled him from a balcony in the crowd. The band later found out that Liam did not like performing acoustically.Nevertheless, the tour had escalated Oasis from being one of the biggest bands in Britain to being one of the biggest bands in the world; resulting in a media frenzy and unprecedented anticipation for the group's third album.

The Earl's Court and Maine Road gigs were filmed and later released as the Oasis VHS/DVD ...There and Then.

2003 Tour (Robbie Williams)

The 2003 Tour was a tour by British singer, Robbie Williams. Supporting his fifth studio album, Escapology, the tour played nearly 40 shows in Europe and Australasia. Officially, the tour was known as the Weekends of Mass Distraction, Cock of Justice and Aussie Typo.

A Bigger Bang (concert tour)

A Bigger Bang was a worldwide concert tour by The Rolling Stones which took place between August 2005 and August 2007, in support of their album A Bigger Bang. At the time, it was the highest grossing tour of all time, earning $558,255,524. It has since been surpassed by U2's 2009 to 2011 U2 360 Tour, now placing second.

Break Every Rule World Tour

Break Every Rule World Tour is the fourth worldwide concert tour by American singer Tina Turner. The tour supported her sixth solo album Break Every Rule. It was sponsored by Pepsi-Cola and broke box office records in 13 different countries. It was the top female concert attraction in 1987–1988 and is the biggest tour, by attendance, for a female artist ever, bringing in over 4 million people.

HIStory World Tour

The History World Tour (stylized as HIStory World Tour) was the final worldwide solo concert tour by American artist Michael Jackson, covering Europe, Africa, Asia, Oceania and North America. The tour included a total of 82 concerts spanning the globe with stops in 57 cities, 35 countries on 5 continents.

List of highest-grossing concert tours

This is an incomplete list of the highest-grossing concert tours. Only tours using reliable references and having grossed over $100 million (adjusted for inflation) have been added to the list. Some of the gross may be higher than reported on this list because not all concerts are reported. Billboard and Pollstar regularly provide the official figure of concerts' gross revenue worldwide.

Tours that span multiple decades are included in the decade that they concluded.

In bold, the tours which, when completed, became the highest-grossing of all time.

Magic Tour (Queen)

The Magic Tour was Queen's final tour with their lead singer Freddie Mercury and their bass guitarist John Deacon, with 26 concert dates in Europe in 1986. The band would not tour again until 19 years later, when the Queen + Paul Rodgers Tour began in 2005, after the death of Mercury on 24 November 1991, and the retirement of Deacon in 1997. The Magic Tour supported the band's album A Kind of Magic.

In 1987, Mercury was diagnosed as having AIDS and the band together made the decision to stop touring, making the concert at Knebworth on 9 August 1986 the last time that the four original members of Queen performed on stage together.Over a million people attended the Queen tour, making it one of the largest ever. Support acts included The Alarm, The Bangles, Big Country, Belouis Some, INXS, Level 42, Marillion, Gary Moore, Status Quo, and Zeno.From this tour, Queen have since released Live at Wembley on VHS, Laserdisc, CD & DVD, Live Magic on CD and Live in Budapest on VHS & Laserdisc (later re-released and retitled as Hungarian Rhapsody: Queen Live in Budapest on DVD, Blu-ray and Deluxe editions).

Modena Park 2017

Modena Park 2017 was a concert performed by Italian rock singer Vasco Rossi on 1 July 2017 in Modena, Italy, to celebrate his 40 years of musical activity. Held at Enzo Ferrari Park, the event broke the world record for the most successful ticketed concert, with a total of 225,173 tickets sold (including 5,000 free tickets).

Paz Sin Fronteras

Paz sin Fronteras (Peace without Borders) refers to a series of free outdoor concerts lead by the Colombian singer Juanes along with other internationally recognized artists. The first string of concerts took place in 2008 along the Colombia-Venezuela border on the Simón Bolivar International Bridge. The second took place in 2009 in Cuba's Plaza de la Revolución (Revolution Square) and a third was planned for Caracas, Venezuela in 2013.The purpose of the first concert was to reaffirm the nonviolence message that Colombians, Venezuelans, and Ecuadorians are South American Brothers, independent of the relation between the political orientation of shifting Governments. It was organized by Juanes, who in turn was the show's host. It took place March 16, 2008 between 1:35 pm and 5:40 pm (GMT) on the Simón Bolivar International Bridge, on the Colombia-Venezuela border located between the city of Cúcuta (specifically the Metropolitan municipality of Villa de Rosario) and the town of San Antonio del Táchira (capital of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela).

Paz sin Fronteras began as an initiative against the 2008 Andean diplomatic crisis that held Ecuador, Colombia, and Venezuela, since Colombian forces invaded Ecuadorian territory in the Santa Rosa Bombardment of 2008. This bombardment took place as a result of the failure of Raul Reyes, second in command of the Colombian Revolutionary Armed Forces (FARC).These border violations of the neighboring country generated a crisis that included the movement of Venezuelan and Ecuadorian troops to the borders. This crisis ended with the Rio Group meeting on Friday, March 7, 2008 in the Dominican Republic.

