List of endangered insects

  1. ^ excludes data deficient evaluations.
  2. ^ NT, LR/cd, LC.
  3. ^ Threatened comprises CR, EN and VU. Upper estimate additionally includes DD.
  4. ^ Chart omits extinct (EX) species
Status iucn3.1 EN
Endangered (EN) species are considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild.

As of July 2017, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 343 endangered insect species.[1] 5.7% of all evaluated insect species are listed as endangered. The IUCN also lists 21 insect subspecies as endangered.

No subpopulations of insects have been evaluated by the IUCN.

For a species to be considered endangered by the IUCN it must meet certain quantitative criteria which are designed to classify taxa facing "a very high risk of extinction". An even higher risk is faced by critically endangered species, which meet the quantitative criteria for endangered species. Critically endangered insects are listed separately. There are 538 insect species which are endangered or critically endangered.

Additionally 1702 insect species (28% of those evaluated) are listed as data deficient, meaning there is insufficient information for a full assessment of conservation status. As these species typically have small distributions and/or populations, they are intrinsically likely to be threatened, according to the IUCN.[2] While the category of data deficient indicates that no assessment of extinction risk has been made for the taxa, the IUCN notes that it may be appropriate to give them "the same degree of attention as threatened taxa, at least until their status can be assessed."[3]

This is a complete list of endangered insect species and subspecies as evaluated by the IUCN.

1 extinct in the wild insect species (0.02%)195 critically endangered insect species (3.3%)343 endangered insect species (5.7%)608 vulnerable insect species (10%)301 near threatened insect species (5.0%)2843 least concern insect species (47%)1702 data deficient insect species (28%)Circle frame.svg
  •   Extinct in the wild (EW): 1 species
  •   Critically endangered (CR): 195 species
  •   Endangered (EN): 343 species
  •   Vulnerable (VU): 608 species
  •   Near threatened (NT, LR/cd): 301 species
  •   Least concern (LC): 2,843 species
  •   Data deficient (DD): 1,702 species
Insect species (IUCN, 2016.1)
  • 5993 extant species have been evaluated
  • 4291 of those are fully assessed[a]
  • 3144 are not threatened at present[b]
  • 1146 to 2848 are threatened[c]
  • 59 to 105 are extinct or extinct in the wild:
    • 58 extinct (EX) species[d]
    • 1 extinct in the wild (EW)
    • 46 possibly extinct [CR(PE)]
    • 0 possibly extinct in the wild [CR(PEW)]

  1. ^ excludes data deficient evaluations.
  2. ^ NT, LR/cd, LC.
  3. ^ Threatened comprises CR, EN and VU. Upper estimate additionally includes DD.
  4. ^ Chart omits extinct (EX) species

Blattodea

  • Hololeptoblatta minor
  • Miriamrothschildia aldabrensis
  • Miriamrothschildia biplagiata
  • Miriamrothschildia mahensis
  • Gerlach's cockroach (Nocticola gerlachi)
  • Theganopteryx lunulata
  • Theganopteryx minuta

Orthoptera

There are 91 species and two subspecies in the order Orthoptera assessed as endangered.

Lentulids

  • Slender restio grasshopper (Betiscoides meridionalis)
  • Small restio grasshopper (Betiscoides parva)
  • Robust restio grasshopper (Betiscoides sjostedti)

Tetrigids

Euschmidtiids

  • Jagos monkey grasshopper (Chromomastax jagoi)
  • Ufipa monkey grasshopper (Euschmidtia fitzgeraldi)
  • Tanga monkey grasshopper (Euschmidtia tangana)

Mogoplistids

  • Arachnocephalus subsulcatus
  • Ectatoderus aldabrae
  • Ectatoderus nigriceps
  • Ectatoderus squamiger
  • Ornebius stenus
  • Ornebius syrticus

Pamphagids

  • Parnassos stone grasshopper (Glyphanus obtusus)
  • Groovy stone grasshopper (Kurtharzia sulcata)
  • Slender stone grasshopper (Orchamus gracilis)
  • Karpathos stone grasshopper (Orchamus kaltenbachi)
  • Chopard's stone grasshopper (Paranocarodes chopardi)
  • Eastern stone grasshopper (Prionotropis hystrix)
  • Willemse's stone grasshopper (Prionotropis willemsorum)
  • Purpurarian stone grasshopper (Purpuraria erna)
  • Lanzarote stick grasshopper (Purpuraria magna)

Crickets

Species

  • Seychelles palm cricket (Metioche bolivari)
  • Laricis tree cricket (Oecanthus laricis)
  • Orthoxiphus nigrifrons
  • Phaeogryllus fuscus
  • Scottiola salticiformis
  • Seychelles short-winged cricket (Seychellesia longicercata)
  • Seychellesia patellifera
  • Zarceus major

