List of endemic species of Taiwan

The endemic species of Taiwan are organisms that are endemic to the island of Taiwan— that is, they occur nowhere else on Earth.

Percentages of endemic animals of all living species in Taiwan.

Percentages of endemic plants of all living species in Taiwan.[1]

Endemic mammals

長鬃山羊
Formosan serow
Formosan macaque
Formosan macaque
  1. Formosan serowNaemorhedus swinhoei (Gray)
  1. Formosan shrewSoriculus fumidus Thomas
  2. Tada's shrew – Crocidura tadae Tokuda & Kano
  3. Koshun shrew – Soriculus sodalis Thomas
  1. Formosan field vole – Apodemus semotus Thomas
  2. Spinous country-rat – Niviventer coxingi (Swinhoe)
  3. Formosan white-bellied rat – Niviventer culturatus (Thomas)
  4. Kikuchi's field vole – Microtus kikuchii (Kuroda)
  1. Formosan macaqueMacaca cyclopis (Swinhoe)
  1. Formosan long-eared bat – Plecotus taivanus Yoshiyuki
  2. Formosan mouse-eared bat – Myotis taiwanensis Linde
  3. Formosan tube-nosed bat – Murina puta Kishida
  4. Yellow-necked bat – Arielulus torquatus Gabor & Lee
  5. Formosan broad-muzzled bat – Myotis latirostris Kishida
  6. Formosan leaf-nosed bat – Hipposideros terasensis Kisida
  7. Formosan greater horseshoe bat – Rhinolophus formosae Sanborn
  8. Formosan lesser horseshoe batRhinolophus monoceros Andersen

Endemic birds

Urocissa caerulea
Taiwan blue magpie
Myophonus insularis
Taiwan whistling thrush
Mikado Pheasant 398
Mikado pheasant

17 endemic bird species and another 60 endemic subspecies of Taiwan have been identified (out of a total of 569 bird species). The seventeen endemic species make up about 3% of all birds living in Taiwan.

  1. Yellow titParus holsti Seebohm
  2. White-whiskered laughingthrushGarrulax morrisonianus (Ogilvie-Grant)
  3. White-eared sibiaHeterophasia auricularis (Swinhoe)
  4. Taiwan yuhinaYuhina brunneiceps Ogilvie-Grant
  5. Taiwan barwingActinodura morrisoniana Ogilvie-Grant
  6. Steere's liocichlaLiocichla steerii Swinhoe
  7. Taiwan blue magpieUrocissa caerulea (Gould)
  8. Styan's bulbulPycnonotus taivanus Styan
  9. Taiwan whistling thrushMyophonus insularis Gould
  10. Collared bush robinTarsiger johnstoniae (Ogilvie-Grant)
  11. FlamecrestRegulus goodfellowi Ogilvie-Grant
  12. Taiwan bush warblerBradypterus alishanensis
  13. Taiwan hwameiGarrulax taewanus
  1. Taiwan hill partridgeArborophila crudigularis (Swinhoe)
  2. Mikado pheasantSyrmaticus mikado (Ogilivie-Grant)
  3. Swinhoe's pheasantLophura swinhoii (Gould)
  1. Taiwan barbetMegalaima nuchalis

Endemic reptiles

  1. Formosan smooth skink – Scincella formosensis (Van Denburgh)
  2. Taiwan forest skink – Sphenomorphus taiwanensis Chen & Lue
  3. Lanyu scaly-toed geckoLepidodactylus yami Ota
  4. Kikuchi's gecko – Gekko kikuchii (Oshima)
  5. Gekko guishanicus Lin and Yao, 2016
  6. Short-legged japalureDiploderma brevipes Gressitt
  7. Diploderma luei Ota, Chen & Shang, 1998
  8. Maki's japalura – Diploderma makii Ota
  9. Swinhoe's japaluraDiploderma swinhonis Gunther
  10. Formosan legless lizard – Ophisaurus formosensis Kishida
  11. Formosan grass lizard – Takydromus formosanus Boulenger
  12. Sauteri grass lizard – Takydromus sauteri Van Denburgh
  13. Hsuehshan grass lizard – Takydromus hsuehshanensis Lin & Cheng
  14. Stejneger's grass lizard – Takydromus stejnegeri Van Denburgh
  15. Hengchun blind snake – Typhlops koshunensis Oshima
  16. Taiwan slug-eating snakePareas formosensis (Van Dengurgh)
  17. Formosa odd-scaled snakeAchalinus formosanus Boulenger
  18. Black odd-scaled snakeAchalinus niger Maki
  19. Maki's keelbackHebius miyajimae Maki
  20. Swinhoe's grass snakeRhabdophis swinhonis (Günther)
  21. Formosa coral snakeSinomicrurus sauteri (Steindachner)
  22. Taiwan pit viperTrimeresurus gracilis Oshima

