It is said that Morocco, in December 1777, became the first nation to seek diplomatic relations with the United States and together they maintain the United States' longest unbroken treaty. However the claim also goes to the Netherlands, as they were the first to recognize the United States as an independent government.
Benjamin Franklin established the first overseas mission of the United States in Paris in 1779. On April 19, 1782, John Adams was received by the States-General and the Dutch Republic as they were the first country, together with Morocco and France, to recognize the United States as an independent government. John Adams then became the first U.S. ambassador to the Netherlands and the house that he had purchased at Fluwelen Burgwal 18 in The Hague, became the first U.S. embassy anywhere in the world.
In the period following the American Revolution, George Washington sent a number of close advisers to the courts of European potentates in order to garner recognition of U.S. independence with mixed results, including Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Francis Dana, and John Jay. Much of the first fifty years of the Department of State concerned negotiating with imperial European powers over the territorial integrity of the borders of the United States as known today.
The first overseas consulate of the fledgling United States was founded in 1790 at Liverpool, Great Britain, by James Maury Jr., who was appointed by Washington. Maury held the post from 1790 to 1829. Liverpool was at the time Britain's leading port for transatlantic commerce and therefore of great economic importance to the United States. President George Washington, on November 19, 1792, nominated Benjamin Joy of Newbury Port as the first U.S. Consul to Kolkata (then Calcutta), India. Joy was not recognized as consul by the British East India Company but was permitted to “reside here as a Commercial Agent subject to the Civil and Criminal Jurisdiction of this Country…”. The first overseas property owned, and the longest continuously owned, by the United States is the American Legation in Tangier, which was a gift of the Sultan of Morocco in 1821. In general during the nineteenth century, the United States' diplomatic activities were done on a minimal budget. The U.S. owned no property abroad and provided no official residences for its foreign envoys, paid them a minimal salary, and gave them the rank of ministers rather than ambassadors who represented the great powers—a position which the U.S. only achieved towards the end of the nineteenth century.
In the latter half of the nineteenth century, the State Department was concerned with expanding commercial ties in Asia, establishing Liberia, foiling diplomatic recognition of the Confederacy during the American Civil War, and securing its presence in North America. The Confederacy had diplomatic missions in the United Kingdom, France, Belgium, the Papal States, Russia, Mexico, and Spain, and consular missions in Ireland, Canada, Cuba, Italy, Bermuda, and Nassau and New Providence.
The United States' global prominence became evident in the twentieth century, and the State Department was required to invest in a large network of diplomatic missions to manage its bilateral and multilateral relations. The wave of overseas construction began with the creation of the State Department’s Foreign Service Buildings Commission in 1926.
An American Presence Post (APP) is a very small diplomatic facility of the United States government located abroad. It is usually staffed by a single Foreign Service Officer who carries the title of Consul. An American Presence Post is roughly equivalent to a Consulate, but lacks a regular consular section, and does not issue visas. These matters are referred to the closest full scale Consulate, or the Embassy which has jurisdiction over the APP. It is not uncommon to hear an APP casually referred to as a Consulate or Virtual Consulate.Consular Agency of the United States, Bremen
The Consular Agency of the United States in Bremen, also referred to as Consular Agency Bremen, is one of the American diplomatic missions to Germany. The unit offers limited services for U.S. citizens in areas including Bremen, Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, and Lower Saxony. Despite that, services such as the issuing of visas or emergency passports are not provided, but can be obtained only from the U.S. Embassy in Berlin, the Consulate General in Frankfurt or Munich.Currently the agency is closed until further notice.Consulate General of the United States, Chengdu
The Consulate General of the United States, Chengdu (simplified Chinese: 美国驻成都总领事馆; traditional Chinese: 美國駐成都總領事館; pinyin: Měiguó zhù Chéngdū Zǒnglǐngshìguǎn) is a diplomatic mission in Wuhou District, Chengdu.