Subspecies

  • Phaloria insularis insularis

Acridids

  • Uluguru slender grasshopper (Acanthoxia aculeus)
  • Tanzanian coast grasshopper (Acteana alazonica)
  • Uluguru forest edge grasshopper (Afrophlaeoba euthynota)
  • Rubeho forest edge grasshopper (Afrophlaeoba longicornis)
  • Nguru forest edge grasshopper (Afrophlaeoba nguru)
  • Uluguru dusky grasshopper (Aresceutica morogorica)
  • Usambara dusky grasshopper (Aresceutica subnuda)
  • Ferdinand's grasshopper (Chorthippus ferdinandi)
  • Karaman grasshopper (Chorthippus relicticus)
  • Sicilian cross-backed grasshopper (Dociostaurus minutus)
  • Seychelles palm grasshopper (Enoplotettix gardineri)
  • Usambara noble grasshopper (Eupropacris pompalis)
  • Uvinza grasshopper (Hadrolecocatantops uvinza)
  • Lila Downs' friar grasshopper (Liladownsia fraile)
  • Sardinian match grasshopper (Ochrilidia nuragica)
  • Chelmos mountain grasshopper (Oropodisma chelmosi)
  • Karavica mountain grasshopper (Oropodisma karavica)
  • Parnassos mountain grasshopper (Oropodisma parnassica)
  • Tymphrestos mountain grasshopper (Oropodisma tymphrestosi)
  • Tymphi mountain grasshopper (Peripodisma tymphii)
  • Pternoscirtus aldabrae
  • Dinarian grasshopper (Rammeihippus dinaricus)
  • Gran Canaria sand grasshopper (Sphingonotus guanchus)
  • Knotty sand grasshopper (Sphingonotus nodulosus)
  • Club toothed grasshopper (Stenobothrus clavatus)
  • Zayante band-winged grasshopper (Trimerotropis infantilis)
  • Santa Monica Mountains grasshopper (Trimerotropis occidentaloides)
  • Lompoc grasshopper (Trimerotropis occulens)

Tettigoniids

  • Brown false shieldback (Aroegas fuscus)
  • Big-bellied glandular bush-cricket (Bradyporus macrogaster)
  • Cyprian red-headed bush-cricket (Bucephaloptera cypria)
  • Gran Canaria green bush-cricket (Calliphona alluaudi)
  • Gomera green bush-cricket (Calliphona gomerensis)
  • Palma green bush-cricket (Calliphona palmensis)
  • Lesotho meadow katydid (Conocephalus basutoanus)
  • Striped restio katydid (Conocephalus vaginalis)
  • Mount Ida marbled bush-cricket (Eupholidoptera astyla)
  • Spiny marbled bush-cricket (Eupholidoptera spinigera)
  • Kawanaphila pachomai
  • Chelmos Greek bush-cricket (Parnassiana chelmos)
  • Tymphi Greek bush-cricket (Parnassiana tymphiensis)
  • Tymphrestos Greek bush-cricket (Parnassiana tymphrestos)
  • Rentz's ambush katydid (Peringueyella rentzi)
  • Lucas' dark bush-cricket (Pholidoptera lucasi)
  • Psacadonotus insulanus
  • Lesina bush-cricket (Rhacocleis buchichii)
  • Seychelles predatory bush-cricket (Seselphisis visenda)
  • Jambila seedpod shieldback (Thoracistus jambila)
  • Seedpod shieldback (Thoracistus semeniphagus)
  • Inflated seedpod shieldback (Thoracistus thyraeus)
  • Throscodectes xederoides
  • Throscodectes xiphos
  • Adriatic marmored bush-cricket (Zeuneriana marmorata)

Phaneropterids

Species

  • Tree winter katydid (Brinckiella arboricola)
  • Cyprian plump bush-cricket (Isophya mavromoustakisi)
  • Epiros bright bush-cricket (Poecilimon gracilioides)
  • Paros bright bush-cricket (Poecilimon paros)
  • Pindos bright bush-cricket (Poecilimon pindos)
  • Soulion bright bush-cricket (Poecilimon soulion)

Subspecies

  • Isophya longicaudata longicaudata

Hymenoptera

Lepidoptera

Lepidoptera comprises moths and butterflies. There are 51 species in the order Lepidoptera assessed as endangered.

Swallowtail butterflies

Lycaenids

Nymphalids

Other Lepidoptera species

Beetles

There are 72 beetle species assessed as endangered.