The artists that participated in the first concert were Alejandro Sanz, Juan Fernando Velasco, Carlos Vives, Juan Luis Guerra, Miguel Bosé, and Ricardo Montaner, in addition to Juanes. None of the artists or the individuals in charge of the concert received any payment for their services, as the event was a free outdoor concert with the purpose of serving as a symbol of peace in the region. According to the calculations, more than 300,000 people attended Paz sin Fronteras.

The second concert took place in the Havana on the stage of La Plaza de la Revolución in front of more than 1,150,000 people. The audience was made up of mostly Cubans, with foreigners including tourists and students. In an unprecedented figure for this kind of show, Juanes and his guests closed the historic concert of Paz Sin Fronteras Project in the Havana.

The artists who attended: Juanes, Olga Tañón, Danny Rivera, Miguel Bose, Victor Manuelle, Luis Eduardo Aute, Juan Fernando Velasco, Jovanotti, Amaury Pérez, Silvio Rodríguez, Orishas, Carlos Varela, X-Alfonso, Cucu Diamantes, Yerba Buena and Los Van Van ended with excitement, singing in a grand chorus for peace, in the second concert of Paz sin Fronteras.

The artistic performance, which exceeded five hours has become since then an unprecedented historic success, both for the number of people who attended and for the international repercussion.

In the words of Olga Tañón, this day surpassed "all the expectations of my life. Thank the people of Cuba for it" Her fellow Puerto Rican, Danny Rivera, was inspired and his declarations made up these verses: “This concert is the seed that grows in the ground, the marvel of the human being transforms into rain, into water, into wind so that the new dream of the human being germinates.”

PopMart Tour

The PopMart Tour was a worldwide concert tour by rock band U2. Launched in support of the group's 1997 album Pop, the tour's concerts were performed in stadiums and parks in 1997 and 1998. Much like the band's previous Zoo TV Tour, PopMart was elaborately staged. Its lavish stage design had a 165-foot-wide (50 m) LED screen, a 100-foot-high (30 m) golden arch, and a large mirror-ball lemon. As with the Zoo TV tour, the band delivered an image and performance that were ironic and self-mocking, deviating from its earnest performances of the 1980s; the band performed in costumes that, along with the PopMart stage design, poked fun at the themes of consumerism and pop culture.

The PopMart Tour's five legs and 93 shows attracted about 3.9 million fans. The tour took U2 to South America, South Africa and Israel for the first time. The tour was booked while the band were still completing Pop, which was planned for release in the 1996 holiday season. However, the recording sessions went long, delaying the release until March 1997 and cutting into rehearsal time for the tour. PopMart, although the second-highest-grossing tour of 1997, was marred by technical difficulties and mixed reviews from critics and fans particularly in the United States. The tour was depicted on the concert film PopMart: Live from Mexico City.

Rendez-vous Houston

Rendez-vous Houston: A City in Concert was a live performance by musician Jean Michel Jarre amidst the skyscrapers of downtown Houston on the evening of April 5, 1986, coinciding with the release of the Rendez-Vous album. For a period of time, it held a place in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest outdoor "rock concert" in history, with figures varying from 1 to 1.5 million in attendance. Rendez-vous Houston is remembered for being the concert which celebrated the astronauts of the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster, which had happened only two and a half months earlier. One of Jarre's friends, astronaut Ron McNair, had been killed in the disaster. He was supposed to play the saxophone from space during the track "Last Rendez-Vous"; his substitute for the concert was Houston native Kirk Whalum.

The Girlie Show World Tour

The Girlie Show World Tour (also referred to as simply The Girlie Show) was the fourth concert tour by American singer and songwriter Madonna, in support of her fifth studio album, Erotica. The tour visited the Americas, Europe, Asia, and Australia for the first time, selling 360,000 tickets in this leg only. Madonna's inspiration for the name of the tour was a painting called "Girlie Show" by Edward Hopper. The tour is estimated to have grossed over US$70 million. Two separate television specials were broadcast during the tour, one made during the Japanese leg of the tour and shown only on Japanese television; Madonna Live in Japan 1993 – The Girlie Show, and an HBO special Madonna Live Down Under – The Girlie Show which was later released in 1994 by Warner Music Vision on home video.

The Joshua Tree Tour

The Joshua Tree Tour was a concert tour by the Irish rock band U2, which took place during 1987, in support of their album The Joshua Tree. The tour was depicted by the video and live album Live from Paris and in the film and part-live album Rattle and Hum.

The Paul McCartney World Tour

The Paul McCartney World Tour was a worldwide concert tour by Paul McCartney during 1989 and 1990. It was McCartney's first major tour outing in ten years, since Wings UK Tour 1979, and his first world tour in thirteen years, since the 1976 Wings Over the World tour. It was also his first tour under his name.

While the tour coincided with the release of his Flowers in the Dirt album, it was thematically more about finally embracing his Beatles past, including for the first time, in any of his tours, a substantial number of Beatles songs in the set list.

The tour was documented by the 1990 live albums Tripping the Live Fantastic and Tripping the Live Fantastic: Highlights!, and the 1991 concert film Get Back. A one-hour tour documentary was also aired on Channel 4 TV in the UK, titled From Rio to Liverpool.

