List of guns and mortars used by the Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery

The following is a list of guns and mortars used by the Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery (RAA) since its formation in 1901. The corps is currently undergoing a period of change, acquiring a new light air-portable 155 mm guns, precision guided munitions and a networked command and fire control system. Meanwhile, a number of Army Reserve regiments are re-equipping with mortars as part of a process of rationalisation.[1]

8-12 Med Regt (USMC)
M198 Howitzers from the 8th/12th Medium Regiment firing during an exercise in 2001

Guns and mortars used by the RAA

Weapon Calibre Origin Type In service Notes
Guns
18-pounder QF Gun 3.3 inch (84 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1906–1945 [1]
4.5-inch QF Howitzer 4.5 inch (114 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1916–1945 [1]
8-inch BL Howitizer 8 inch (203 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1916–1918 [1]
9.2-inch BL Howitzer 9.2 inch (234 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1916–1918 [1]
6-inch 26-cwt BL Howitzer 6 inch (152 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1920–1946 [1]
60-pounder BL Gun 5 inch (127 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1920–1944 [1]
18/25-pounder QF Gun 3.45 inch (87.6 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1940–1941 [1]
25-pounder QF Gun 3.45 inch (87.6 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1943–1946 [1]
M1917/M1918 Gun 155 mm  United States Towed artillery 1941–1945 [1]
Short 25-pounder QF Gun 3.45 inch (87.6 mm)  Australia /  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1943–1946 [1]
3.7-inch Mountain Howitzer 3.7 inch (94 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1942–1943 [1]
QF Pack Howitzer 75 mm  United States Towed artillery 1943–1955 [1]
M1 'Long Tom' Gun 155 mm  United States Towed artillery 1943–? [1]
5.5-inch BL Gun 5.5 inch (140 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1942–1983 [1]
Yeramba SP 25-pounder Gun 3.45 inch (87.6 mm)  Australia Self-propelled artillery 1949–1957 [1]
M2A2 Howitzer 105 mm  United States Towed artillery 1959–Present [1]
L5 Pack Howitzer 105 mm  Italy Towed artillery 1963–1992 [1][2]
M198 Howitzer 155 mm  United States Towed artillery 1983–Present [1]
L118/L119 Hamel Light Gun 105 mm  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1988–Present [1]
M777 Howitzer 155 mm  United Kingdom /  United States Towed artillery 2010–Present [3]
Mortars
2-inch Trench Mortar 2 inch (50.8 mm)  United Kingdom Mortar 1916–1918 [1]
6-inch Trench Mortar 6 inch (152 mm)  United Kingdom Mortar 1917–1918 [1]
9.45-inch Trench Mortar 9.45 inch (240 mm)  France Mortar 1916–1918 [1]
3-inch Trench Mortar 3.209 inch (81.5 mm)  United Kingdom Mortar 1940–1942 [1]
4.2-inch Mortar 4.2 inch (107 mm)  United States Mortar 1942–? [1]
F2 Mortar 81 mm  United Kingdom Mortar 2010–Present

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Dennis et al 2008, pp. 50–51.
  2. ^ "Artillery Register: L5 Pack Howitzer Mangrove Mountain Memorial Club". Royal Australian Artillery Historical Company. 12 December 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  3. ^ Bergmann, Kym (23 October 2010). "Push is on to bring out the big guns". The Australian. News Limited. Retrieved 4 January 2011.

References

  • Dennis, Peter; Grey, Jeffrey; Morris, Ewan; Prior, Robin; Bou, Jean (2008). The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (Second ed.). Melbourne, Victoria: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-551784-2.

Further reading

  • Gower, Stephen (1981). Guns of the Regiment. Canberra: Australian War Memorial. ISBN 0642896887.
Royal Australian Artillery

The Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery, normally referred to as the Royal Australian Artillery (RAA), is a Regiment of the Australian Army descended from the original colonial artillery units prior to Australia's federation. Australia's first guns were landed from HMS Sirius and a small earthen redoubt built, near the present day Macquarie Place, to command the approaches to Sydney Cove. The deployment of these guns represents the origins of artillery in Australia. These and subsequent defences, as well as field guns, were operated by marines and the soldiers of infantry regiments stationed in Australia. The first Royal Artillery unit arrived in Australia in 1856 and began a succession of gunner units which ended with the withdrawal of the imperial forces in 1870 resulting in the raising of the Victorian Artillery Corps in Melbourne in 1870 and the New South Wales Artillery in Sydney in 1871. The First World War saw the raising of 60 field, 20 howitzer and two siege batteries along with the heavy and medium trench mortar batteries. Until 19 September 1962 the Australian Artillery was referred to as the 'Royal Australian Artillery', however on this date HM Queen Elizabeth II granted the RAA the title of 'The Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery'. The Regiment today consists of Regular and Reserve units.

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