Dytiscids

Stag beetles

Geotrupids

  • Ceratophyus martinezi
  • Ceratophyus rossii
  • Thorectes balearicus
  • Thorectes baraudi
  • Thorectes castillanus
  • Thorectes catalonicus
  • Thorectes chersinus
  • Thorectes coiffaiti
  • Thorectes distinctus
  • Thorectes hernandezi
  • Thorectes hispanus
  • Thorectes orocantabricus
  • Thorectes punctatissimus
  • Thorectes punctatolineatus
  • Thorectes puncticollis
  • Thorectes sardous
  • Thorectes variolipennis
  • Typhaeus hiostius
  • Typhaeus momus

Longhorn beetles

  • Anaglyptus luteofasciatus
  • Anaglyptus praecellens
  • Crotchiella brachyptera
  • Isotomus jarmilae
  • Pseudosphegesthes bergeri
  • Ropalopus ungaricus
  • Stenopterus creticus
  • Trichoferus bergeri
  • Pitt Island longhorn beetle (Xylotoles costatus)

Scarabaeids

  • Ahermodontus ambrosi
  • Ateuchus ambiguus
  • Canthonella gomezi
  • Yanbaru long-armed scarab beetle (Cheirotonus jambar)
  • Cryptocanthon altus
  • Cryptocanthon nebulinus
  • Cryptocanthon punctatus
  • Dichotomius eucranioides
  • Dichotomius schiffleri
  • Endroedyolus paradoxus
  • Heptaulacus gadetinus
  • Shadowy chafer (Mellissius adumbratus)
  • Nimbus anyerae
  • Onoreidium howdeni
  • Proagoderus uluguru
  • Sarophorus punctatus

Other beetle species

Odonata

Odonata includes dragonflies and damselflies. There are 97 species and 19 subspecies in the order Odonata assessed as endangered.

Platystictids

Platycnemidids

Species

Subspecies

  • Coeliccia flavicauda masakii
  • Coeliccia ryukyuensis amamii
  • Coeliccia ryukyuensis ryukyuensis

Megapodagrionids

Gomphids

Species

Subspecies

  • Asiagomphus amamiensis amamiensis
  • Asiagomphus amamiensis okinawanus
  • Stylogomphus ryukyuanus asatol
  • Stylogomphus ryukyuanus watanabei

Calopterygids

Species

Subspecies

  • Matrona basilaris japonica

Coenagrionids

Species

  • Acanthagrion williamsoni
  • Aciagrion fasciculare
  • Coenagriocnemis rufipes
  • Drepanoneura donnellyi
  • Mesamphiagrion demarmelsi
  • Mesamphiagrion gaudiimontanum
  • Mesamphiagrion nataliae
  • Mesamphiagrion santainense
  • Blue-and-orange threadtail (Microneura caligata)
  • Pseudagrion arabicum
  • Badplaas sprite (Pseudagrion inopinatum)
  • Telebasis flammeola

Subspecies

  • Pseudagrion torridum hulae

Aeshnids

Species

Subspecies

  • Planaeschna ishigakiana ishigakiana
  • Planaeschna ishigakiana nagaminei
  • Planaeschna risi sakishimana

Libellulids

Species

Subspecies

  • Leucorrhinia intermedia ijimai
  • Orthetrum poecilops miyajimaense
  • Urothemis thomasi thomasi

Other Odonata

Species

Subspecies

  • Chlorogomphus brunneus brunneus
  • Buchholz' cordulegaster (Cordulegaster helladica buchholzi)
  • Cordulegaster helladica helladica
  • Hemicordulia mindana nipponica

Other insect species

See also

References

  1. ^ "IUCN Red List version 2016.1". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 4 July 2016.
  2. ^ "Limitations of the Data". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  3. ^ "2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.
Apitherapy

Apitherapy is a branch of alternative medicine that uses honey bee products, including honey, pollen, propolis, royal jelly and bee venom. Proponents of apitherapy make claims for its health benefits which are unsupported by evidence-based medicine.

Decline in insect populations

Several studies report what appears to be a substantial decline in insect populations. Some of the insects most affected include bees, butterflies, moths, beetles, dragonflies and damselflies. Anecdotal evidence has been offered of much greater apparent abundance of insects in the 20th century; recollections of the windscreen phenomenon are an example.Possible causes of the decline have been identified as habitat destruction, including intensive agriculture, the use of pesticides (particularly insecticides), urbanization, and industralization; introduced species; and climate change. Not all insect orders are affected in the same way; many groups are the subject of limited research, and comparative figures from earlier decades are often not available. The decline of the scientific field of entomology may also be contributing to errors in data analysis and overgeneralization from limited findings, resulting in exaggeration of the decline in insect populations.

In 2018 the German government initiated an "Action Programme for Insect Protection", and in 2019 a group of 27 British entomologists and ecologists wrote an open letter calling on the research establishment in the UK "to enable intensive investigation of the real threat of ecological disruption caused by insect declines without delay".