This is one of seven American diplomatic and consular posts in China. The consular district includes the provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan, and Guizhou, the Tibet Autonomous Region, and the prefecture-level city of Chongqing.
On 6 February 2012, the Consulate General was the scene of the Wang Lijun incident.Consulate General of the United States, Dubai
The Consulate General of the United States, Dubai is a United States diplomatic mission in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The Consulate-General serves Dubai and the five northern Emirates, comprising Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Quwain, Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah.The incumbent US Consul-General is Phillip A. Frayne, who assumed responsibilities in July, 2018.Consulate General of the United States, Guangzhou
The Consulate General of United States, Guangzhou (Chinese: 美国驻广州总领事馆) is one of seven American diplomatic and consular posts set up in the China. It is one of America's earliest diplomatic posts in the Far East. The consulate serves the South China region, covering the provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan and Fujian, an area which, according to the latest census in 2010, has a population of nearly 200 million. The consulate general is also the only U.S. mission in Mainland China to process American adoptions and immigrant visas, making it one of the U.S. Department of State’s busiest consular-related posts.Consulate General of the United States, Istanbul
The Consulate General of the United States, Istanbul is one of the diplomatic missions in Turkey. It was targeted in terrorist attacks in July 2008 and August 2015.Consulate General of the United States, Jerusalem
The Consulate General of the United States in Jerusalem was a diplomatic mission of United States of America that was accredited to Palestinian residents in Jerusalem, the West Bank and Gaza. In May 2018, the United States relocated its Tel Aviv embassy to Jerusalem. In mid-October 2018, United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced that the Consulate General would be merged with the new US Embassy in Jerusalem and that relations with the Palestinians would be conducted through a special Palestinian Affairs Unit inside the Embassy. On March 4, 2019, the Consulate General formally ceased operations and was merged into the US Embassy.Consulate General of the United States, Surabaya
The Consulate General of the United States in Surabaya is an American diplomatic mission in Surabaya, East Java and only consulate general and one of the four American diplomatic and consular posts in Indonesia. The Consulate General in Surabaya leads for the U.S. diplomatic mission in the 12 provinces of middle and eastern Indonesia (Central Java, East Java, Bali, NTB, NTT, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, Gorontalo, North Sulawesi, North Maluku, and Maluku) over a third of Indonesia’s populationConsulate General of the United States, Wuhan
The Consulate General of the United States in Wuhan is one of the seven American diplomatic and consular posts in the People's Republic of China.
First established in 1861, the U.S. Consulate General in Wuhan reopened in 2008 at its present location at 568 Jianshe Avenue in New World International Trade Tower I. It is the smallest consulate of the United States in China, providing emergency services to U.S. citizens in the region and promoting economic and cultural exchanges. On June 8, 2012, Gary Locke, the former U.S. ambassador to P.R.China, announced that the Consulate-General in Wuhan would be expanded to include full consular and visa services.Embassy of the United States, Abu Dhabi
The Embassy of the United States, Abu Dhabi is a United States diplomatic mission in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Barbara A. Leaf is the current United States Ambassador to the United Arab Emirates. She presented credentials on 17 November 2014. There is also a US Consulate-General in Dubai.Embassy of the United States, Beijing
The Embassy of the United States in Beijing is the diplomatic mission of the United States in China. It serves as the administrative office of the United States Ambassador to China and the seat of China–United States relations. The embassy complex is in Chaoyang District, Beijing.Since the embassy is legally out of reach of the PRC Government, media reported it may have been the hiding place of Chinese dissident Chen Guangcheng after he escaped from house arrest.The current U.S. Embassy in Beijing is the third largest American diplomatic mission in the world, after the Embassy of the United States, Baghdad and the Embassy of the United States, Yerevan. The 500,000-square-foot (46,000 m2), eight story facility incorporates a great deal of free-standing transparent and opaque glass in its design. It is located on a 10-acre (4.0 ha) plot of land. President of the United States George W. Bush dedicated the facility on August 8, 2008.The embassy warehouse is located in the Beijing Tianzhu Airport Industrial Zone in Shunyi District.Embassy of the United States, Jakarta
