New Caledonia has a single endemic family, the Rhynochetidae.
Birdlife International has defined the whole of New Caledonia—the main island of Grande Terre, the Loyalty Islands (Ouvéa, Lifou and Maré), the Île des Pins and other smaller surrounding islands—as an Endemic Bird Area (EBA).
The following is a list of species endemic to New Caledonia. Except where indicated, the species is only found on Grande Terre.
The following restricted-range species are also found in this EBA:
Endemism in birds