List of former German colonies

This is a list of former German colonies and protectorates (German: Schutzgebiete) established by the German Empire, Brandenburg-Prussia and the Habsburg Monarchy. This list may be incomplete, you can help by expanding it.

Deutsche Kolonien
German colonies throughout history:
  German Empire
  Colonies of the German Empire
  Prussian-Brandenburg colonies
  "Little Venice"

Brandenburg–Prussian colonies

These were colonies unsuccessfully settled by Brandenburg-Prussia (part of the Holy Roman Empire realm), since 1701 Kingdom of Prussia, before the foundation of the German Empire in 1871.


North America

These territories were held briefly under lease or occupation during the early European colonizations of the New World.

Habsburg colonies

These were colonies of the Habsburg Monarchy (part of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation realm), since 1804 Austrian Empire, since 1867 Austria-Hungary.

Imperial German colonies

These are colonies settled by and controlled by the German Empire from 1884 to 1919. Those territories constituted the German Colonial Empire.


The following were German African protectorates:

Colonial Africa 1913 Germany map
German colonies in Africa, 1884–1920


These were German colonies in the Pacific:

German colonies in southern Pacific: Kaiserwilhelmsland and the Bismarck Archipelago (Solomon Islands, Marshall Islands, Caroline Islands)
Colonial Possessions and Protectorates of the German Empire, 1883–1920, confirmed by Treaty, International Agreement, or Purchase


These Treaty ports were German concessions in China, leased to it by the Qing Dynasty.


  • The German Caribbean was colonised briefly in the nineteenth century.

See also

Sources and external links

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Index of Colonies and Dependencies

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