The Embassy of the United States to the Republic of Indonesia is located in Jakarta just south of the Monas at Jalan Medan Merdeka Selatan.The original building was designed by the Czech architect Antonin Raymond and Ladislav Rado. They began work on the design in 1953. The preliminary design for the embassy was criticized by Sukarno. He felt that the small two-story design they produced suggested that the post was unimportant to the United States. He wished to have a larger and more prominent building constructed. Sukarno, however, ultimately accepted the design after small alterations were made, in part due to pressure directed at him by the U.S. State Department.The US Ambassador, Scot Marciel, announced the construction of a new embassy in July, 2012. The new embassy will include a 10-story Chancery building, parking garage, support annex, utility building, consular waiting area, three entrance facilities and restoration of a historic building which the Republic of Indonesia delegation occupied during negotiations with the Dutch in 1949. The Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations announced the award of a $302 million design/build contract to B.L. Harbert International of Birmingham, Alabama in November, 2012, and named Davis Brody Bond Architects and Planners of New York, New York as the concept design architect and Page Southerland Page of Arlington, Virginia as the architect of record.
Protests against the foreign policy of the United States have been held at the embassy in response to U.S. policy on West Papua, Communism, and the War in Afghanistan.Embassy of the United States, Jerusalem
The Embassy of the United States of America in Jerusalem is the diplomatic mission of the United States of America to the State of Israel, located in the Talpiot neighborhood of Jerusalem. In mid-October 2018, the United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced that the Embassy in Jerusalem would be merging with the US Consulate-General in Jerusalem into a single mission. Relations with the Palestinians would still be conducted through a special Palestinian Affairs Unit inside the Embassy.Embassy of the United States, New Delhi
The Embassy of the United States of America in New Delhi is the diplomatic mission of the United States of America in the Republic of India. The Embassy is headed by the U.S. Ambassador to India. The embassy complex is situated on a 28-acre plot of land in Chanakyapuri, the diplomatic enclave of New Delhi, where most of the embassies are located.Embassy of the United States, Paris
The Embassy of the United States in Paris is the diplomatic mission of the United States in the French Republic. The embassy is the oldest diplomatic mission of the United States. Benjamin Franklin and some of the other Founding Fathers were the earliest United States Ambassadors to France. It is located at 2 Avenue Gabriel, on the northwest corner of the Place de la Concorde, in the 8th arrondissement.Embassy of the United States, Ulaanbaatar
The Embassy of the United States of America in Ulaanbaatar is the diplomatic mission of the United States of America in Mongolia. The embassy was first opened in 1988, and is located on Denver Street, so named due to the large community of Mongolians living in Denver, Colorado.List of diplomatic missions in Atlanta
This is a list of diplomatic missions in Atlanta. Atlanta is home to 26 diplomatic missions, the seventh-highest concentration of diplomatic missions in the U.S. The following are countries which have established a resident consular presence in Atlanta. For other diplomatic missions in the United States, see list of diplomatic missions in the United States.United States Mission to the UN Agencies in Rome
The United States Mission to the UN Agencies in Rome serves as a link between the Rome-based international organizations and the U.S. government. Other U.S. diplomatic missions in Rome are the Embassy of the United States, Rome, and the Embassy of the United States to the Holy See.United States Mission to the United Nations
The United States Mission to the United Nations is the formal title of the United States delegation to the United Nations (UN).
Each nation at the UN has a similar delegation, although only a few are members of the United Nations Security Council. The United States Mission joined in the original founding of the UN, among 51 member states, under the United Nations Charter in 1945.
‡ Missions which are located in countries or cities that may be considered a part of more than one continent.
List of diplomatic missions of North America