The Rolling Stones European Tour 1982

The Rolling Stones' European Tour 1982 was a concert tour of Europe to promote the album Tattoo You. It was in effect the European continuation of their long and successful 1981 US tour, and promoted by Bill Graham. It was during the Berlin concert on 8 June 1982 that thousands of balloons were released, inspiring a member of the audience, the guitarist Carlo Karges from the band Nena to write the song "99 Luftballons", which became a worldwide hit. The final show of the tour has been released as Live at Leeds; the tour was the last the Stones would conduct for seven years.

Tunnel of Love Express Tour

The Tunnel of Love Express was a concert tour by Bruce Springsteen and featuring The E Street Band along with The Horns of Love that took place in 1988. It followed by four and a half months the release of Springsteen's 1987 album, Tunnel of Love. Considerably shorter in duration than most Springsteen tours before or since, it played limited engagements in most cities, leading to tickets being in great demand. Shows were held in arenas in the U.S. and stadiums in Europe and included an historic performance in East Berlin.

Coming on the heels of the massively successful Born in the U.S.A. Tour, the Tunnel of Love Express was designed to disorient Springsteen's audiences. A theatrical entrance began the show, a full horn section appeared, band members were rearranged from their customary positions, and on-stage spontaneity was kept to a minimum. Set lists were unusually static, and many of Springsteen's most popular concert numbers were omitted altogether. Instead, the shows featured Springsteen B-sides and outtakes as well as renditions of obscure genre songs by others. Critical reaction to the concerts was generally favorable, with some mixed reviews, while audiences were sometimes baffled.

The show featured backup singer Patti Scialfa brought center stage and the object of sexually themed presentations unusual for Springsteen. That, combined with the dour nature of many Tunnel of Love songs, led to speculation that Springsteen's marriage to Julianne Phillips was troubled. Further visual evidence of Springsteen and Scialfa becoming a couple emerged as the tour progressed, his separation from Phillips was officially confirmed, and for the first time Springsteen became the subject of a tabloid fervor. Springsteen and Scialfa eventually married, and the Tunnel of Love Express shows were the last full-length ones Springsteen would play with the E Street Band for eleven years.

Voodoo Lounge Tour

The Voodoo Lounge Tour was a worldwide concert tour by The Rolling Stones to promote their 1994 album Voodoo Lounge. This was their first tour without bassist Bill Wyman, and their first with touring bassist Darryl Jones. The tour grossed $320 million, replacing Pink Floyd's Division Bell tour as the highest grossing of any artist at that time. This was subsequently overtaken by a few other tours, but it remains The Rolling Stones' second highest grossing tour behind their 2005–2007 A Bigger Bang Tour."There were lots of hacks out there who said we couldn't do it anymore", remarked Mick Jagger. "But maybe what they meant was they couldn't do it anymore. Anyway, once we started playing, all that died down. You can talk about it and talk about it – but, once we're onstage, the question is answered."Production design was by Mark Fisher, Charlie Watts, Mick Jagger and Patrick Woodroffe. Graphic design and video animation was by Mark Norton. Total attendance 6.5 million.

Who's That Girl World Tour

Who's That Girl World Tour was the second concert tour by American singer and songwriter Madonna. The tour supported her 1986 third studio album True Blue, as well as the 1987 soundtrack Who's That Girl. It was Madonna's first world tour, reaching Asia, North America and Europe. Musically and technically superior to her previous initiative, the Who's That Girl Tour incorporated multimedia components to make the show more appealing.

Madonna trained physically doing aerobics, jogging and weight-lifting, to cope with the choreography and the dance routines. For the costumes, she collaborated with designer Marlene Stewart, expanding on the idea of bringing her popular video characters to life onstage, reworking scenes from her music videos. The stage had four video screens, multimedia projectors and a flight of stairs in the middle. Patrick Leonard, who was the music director, encouraged Madonna to go with the idea of remixing and presenting her older songs for the show. The title Who's That Girl came to Madonna's mind when during rehearsals one-day when she looked at a gigantic image of herself, projected on a screen on the stage.

The show consisted of seven costume changes, with song-and-dance routines, theatrics and addressing social causes. The tour was critically appreciated, with reviewers commending the extravagant nature of the concert and Madonna as a performer. It was a commercial success, grossing in total of US $25 million ($55.13 million in 2018 dollars) by playing in front of 1.5 million audience. According to Pollstar, it was the second highest-grossing female concert tour of 1987, behind Tina Turner's Break Every Rule Tour.

Who's That Girl was broadcast in a number of international television channels and was released in VHS titled Ciao Italia: Live from Italy. Biographer J. Randy Taraborrelli commented that "Many female artists behave like a diva for a period when they reach superstar status, and the 'Who's That Girl?' tour marked the beginning of Madonna's." It is also noted for giving rise to the term "new Madonna", a stronger and more intelligent sexual image of her former self which had given rise to the term Madonna wannabe. A statue of Madonna, wearing a conical bra, was erected in her name at the center of the town of Pacentro in Italy, where her ancestors used to live.

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