Endangered species

An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as very likely to become extinct in the near future. Endangered (EN), as categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List, is the second most severe conservation status for wild populations in the IUCN's schema after Critically Endangered (CR). In 2012, the IUCN Red List featured 3,079 animal and 2,655 plant species as endangered (EN) worldwide. The figures for 1998 were 1,102 and 1,197 respectively. Many nations have laws that protect conservation-reliant species: for example, forbidding hunting, restricting land development or creating protected areas. Population numbers, trends and species' conservation status can be found at the lists of organisms by population.

Flea circus

A flea circus is a circus sideshow attraction in which fleas are attached (or appear to be attached) to miniature carts and other items, and encouraged to perform circus acts within a small housing.

List of critically endangered insects

As of July 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 195 critically endangered insect species, including 46 which are tagged as possibly extinct. 3.2% of all evaluated insect species are listed as critically endangered.

The IUCN also lists two insect subspecies as critically endangered.

No subpopulations of insects have been evaluated by the IUCN.

Additionally 1702 insect species (28% of those evaluated) are listed as data deficient, meaning there is insufficient information for a full assessment of conservation status. As these species typically have small distributions and/or populations, they are intrinsically likely to be threatened, according to the IUCN. While the category of data deficient indicates that no assessment of extinction risk has been made for the taxa, the IUCN notes that it may be appropriate to give them "the same degree of attention as threatened taxa, at least until their status can be assessed."This is a complete list of critically endangered insect species and subspecies as evaluated by the IUCN. Species considered possibly extinct by the IUCN are marked as such.

List of data deficient insects

As of July 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 1702 data deficient insect species. 28% of all evaluated insect species are listed as data deficient.

No subpopulations of insects have been evaluated by the IUCN.

This is a complete list of data deficient insect species and subspecies as evaluated by the IUCN.

List of least concern insects

As of July 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 2843 least concern insect species. 47% of all evaluated insect species are listed as least concern.

The IUCN also lists 12 insect subspecies as least concern.

No subpopulations of insects have been evaluated by the IUCN.

This is a complete list of least concern insect species and subspecies as evaluated by the IUCN.

List of near threatened insects

As of July 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 301 near threatened insect species. 5.0% of all evaluated insect species are listed as near threatened.

No subpopulations of insects have been evaluated by the IUCN.

This is a complete list of near threatened insect species and subspecies as evaluated by the IUCN.

List of recently extinct insects

As of July 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 58 extinct species, 46 possibly extinct species, and one extinct in the wild species of insect.

List of vulnerable insects

As of July 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 608 vulnerable insect species. 10% of all evaluated insect species are listed as vulnerable.

The IUCN also lists 15 insect subspecies as vulnerable.

No subpopulations of insects have been evaluated by the IUCN.

For a species to be assessed as vulnerable to extinction the best available evidence must meet quantitative criteria set by the IUCN designed to reflect "a high risk of extinction in the wild". Endangered and critically endangered species also meet the quantitative criteria of vulnerable species, and are listed separately. See: List of endangered insects, List of critically endangered insects. Vulnerable, endangered and critically endangered species are collectively referred to as threatened species by the IUCN.

Additionally 1702 insect species (28% of those evaluated) are listed as data deficient, meaning there is insufficient information for a full assessment of conservation status. As these species typically have small distributions and/or populations, they are intrinsically likely to be threatened, according to the IUCN. While the category of data deficient indicates that no assessment of extinction risk has been made for the taxa, the IUCN notes that it may be appropriate to give them "the same degree of attention as threatened taxa, at least until their status can be assessed."This is a complete list of vulnerable insect species and subspecies as evaluated by the IUCN.

Lists of IUCN Red List endangered species

On 29 January 2010, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species identified 5220 (2754 Animalia, 1 Fungi, 2464 Plantae, 1 Protista) endangered species, subspecies and varieties, stocks and sub-populations.

For IUCN lists of endangered species by kingdom, see:

Animals (kingdom Animalia) — IUCN Red List endangered species (Animalia)

Amphibians — List of endangered amphibians

Birds — List of endangered birds

Fish — List of endangered fish

Invertebrates — List of endangered invertebrates

Arthropods — List of endangered arthropods

Insects — List of endangered insects

Molluscs List of endangered molluscs

Mammals — List of endangered mammals

Reptiles — List of endangered reptiles

Fungi (kingdom Fungi) — IUCN Red List endangered species (Fungi)

Plants (kingdom Plantae) — IUCN Red List endangered species (Plantae)

Protists (kingdom Protista) — IUCN Red List endangered species (Protista)

Moth

Moths comprise a group of insects related to butterflies, belonging to the order Lepidoptera. Most lepidopterans are moths, and there are thought to be approximately 160,000 species of moth, many of which have yet to be described. Most species of moth are nocturnal, but there are also crepuscular and diurnal species.

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