Endemic amphibians

  • Order Anura (frogs and toads)
  1. Central Formosan toad – Bufo bankorensis
  2. Stejneger's narrow-mouthed toad – Micryletta steinegeri
  3. Swinhoe's brown frog — Odorrana swinhoana
  4. Taipa frog — Rana longicrus
  5. Sauter's brown frog — Rana sauteri
  6. Ota's stream tree frog – Buergeria otai
  7. Robust Buerger's frogBuergeria robusta
  8. Kurixalus berylliniris
  9. Temple treefrog – Kurixalus idiootocus
  10. Kurixalus wangi
  11. Farmland green treefrog – Rhacophorus arvalis
  12. Orange-belly treefrog – Rhacophorus aurantiventris
  13. Moltrecht's green tree frogRhacophorus moltrechti
  14. Emerald green treefrogRhacophorus prasinatus
  15. Taipei green treefrog – Rhacophorus taipeianus
  • Order Urodela (salamanders and newts)
  1. Alishan salamanderHynobius arisanensis
  2. Formosan salamanderHynobius formosanus
  3. Taiwan lesser salamanderHynobius fuca
  4. Nanhu salamanderHynobius glacialis
  5. Sonani's salamander – Hynobius sonani

Endemic freshwater fishes

Oncorhynchus masou formosanus
Formosan landlocked salmon
  1. Taitung river loachHemimyzon taitungensis Tzeng et Shen
  2. Formosan river loach – Hemimyzon formosanus (Boulenger)
  3. Shen's river loach – Hemimyzon sheni Chen et Fang
  4. River loach – Formosania lacustris (Steindachner)
  5. Pulin river loach – Sinogastromyzon puliensis Liang
  6. Rasborinus macrolepis (Regan) (extinct)
  7. Pararasbora moltrechti Regan
  8. Acrossocheilus paradoxus (Günther)
  9. Lake Candidus dace – Candidia barbata (Regan)
  10. Microphysogobio alticorpus Banarescu et Nalbant
  11. Taiwan ku fish – Onychostoma alticorpus (Oshima)
  12. Freshwater minnow – Opsariichthys pachycephalus Günther
  13. Gobiobotia cheni Banarescu et Nalbant
  14. Microphysogobio brevirostris (Günther)
  15. Aphyocypris kikuchii (Oshima)
  16. Squalidus iijimae (Oshima)
  1. Goby – Rhinogobius gigas Aonuma et Chen
  2. Goby – Rhinogobius formosanus Oshima
  3. Goby – Cryptocentrus yatsui Tomiyama
  4. Goby – Rhinogobius nantaiensis Aonuma et Chen
  5. Goby – Rhinogobius henchuenensis Chen et Shao
  6. Goby – Rhinogobius delicatus Chen et Shao
  7. Goby – Rhinogobius maculafasciatus Chen et Shao
  8. Goby – Rhinogobius rubromaculatus Lee et Chang
  9. Goby – Myersina yangii (Chen) (extinct)
  10. Goby – Rhinogobius lanyuensis Chen, Miller et Fang
  1. Formosan trooent catfish – Liobagrus formosanus Regan
  2. Bagrid catfish – Pseudobagrus adiposalis Oshima
  3. Bagrid catfish – Pseudobagrus brevianalis Regan
  1. Ariake icefish – Salanx acuticeps Regan (extinct)
  1. Formosan landlocked salmonOncorhynchus formosanus (Jordan et Oshima)

See also

References

  1. ^ Hsieh, C. F. (2002) Composition, endemism and phytogeographical affinities of the Taiwan Flora. Taiwania 47(4): 298-310.

External links

Houtong Cat Village

The Houtong Cat Village or Houdong Cat Village (Chinese: 猴硐貓村; pinyin: Hóudòng Māo Cūn) is a village in Ruifang District, New Taipei, Taiwan famous for its cat population.

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.